Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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53 views

Particle に in passive sentences?

From what I understand the particle に marks the doer in passive voice sentences, but I found this one in a book: あいつから、例の本が彼女に渡された。 The に particle here as a "marking the doer" doesn't make ...
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Understanding the construction 〜にも〜にも

反転十香が、自分たちに何かをさせようとしている。ーーそれならば確かに筋が通った。突然の反転十香の登場にも、そして邪魔者であるはずの士道たちを放置したことにも。 Are the sentences some kind of inversion? Namely, the normal order is 突然の反転十香の登場にも、そして邪魔者であるはずの士道たちを放置したことにも確かに筋が通った? ...
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公園で母に… vs 公園で母を…

Let me preface by saying that I am new to learning Japanese (about one month). I came across this sentence and I’m confused about the particle に. 公園で母に会いました。 Why is に used here? If I use が or を, are ...
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Can someone explain to me the function of に in this phrase? [duplicate]

So, I was reading my favorite manga, until I got stuck all of a sudden in this particular phrase highlighted in red. I had to go check the english translation, and it translated as "there's ...
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What is the difference between すぐ and すぐに?

I have seen a video of someone deglosating a sentence. The original sentence was アリスはすぐ下に落ちた which can translate to "Alice soon fell below". But when I saw the sentence, I thought the に ...
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what does に do in this sentence これがある限り俺たちに拒否権はない

I saw this sentence in the final fantasy 16 trailer これがある限り俺たちに拒否権はない I'm aware it means as long as we have this we have no right to refuse but I'm confused by why に is used here I was under the ...
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what does に do in いつの間にこんな自立した子に…

I don't understand why に is used in this sentence I saw this sentence in the second episode of the anime k-on いつの間にこんな自立した子に...うれしいような悲しいような the English subs said that it meant She's all ...
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115 views

地球上で versus 地球上に

Re: チーターは、地球上で、もっとも足の速い陸上動物だ。 source I understand that で is to indicate location of action. And there is no action verb in the sentence. I have expected に to be used. That is 地球上に instead of 地球上で. How ...
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Verb stem + にする

子供の教育は学校任せにすべきじゃない。 We should not leave the education of children to schools. (given translation) I'm baffled by the structure of this sentence. I would have written: 子供の教育は学校に任せるべきじゃない。 The lack ...
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Understanding the に in 頭はクールに、ハートは苛烈に

「もし十香が抱いたような感想を、皆が感じてくれていたなら御の字ね。みんなの戦意を高揚させるのも司令官の仕事だから。ーーでも、ただ熱狂するだけじゃあ駄目。頭はクールに、ハートは苛烈に、が理想ね」 頭はクールに、ハートは苛烈に sounds like a proverbial expression. Nevertheless, I’m curious about the grammatical ...
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Why に used with ヨリを戻す and [person]ができる?

I have difficulty understanding the usage of に in two sentences I found from manga. もう彼に彼女とヨリを戻す気は... He no longer wants to get back to his girlfriend. and 私には素敵な彼女ができた。 I got a wonderful ...
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Why is までに instead of まで used in the following sentence?

Here is a sentence that I encountered in a textbook. けがが治るまでに3週間かかった。 As far as I understand,「XまでYする」means that Y continues until time X, whereas「XまでにYする」means that Y takes/will take place before ...
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Understanding the に in 「に待つ」

「……それはそれ、これはこれですわ。どうあれ、わたくしの指示に反して勝手な行動を取ったのは事実。秩序を欠いた群体に待つのは破滅のみ。———その罪は、死を以て贖っていただきますわよ」 What would be the function of the bold に? Can we also use を待つ?
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What does this “に” do in this sentence?

I'm translating this sentence たまにはひとり気まま に ブラつくのもいいか? and I understood something like Is it okay to wander alone and carefree sometimes?, but I'm not sure because I don't understood the function of ...
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Why is に used in this sentence? 彼は彼女に見覚えがある。

Why is に used in this sentence? 彼は彼女に見覚えがある。 Also, why is 見覚え marked by が?
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Use of に with 先週

I saw this sentence on a Japanese teaching site: 事故は先週に起こった The incident occurred last week I feel very uncomfortable with the に on 先週. This post and this post seem to back up my discomfort. Is this ...
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Is に acting like a を in this sentence?

