Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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1answer
106 views

Use of と in these 2 sentences

授業は粛々と進行している。音とといえば、黒板にチョークを走らせる音や、教科書をめくる音だけ。 音と vs just 音? Feels redundant if followed by といえば. A: 『宗教倫理』っていうのが時間割にあるけど、それは初めてだけどね B: それは普通の道徳と捉えていただいて結構よ。ミッション系としての特色はありますけどね Speaker asked about ...
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と conjunction vs. て-form conjunction?

In the Genki series of textbooks, we are taught that both the て-form of a verb and the conjunction と can join sentences. I'm slightly unclear on their semantic differences. Some examples with my best ...
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と particle after a full sentence [duplicate]

In my book I have this sentence: 生徒が学校へ行こうと思って野を歩いていると、一ぴきのきつねが遠くにいるのをみた。 I understand the sentence, "The student, who is walking in the field while he wants to go to school, saw a fox far away". ...
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318 views

usage of と in this sentence

戻ってくると、千波が我先にと駆け寄った。 once we came back, chinami was the first to run up to (us). how does this sentence change without the と after 我先に? Doesn't seem to quotatitive or conditional. thank you
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140 views

協力する particle usage

私と協力してください。 私に協力してください。 Please cooperate with me. Is there any difference in meaning/usage/nuance when choosing と or に to go with the verb 協力する? If I had to guess maybe I'd say that 私と協力してください ...
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How is the と particle used here

My grammar book says I can use the と particle to mean 'and'. It continues to say that I can use the particle to indicate doing an action with someone else. Eg: 友達と話した The topic particle is not ...
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331 views

Difference between AとB and AやB

Is it grammatically correct to say something like: 友達と遊ぶことや食べることが好きです。
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What is と being used for in these two sentences?

I was reading an article on NHK News Easy, and while I basically understand the two sentences below, I'm having a little trouble deciphering what exactly the particle 「と」 is doing. So with: ...
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211 views

difference between しきりに or しきりと?

While looking up the meaning of 頻繁{ひんぱん}, I happened to notice that one of the definitions quoted by デジタル大辞泉 states: しきりに行われること However, there's also an entry for しきりと (same しきり as the first, I ...
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565 views

Meaning of verb+となる

ところが、引き返すとなったとたん、痛みがましてきた。 However, just as it became time to go back, the pain increased still further. I don't understand the grammar of the part in bold. My translation is a best guess. I'm ...
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Grammar usage of “と、~た”

I'm not completely sure on the grammar usage of と、~た, in these following sentences, but have been given the general explanation that the imply an unexpected result following a normal (one time?) ...
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Meaning of 運命とはわからない

まる子のタコ風船は、七夕飾りのとがった部分にさわってしまい、ものすごい音ではぜてしまったのだから運命とはわからない。 Maruko's octopus balloon ended up touching a sharp part of a Tanabata decoration and burst with a tremendous sound, so ???? I'm confused ...
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what is the meaning of a た形の動詞 + とする

The sentence is 例えば外食時、定食屋さんでとても美味しいご飯をたべたとする。 I've looked at some other answered questions which explain how とする, when appended to a verb expresses quitting an old action and starting a new one. ...
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中心にする vs. 中心とする

I am currently studying Japanese and one of the recent grammar points I ran into is the construct「〜を中心[に・と]する」. I was wondering whether the choice of particle has any particular connotation, or ...
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Does 関係 use particle に or と?

「さっきから七夕に関係ねェもンばっかり吊りさがってやがるなぁ」 These days they only hang things which are unrelated to Tanabata. These days, on Tanabata, they only hang unrelated things. I would have expected the particle と to ...
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1answer
50 views

Translating とする彼を

I'm looking at Lake & Ura's Learn to Read in Japanese page 37-102 危険な場所に行こうとする彼を、みんなが引き止めた。 is translated as On the "to-a-dangerous-place-he-will-try-to-go" him, everyone detained. in the ...
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だろうと how can I translate it?

