Questions tagged [particle-に]

助詞「に」. The particle に (ni) represents motion towards something (English "to") and location (English "at" and "in"). Dative, locative and temporal case particle.

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39 views

Optional omission of the particle に

My textbook has the sentence: " 私は日曜日[に]国へ帰ります。" This means that に is optional, however, why is it optional, and how would you decide when to write/not write に. Thanks!
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Intuitive way to justify this usage of「に」

An earlier question on JP.SE asked about the usage of the particle「に」for what seemed to be attribution or possession, but I wasn't sure if those were 'official' uses of「に」and I decided to do some ...
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What function does に serve in the following sentence?

I came across this sentence and I can't figure out what the purpose of に is. The full sentence in context is: 天照大神【あまてらすおおかみ】には須佐之男命【すさのおのみこと】という弟の神様がいたのですが、須佐之男【すさのお】はとても乱暴【らんぼう】で悪いことばかりするので、...
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てからに in 大学を出てからにしたら meaning

父 : どうしたんだ? 母 : ゆき(Name of a person) が大学をやめて劇団の仕事やるって言ってるのよ。 父 : 劇団の仕事 ? ああ、ずいぶん熱心にやっているからな。 母 : 大学を出てからにしたらといったんだけど… What is the usage of に in 出てからに  Is it に indicating time ? (When Yuki's finished ...
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Shouldn't this の particle be a に particle?

I understand the gist of what the final sentence is, but I don't understand why の was used instead of に. Is it because the 間 represents a sense of "when" (just as 'いつ' in いつ行きますか does), ...
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Difference Between ほかに and ほかは

I came across these two examples and I don't see why one takes に and one takes は. 彼女のほかに知り合いはいません。 I have no acquaintances besides her. ビールのほかは何もいりません。 I don't need anything other than beer. I ...
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Confusion between ~に似てる ~と似てる

From https://www.imabi.net/theparticleto.htm, と may mark a subject being compared. As for 似る, ~に似る and ~と似る are possible but slightly different. と in this case marks one side of a mutual relation(...
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What is the difference between 写真を撮る and 写真に撮る?

As I understood so far, 撮る is a transitive verb, so "to take a photograph" is 写真を撮る in Japanese. However, I've just come across a sentence in my textbook that uses the expression 写真に撮る, and I'm not ...
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に usage and meaning in 旅行代金の請求書の控えを2枚目に送った

旅行代金の請求書の控えを2枚目に送った This に here, what does it mean. Here's the context (The question doesn't appear in picture below) There's a context saying 枚数: 本状を含めて2枚 ,so I think the bill has 2 pages. I ...
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Disambiguating に and を

その時を待っている - I will be waiting for that time その時に待っている - "I will be waiting for that time" or "I will be waiting at that time" The first sentence only can ever have that single translation. The ...
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Why can we not use に to mark absolute time with i-adjectives?

EDIT: Still looking for a complete answer. Please read the edit below. This is something I've been wondering for some time now. And this is also not related to relative temporal nouns, I understand ...
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106 views

'I will GO to (verb)' vs. 'I will (verb)'

In sentences like 2時ごろ子どもを迎えに行きます。I will go to meet/greet my child around 2 O'clock. Is the sentence structure of verb(Stem form)に行く/来る/帰る, ever strictly necessary? Or following the example, ...
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I can't understand the use of と in 新しい政策はあまり良いとは思えません。

Hi I'm a beginner with japanese, also I'm not a native english speaker, and I'm struggling with things like this since long ago: I learned basic use of particles and currently I can understand several ...
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78 views

に with action verbs

日本に留学すれば、日本料理が食べられるようになります。 Why is に used in this particular sentence? I'd use で because I think する is an action verb, not a state verb.
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I really can't understand the use of に + と USED TOGETHER in this clause

I'm reading a book, and I found this: 二十歳のお祝いにと店長がプレゼントしてくれたカメラ Now, why are に and と used together? I can understand the function of に (meaning "at", I suppose, if お祝い means "celebration"), but ...
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93 views

に particle used with ある

できることが僕にある This sounds like "the things I can do is in me", which doesn't makes sense. Translation tells me it actually means "I can do something". Why is に used rather than が? What rule does this に ...
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94 views

