Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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3
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2answers
275 views

What does “と” mean in “貴方を呼ばないと約束するから”?

I know "と" sometimes connects two sentences, implying consecutive actions, reasoning or conditions. But none of these meanings fits here. My best guess of its meaning is "I won't call you because I ...
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1answer
147 views

Any help connecting two sentences? (for subtitle creation)

I'm adding subtitles (for a friend) to a Saiyuki drama CD accompanied by a video. The video has captions at different points to explain what is going on in the opening scene: 00:22 -引き返してきたヘイゼルとー 00:...
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1answer
533 views

When would と appear at the start of a sentence?

In the light novel that I'm reading, the narrator sometimes starts his narration with "と、" like the following example: 「ふん」 と、彼女は鼻を鳴らし、中学の制服であるワンピース型のセーラー服をひるがえす。 I've been curious about why ...
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1answer
106 views

Meaning of と in 料金と1000円

From this article about a roof top walkway on Japan's tallest building: このアトラクションには、展望台に入る料金と1000円が必要です。 For this attraction you need (to pay) 1000 yen which includes the fee for going on the ...
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1answer
193 views

Does position of comma hints use of と

So, I have noticed that sometimes comma appears before と, sometimes its after it, and there are also time that there is no comma at all. Does it hint something? Is there some kind of rule? ...
3
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2answers
186 views

Meaning of と in 友蔵が出おくれまいと言いそえた

「わしもじゃ」 友蔵が出おくれまいと言いそえた。 "Me too" added Tomozou, not wanting to get a late start. So I eventually figured out that まい was negative volitional (I hope I'm right) then got stuck thinking that と was ...
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1answer
136 views

と quotation particle: Omission and the で particle

I have two questions about the と quotation particle. One about it's omission together with connected verbs and the other about how it operates with the で particle. I believe the bellow sentence ...
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1answer
120 views

と followed by a comma

In the following sentence イタリアの理論物理学者フェルミ(Enrico Fermi )は,この現象を,原子核の崩壊を引き起こす力と,力を媒介する未知の粒子の存在を仮定することで説明しようとした。 I guess the と followed by a comma means an exhaustive and. But an and of what? I ...
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1answer
583 views

Volitional + と in ひとまず心を落ち着けようと、[…]

ひとまず心を落ち着けようと、飲みかけのオレンジジュースに手を伸ばす。 Please help. I came across this line and I don't really understand use of と here. How exactly does と work here?
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341 views

Does this と mean “and” or “with”?

Recenly, with Facebook's new "feed" feature, whatever the heck that is, I've been seeing this notification coming up a lot: [Friend One]さんと[Friend Two]さんがフィード購読{こうどく}を許可{きょか}しています。 I have to admit,...
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1answer
108 views

Order of compound particles

I came across the following sentence: 彼氏と大喧嘩して、お前とはもう別れたいとまで言われた。 Why are と and まで in that order? Would "別れたいまでと言われた" be incorrect? Is there a rule concerning the order in which particles must be ...
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1answer
92 views

What does 歩けというの mean in this song?

In the song Cry by Garnidelia there're two lines that go: ひとり どこへ 歩{ある}けというの The second line is what I don't get. I've tried looking up というの but didn't see anything about it at the end of a ...
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1answer
80 views

と particle in the subject of a sentence

To translate : My friend and I are going to the park. , the following sentence can be used : 私{わたし}は友達{ともだち}と公園{こうえん}に行{い}きます。 Literally : I am going to the park with my friend. と is used ...
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2answers
91 views

Meaning of the particle と in this case

I was listening to the song 一本の鉛筆 performed by 美空ひばり When I looked into the lyrics, I was confused by two things. 一本の鉛筆が あれば 戦争はいやだと 私は書く What's the meaning of the particle と after 戦争はいやだ in ...
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187 views

How to use と with three or more nouns?

I just started learning Japanese and I recently learned something like: このかめらと、あのらじおをください。 (Please give me this camera and that radio.) Note that I have not learned Katakana yet so sorry for the ...
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2answers
138 views

Why is と used in a seemingly temporal meaning here?

