Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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45 views

Difference between に and へ particles

I am a beginner, and I do not really understand the difference between に and へ particles. My teacher told that they can be used interchangeably when it comes to indicating "direction" and &...
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Can 〜に modify a noun? [duplicate]

Here is an example sentence from a grammar book. 東京で若者の街と言ったら、そりゃあ渋谷に原宿だろう。 Does 渋谷に modify 原宿? Can one use 「AにB」in this way to mean “B which is in A”? Or is 渋谷に原宿 simply an abbreviation of 渋谷にある原宿?
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How will you break down this part of a sentence? "弊社現在vtuberなどで使用されるアバターの制作"

初めて。dm失礼いたします。こちら株式会社companyname営業部門となります。弊社現在vtuberなどで使用されるアバターの制作並びに、コミュニティー事業をしている者なのですがまだ活動をされていない方あるいはすでにvtuber活動をされている方も含めてvtuberにご興味がある方を探しておりまして、ご自身、...
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Difference between を and に for position (前を)?

~が前を歩いていました I read this answer but I feel like this case is different because 前 is not a place but a relative position. I'm used to seeing に used for position, for example when giving directions &...
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111 views

How does かわいそうに work? [duplicate]

かわいそうに思いました Is this an exception or an expression. This basically means「かわいそうだと思いました」right? Normally with に it would be an adverb, but in this situation it's what he thinks. Can someone explain how ...
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(そして彼女は窓際の壁を背に床に座り込む) - What does 壁を背に床に座り込む mean? [duplicate]

そして彼女は窓際の壁を背に床に座り込む。 - And then she sat against the wall to the side of the window. Judging the meaning, I think I managed to grasp what it means but I'm confused about how this sentence works. I ...
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90 views

How does the に particle work here? (にでき) [duplicate]

愛にできること. I am so confused for the usage of the particle に here. This would translate to "things love can do", right? But I've always thought に marks the noun before it, and the action would ...
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73 views

What is the use of で here?

In the sentence “レジャーが目的で行く“ what does the で express here? Does に work here? I was trying to compare it to the 〜しに行く, like 勉強しに行く.I understand that 目的 is a noun so there is no ます form. What if I want ...
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NHK News Easy article: Constant tense changes, and そこに as a conjunction

In this NHK News Easy story, the second paragraph describes an online video showing a river suddenly flooding. 初めは、水は静かに流れています。そこに、急に水がたくさん流れてきます。川はすぐに茶色の水でいっぱいになりました。流れる水の力もとても強くなりました。 The tense is ...
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General meaning of に

I know in Japanese each particle has a general meaning: を marks a direct object, が a subject, etc. Even で, with its multiple meanings, was explained to me like a sort of boundary-marker: in 私はペンで書きました,...
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239 views

に versus を with 会いました verb

I casually used を in the sentence クマを会いました。I was corrected with クマに会いました。Checking references and sample sentences I found no を examples. I think there is something fundamental about を and に that I do ...
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135 views

Indirect Objects in Passive Sentences (Is に Ambiguous)

For verbs that typically use に in the dative sense (indirect object) like 送る (for example 手紙を先生に送った), is there any ambiguity in the function of に when the verb is used in the passive? For example, ...
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123 views

に in comparison

In a book I'm reading I found this sentence: 歩くと音が出る幼児向け玩具{おもちゃ}に僕みたいなのがあったような気がする I understand it, "I feel there was a children toy which made sounds when you walked, like me"; the ...
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48 views

Function of に here?

Found this sentence: 両親が死んだというのに、悲しもうとすらしない俺に向けられる目が。クズみたいなニートに向けられる目、敵意。軽蔑。 That に in 「悲しもうとすらしない俺に向けられる目が」is acting as the indirect object or is it marking the doer? Since it's a passive sentence.
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What does 察するに and 証拠に mean?