に particle used with noun

ユキは空気を読まない傾向にあるからな Why is に used above rather then が? I'd thought that when に is used with a noun (in this case 傾向), it indicates something is in the noun (in this case, something is in 傾向), which ...
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What does the に in 数値を見るに mean? [duplicate]

『なるほど。数値を見るに、一時的に顕在化した力は経路を通して再封印されたみたいだけどーー早めに機嫌を直しておいた方がよさそうね』 Hi. What does the に mean here? I would expect 見ると. Thank you.
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に in passive sentence

乱暴にされているのに.... Got the sentence above from a book. From what I understand, に marks the doer in a passive sentence. In other words, the sentence above would translate to "done by violence", which ...
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The meaning of ”あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福”

I translated the sentence "あれは魔術師に与えられた祝福” to something along the line of "That is something that was given a blessing by a sorcerer" but in the translation that I compared it to, the translator ...
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why is ni in “kinou watashimo wakaranakatta kara, sensei ni kikimashita” the particle?

The book didn't cover a lot about ni but I know that it is used to tell what time it is or where you are going. but nothing like this. the best explanation I found was that it could also be used as an ...
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に and で usage help for these two sentences

Sentence 1: テーブルに料理を並べました。 Sentence 2: 公園に花が咲いています。 To my understanding, I thought that で should be the right particle for both sentences instead of に. My rationale is that both sentences show ...
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Does this に particle affect the whole phrase?

I am confused about this sentence I found. しかし彼が悪いヤツにはどうしても思えないのだ。 My take would be that に is used for an adverbial construction similar to "疑問に思う". So would "悪いヤツに思う" mean having a "bad-guy" ...
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The usage of particle「に」:彼女に孫が一人いる。

I've seen sentences like 彼女に孫が一人いる。 彼に本当の友達がいない。 In a reference book (see the picture below, No.17), it says that the particle 「に」 is to introduce the "owner" of something or someone. But ...
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From a Japanese PoV, what's the explanation of 「に」 particle corresponding to both western concepts of “to” and “in”

自由に歩いて。 人の中に心臓がある。 学校に行きます。 If I'm correct: Walk freely. (Walk in freedom) Inside a person there's a heart. I go to school. So, I'd want to understand why 「に」 covers both "to" and "...
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を-, と- and に-particle usage with 合わせる

Recently, I found out that 合わせる can go with many particles. Jisho gives here (https://jisho.org/search/%E5%90%88%E3%82%8F%E3%81%9B%E3%82%8B) some examples on this: あなたの計画{けいかく} を 私{わたし} に 合わせなさい。...
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105 views

の and に difference in position maker

We all know that に indicates the position of the object (i.e. where it is). I just came across a sentence where の was used to indicate position with respect to objects. ねこはテーブルの上。In here the cat is ...
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Whether まで should be used or に to determine place of destination?

Pre-Text: Both まで and に can be used to determine the place of movement/destination. Hi, I was studying, these two Particles, I came across a situation regarding whether to use まで or に which I couldn'...
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Could you please tell the difference between particle は and に in case of description of a place of existence

I am just a beginner and am currently reading particles. I came across a thought of using に instead of は in a certain example and I couldn't find the difference in the usage and the context as well. ...
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How is に used in the following sentence?

I have the following sentence from my hero academia anime. つくづく あの入試は 合理性に欠くよ。 The english subtitles for the show have this as the translation "That entrance exam was definitely not rational enough....
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462 views

What is the meaning of かけてきた

I am confused by this part にかけてきた. Can someone explain to me? この曲を給食のときにかけてきた放送委員
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Is it possible to put two adverbs one after another?

In the following sentence: 本当に正直に話していいかな? I know that 本当に is an adverb which means "really" but what about 正直に? I though that it was an adverb because of the に but I don't know if one can put two ...
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When can を be replaced with に?

