Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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4
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4answers
469 views

What is this use of と辛い

In the sentence 友人に彼女ができると辛い I'm a bit unclear as to what と辛い is actually supposed to mean (or even if it's supposed to separately be と and 辛い). As far as my understanding goes: 彼女ができる means ...
4
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2answers
187 views

What does とする do in this sentence?

人や荷物の移送を商売とする馬車輸送がそこかしこで見受けられるようになっている。 I don't understand what とする does in this sentence. Can someone explain it to me? Thanks!
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1answer
144 views

Describe past events with “clause+と+clause”, single vs multiple occurences

A sentence (highlighted below) from Asahi Shimbun: その父の愛情表現は荒っぽかった。娘が父の事務所に顔を出すと、「おお、来たか!」というなり、娘の頭をヘッドロックのように抱きかかえた。父から「愛情の洪水が押し寄せる」ため、話したいことも話せないまま短い面会時間は終わるのだった Without any adverbs (e.g. いつも), ...
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2answers
208 views

~と多い here meaning?

姉とほぼ入れ替わりでこの家に住み始めた祖父の持ち物は薬と洋服くらいだが、服の量だけはキャスター付き衣類ケース三つぶんと多かった。 How are と + 多い (+ た) used here? What does it mean (what would be the literal translation of the part starting with 服の量...)?
4
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0answers
222 views

Questions about 「とは」and 「思わなんだ」 [duplicate]

Here is the sentence relating to the questions. こんなうすぎたねえ車の中で また おあいできるとは思わなんだぜ。 1) Why is the 「は」included with the particle 「と」? I think only 「と」would be enough to be used with the verb 「思う」. Or ...
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2answers
108 views

What does the なる and the と mean in this sentence

What does the なる and the と mean in this sentence? でも男のことになると、どうにも弱いとこがあってさ… From what I have learnt so far: と can mean "and", eg. 私は水とジュースを飲んだ と can be used to imply an inevitable outcome, eg. ...
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2answers
306 views

Making sense of をと

どのような状況下であっても必ず十分な結果をと思い必死に過ごした3か月でした。 I'm only able to understand "No matter what circumstances you are put through..." and then something about producing sufficient results- the words that follow ...
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2answers
83 views

Trouble with “不安と、病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらない”

不安と、病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらないーーー女性のこの日のツイートにはそう書かれていました。(source) I don't know how to link "不安と" to "病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらない"(which function of と is it?) And I don't understand ...
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1answer
447 views

trouble understanding usage of なければ in this case

I'm sorry if this is too specific or unclear, if it's a bad question i can delete it. I'm really unclear on how なければ is functioning here, and how と in this case is functioning after 子どもたち. (also i'm ...
3
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2answers
280 views

What does “と” mean in “貴方を呼ばないと約束するから”?

I know "と" sometimes connects two sentences, implying consecutive actions, reasoning or conditions. But none of these meanings fits here. My best guess of its meaning is "I won't call you because I ...
3
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1answer
147 views

Any help connecting two sentences? (for subtitle creation)

I'm adding subtitles (for a friend) to a Saiyuki drama CD accompanied by a video. The video has captions at different points to explain what is going on in the opening scene: 00:22 -引き返してきたヘイゼルとー 00:...
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1answer
603 views

When would と appear at the start of a sentence?

In the light novel that I'm reading, the narrator sometimes starts his narration with "と、" like the following example: 「ふん」 と、彼女は鼻を鳴らし、中学の制服であるワンピース型のセーラー服をひるがえす。 I've been curious about ...
3
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1answer
105 views

What does 歩けというの mean in this song?

In the song Cry by Garnidelia there're two lines that go: ひとり どこへ 歩{ある}けというの The second line is what I don't get. I've tried looking up というの but didn't see anything about it at the end of a sentence,...
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1answer
106 views

Meaning of と in 料金と1000円

From this article about a roof top walkway on Japan's tallest building: このアトラクションには、展望台に入る料金と1000円が必要です。 For this attraction you need (to pay) 1000 yen which includes the fee for going on the ...
3
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1answer
220 views

Does position of comma hints use of と

So, I have noticed that sometimes comma appears before と, sometimes its after it, and there are also time that there is no comma at all. Does it hint something? Is there some kind of rule? ...
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2answers
199 views

Meaning of と in 友蔵が出おくれまいと言いそえた

「わしもじゃ」 友蔵が出おくれまいと言いそえた。 "Me too" added Tomozou, not wanting to get a late start. So I eventually figured out that まい was negative volitional (I hope I'm right) then got stuck thinking that と was ...
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1answer
144 views