For full context: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10011281951000/k10011281951000.html The sentence in question: NHKが東京の23の区に聞くと、新しい成人は約8万3400人でした。このうち約1万800人が外国人で、8人のうち1人が外国人でした My attempt at ...
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483 views

Meaning of verb+となる

ところが、引き返すとなったとたん、痛みがましてきた。 However, just as it became time to go back, the pain increased still further. I don't understand the grammar of the part in bold. My translation is a best guess. I'm ...
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2answers
193 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
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1k views

だと, にと particle doubts

The talk he is referring is something he was told to not let anyone know. 琥珀{こはく}さんは謝{あやま}れって言{い}ってたけど、あんな話{はなし}を聞{き}いたあとだとヘンに意識{いしき}してしまって、困{こま}る。 お屋敷{やしき}のお部屋{へや}もそう多{おお}くはありませんから、使用人{しようにん}...
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1answer
557 views

What does volitional + と mean?

For example in this sentence: 迷宮内は天井が宿す燐光によって光源に困らない代わりに、夜になろうと朝を迎えようとその眩しい光が途切れることはない。 How should I interpret 夜になろうと朝を迎えようと? Thanks!
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217 views

Can と be used with verbs other than 思う to imply a thought process behind the action?

Following hot on the heels on my other question about と and 思う, I know と can be used with 言う, but can it also be applied to verbs that imply some kind of thinking process other than 思う? Do these make ...
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115 views

How is the と particle working in 「意外と早かったね」?

Here is the sentence in question 意外と早かったね。 The speaker is saying this in what I would take as a form of astonishment at how fast the students moved the wooden logs out of the warehouse. In the ...
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118 views

In the clause われこそはと心驕りしていられる方々からは, … what does the と mean?

I read this clause as something like "I myself surely, and all of those whose hearts were being made indignant, (...)" However, I'm not confident this is correct, mainly because I'm not sure what the ...
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1answer
109 views

Using the particle と or the particle に with あう

I've always thought that the only particle which is correct to use with 会う is に: 明日あなたに会います。 But I've come across the sentence: きのう田中さんと会いました。 Is it correct? If it is, when shall we use と with ...
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117 views

Is this と quotative or conditional?

調べた会社は「ルールがなくなると、就職する会社を探すための時間が長くなって、一生懸命勉強できなくなると心配する学生もいます。...」と話しています。 The investigating company says "If they get rid of the rules then the time to find a company who is hiring will get longer ...
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1answer
102 views

What does this と at the end of the sentence do?

The sentence in question: その理由を聞いてみると。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 My attempt at translatino: "I tried to learn of the ...
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1answer
97 views

What is the purpose of と in this sentence?

I am reading a passage, the first line is as follows. 自治会から、留学生数人との交流会があるとの連絡を受け、行ってみた。 I got a message from student association that there would be a gathering with some exchange students and ...
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99 views

What does this と do here?

I suspect this question to be very simple but nevertheless, I don't understand why と is used here (in particular why not が or の (with the meaning of が)?) 交通事情により、表示の時刻と前後することがあります。
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135 views

What does と mean all by itself here?

So, I have this sentence: "つまりパスポートもビザもない、と" The first part is pointing out that someone doesn't have a passport or visa (since they threw their bag at someone earlier). But what is that 「と」 doing ...
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1answer
119 views

What does it mean when と is at the end of a noun list

似てるよ、ユーマくんと初めて出会って時と。 I'm slightly confused at how と is used at the end.
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145 views

Nuance between AやB and AやBなど?

AとB is an exhaustive list, whereas AやB and AやBなど mean A and B and more. (And AとBなど feels inconsistent.) But is there a difference between AやB and AやBなど? Aなど means 'something like A' or 'A and the ...
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1answer
318 views

Help with the grammar だと and なるみたい

So, I was reading a manga, and this sentence came up: 今日予報だと暑くなるみたいだよ。 I translated it as: It looks like it's going to become hot with today's forecast. There are a few questions I'd like to ...
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1answer
96 views

How do I interpret にならないとも限りません?