At the start of sentences I found these words 察するに and 証拠に 察するに私の読者や担当編集が必死になって書け書け言ってくれるあれのことだろう? I thought that it was related to this, since I think that it can replace に with と、 証拠に、...
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The meaning of お兄ちゃんが連れていきそうにない所に

I'm really confused as to what 君が連れていきそうにないところに means in this sentence お兄ちゃんが連れていきそうにない所に連れてくのが私の役割かなと , I can't think of the translation in English and it's troubling me. If I were to try I think ...
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What is the difference between で出てきた and に出てきた

For example: おすすめで出てきました and おすすめに出てきました What is each particle doing?
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259 views

Usage of に in 仕上げには重宝してる

「マジで人手が足りなくてさ……なっつんも中学校通い始めてから捕まりづらくなるし……ま、口は悪いけど作業は正確だから、仕上げには重宝してるよ」 The speaker wanted a person nicknamed なっつん to help her finish her work. What would be the function of the に? Is like “use なっつん ...
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78 views

Confusion over usage of に

I am not 100% sure what role に is playing in this sentence. 「そんなこと、記憶にありません」 I understand the sentences meaning (something along the lines of "I do not remember that") but I think I'm ...
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66 views

Using に to indicate purpose without a movement verb [duplicate]

I found the following sentence in the iknow core 1000 step 9: 夕食に牛肉を買った。 I bought beef for dinner. に is marking the purpose of buying beef?
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Particle に in passive sentences?

From what I understand the particle に marks the doer in passive voice sentences, but I found this one in a book: あいつから、例の本が彼女に渡された。 The に particle here as a "marking the doer" doesn't make ...
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72 views

Understanding the construction 〜にも〜にも

反転十香が、自分たちに何かをさせようとしている。ーーそれならば確かに筋が通った。突然の反転十香の登場にも、そして邪魔者であるはずの士道たちを放置したことにも。 Are the sentences some kind of inversion? Namely, the normal order is 突然の反転十香の登場にも、そして邪魔者であるはずの士道たちを放置したことにも確かに筋が通った? ...
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公園で母に… vs 公園で母を…

Let me preface by saying that I am new to learning Japanese (about one month). I came across this sentence and I’m confused about the particle に. 公園で母に会いました。 Why is に used here? If I use が or を, are ...
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Can someone explain to me the function of に in this phrase? [duplicate]

So, I was reading my favorite manga, until I got stuck all of a sudden in this particular phrase highlighted in red. I had to go check the english translation, and it translated as "there's ...
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What is the difference between すぐ and すぐに?

I have seen a video of someone deglosating a sentence. The original sentence was アリスはすぐ下に落ちた which can translate to "Alice soon fell below". But when I saw the sentence, I thought the に ...
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what does に do in this sentence これがある限り俺たちに拒否権はない

I saw this sentence in the final fantasy 16 trailer これがある限り俺たちに拒否権はない I'm aware it means as long as we have this we have no right to refuse but I'm confused by why に is used here I was under the ...
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109 views

what does に do in いつの間にこんな自立した子に…

I don't understand why に is used in this sentence I saw this sentence in the second episode of the anime k-on いつの間にこんな自立した子に...うれしいような悲しいような the English subs said that it meant She's all ...
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120 views

地球上で versus 地球上に

Re: チーターは、地球上で、もっとも足の速い陸上動物だ。 source I understand that で is to indicate location of action. And there is no action verb in the sentence. I have expected に to be used. That is 地球上に instead of 地球上で. How ...
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Verb stem + にする

子供の教育は学校任せにすべきじゃない。 We should not leave the education of children to schools. (given translation) I'm baffled by the structure of this sentence. I would have written: 子供の教育は学校に任せるべきじゃない。 The lack ...
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Understanding the に in 頭はクールに、ハートは苛烈に

「もし十香が抱いたような感想を、皆が感じてくれていたなら御の字ね。みんなの戦意を高揚させるのも司令官の仕事だから。ーーでも、ただ熱狂するだけじゃあ駄目。頭はクールに、ハートは苛烈に、が理想ね」 頭はクールに、ハートは苛烈に sounds like a proverbial expression. Nevertheless, I’m curious about the grammatical ...
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Why に used with ヨリを戻す and [person]ができる?

I have difficulty understanding the usage of に in two sentences I found from manga. もう彼に彼女とヨリを戻す気は... He no longer wants to get back to his girlfriend. and 私には素敵な彼女ができた。 I got a wonderful ...
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Why is までに instead of まで used in the following sentence?

Here is a sentence that I encountered in a textbook. けがが治るまでに3週間かかった。 As far as I understand,「XまでYする」means that Y continues until time X, whereas「XまでにYする」means that Y takes/will take place before ...
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Understanding the に in 「に待つ」

「……それはそれ、これはこれですわ。どうあれ、わたくしの指示に反して勝手な行動を取ったのは事実。秩序を欠いた群体に待つのは破滅のみ。———その罪は、死を以て贖っていただきますわよ」 What would be the function of the bold に? Can we also use を待つ?
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What does this "に" do in this sentence?

