Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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1answer
145 views

〜で〜て欲しい rather than 〜に〜て欲しい: a mistake?

逢桜「いえ、わたしの後悔を先輩で晴らして欲しいですから」 I understand from the story that 逢桜 doesn’t want her 先輩 to make the same mistake as 逢桜 did, so she says "I want senpai to clear my regrets". But why is で used ...
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58 views

Does the particle に indicate place of existence on its own? [closed]

In this sentence: 常盤木さんの家には、見つけて嬉しくない化石で溢れてますね」 Does the に particle alone marks 常盤木さんの家 as the location that something (which has been obmitted in this sentence) exists without verbs like ある? If not ...
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205 views

How is 前に and 前で being used with 止まる and 止める respectively?

Example sentences with answers below: A) ビルの前に車が二十台くらい止まっている。 B) あの角を右へ曲がって、銀行の前で止めてください From Jisho, I looked up the following examples: C) 新しい自動車が銀行の前で止まった。 D) 事故の後、彼女は人前に出るのを止めた。 E) ...
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72 views

Usage of に in the following sentence

There are two sentences using に following 人情 that are confusing to me (both from Wanikani). 人情の温かさに 生かされています。(I survive on the warmth of humanity) and コウイチ様は 人情味に あふれている すばらしいお方 ですが、ビエト様は ひとかけらの人情 ...
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1answer
97 views

Why is Ni here?

君は学生にすぎない In Bunpro, this is translated to "You are nothing more than a student." Can anyone explain why there must be a に after 学生?
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Usage of に in sentence 歴史に詳しくない日本人でも卑弥呼という名前を知らない日本人はいない [duplicate]

I am working through a book about sample texts from Japanese literature and came around the following sentence: 歴史に詳しくない日本人でも卑弥呼という名前を知らない日本人はいない。 What is this particular use of に? My current ...
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50 views

Recipient of Verb Particles [duplicate]

Can someone explain the difference between the following sentences: Watashi wa Sensei to Hanasu Watashi wa Sensei ni Hanasu The natural one for indicating a conversation involving two people is the ...
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146 views

Parsing or meaning of 我らに戦えと

This is in a Manga where B is asked by A: A: お前たち恵み多き地に住みたくないか? B: それは… 我らに戦えと? かつてはそういった土地を手に入れるため戦{いくさ}に明け暮れましたが[...] While I get the meaning of the rest, I don't know how to deal with 我らに戦えと, ...
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105 views

Ambiguity in XにYがある

彼女に一万円の借金があります。 I have a debt to her of 10,000 yen. (given translation) This (slightly awkward) English translation means that I owe the women 10,000 yen. Is this sentence ambiguous? Without further ...
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241 views

causative without に

I'm reading this story and am trying to understand the use of the causative in this sentence: あの人{ひと}のマントをどちらが早{はや}く脱{ぬ}がせることができると思{おも}う? According to textbooks and this answer, the "causee&...
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105 views

What does 角が立つ mean? [closed]

智に働けば角が立つ I found this when I was reading kusamakura and I didn't understand it.
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67 views

Usage of に in ~にわかる [duplicate]

Often I see に used with verbs like わかる or できる, such as 私{わたし}の気持ち{きもち}があなたに分かる{わかる}ものか What is the function of に here? How would that differ from using が for example? I've tried searching it up and ...
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39 views

Particle for どこ+住む [duplicate]

I have a question regarding the choice of particle in the following sentence in Genki I (p. 177): お姉さんはどこに住んでいますか。 Why is に a better choice of particle here instead of で? Has it got to do with the ...
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2answers
69 views

てもらう and how it's used with particle に

I was watching this video about てもらう and てくれる, and I don't really understand why てくれる always uses が, and てもらう always uses に to mark the person who does something for the speaker, especially about に ...
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What's the use of に in「古見さんに友達が増えた」?

This question on Reddit piqued my interest, and as of now doesn't have an adequate answer. The sentence in question is: 古見さんに友達が増えた. Komi-san made a new friend. I know に is a very versatile case ...
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1answer
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What does "チョコボといっしょにあてのない方旅をしてる” mean?

