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Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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1answer
192 views

Nominal connectors in embedded sentences: 名詞・形容動詞 +「である」「だという」「な」等 (+ こと) の使い分けについて

This is a general question about what to place after nominals when connecting them to constructs like こと. Lately I've realized I've either forgotten or never knew when I should be using だということ over ...
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99 views

what does と mean here

文字は、言語と直接結び付いて意味を表すものであり、その結び付いた意味によって字種に分類される。 I have a rough understanding of the first sentence, but the usage of 「と」 here goes beyond me. Does it mean "and" or "to" here?
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1answer
78 views

How do you say “I think X is Y”

I've been thinking of this for a while and I need a bit of a clarification. For example, if I want to say "I think he is a good person", would it be: a) 私は彼がいい人と思う   or b) 私は「彼はいい人」と思う Also, if it ...
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1answer
53 views

What is this usage of と at the end of a sentence in this song? And in general?

In the song Chercher by KOTOKO, there are a couple lines that look like completed thoughts/sentences, but end in と For example 約束{やくそく}する 私{わたし}がすぐあなたのこと探{さが}し出{だ}すと Also she definitely says 「と」...
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0answers
42 views

Meaning of と in this sentence [duplicate]

In a short story I'm reading (or trying to) I found this sentence: 屋上の手すりから、ひらひらと風になびくタータンチェックのひだスカートと、そこからにょっきりと生えた二本の脚とが見えた I think the general meaning is the character saw from the rooftop's ...
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1answer
135 views

What is the function of と in this sentence?

学生時代にもっと勉強すればよかったと、今ではとても残念だ。 This doesn't seem like the ~と... pattern: Expresses the idea that when ~ arises or happens, it will definitely lead to ...
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3answers
195 views

Why is the particle と being used in the following sentences?

I'm reading the JLPT N3 読む guide and the explanation for the conjunction ただ says this: 前の文の内容と違うことがあると付け加えて説明する。 Also, there's a section where the next sentence appears: 台風が接近しています。そのため、...
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115 views

How is the と particle working in 「意外と早かったね」?

Here is the sentence in question 意外と早かったね。 The speaker is saying this in what I would take as a form of astonishment at how fast the students moved the wooden logs out of the warehouse. In the ...
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1answer
318 views

Help with the grammar だと and なるみたい

So, I was reading a manga, and this sentence came up: 今日予報だと暑くなるみたいだよ。 I translated it as: It looks like it's going to become hot with today's forecast. There are a few questions I'd like to ...
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1answer
57 views

と in the first sentence + た in the second sentence

I already learned how と functions. It is used when we’re talking about natural things .When something happens another thing always happens too. I sometimes see と sentence like this one 街灯じゃ暗いと ...
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2answers
100 views

What does と mean in と思います, と言う, and と見る?

愛という光 means "The light which is called Love", but why is と used? Why does 見る mean "to see" but と見る means something like "it was judged to be"? What function is と serving?
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Volitional + と without follow-up

The following sentence was part of the last exercise I did: あなたが何を見つけようと、それは途方もなく危険なもの_____。大勢の人間が私達を殺そうとしてるんだから。 A A. に間違いない、B. に越したことはない、C. に相違ない、D. に決まっている The right answer was D. The ...
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1answer
108 views

Order of compound particles

I came across the following sentence: 彼氏と大喧嘩して、お前とはもう別れたいとまで言われた。 Why are と and まで in that order? Would "別れたいまでと言われた" be incorrect? Is there a rule concerning the order in which particles must be ...
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1answer
92 views

Help explain と in this sentence [duplicate]

私も行かないと。 I understood it as "I also won't go." But according to Tae Kim's guide and Google Translate it is read as "I have to go too." Why is that? I assume と has something to do with it since ...
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1answer
123 views

Am I understanding this correctly? しないと

There is a character, an older male, in this manga that I'm reading who uses this phrase twice しないとな and the two lines are like this: お礼をしないとな お別れをしないとな The first line, he is referring ...
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1answer
54 views