私は、おまえに、殺されにきた I've seen this sentence for a while and the translation is something like "I'm going to kill you"(The context implies that too). But I don't understand why に (In bold) is ...
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What does a noun + に mean? How does the particle に work here?

I found the next sentence: 魔物が防御に徹するかのように動く。 And when I searched the word 防御 I found out that this word works only as a noun and as a のadjective, hence my doubt regarding the use and meaning of に in ...
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Dative subject constructions with 「もらえませんか」

Back to basics. I have heard sentences similar to these ones online that attest the same structure 私も弾いてみたい、と思った私はすぐさま「私にも教えてもらえませんか。」と願い出ました。(source) あとで時間があったら、その秘訣を私にも教えてもらえませんか。(source) アーモンドさん(...
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What does に mean as in 川沿いに歩く?

I found the following example sentence in my dictionary. 川沿いに歩く。Walk along a river. I looked it up and found out that 川沿い is a noun. Then に should be a particle. But here clearly it doesn’t indicate ...
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use of the に in 一番に, and about て form

Hi can someone help me to figure out what that に in 朝起きて一番に is doing? I´m confused. is it indicating an absolute time, or is it making it an adverbial for what comes next? and also, all the て forms is ...
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What is the difference between の中に and の中で?

I have two sentences having の中に (no naka ni) and の中で (no naka de), and I want to know if they are correctly framed. If yes, then how does the meaning change? 日本{にほん}の食{た}べ物{もの}の中{なか}に寿司{すし}が大好{だいす}...
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What is the difference between 週一回 and 週に一回?

I have seen 週一回 and 週に一回. I was wondering if anyone could explain the difference. Examples: トレーニングは週2回です。 週に一回ダンスを習っています。 I couldn't find an answer, I'm sorry this question has already been answered....
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Location particle with 並ぶ [duplicate]

Why is に, rather than で, used with the verb 並ぶ, e.g. 入り口に並んでいる。 I'm stood in line at the entrance. Using the usual distinction of で marking the location where an action takes place and に marking the ...
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Should I use the particle に for 学校_行きます?

学校_行きます。 がっこう_いきます。 I assume that it does, because で or を doesn't really makes sense. Since で indicates that I'm going in school, and 学校 isn't really a direct object. Or is it?
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Function of に in this sentence? [duplicate]

「鮮度に精気、それにその人物の健康状態から相性まで、吸血には様々な条件があるわ」 I'm stuck in this sentence 'cause this particular "に" and the commons usages which I know doesn't seems to fit here...
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Difference between 毎日に and 毎日

When I saw that a fellow Japanese language student wrote: "僕は毎日に八時頃起きます。" According to Wiktionary 毎日 is already an adverb. I would personally say "僕は毎日八時頃起きます。" Could you explain ...
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Particle Use with 注射する

(1) 人に薬を注射する。 (2) 人を薬で注射する。 (3) 人に薬で注射する。 A survey of sentences tells me that (1) is certainly grammatical, but (2) & (3) do not occur (At least in the ones I looked at). Both in English and ...
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Any differences between ~に志願する and ~を志願する?

I thought に was the universal particle with 志願, but I have seen を used quite commonly too and I wonder if there are some nuances in meaning. 死刑を志願した男 大学に志願する 大学を志願する 大学に入学を志願する. 軍隊に志願する 兵役を志願する ...
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山には多く雪があります。 what does ”は” after ”に” mean? [duplicate]

Why can't I say ”山に多い雪があります”? What does ”は” after ”に” mean?
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What purpose does the particle に serve in this sentence?

人に出来ることには限りがある What is the point of the second に? Would the sentence have a different meaning or be grammatically incorrect if it was just 人に出来ることは限りがある? Any help in understanding this would be very ...
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に迷う vs で迷う, に悩む vs で悩む

I have seen a lot of older posts about the differences between the particles に and で. But I am surprised that neither pair in this question seems to have been asked before. 道に迷う 進路に悩む セックスレスに悩む主婦 ...
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Understanding the に in ってくらいに考えておいて

「まあ、あくまでこれは妨害。今までサクサク動いてた検索エンジンがめっっっっっちゃ重くなる、ってくらいに考えておいて」 Does the に work in the same way as in 残念に思う? Namely, the に marks the content of one’s thoughts?
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Understanding に in AがBに仕上がる