I'm translating this sentence たまにはひとり気まま に ブラつくのもいいか? and I understood something like Is it okay to wander alone and carefree sometimes?, but I'm not sure because I don't understood the function of ...
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Why is に used in this sentence? 彼は彼女に見覚えがある。

Why is に used in this sentence? 彼は彼女に見覚えがある。 Also, why is 見覚え marked by が?
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268 views

Use of に with 先週

I saw this sentence on a Japanese teaching site: 事故は先週に起こった The incident occurred last week I feel very uncomfortable with the に on 先週. This post and this post seem to back up my discomfort. Is this ...
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Is に acting like a を in this sentence?

私は、おまえに、殺されにきた I've seen this sentence for a while and the translation is something like "I'm going to kill you"(The context implies that too). But I don't understand why に (In bold) is ...
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59 views

What does a noun + に mean? How does the particle に work here?

I found the next sentence: 魔物が防御に徹するかのように動く。 And when I searched the word 防御 I found out that this word works only as a noun and as a のadjective, hence my doubt regarding the use and meaning of に in ...
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75 views

Dative subject constructions with 「もらえませんか」

Back to basics. I have heard sentences similar to these ones online that attest the same structure 私も弾いてみたい、と思った私はすぐさま「私にも教えてもらえませんか。」と願い出ました。(source) あとで時間があったら、その秘訣を私にも教えてもらえませんか。(source) アーモンドさん(...
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53 views

What does に mean as in 川沿いに歩く?

I found the following example sentence in my dictionary. 川沿いに歩く。Walk along a river. I looked it up and found out that 川沿い is a noun. Then に should be a particle. But here clearly it doesn’t indicate ...
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65 views

use of the に in 一番に, and about て form

Hi can someone help me to figure out what that に in 朝起きて一番に is doing? I´m confused. is it indicating an absolute time, or is it making it an adverbial for what comes next? and also, all the て forms is ...
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192 views

What is the difference between の中に and の中で?

I have two sentences having の中に (no naka ni) and の中で (no naka de), and I want to know if they are correctly framed. If yes, then how does the meaning change? 日本{にほん}の食{た}べ物{もの}の中{なか}に寿司{すし}が大好{だいす}...
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99 views

What is the difference between 週一回 and 週に一回?

I have seen 週一回 and 週に一回. I was wondering if anyone could explain the difference. Examples: トレーニングは週2回です。 週に一回ダンスを習っています。 I couldn't find an answer, I'm sorry this question has already been answered....
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35 views

Location particle with 並ぶ [duplicate]

Why is に, rather than で, used with the verb 並ぶ, e.g. 入り口に並んでいる。 I'm stood in line at the entrance. Using the usual distinction of で marking the location where an action takes place and に marking the ...
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256 views

Should I use the particle に for 学校_行きます?

学校_行きます。 がっこう_いきます。 I assume that it does, because で or を doesn't really makes sense. Since で indicates that I'm going in school, and 学校 isn't really a direct object. Or is it?
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26 views

Function of に in this sentence? [duplicate]

「鮮度に精気、それにその人物の健康状態から相性まで、吸血には様々な条件があるわ」 I'm stuck in this sentence 'cause this particular "に" and the commons usages which I know doesn't seems to fit here...
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214 views

Difference between 毎日に and 毎日

When I saw that a fellow Japanese language student wrote: "僕は毎日に八時頃起きます。" According to Wiktionary 毎日 is already an adverb. I would personally say "僕は毎日八時頃起きます。" Could you explain ...
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3answers
148 views

Particle Use with 注射する

(1) 人に薬を注射する。 (2) 人を薬で注射する。 (3) 人に薬で注射する。 A survey of sentences tells me that (1) is certainly grammatical, but (2) & (3) do not occur (At least in the ones I looked at). Both in English and ...
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46 views

Any differences between ~に志願する and ~を志願する?

I thought に was the universal particle with 志願, but I have seen を used quite commonly too and I wonder if there are some nuances in meaning. 死刑を志願した男 大学に志願する 大学を志願する 大学に入学を志願する. 軍隊に志願する 兵役を志願する ...
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98 views

山には多く雪があります。 what does ”は” after ”に” mean? [duplicate]

Why can't I say ”山に多い雪があります”? What does ”は” after ”に” mean?

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