Reason for と particle after adverb さっき in sentence about something previously mentioned

I came across this sentence and I believe I understand what it is saying, but I don't understand why there is a と particle being used after さっき. Why is it not just さっき言ってる? As there is nothing that ...
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1answer
868 views

Use of って when quotation doesn't make sense

I'm playing through a game right now and I'm seeing って used at the end of sentences a lot. I know って can be a shorthand version of the と particle, but it doesn't make sense as nobody is being quoted ...
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1answer
132 views

The meaning of と in 未来の国からはるばると

未来の国からはるばると This is the name of the first chapter of "Doraemon" (1). What is the function of と in this case? Apparently, it's not for quoting, and it doesn't seems to mean "if/when," "with" or "...
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1answer
92 views

What does 歩けというの mean in this song?

In the song Cry by Garnidelia there're two lines that go: ひとり どこへ 歩{ある}けというの The second line is what I don't get. I've tried looking up というの but didn't see anything about it at the end of a ...
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1answer
57 views

とは particle in a sentence

The sentence: これまでの私とは違うんです translates to "I am not the same as before" according to the anki deck I am currently using. I can't see why it means this (maybe because I don't understand what the とは ...
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98 views

Meaning of の in the の、の と pattern (どうのこうの)

日本人の小学生向けのちびまる子ちゃんの満点ゲットシリーズの文法教室という本を読んでいるんですけれども、 In the chapter on 助詞, under the meanings of の, I found these two sentences used as examples of the いわゆる「並列」の使い方・働き: 死ぬの生きるのと騒ぐほどではない。 and ...
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1answer
168 views

What does 母と慕う彼女は mean?

What does 母と慕う彼女は mean? I posted the question on HiNative to no luck and Google Translate is definitely way off. The use of the と particle has me a bit confused.
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221 views

What does と do in this sentence? Is it just quoting?

First time asking something here, so I hope it goes down well. I have a difficult time with と in this sentence. 錬金術師らの間でも 神への冒涜と暗黙のうちに禁じられていると聞きますし The first part is easy. Even among alchemists, ...
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120 views

伝聞を表さない、文末に来る「という」の働き

最近あるホラーゲームの実況を見ている時、一人の実況者がある段階をクリアした後、笑ってこう言っていました。 しかも、結構やっぱ、懐中電灯なくても全然暗くないっていう 前にも、一緒にプレイしている相手が何回か「懐中電灯がなくても暗くない」と意外そうに言っていたので、そちらに関連があると思いますが、この「という」の働きはわからないのです。「ということ」「らしい」「と言われる」を意味する文末の「...
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1answer
92 views

What is the difference between と話す and に話す

Just as the title says, I'd like to know the difference between 先生に話す and 先生と話す, since they are both correct (if I'm wrong please correct me)
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241 views

General meaning of AとBのC?

Is it (AとB)のC, Aと(BのC), or (AのC)と(BのC) ...?
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1answer
130 views

How is Volitional + と used in these sentences?

In these sentences, I don't understand this particular use of volitional + と. It seems that it's interchangeable with ように or ために in these cases. But I've never seen Volitional + と used like this. ...
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1answer
105 views

Function of と in Xと人気になる

青森県鰺ヶ沢町の店にいる雄の犬の「わさお」は、10年前にインターネットで紹介されて、ライオンのように長い毛と小さな目がかわいいと人気になりました。 Wasao, a male dog in a shop in xxx was shown on the internet ten years ago and, with cute lion-like fur and small eyes, ...
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156 views

Function of と when used with 続く

I don't understand the function of と when used with と続きます From this sentence in my textbook: 世界で一番インスタントラーメンをたくさん食べる国は中国で451.7億食、その次はインドネシアの137.0億食、日本の51.0億食、アメリカの43.2億食、ベトナムの39.1億食、韓国の33....
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1answer
126 views

What is the role of と after a noun when it doesn't appear to count or list anything?

