Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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1answer
178 views

In 十日と待たずに what does the と mean?

Probably a silly question, but in this sentence: 仕事ができなかったら十日と待たずに解雇されるだろうと思う。 What does the と in 十日と待たずに mean? Is it the "if" と, e.g. "when/if 10 days pass, I'd get fired without hesitation?". ...
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606 views

と conjunction vs. て-form conjunction?

In the Genki series of textbooks, we are taught that both the て-form of a verb and the conjunction と can join sentences. I'm slightly unclear on their semantic differences. Some examples with my best ...
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565 views

Listing places in Japanese and using particles afterwards

If I want to say John studies at home and the library do I say ジョンさんはうちととしょかんでべんきょうします。 I feel like I'm getting the particles wrong or that I'm actually supposed to use double particles.
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139 views

what is the meaning of a た形の動詞 + とする

The sentence is 例えば外食時、定食屋さんでとても美味しいご飯をたべたとする。 I've looked at some other answered questions which explain how とする, when appended to a verb expresses quitting an old action and starting a new one. ...
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238 views

だろうと how can I translate it?

I am reading The Little Prince in Japanese and I am not sure about how to translate だろうと in the following sentence: 大人たちにそう言われてから、今度はわかってくれるだろうとウワバミの中身を描いて見ました。 I don't know how to literally ...
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189 views

Please help with translation: 静かな方へ

So I'm trying to translate this song (full lyrics at https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/35243.html, if anyone's interested), and I came across these lines which I'm not sure about: 恋と飾って 静かな方へ ...
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229 views

Are “と” and “から” equal when they mean “from”?

When "と" and "から" can both be translated as the English preposition "from", do they have the exact same meaning/nuance and are they interchangeable? For example, in the sentence 「 確【たし】かに中沢{なかざわ}部【ぶ】...
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8k views

Confusion with Japanese particle と in its multiple uses

I have read about the different uses of the different particles in Japanese but often become confused as to how it should be translated in different sentences. In other words the actual intent of the ...
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156 views

Function of と when used with 続く

I don't understand the function of と when used with と続きます From this sentence in my textbook: 世界で一番インスタントラーメンをたくさん食べる国は中国で451.7億食、その次はインドネシアの137.0億食、日本の51.0億食、アメリカの43.2億食、ベトナムの39.1億食、韓国の33....
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247 views

Can 思う take を and と at the same time?

Consider the following sentence: Bobはこの女の子を自分の子供と思って育てることにしました。 Bob thought of this girl as his own and decided to raise her (my rough translation). I have several problems with it: It is ...
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213 views

Can と imply と言わんばかりに?

I can't understand how と is used in the bolded sentence below. Does と in that sentence imply と言って ("Understand it please - said ボイスくん looking at me."), or does it imply と言わんばかりに ("ボイスくん was looking at ...
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221 views

What does と do in this sentence? Is it just quoting?

First time asking something here, so I hope it goes down well. I have a difficult time with と in this sentence. 錬金術師らの間でも 神への冒涜と暗黙のうちに禁じられていると聞きますし The first part is easy. Even among alchemists, ...
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92 views

When should an embedded question take と?

From this article: NHKは6月〜7月、18歳と19歳の人に平和についてどう考えているか(*)聞きました。 Between June and July NHK asked 18 and 19 year olds what they thought about peace. この日を知っているかと聞くと、... When they were asked if ...
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218 views

~たらいい、~といい, hope, temporal syntax and over-literal readings

So I have two problems that are difficult to explain about the ~たらいい and ~といい pattern, the first problem is as follows: I have been reading Susumu Kuno's “The Structure of the Japanese Language”, a ...
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191 views

Nominal connectors in embedded sentences: 名詞・形容動詞 +「である」「だという」「な」等 (+ こと) の使い分けについて

This is a general question about what to place after nominals when connecting them to constructs like こと. Lately I've realized I've either forgotten or never knew when I should be using だということ over ...
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756 views

What does と in “対象とする” mean?