今回の二亜は、どちらかというと前者の要素多めの配合となりましたが、そのおかげか今まで『デート』にいなかったキャラに仕上がってくれたかと思います。なんだか妙に楽しく書けました。 I know 仕上がる means 完成する and is an intransitive verb. So what would be the function of the bold に? Mark the ...
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Using で instead of に when specifying a day

In this article, first sentence in the second paragraph: この事故{じこ}から、[10日]{とおか}で20年{ねん}になりました。 My interpretation is that On the 10th, it will have been 20 years since the incident. To specify the ...
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What is the function of the particle に in this context? [duplicate]

What is the function of the particle に in this context? https://streamable.com/wnti04 more specifically in the part that he says: 着替えに 洗面道具 お茶セットに お皿 人形に 花瓶
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Usage of the に particle in this sentence

The sentence reads 俺は派手にハッキリと命の順序を決めている I understand the sentence as meaning "I'll establish a clear gaudy life priority" however I am confused as the the exact role に is playing. I would ...
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Does に go before or after こそ

I know that for emphasis, the construction is N + こそ, such as この本こそ私が探していた本です。 I also looked up examples that has に before こそ, such as ここにこそ真の人生があった。 I'd like to know which of the following is/are ...
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Clarification on the particle following 今年

In an assignment I wrote「今年にローラースケートを習いたいです。」 which was corrected to 「今年はローラースケートを習いたいです。」My guess is that it was corrected because in this sentence, "this year" is the ~topic~. Is that ...
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~に~ある , unusual usage of に?

From the anime ノーゲーム・ノーライフ Context: internet rumors and urban legends are being discussed あまたの都市伝説の1つにこんな話があるのを聞いたことはあるだろうか My interpretation: あまたの都市伝説の1つ = "one of many urban legends" ...
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Understanding に in 「一撃の威力に劣る」

魔力で刃を編んだレイザーブレイドタイプの<カレドヴルフ>に比べ、実剣の表面を魔力で覆うタイプの<ヴォルフテイル>は、その構造上どうしても最大出力値ーー要は一撃の威力に劣る。 I know the pattern「AがBに劣る」means “A is inferior to B”. But in this context it doesn’t seem to be the ...
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What does に vs と mean in やっぱり俺はお前と同じだ?

This is a (no spoilers) line from the recent Attack on Titan S4E5 (ep64). やっぱり俺はお前と同じだ And I understand it, but I'm just a bit confused because I expected it to be: やっぱり俺はお前に同じだ Because the ...
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111 views

The Difference Between に and で when indicating the time when something terminates

I was reading through the Dictionary of Basic Grammar and found that one of the four usages of the で particle is to mark the time when something terminates, similar to the following sentence: パーティーは ...
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88 views

When is に needed and when can it be omitted in がある constructions?

Someone asked me about the meanings of two English phrases. I replied: 両方はたくさんの意味がありますから、文がないと具体的な説明が難しいです。 Almost instantly it hit me that I might've made some mistakes in that reponse. I know the ...
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76 views

Is the に time particle optional when talk about repeated action?

I have already learned about に time particle (in short: determines the action time if the time expression isn't relative). But I saw some text where dropped when used the まいとし, まいつき、まいにち etc. For ...
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49 views

だれにも + passive verb

誰にも怪しまれずに動き回れた Does 怪しまれず take the に in 誰にも or has the second に after も been omitted because it can not be used after も?
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175 views

Difference between 単独で and 単独に

In an online dictionary for 単独, 単独 is used seemingly as an adverb in two example sentences, but with different particles: 「単独で登頂する」 「単独に存在する」 99% of other 単独 examples online use で. Since this is a ...
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Ending a sentence with に

Looking the に particle up on jisho.org, it says that it could also function as a because of~ or even for the purpose of~ but I'm still uncertain if that's the case in the following sentence: ...
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ABSOLUTE necessity of particle に in “topic marker” には

"This store has all sorts of bags": この店は鞄が色々あります should be a good translation and a natural sentence, which is different from "There are all sorts of bags in this store": ...
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Can に have the same function as として?

In this sentence: 君は選ばれたのだ 私の退屈を埋めるための欠片の1つに Does the particle に work in the same way as として? Is it the same as 私の退屈を埋めるための欠片の1つとして ? Thanks for the answer!

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