Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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1answer
245 views

Ending sentences with “、と。”

I've seen sentences ending with "、と。" many times in some particular texts. Here are some examples: Example 1 (source: 嫌われる勇気 by 岸見一郎) 青年 先生は「すべての悩みは対人関係の悩みである」とおっしゃる。裏を返せば、われわれの幸福もまた、...
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169 views

Usage of と particle

What is the function of the "と" particle in this sentence? 沢山手紙を書くからね, と.
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130 views

と (to) vs に (ni) in a phrase like “I am speaking with/to”

I've heard the following two sentences and I'd like to understand the differences between the two, if any, and when it is appropriate to use one vs the other: おいしゃさんとはなしています おいしゃさんにはなしています It ...
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441 views

Meaning of 認める and how to use it

From this article (for those keeping up it's the same as my previous question): 水産庁は、これから、この工場からEUの国にかつお節を輸出してもいいと認める予定です After this the fisheries agency are planning to accept that it's okay to ...
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130 views

What is the role of と in this case?

What is the role of と in this article title? 花粉 この春東京都内で飛ぶ量は去年とほぼ同じ
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100 views

Can 気づく be used with quotation と?

As in this example: ルイスさんの日本語は太田先生も外国人だと気づかなかったほど上手です。 I think that the beginning says: "As for Mr. Lewis's Japanese, even Prof. Ōta..." And then the end is: "...[his Japanese] is so good to the ...
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128 views

What is the role of と after a noun when it doesn't appear to count or list anything?

The sentence I'm trying to understand is this one: いっすんぼうしは おじいさんと おばあさん よび おひめさまと けっこんして しあわせに くらしました I don't understand the meaning of the second と (in bold). To me all the sentence is like ...
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1answer
112 views

と for talking about tomorrow

明日雨が降ると公園に行きません。 (if it rains tomorrow, I won't go to the park) Is it correct to use と in the sentence above? I know that と is used like the English "whenever." So, my guess is that the ...
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2answers
220 views

The double use of で in a sentence

It has been awhile since I studied/ used my Japanese, so I bought a dictionary. While looking around in it I found the word つむ{tsumu} - to pick , to pluck. The example sentence used for the word is:...
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98 views

と after listing things with たり

根本的なところから変えようとしっかり睡眠をとったり、食生活を見直したりといろいろ取り組んでいます Should I interpret といろいろ取り組んでいます as "doing various activities like a and b" or "doing things like a, b, and working on various activities". I'm not ...
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196 views

What is と being used for in these two sentences?

I was reading an article on NHK News Easy, and while I basically understand the two sentences below, I'm having a little trouble deciphering what exactly the particle 「と」 is doing. So with: ...
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135 views

How is the と particle being used here?

I’m trying to understand the use of the と particle in the bellow quoted passage. I understand the sentences overall, but am lacking a complete understanding that would be provided by understanding ...
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248 views

「か」 or 「と」 as a subordinate clause?

When making a statement like: I thought I had gone to the cinema. Do you say: 映画館{えいがかん}に行った{いった}と思いました{おもいました}。 or: 映画館{えいがかん}に行った{いった}か思いました{おもいました}。 And how does it work with other ...
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232 views

「楽々と」の「と」: What does と do here?

Just learned 楽々 from this cat video on vine which says: もう楽々にゃ〜 WWWJDIC 楽々: 楽楽; 楽々 【らくらく】 (adv,adv-to) comfortably; easily ぼくは手が足の指に楽々とどくよ。 I can easily touch my toes. Not really sure ...
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191 views

Should I use とor という or something else in this phrase

I'm getting confused with my と and my という again. I want to say: Writing "A" sounds good but writing "B" sounds bad. My attempt is: 「A」という書くのはいいそうけど、「B」という書くのは悪いそうです。 My main concern is how to ...
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76 views

Why does this sentence use と here?

Consider the following sentence. 漢{かん}字{じ}試{し}験{けん}は理{り}解{かい}力{りょく}より記{き}憶{おく}力{りょく}を試{ため}すものだと批{ひ}判{はん}されています。 If I split it into two sentences, they might be as follows (correct if it is wrong): ...
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473 views

Can particle と and で both mean with? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)? For example: 今晩家族でレストランに行きます。(Konban kazoku de resutoran ni ikimasu) Tonight, I will go ...
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76 views

"と使います”, Why と is used instead of を?