In Japanese version of Magic: the Gathering cards, there is a common idiom "[target description] を対象とする。[subject] それに [action]." For example, in this card: the Japanese text says "...
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843 views

<te form> + っと (conditional particle)

こんなとこで寝てっと風邪ひくぞ Is this a contraction of something? How does it differ from something like 寝ると or 寝てると?
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Other uses of the particle と: トンネルを抜けると雪国であった

Now, トンネルを抜ける means "to come out of the tunnel". 雪国 is the "Snow Country" and であった is the past tense of である, the "to be" verb in its literary form (according to tangorin.com). How と connects both ...
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195 views

Difference in sentences (と and に)

I'm having a little trouble understanding the difference in these two contexts. What would be the difference between these two sentences. 友達に晩ご飯を食べました 友達と晩ご飯をたべました My understanding is that ...
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186 views

Please help me identify who does what in this sentence and check the translation

Here is the sentence: 妹に車で駅まで迎えに行かせます。 The translation from Tatoeba is I will have my sister pick you up at the station. I've been reading "Making Sense of Japanese: What the Textbooks Don't ...
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752 views

Understanding とは in this sentence

Maruko's cousin is charging her money for dealing with her dead pets. When Maruko complains about an aditional charge he says: 「あたりまえだ。さっきのは生きてるか死んでるか確認するためにもらったお金だろ。死がいの穴埋めとは別だぞ。」 Of course. I ...
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206 views

「食べていると話す」 Can this have two meanings?

Can this mean (ignoring likelihood or awkwardness) both He says I'm eating and He starts talking if/when I'm eating ?
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256 views

「行くときゃ誰とゆく」— what's this きゃ and the とs?

I'm trying to understand the lyrics to the children's song 雨降りお月さん (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=21JW-j5JJdc ; analysis here http://homepage3.nifty.com/funahashi/sonota/hoka23.html ). What's up ...
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177 views

Can I use quotation particle 「と」with noun?

Here is the sentence. いいかげんにしやがれっ おれは一年以上もシャバとおわかれなんだぞっ。 Since the word 「おわかれ」 is noun, I'm not sure if I can translate it as "Say goodbye for free life because I will be staying in it (prison, in ...
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128 views

How is “と” being used in these two sentences?

I think "と" is being used differently in both of these sentences. However, I'm not entirely sure if it is being used as a particle in either one. Can you please explain to me the purpose of "と" in ...
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78 views

Volitional + と without follow-up

The following sentence was part of the last exercise I did: あなたが何を見つけようと、それは途方もなく危険なもの_____。大勢の人間が私達を殺そうとしてるんだから。 A A. に間違いない、B. に越したことはない、C. に相違ない、D. に決まっている The right answer was D. The ...
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183 views

Was simply 思う omitted here?

The sentence in question: その反面{はんめん}、あっという間{ま}に成長{せいちょう}しちゃうなぁと、少{すこ}し寂{さび}しい気持{きも}ちにもなった。 For full context: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-episode-2-edition-m My attempt at ...
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152 views

difference between しきりに or しきりと?

While looking up the meaning of 頻繁{ひんぱん}, I happened to notice that one of the definitions quoted by デジタル大辞泉 states: しきりに行われること However, there's also an entry for しきりと (same しきり as the first, I ...
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253 views

Confusing use of けど

「ねえねえ、このまえ本で読んだんだけど、犬に追われたら、こうやって腕を胸の前で組むと一瞬、犬が弱気になるんだって」 Hey, I was reading in a book recently (but) if you're chased by a dog, when you fold your arms in front of your chest like this, it gets ...
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151 views

Usage of 「と」 in these 2 sentences, conditional or quotation? And how to differentiate

I came across these two sentences, and I'm having trouble deciding whether these 「と」s are conditional, or quotation particles, or otherwise. If they are quotation, I do not understand which verb ...
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389 views

を and と used with 考える

I thought that 考える was used like 思う in that particle と always preceded it. However I found the following sentence from a reading task for class: まるで英語を公用語と考えているかのように、英語の言葉を多く使う。 What does it mean ...
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476 views

What is the function of と in verb-ていると form

I read this sentence in a book for beginners, but I can't find the grammar in any of my books or online: おばあさんが川で洗濯をしていると、川上のほうから、大きな桃が「どんぶらこ、どんぶらこ」と流れてきました。 Which I translate as While the old ...
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grammar usage:xもyもzもあります vs xとyとzはあります

I read the first sentence in a graded reader, and I'm wondering why the author chose the first grammar pattern over the second. 絵本{えほん}もピアノもテレビもあります。 絵本とピアノとテレビがあります。 What is the difference in ...
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What does としか mean in this sentence?