Let me specify. I'm playing a Japanese copy of "Final Fantasy V" and I come across sentences I don't know the full meaning of sometimes. I know it means something along the lines of: "...
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Why was the に particle used in くすぐったさに思わず本を取り落としてしまいそうになった? [duplicate]

くすぐったさに思わず本を取り落としてしまいそうになった。 As far as I am concerned に cannot turn a normal noun into an adverb unless it is an adjectival noun, so I guess this is the target particle に. In here I see they have ...
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Does に function like は in お前に俺の気持ちがわかるもんか? [duplicate]

I saw this sentence in this topic, but I just have a different question. お前に俺の気持ちがわかるもんか。 Does に here function like は? Because I think the sentence can also be written like this お前は俺の気持ちがわかるもんか。
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Particle に confusion in song lyrics 「ケーキに クッキー だいすき」 [duplicate]

I was looking the lyrics of an opening song for Candy Candy (1976), and I couldn't understand that phrase: ケーキに クッキー だいすき Other translations translate it something like "I love cakes and ...
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1answer
93 views

Why does 始末に負えない mean "difficult/impossible to handle"?

Each of 始末 and 負う has several meanings. What meanings do they have in 始末に負えない? And what usage of に is being applied here?
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Can the indirect object + に be put after を? [duplicate]

Can the following sentence お客さんにサンプルを送っても良いですか。 be re-written as このサンプルをお客さんに送っても良いですか。 that is, putting the indirect object + に after を, so in the end you have <direct object> を <...
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184 views

にする and indirect speech

I came across this sentence during my immersion: YOUさんに婿にしたいランキングぶっちぎりのビリという I don't get the meaning of にしたい in this case. Moreover, shouldn't it be YOUさんは since she's the agent of the quotation?
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Are で and に particles interchangeable when using them with 乗ります and 降ります verbs?

I'm reading a book that translates these two sentences as following: スミスさんは東京駅で電車に乗ります。-> Mr. Smith will get on the train at Tokyo Station. スミスさんは新宿駅で電車を降ります。-> Mr. Smith will get off the train ...
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63 views

Difference between に and へ particles

I am a beginner, and I do not really understand the difference between に and へ particles. My teacher told that they can be used interchangeably when it comes to indicating "direction" and &...
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Can 〜に modify a noun? [duplicate]

Here is an example sentence from a grammar book. 東京で若者の街と言ったら、そりゃあ渋谷に原宿だろう。 Does 渋谷に modify 原宿? Can one use 「AにB」in this way to mean “B which is in A”? Or is 渋谷に原宿 simply an abbreviation of 渋谷にある原宿?
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How will you break down this part of a sentence? "弊社現在vtuberなどで使用されるアバターの制作"

初めて。dm失礼いたします。こちら株式会社companyname営業部門となります。弊社現在vtuberなどで使用されるアバターの制作並びに、コミュニティー事業をしている者なのですがまだ活動をされていない方あるいはすでにvtuber活動をされている方も含めてvtuberにご興味がある方を探しておりまして、ご自身、...
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2answers
185 views

Difference between を and に for position (前を)?

~が前を歩いていました I read this answer but I feel like this case is different because 前 is not a place but a relative position. I'm used to seeing に used for position, for example when giving directions &...
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118 views

How does かわいそうに work? [duplicate]

かわいそうに思いました Is this an exception or an expression. This basically means「かわいそうだと思いました」right? Normally with に it would be an adverb, but in this situation it's what he thinks. Can someone explain how ...
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45 views

(そして彼女は窓際の壁を背に床に座り込む) - What does 壁を背に床に座り込む mean? [duplicate]

そして彼女は窓際の壁を背に床に座り込む。 - And then she sat against the wall to the side of the window. Judging the meaning, I think I managed to grasp what it means but I'm confused about how this sentence works. I ...
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1answer
94 views

How does the に particle work here? (にでき) [duplicate]

愛にできること. I am so confused for the usage of the particle に here. This would translate to "things love can do", right? But I've always thought に marks the noun before it, and the action would ...
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1answer
79 views

What is the use of で here?

In the sentence “レジャーが目的で行く“ what does the で express here? Does に work here? I was trying to compare it to the 〜しに行く, like 勉強しに行く.I understand that 目的 is a noun so there is no ます form. What if I want ...
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NHK News Easy article: Constant tense changes, and そこに as a conjunction

In this NHK News Easy story, the second paragraph describes an online video showing a river suddenly flooding. 初めは、水は静かに流れています。そこに、急に水がたくさん流れてきます。川はすぐに茶色の水でいっぱいになりました。流れる水の力もとても強くなりました。 The tense is ...
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150 views

General meaning of に

I know in Japanese each particle has a general meaning: を marks a direct object, が a subject, etc. Even で, with its multiple meanings, was explained to me like a sort of boundary-marker: in 私はペンで書きました,...
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2answers
253 views