I am preparing for my exam and have a question about the purpose of using と in a sentence. Does anyone know why と is used but not を before the verb 使います in the sentence below? Thanks so much! ...
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69 views

Confusion about conditional だと used in article about beetle

I was reading this article and I am not too sure about sentence I came across. 男の子は「... 珍しいカブトムシだとわかってとてもうれしいです」と話していました。 I have a few problem areas here. I read it as: The boy said 'If the beetle ...
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123 views

Am I understanding this correctly? しないと

There is a character, an older male, in this manga that I'm reading who uses this phrase twice しないとな and the two lines are like this: お礼をしないとな お別れをしないとな The first line, he is referring ...
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488 views

What's the difference between 「ゆっくりと…」and 「ゆっくりとして…」?

Is there any difference in meaning? When would you use 「~として」 instead of 「~と」? I have already looked here for usage regarding「~と」.
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75 views

Why is と being used after the past tense in this sentence?

鳥が警戒声というものを発する。敵が来たと仲間たちに教えるために。 I thought it was only used after 辞書形 in these cases.
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233 views

What role does と play in this sentence?

What role does と play in the following sentence? みなさんは、アフリカの平原で、ライオンがのんびりと寝そべっている姿をテレビや映画などで、見たことがあるでしょう。 In my understanding, のんびり is a noun and 寝そべっている is a verb. So interconnecting a noun with ...
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228 views

The 「と」 conditional to be used as “when”?

i'm not entirely sure but remember that conditionals could be used to also mean "when" when in is that the case here? ゲームを愛する引き篭もり少年・佐藤(さとう)和真(かずま)の人生は、あっけなく幕を閉じた・・・・・・はずだったが、目を覚ますと目の前に女神と名乗る美少女が。 ...
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148 views

Use of も after quote particle

電話のベルが聞こえたとき、無視しようかとも思った。 When I heard the phone's bell I wondered if I should ignore it. We have 無視する = "to ignore", 無視しようか = "will I ignore it?" 無視しようかと思った = "I thought 'will I ignore it'". I ...
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94 views

How does this relative clause work?

I'm reading a children's book in Japanese. In the story, Weasel runs a cake shop, and he's gotten a mysterious order for a cake - he doesn't know who it's from. Here's the sentence: いったい どんな おばけが ...
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What does と do in this sentence?

怪物を退治し、人々を救い、囚われの姫様を助け出す、最高に格好良い英雄達のように自分もなりたいと、当時の僕は本気でそんな夢を抱いていた。 Could someone explain to me what the と does at the end of the sentence? Is it used as a quoting particle?
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910 views

Difference between て-form and と/や for connecting adjectives/verbs

I was reading about the て form and trying to understand it, then I came across some sentences using て form and a question came into my mind: What changes if instead of using the て form for all verbs ...
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3answers
839 views

Introducing an indirect quotation with と

I find it difficult to translate Japanese indirect quotations into my own language partly because of different grammatical patterns and verb conjugation altogether; for example, what about this ...
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98 views

Meaning of の in the の、の と pattern (どうのこうの)

日本人の小学生向けのちびまる子ちゃんの満点ゲットシリーズの文法教室という本を読んでいるんですけれども、 In the chapter on 助詞, under the meanings of の, I found these two sentences used as examples of the いわゆる「並列」の使い方・働き: 死ぬの生きるのと騒ぐほどではない。 and ...
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109 views

Dictionary form + と for a single occasion

自由が丘の駅で、大井町線から降りると、ママはトットちゃんの手を引っ張って、改札口を出ようとした。 As far as I know, a dictionary verb form + と is used to mean "when/if", "whenever" (e.g. 秋になると、木が赤くなります (it's always like that)). But the sentence ...
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used of と侮る in these sentence and ~と侮る vs ~を侮る (perhaps related to 知る as well)

speaker is someone that normally fights demons, but fell for a trap set up by A, a human. Speaker has always hated A. 私としたことが……相手が、魔族じゃないと……Aごときと侮って、視野が狭くなってた…… pass out I, of all people.... ...
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Confusion with the use of と in article

Im reading this article and I don't think I fully understand the use of the と in this context. My translation seems off with it being converted to an "and". What is the と really supposed to represent ...
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1answer
90 views

Seeking translation help with か between two verbs and と

よだかは口を大きくひらいて、はねをまっすぐに張って、まるで矢のようにそらをよこぎりました。からだがつちにつくかつかないうちに、よだかはひらりとまたそらへはねあがりました。 I'm having trouble parsing that 2nd sentence especially the usage of the bolded か , うちに and と. Right now, I'm ...
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Can particles と and か be used together? If so what is the implication?