あの人を匿うことで迷惑な事態にならないとも限りません。 I'm having trouble interpreting the above phrase especially the とも。 Would it mean something like "Hiding that person might cause trouble(?)"
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What is the difference between にしては and としては? [duplicate]

I know they are both used for comparisons, i.e. "as X...", "for a X....", but I don't understand the difference between them.
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1answer
127 views

伝聞を表さない、文末に来る「という」の働き

最近あるホラーゲームの実況を見ている時、一人の実況者がある段階をクリアした後、笑ってこう言っていました。 しかも、結構やっぱ、懐中電灯なくても全然暗くないっていう 前にも、一緒にプレイしている相手が何回か「懐中電灯がなくても暗くない」と意外そうに言っていたので、そちらに関連があると思いますが、この「という」の働きはわからないのです。「ということ」「らしい」「と言われる」を意味する文末の「...
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1answer
131 views

How is Volitional + と used in these sentences?

In these sentences, I don't understand this particular use of volitional + と. It seems that it's interchangeable with ように or ために in these cases. But I've never seen Volitional + と used like this. ...
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1answer
187 views

と as a consequence

I was told that [と] can be used to indicate a condition such as "if x, then y"; however, it should have a "natural" nuance. For example, there's an example people usually teach you: "if you turn off ...
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1answer
120 views

Can と be used to restate a noun?

I'm trying to understand this sentence, particularly how と works here. 朝から、算数、国語、社会、理科と退屈な授業が続く。 Does this mean "Starting early, I have boring classes which are arithmetic, language, society, and ...
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1answer
217 views

Using と to mark a question

I've been working on listening practice again. This time, I'm watching the first episode of an anime series called スケッチブック 〜full color's〜. In the first episode, a certain character asks three ...
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108 views

Comparing nouns

Good day, I would like some clarification with regards to comparing nouns. In some references like Minna no Nihongo, the sentence formula would be something like A と B と + どちら のほうが/が + ...
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3answers
902 views

Use of と見える in this sentence

I understand that と見える can come after a noun, a verb and an i-adjective and means 'seems'. Could you please provide some simple examples of how to use this construct with a noun? I can't think of an ...
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1answer
849 views

What does と mean in 「ここにおいで」と?

As far as I know "koko ni oide" means "come here", but what does "to" add to the sentence "koko ni oide to". The context of the phrase is 今、 あなたの声が聴こえる 「ここにおいで」と
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3answers
448 views

まだいたとはね meaning

I'm trying (to no avail) to translate this sentence: まだいたとはね. I think it means something along the lines of here we go again, but I'm not sure. I don't really understand what いた means here. Is it a ...
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2answers
125 views

〜と whenever's second clause must follow first clause

I'm a bit confused as to why the following sentence is wrong. 私はその人と話すと喫茶店{きっさてん}に行きます。 The book says The event described by the second clause must follow the event described in the first half ...
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2answers
244 views

Question about particle と

I cannot grasp the meaning of と in the following sentence. 俺はここ2年近く一人暮らしをしていたけど、料理が上手くなる事は無かったし、咲も必要が無い上に興味が向かないと料理はしなかった。 Some sort of translation: "I've been living alone these 2 years, however ...
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1answer
92 views

What is the difference between と話す and に話す

Just as the title says, I'd like to know the difference between 先生に話す and 先生と話す, since they are both correct (if I'm wrong please correct me)
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2answers
430 views

How is と used in these sentences?

I have some sentences that involve the usage of と that I still don't understand: 1. This is from another user's post 私はあなたがいつも忙しいと分かっています。 2. My previous question いつもと変えてたまに外で食事しよう。 At the ...
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1answer
388 views

Difference between ~だろうと and ~でも

Is there a major difference between ~だろうと and ~でも constructions in nuance? Can ~だろうと only be used with question words? I've seen any volitional followed by と for an effect like ~ても, but usually only ...
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2answers
242 views

What does の apply to after a list of items with と?

I've looked around, but I couldn't find an answer for this question. Here's the example phrase that I'm trying to translate that I pulled from a light novel: せりとレタスとキャベツの違い I'm not sure whether ...
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2answers
100 views

What does と mean in と思います, と言う, and と見る?

愛という光 means "The light which is called Love", but why is と used? Why does 見る mean "to see" but と見る means something like "it was judged to be"? What function is と serving?