I am reading The Little Prince in Japanese and I am not sure about how to translate だろうと in the following sentence: 大人たちにそう言われてから、今度はわかってくれるだろうとウワバミの中身を描いて見ました。 I don't know how to literally ...
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meaning of とが in this sentence

I saw this in news: アパートで、30前後と見られ男性が血まみれで、死亡しているところとが見つかれました。 Can anyone explain what is the use of とが in this sentence, and maybe provide some examples?
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When you have to use “to” when using “no aida” to express “in between”

Why are these 2 phrases different? One uses "to" between the two nouns and the other doesn't. Is the "to" optional? Is one of them incorrect? "Hikaru sora to kumo no aida tooku habataku toritachi" "...
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tte vs to as quotation markers? [duplicate]

I've been taught here that "to" is used sometimes as quotation marker. Now I've read in a website that "tte" is used for indirect speech and what seems to be quotation too? If so, when should I use "...
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803 views

What's the difference between 「ゆっくりと…」and 「ゆっくりとして…」?

Is there any difference in meaning? When would you use 「~として」 instead of 「~と」? I have already looked here for usage regarding「~と」.
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~たらいい、~といい, hope, temporal syntax and over-literal readings

So I have two problems that are difficult to explain about the ~たらいい and ~といい pattern, the first problem is as follows: I have been reading Susumu Kuno's “The Structure of the Japanese Language”, a ...
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Please help with translation: 静かな方へ

So I'm trying to translate this song (full lyrics at https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/35243.html, if anyone's interested), and I came across these lines which I'm not sure about: 恋と飾って 静かな方へ ...
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Meaning of 認める and how to use it

From this article (for those keeping up it's the same as my previous question): 水産庁は、これから、この工場からEUの国にかつお節を輸出してもいいと認める予定です After this the fisheries agency are planning to accept that it's okay to ...
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247 views

Understanding nounと考える

From this article: 静岡県の伊豆は、キンメダイという魚や温泉などが有名な観光地です。 Shizuoka's Izu is famous for hot springs and some weird fish 伊豆の海岸を走っている伊豆急行で、赤いキンメダイをイメージした電車の運転が始まることになりました。 A train service, that looks ...
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What is the role of と in this case?

What is the role of と in this article title? 花粉 この春東京都内で飛ぶ量は去年とほぼ同じ
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What is the difference between にしては and としては? [duplicate]

I know they are both used for comparisons, i.e. "as X...", "for a X....", but I don't understand the difference between them.
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Meaning of と in 友蔵が出おくれまいと言いそえた

「わしもじゃ」 友蔵が出おくれまいと言いそえた。 "Me too" added Tomozou, not wanting to get a late start. So I eventually figured out that まい was negative volitional (I hope I'm right) then got stuck thinking that と was ...
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What does adding と after an adverb do? [duplicate]

For example, what is the difference between ゆっくり and ゆっくりと?
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Confusing use of けど

「ねえねえ、このまえ本で読んだんだけど、犬に追われたら、こうやって腕を胸の前で組むと一瞬、犬が弱気になるんだって」 Hey, I was reading in a book recently (but) if you're chased by a dog, when you fold your arms in front of your chest like this, it gets ...
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Understanding とは in this sentence

Maruko's cousin is charging her money for dealing with her dead pets. When Maruko complains about an aditional charge he says: 「あたりまえだ。さっきのは生きてるか死んでるか確認するためにもらったお金だろ。死がいの穴埋めとは別だぞ。」 Of course. I ...
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Can 気づく be used with quotation と?

As in this example: ルイスさんの日本語は太田先生も外国人だと気づかなかったほど上手です。 I think that the beginning says: "As for Mr. Lewis's Japanese, even Prof. Ōta..." And then the end is: "...[his Japanese] is so good to the ...
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What is the meaning of と in this sentence?