When connecting nouns, と means "and" and か means "or." Can I use them together? Ex. ツナか牛肉とチーズでサンドイッチを作る。 I think this would mean "I make a sandwich with tuna or beef and cheese." If this is the ...
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What is the difference between 前と and 前に? [closed]

I've seen both used to mean "X ago", e.g. "六日前と" and "3ヶ月前に".
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243 views

usage of と in this sentence

戻ってくると、千波が我先にと駆け寄った。 once we came back, chinami was the first to run up to (us). how does this sentence change without the と after 我先に? Doesn't seem to quotatitive or conditional. thank you
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946 views

What does adding と after an adverb do? [duplicate]

For example, what is the difference between ゆっくり and ゆっくりと?
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321 views

What is the meaning of と here?

What is the meaning of と in this sentence? このため、地震のときと同じように机の下などに入っていると安全なことがあります。 It seems different from all senses in A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar. Kind of "in the manner of"?
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125 views

‥ができないと vs ‥はできないと

Every evening, we play the かたづけ怪獣 song, where they sing: おかたづけができないと あらあら、大変 (x3) おかたづけ怪獣が出て来るぞ! Now I've been grappling with this language long enough that ‥ができないと sounds natural in this context, ...
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106 views

Function of と in Xと人気になる

青森県鰺ヶ沢町の店にいる雄の犬の「わさお」は、10年前にインターネットで紹介されて、ライオンのように長い毛と小さな目がかわいいと人気になりました。 Wasao, a male dog in a shop in xxx was shown on the internet ten years ago and, with cute lion-like fur and small eyes, ...
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102 views

function of と particle in 日本人をよく理解しようと一生懸命な人もいます

日本人をよく理解しようと一生懸命な人もいます I don't understand the function of this particle in this sentence. this sentence could be translated as: "there are also dedicated people that want to understand better ...
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100 views

How does this sentence fit into context?

Context: This happens in the main character's dream. He sees some weird person and he can't clearly see their face (so he doesn't even know if they're a man or a woman). The person gives him a magical ...
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162 views

What's the nuance of ordinary ~ると and ~てみると here?

重みがあって、振ると音がする未開封のクッキーの箱が、開けてみると空っぽだったみたいに。 Hello there. I'm in the process of reading a complex text now, and I myself am not really good at Japanese right now (around N5, maybe a bit less skillful ...
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111 views

Meaning of と together with トラブルになる

いじめの問題が起こったとき、学校が最初に調査をすると法律で決まっています。しかし、学校が調査をするとき、子どもの親などとトラブルになることが増えています。裁判になったことも5年で20件以上ありました。 When the problem of bullying occurs the law says that the school will investigate from the outset....
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116 views

協力する particle usage

私と協力してください。 私に協力してください。 Please cooperate with me. Is there any difference in meaning/usage/nuance when choosing と or に to go with the verb 協力する? If I had to guess maybe I'd say that 私と協力してください ...
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239 views

Difference between AとB and AやB

Is it grammatically correct to say something like: 友達と遊ぶことや食べることが好きです。
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174 views

Use of object marker with no verb

I've checked this link but i'm afraid it didn't help my understanding in this example: とし子ちゃんにきくと、やっぱり自分のことをふつうだと言った。 When she asked とし子, とし子 also said that her own affairs were ordinary (my, ...
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24 views

Using the particle と instead of the particle で [duplicate]

Can I say 家族と instead of 家族で in the sentence below? 今年の夏、私は家族で山の中にあるホテルに泊まりました。 If I can, how does the meaning of the sentence change if I use the different particle? Another example: 兄弟で遊びます。 ...
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52 views

Meaning of “Volitional + と + (Non-する verb)” [duplicate]

I'm kind of confused on what does "Volitional + と + Verb" mean in the following sentences: i) 心臓を串刺しにせんと繰り出される槍の穂先 ii) 手に入れようと急ぐ There are two different ways I see to parse it: Same as ようとする ...