に versus を with 会いました verb

I casually used を in the sentence クマを会いました。I was corrected with クマに会いました。Checking references and sample sentences I found no を examples. I think there is something fundamental about を and に that I do ...
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1answer
150 views

Indirect Objects in Passive Sentences (Is に Ambiguous)

For verbs that typically use に in the dative sense (indirect object) like 送る (for example 手紙を先生に送った), is there any ambiguity in the function of に when the verb is used in the passive? For example, ...
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1answer
126 views

に in comparison

In a book I'm reading I found this sentence: 歩くと音が出る幼児向け玩具{おもちゃ}に僕みたいなのがあったような気がする I understand it, "I feel there was a children toy which made sounds when you walked, like me"; the ...
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1answer
53 views

Function of に here?

Found this sentence: 両親が死んだというのに、悲しもうとすらしない俺に向けられる目が。クズみたいなニートに向けられる目、敵意。軽蔑。 That に in 「悲しもうとすらしない俺に向けられる目が」is acting as the indirect object or is it marking the doer? Since it's a passive sentence.
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1answer
70 views

What does 察するに and 証拠に mean?

At the start of sentences I found these words 察するに and 証拠に 察するに私の読者や担当編集が必死になって書け書け言ってくれるあれのことだろう? I thought that it was related to this, since I think that it can replace に with と、 証拠に、...
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1answer
75 views

The meaning of お兄ちゃんが連れていきそうにない所に

I'm really confused as to what 君が連れていきそうにないところに means in this sentence お兄ちゃんが連れていきそうにない所に連れてくのが私の役割かなと , I can't think of the translation in English and it's troubling me. If I were to try I think ...
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1answer
90 views

What is the difference between で出てきた and に出てきた

For example: おすすめで出てきました and おすすめに出てきました What is each particle doing?
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1answer
263 views

Usage of に in 仕上げには重宝してる

「マジで人手が足りなくてさ……なっつんも中学校通い始めてから捕まりづらくなるし……ま、口は悪いけど作業は正確だから、仕上げには重宝してるよ」 The speaker wanted a person nicknamed なっつん to help her finish her work. What would be the function of the に? Is like “use なっつん ...
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1answer
82 views

Confusion over usage of に

I am not 100% sure what role に is playing in this sentence. 「そんなこと、記憶にありません」 I understand the sentences meaning (something along the lines of "I do not remember that") but I think I'm ...
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1answer
71 views

Using に to indicate purpose without a movement verb [duplicate]

I found the following sentence in the iknow core 1000 step 9: 夕食に牛肉を買った。 I bought beef for dinner. に is marking the purpose of buying beef?
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2answers
165 views

Particle に in passive sentences? あいつから、例の本が彼女に渡された

From what I understand the particle に marks the doer in passive voice sentences, but I found this one in a book: あいつから、例の本が彼女に渡された。 The に particle here as a "marking the doer" doesn't make ...
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1answer
81 views

Understanding the construction 〜にも〜にも

反転十香が、自分たちに何かをさせようとしている。ーーそれならば確かに筋が通った。突然の反転十香の登場にも、そして邪魔者であるはずの士道たちを放置したことにも。 Are the sentences some kind of inversion? Namely, the normal order is 突然の反転十香の登場にも、そして邪魔者であるはずの士道たちを放置したことにも確かに筋が通った? ...
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113 views

公園で母に… vs 公園で母を…

Let me preface by saying that I am new to learning Japanese (about one month). I came across this sentence and I’m confused about the particle に. 公園で母に会いました。 Why is に used here? If I use が or を, are ...
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52 views

Can someone explain to me the function of に in this phrase? [duplicate]

So, I was reading my favorite manga, until I got stuck all of a sudden in this particular phrase highlighted in red. I had to go check the english translation, and it translated as "there's ...
3
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0answers
118 views

What is the difference between すぐ and すぐに?

I have seen a video of someone deglosating a sentence. The original sentence was アリスはすぐ下に落ちた which can translate to "Alice soon fell below". But when I saw the sentence, I thought the に ...
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1answer
63 views

what does に do in this sentence これがある限り俺たちに拒否権はない

I saw this sentence in the final fantasy 16 trailer これがある限り俺たちに拒否権はない I'm aware it means as long as we have this we have no right to refuse but I'm confused by why に is used here I was under the ...
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1answer
120 views

what does に do in いつの間にこんな自立した子に…

I don't understand why に is used in this sentence I saw this sentence in the second episode of the anime k-on いつの間にこんな自立した子に...うれしいような悲しいような the English subs said that it meant She's all ...

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