と quotation particle: Omission and the で particle

I have two questions about the と quotation particle. One about it's omission together with connected verbs and the other about how it operates with the で particle. I believe the bellow sentence ...
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1answer
124 views

と followed by a comma

In the following sentence イタリアの理論物理学者フェルミ(Enrico Fermi )は,この現象を,原子核の崩壊を引き起こす力と,力を媒介する未知の粒子の存在を仮定することで説明しようとした。 I guess the と followed by a comma means an exhaustive and. But an and of what? I ...
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1answer
642 views

Volitional + と in ひとまず心を落ち着けようと、[…]

ひとまず心を落ち着けようと、飲みかけのオレンジジュースに手を伸ばす。 Please help. I came across this line and I don't really understand use of と here. How exactly does と work here?
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355 views

Does this と mean “and” or “with”?

Recenly, with Facebook's new "feed" feature, whatever the heck that is, I've been seeing this notification coming up a lot: [Friend One]さんと[Friend Two]さんがフィード購読{こうどく}を許可{きょか}しています。 I have to admit,...
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1answer
83 views

を-, と- and に-particle usage with 合わせる

Recently, I found out that 合わせる can go with many particles. Jisho gives here (https://jisho.org/search/%E5%90%88%E3%82%8F%E3%81%9B%E3%82%8B) some examples on this: あなたの計画{けいかく} を 私{わたし} に 合わせなさい。...
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1answer
146 views

Order of compound particles

I came across the following sentence: 彼氏と大喧嘩して、お前とはもう別れたいとまで言われた。 Why are と and まで in that order? Would "別れたいまでと言われた" be incorrect? Is there a rule concerning the order in which particles must be ...
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1answer
98 views

と particle in the subject of a sentence

To translate : My friend and I are going to the park. , the following sentence can be used : 私{わたし}は友達{ともだち}と公園{こうえん}に行{い}きます。 Literally : I am going to the park with my friend. と is used ...
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2answers
101 views

Meaning of the particle と in this case

I was listening to the song 一本の鉛筆 performed by 美空ひばり When I looked into the lyrics, I was confused by two things. 一本の鉛筆が あれば 戦争はいやだと 私は書く What's the meaning of the particle と after 戦争はいやだ in ...
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2answers
271 views

How to use と with three or more nouns?

I just started learning Japanese and I recently learned something like: このかめらと、あのらじおをください。 (Please give me this camera and that radio.) Note that I have not learned Katakana yet so sorry for the ...
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2answers
145 views

Why is と used in a seemingly temporal meaning here?

For full context: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10011281951000/k10011281951000.html The sentence in question: NHKが東京の23の区に聞くと、新しい成人は約8万3400人でした。このうち約1万800人が外国人で、8人のうち1人が外国人でした My attempt at ...
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2answers
518 views

Meaning of verb+となる

ところが、引き返すとなったとたん、痛みがましてきた。 However, just as it became time to go back, the pain increased still further. I don't understand the grammar of the part in bold. My translation is a best guess. I'm ...
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2answers
208 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
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1answer
1k views

だと, にと particle doubts

The talk he is referring is something he was told to not let anyone know. 琥珀{こはく}さんは謝{あやま}れって言{い}ってたけど、あんな話{はなし}を聞{き}いたあとだとヘンに意識{いしき}してしまって、困{こま}る。 お屋敷{やしき}のお部屋{へや}もそう多{おお}くはありませんから、使用人{しようにん}...
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1answer
586 views

What does volitional + と mean?

For example in this sentence: 迷宮内は天井が宿す燐光によって光源に困らない代わりに、夜になろうと朝を迎えようとその眩しい光が途切れることはない。 How should I interpret 夜になろうと朝を迎えようと? Thanks!
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1answer
220 views

Can と be used with verbs other than 思う to imply a thought process behind the action?

Following hot on the heels on my other question about と and 思う, I know と can be used with 言う, but can it also be applied to verbs that imply some kind of thinking process other than 思う? Do these make ...
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1answer
128 views

How is the と particle working in 「意外と早かったね」?

Here is the sentence in question 意外と早かったね。 The speaker is saying this in what I would take as a form of astonishment at how fast the students moved the wooden logs out of the warehouse. In the ...
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1answer
128 views

In the clause われこそはと心驕りしていられる方々からは, … what does the と mean?