In these two sentences, I would've thought に would be used in place, but instead を is used? When is it appropriate to use either? A: 反対側【はんたいがわ】50メートルあたりを探【さが】して! Search around 50 metres on the ...
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Purpose of に in 政治に興味がある

政{せい}治{じ}に興{きょう}味{み}がある。I am interested in politics. What is the purpose of the に particle here? I would have said it with は (As for politics, I have an interest in it) or が (politics is what I have ...
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Usage of に、とき, ときに

Are these sentences correct? クリスマスにパソコンを買った。 クリスマスのときパソコンを買った。 クリスマスのときにパソコンを買った。 What is the difference when using に、とき, ときに?
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How does this passive sentence work?

I'm confused with this sentence. 顔はやや仰向きがち に、天の栄光をながめやる 目が、深くやすらか にみひらかれて いた。 I would like to understand how it's constructed. I think 目 is the passive subject of みひらかれて いた as が is its particle, ...
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Trouble understanding one specific lyric in a song

I was trying to translate the lyrics of a kids' song for my sister who sent it to me, but I have trouble understanding one part of the lyrics: 「課長 すてきです その一言 ピュアなまでに鈍感」 「社長 すばらしい そのアイディア ...
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Can you tell me the difference between に似る and と似る?

So basically I read something saying the difference between に似る and と似る is that と marks one side of a mutual relationship and に only shows the standard of comparison, but I have no idea what that ...
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What is AはBにCに?

I've seen this construction a few times but couldn't find it in my textbooks, so I'd like to know how it's called and, if possible, how it works. Since it was pretty much unclear, here I add some ...
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Does the negative ずに form have a connective function like the te form does?

I know ずに is a form of negation for verbs, but I'm uncertain as to how its being used in the following context other than as a negation for the verb わかる. 昨晩アインは夜明けまで時間をくれた。それまでに生きるか死ぬかを決めさせてくれるという。...
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What does the に in でしょうに mean?

Recently I was talking to a friend and the topic of credit cards came up. I asked my friend (xx) if they had a credit card: ところで、xxはクレジットカードを持ってる? and got the following response: そりゃあ持っているでしょうに。...
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What is the meaning/usage of に in the following sentence?

ある事柄について感じた事(が、発表できる程度にまとまったもの)。 So, I understand the first sentence, but I'm a little confused about the second one. My translation is: to have a feeling about a certain matter to the extent of ...
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114 views

Is it necessary to repeat に in the following sentence?

I gave my wife a mobile phone at Christmas. 私はクリスマスに妻にケータイをあげました。 Now there're two "に" in the sentence. Any method to avoid repetition? Is it necessary?
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に usage in 「定めに抗う…」

I am having trouble understanding the usage of に in this particular context. I've attached a picture of the sentence「定めに抗い、変革を望む者…」. Here's another sentence where I think に is acting in the same way ...
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183 views

Grammar of AはBにCとなる

既に教室でも例のナイフアクションを繰り広げており、クラスの連中にも俺とXXXとの事は周知の事実となっていた。 The speaker and XXX got in a fight on the first day of school. I could rewrite this as: 俺とXXXとの事 は クラスの連中 に(も) 周知の事実 となっていた。 Without really ...
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480 views

What is the にはな used for in the following sentence?

「僕にはな、ちゃんとした名前が……」 Is the above にはな made from the に+は particles with a ない (omitted い), or is it something else entirely? Context provided below if it will help in solving the above issue. ...
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86 views

Noun + に続いて + Verb phrase

I am struggling with the meaning of に続いて in the following sentence: 貞操に続いて今度は命を守り抜くために、この街を走り続ける羽目になった。 I know that the sentence carries a rather ironic meaning and that 貞操 is not used in a ...
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139 views

Using 「に」, 「にとって」 and 「に対して」 with adjectives

I read these two questions but I still don't understand the relation between the use of the 「に」 particle with adjectives and other structures such as 「にとって」 and 「に対して」. On the first link, Axioplaseさん ...
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NO adjectives list or complete explanation

how can i distinguish between no adjectives and noun? particularly, No adjectives are joined with a ni particles, Is there any full list or something to remember about them ?
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に vs. を in “to pass a test”

Every time I'm feeling confident about the correct usage of に, を, and で, I get thrown for a loop. Could someone please explain to me the use of に in this sentence: I will study a lot and pass the ...

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