Really struggling with the meaning of this sentence from ちびまる子ちゃん: まさにうららかとしか言いようのない日だね My rough translation effort Surely, beautiful is the only way to describe this day But I'm struggling to ...
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Is this the denial of a statement, or a statement of denial?

This sentence originally came from a newspaper article. Unfortunately, I copied it onto a flashcard for later study and then lost the original context. 彼は、可能性について「念頭に全くない」と否定した。 【かれは、かのうせいに ...
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How is 「と」used in the sentence: 「地震で家がぐらぐらと揺れた。」 [duplicate]

The translation I was given for this sentence was: "The house trembled in the earthquake," but I'm at a loss for how 「ぐらぐら」and 「揺れる」are connected by 「と」. My best guess would be that 「と」functions ...
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Grammar usage of “と、~た”

I'm not completely sure on the grammar usage of と、~た, in these following sentences, but have been given the general explanation that the imply an unexpected result following a normal (one time?) ...
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689 views

What exactly is なんだと?

Is なんだと [what]+[quoting particle] like `なんだと(言った). Is nanda being quoted?
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Na-adjective in attributive form before という?

I have trouble with the last part of the following sentence, starting from the last 私 (bolded): その読まれる作品は、たいてい私のものと、川添と云う少女のもので、私の作品が、たいていは家庭のことを書いているのに反して、川添と云う少女のは、森の梟{ふくろう}とか幻想の虹{にじ}...
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Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wondering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things that ...
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What is this use of と辛い

In the sentence 友人に彼女ができると辛い I'm a bit unclear as to what と辛い is actually supposed to mean (or even if it's supposed to separately be と and 辛い). As far as my understanding goes: 彼女ができる means ...
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What does とする do in this sentence?

人や荷物の移送を商売とする馬車輸送がそこかしこで見受けられるようになっている。 I don't understand what とする does in this sentence. Can someone explain it to me? Thanks!
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Describe past events with “clause+と+clause”, single vs multiple occurences

A sentence (highlighted below) from Asahi Shimbun: その父の愛情表現は荒っぽかった。娘が父の事務所に顔を出すと、「おお、来たか!」というなり、娘の頭をヘッドロックのように抱きかかえた。父から「愛情の洪水が押し寄せる」ため、話したいことも話せないまま短い面会時間は終わるのだった Without any adverbs (e.g. いつも), ...
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202 views

~と多い here meaning?

姉とほぼ入れ替わりでこの家に住み始めた祖父の持ち物は薬と洋服くらいだが、服の量だけはキャスター付き衣類ケース三つぶんと多かった。 How are と + 多い (+ た) used here? What does it mean (what would be the literal translation of the part starting with 服の量...)?
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Questions about 「とは」and 「思わなんだ」 [duplicate]

Here is the sentence relating to the questions. こんなうすぎたねえ車の中で また おあいできるとは思わなんだぜ。 1) Why is the 「は」included with the particle 「と」? I think only 「と」would be enough to be used with the verb 「思う」. Or ...
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97 views

What does the なる and the と mean in this sentence

What does the なる and the と mean in this sentence? でも男のことになると、どうにも弱いとこがあってさ… From what I have learnt so far: と can mean "and", eg. 私は水とジュースを飲んだ と can be used to imply an inevitable outcome, eg. ...
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296 views

Making sense of をと

どのような状況下であっても必ず十分な結果をと思い必死に過ごした3か月でした。 I'm only able to understand "No matter what circumstances you are put through..." and then something about producing sufficient results- the words that follow ...
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81 views

Trouble with “不安と、病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらない”

不安と、病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらないーーー女性のこの日のツイートにはそう書かれていました。(source) I don't know how to link "不安と" to "病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらない"(which function of と is it?) And I don't understand why 少し is used if ...
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442 views

trouble understanding usage of なければ in this case

I'm sorry if this is too specific or unclear, if it's a bad question i can delete it. I'm really unclear on how なければ is functioning here, and how と in this case is functioning after 子どもたち. (also i'm ...
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274 views

What does “と” mean in “貴方を呼ばないと約束するから”?

I know "と" sometimes connects two sentences, implying consecutive actions, reasoning or conditions. But none of these meanings fits here. My best guess of its meaning is "I won't call you because I ...