I read this clause as something like "I myself surely, and all of those whose hearts were being made indignant, (...)" However, I'm not confident this is correct, mainly because I'm not sure what the ...
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1answer
161 views

Using the particle と or the particle に with あう

I've always thought that the only particle which is correct to use with 会う is に: 明日あなたに会います。 But I've come across the sentence: きのう田中さんと会いました。 Is it correct? If it is, when shall we use と with ...
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1answer
127 views

Is this と quotative or conditional?

調べた会社は「ルールがなくなると、就職する会社を探すための時間が長くなって、一生懸命勉強できなくなると心配する学生もいます。...」と話しています。 The investigating company says "If they get rid of the rules then the time to find a company who is hiring will get longer ...
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1answer
109 views

What does this と at the end of the sentence do?

The sentence in question: その理由を聞いてみると。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 My attempt at translatino: "I tried to learn of the ...
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1answer
271 views

What role does と play in this sentence?

What role does と play in the following sentence? みなさんは、アフリカの平原で、ライオンがのんびりと寝そべっている姿をテレビや映画などで、見たことがあるでしょう。 In my understanding, のんびり is a noun and 寝そべっている is a verb. So interconnecting a noun with ...
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1answer
100 views

What is the purpose of と in this sentence?

I am reading a passage, the first line is as follows. 自治会から、留学生数人との交流会があるとの連絡を受け、行ってみた。 I got a message from student association that there would be a gathering with some exchange students and I went ...
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1answer
100 views

What does this と do here?

I suspect this question to be very simple but nevertheless, I don't understand why と is used here (in particular why not が or の (with the meaning of が)?) 交通事情により、表示の時刻と前後することがあります。
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1answer
147 views

What does と mean all by itself here?

So, I have this sentence: "つまりパスポートもビザもない、と" The first part is pointing out that someone doesn't have a passport or visa (since they threw their bag at someone earlier). But what is that 「と」 doing ...
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1answer
119 views

What does it mean when と is at the end of a noun list

似てるよ、ユーマくんと初めて出会って時と。 I'm slightly confused at how と is used at the end.
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1answer
72 views

Questions about a correction, nominalizing, and particles

I was practicing writing sentences and tried to write the following in Japanese: I heard he escaped from the island. I originally came up with 彼が島から逃げるのを聞いたそうです。 But then I was corrected by 2 ...
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1answer
161 views

Nuance between AやB and AやBなど?

AとB is an exhaustive list, whereas AやB and AやBなど mean A and B and more. (And AとBなど feels inconsistent.) But is there a difference between AやB and AやBなど? Aなど means 'something like A' or 'A and the ...
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1answer
322 views

Help with the grammar だと and なるみたい

So, I was reading a manga, and this sentence came up: 今日予報だと暑くなるみたいだよ。 I translated it as: It looks like it's going to become hot with today's forecast. There are a few questions I'd like to ...
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1answer
99 views

How do I interpret にならないとも限りません?

あの人を匿うことで迷惑な事態にならないとも限りません。 I'm having trouble interpreting the above phrase especially the とも。 Would it mean something like "Hiding that person might cause trouble(?)"
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3answers
1k views

What is the difference between にしては and としては? [duplicate]

I know they are both used for comparisons, i.e. "as X...", "for a X....", but I don't understand the difference between them.
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1answer
327 views

伝聞を表さない、文末に来る「という」の働き

最近あるホラーゲームの実況を見ている時、一人の実況者がある段階をクリアした後、笑ってこう言っていました。 しかも、結構やっぱ、懐中電灯なくても全然暗くないっていう 前にも、一緒にプレイしている相手が何回か「懐中電灯がなくても暗くない」と意外そうに言っていたので、そちらに関連があると思いますが、この「という」の働きはわからないのです。「ということ」「らしい」「と言われる」を意味する文末の「...
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1answer
185 views

How is Volitional + と used in these sentences?

In these sentences, I don't understand this particular use of volitional + と. It seems that it's interchangeable with ように or ために in these cases. But I've never seen Volitional + と used like this. ...
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1answer
191 views

と as a consequence

I was told that [と] can be used to indicate a condition such as "if x, then y"; however, it should have a "natural" nuance. For example, there's an example people usually teach you: "if you turn off ...
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1answer
121 views

Can と be used to restate a noun?

I'm trying to understand this sentence, particularly how と works here. 朝から、算数、国語、社会、理科と退屈な授業が続く。 Does this mean "Starting early, I have boring classes which are arithmetic, language, society, and ...

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