Its from the song "Stay with me"; 帰らないでと泣いた Also, is there a better way to translate the 'naide' form of a verb than "without doing"? It sounds quite odd I think.
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と's role in 「それは触ると柔らかい」

I found out this sentence: それは触{さわ}ると柔{やわ}らかい and I don't understand と sentence in here. I know と is related to "and" and "with". But what's its role on this sentence?
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How is the と particle being used here?

I’m trying to understand the use of the と particle in the bellow quoted passage. I understand the sentences overall, but am lacking a complete understanding that would be provided by understanding ...
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Usage of 「と」 in these 2 sentences, conditional or quotation? And how to differentiate

I came across these two sentences, and I'm having trouble deciding whether these 「と」s are conditional, or quotation particles, or otherwise. If they are quotation, I do not understand which verb ...
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と quotation particle: Omission and the で particle

I have two questions about the と quotation particle. One about it's omission together with connected verbs and the other about how it operates with the で particle. I believe the bellow sentence ...
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Why is と being used after the past tense in this sentence?

鳥が警戒声というものを発する。敵が来たと仲間たちに教えるために。 I thought it was only used after 辞書形 in these cases.
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What exactly is なんだと?

Is なんだと [what]+[quoting particle] like `なんだと(言った). Is nanda being quoted?
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311 views

「か」 or 「と」 as a subordinate clause?

When making a statement like: I thought I had gone to the cinema. Do you say: 映画館{えいがかん}に行った{いった}と思いました{おもいました}。 or: 映画館{えいがかん}に行った{いった}か思いました{おもいました}。 And how does it work with other ...
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「楽々と」の「と」: What does と do here?

Just learned 楽々 from this cat video on vine which says: もう楽々にゃ〜 WWWJDIC 楽々: 楽楽; 楽々 【らくらく】 (adv,adv-to) comfortably; easily ぼくは手が足の指に楽々とどくよ。 I can easily touch my toes. Not really sure what adv-to ...
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What role does と play in this sentence?

What role does と play in the following sentence? みなさんは、アフリカの平原で、ライオンがのんびりと寝そべっている姿をテレビや映画などで、見たことがあるでしょう。 In my understanding, のんびり is a noun and 寝そべっている is a verb. So interconnecting a noun with ...
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Use of と見える in this sentence

I understand that と見える can come after a noun, a verb and an i-adjective and means 'seems'. Could you please provide some simple examples of how to use this construct with a noun? I can't think of an ...
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Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wondering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things that ...
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What does と in “対象とする” mean?

In Japanese version of Magic: the Gathering cards, there is a common idiom "[target description] を対象とする。[subject] それに [action]." For example, in this card: the Japanese text says "...
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と聞いて in this sentence

山に登るのは大変そうだから、本当は行きたくなかった。 Climbing mountain seems difficult so truthfully, i didn't want to go... The second sentence is the one i need help with... I wasn't sure if i get it right... でも ロープウェイを ...
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485 views

Regarding と exhaustive list for comparison

I read this material in a local book which gives too little information so I need help to confirm. The book said that we can use と to compare, and we cannot omit the last と. いちご と すいかと、どちらがいいですか ...
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104 views

What is the purpose of と in this sentence?

I am reading a passage, the first line is as follows. 自治会から、留学生数人との交流会があるとの連絡を受け、行ってみた。 I got a message from student association that there would be a gathering with some exchange students and I went ...
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102 views

What does this と do here?

I suspect this question to be very simple but nevertheless, I don't understand why と is used here (in particular why not が or の (with the meaning of が)?) 交通事情により、表示の時刻と前後することがあります。
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The 「と」 conditional to be used as “when”?

i'm not entirely sure but remember that conditionals could be used to also mean "when" when in is that the case here? ゲームを愛する引き篭もり少年・佐藤(さとう)和真(かずま)の人生は、あっけなく幕を閉じた・・・・・・はずだったが、目を覚ますと目の前に女神と名乗る美少女が。 ...

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