The sentence I'm trying to understand is this one: いっすんぼうしは おじいさんと おばあさん よび おひめさまと けっこんして しあわせに くらしました I don't understand the meaning of the second と (in bold). To me all the sentence is like ...
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826 views

How many things? AとBがふたつ

その上には熱帯魚の水槽と何かのトロフィーがふたつのっている This is a quote from "The wind-up bird and Tuesday's Women." How many fish tanks are there? How many trophies?
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Comparing nouns

Good day, I would like some clarification with regards to comparing nouns. In some references like Minna no Nihongo, the sentence formula would be something like A と B と + どちら のほうが/が + ...
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2answers
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What does “と” mean in “貴方を呼ばないと約束するから”?

I know "と" sometimes connects two sentences, implying consecutive actions, reasoning or conditions. But none of these meanings fits here. My best guess of its meaning is "I won't call you because I ...
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2answers
97 views

What does the なる and the と mean in this sentence

What does the なる and the と mean in this sentence? でも男のことになると、どうにも弱いとこがあってさ… From what I have learnt so far: と can mean "and", eg. 私は水とジュースを飲んだ と can be used to imply an inevitable outcome, eg. ...
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Why is となって used here instead of になって [duplicate]

~そんなテーマをもとに、コミュニティデザイナーの半沢直子さんがホスト役となって、各界で活躍する人たちと公開対談を行いました。 In this sentence they use と instead of に when they say 「ホスト役となって」 Does this change the translation from 'became a host'? And how does ...
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1answer
118 views

In the clause われこそはと心驕りしていられる方々からは, … what does the と mean?

I read this clause as something like "I myself surely, and all of those whose hearts were being made indignant, (...)" However, I'm not confident this is correct, mainly because I'm not sure what the ...
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183 views

Was simply 思う omitted here?

The sentence in question: その反面{はんめん}、あっという間{ま}に成長{せいちょう}しちゃうなぁと、少{すこ}し寂{さび}しい気持{きも}ちにもなった。 For full context: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-episode-2-edition-m My attempt at ...
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567 views

The past tense for the quoting particle って

I have this sentence in front of me 耳元で男の人の声がするのが耐えられないって which is translated as: she said she couldn't stand hearing a male voice near her ear. If I am right, here, って is actually translated ...
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1answer
106 views

Dictionary form + と for a single occasion

自由が丘の駅で、大井町線から降りると、ママはトットちゃんの手を引っ張って、改札口を出ようとした。 As far as I know, a dictionary verb form + と is used to mean "when/if", "whenever" (e.g. 秋になると、木が赤くなります (it's always like that)). But the sentence ...
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111 views

と for talking about tomorrow

明日雨が降ると公園に行きません。 (if it rains tomorrow, I won't go to the park) Is it correct to use と in the sentence above? I know that と is used like the English "whenever." So, my guess is that the ...
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1answer
115 views

Ambiguity with particle と

The particle と has several use cases, two of which are: 1) Connecting two nouns Example: 林檎とバナナを買いました。 I bought apples and bananas. 2) Indicating that something is done together with somebody ...
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107 views

Using the particle と or the particle に with あう

I've always thought that the only particle which is correct to use with 会う is に: 明日あなたに会います。 But I've come across the sentence: きのう田中さんと会いました。 Is it correct? If it is, when shall we use と with ...
3
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1answer
80 views

と particle in the subject of a sentence

To translate : My friend and I are going to the park. , the following sentence can be used : 私{わたし}は友達{ともだち}と公園{こうえん}に行{い}きます。 Literally : I am going to the park with my friend. と is used ...
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1answer
145 views

Nuance between AやB and AやBなど?

AとB is an exhaustive list, whereas AやB and AやBなど mean A and B and more. (And AとBなど feels inconsistent.) But is there a difference between AやB and AやBなど? Aなど means 'something like A' or 'A and the ...
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2answers
473 views

Can particle と and で both mean with? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)? For example: 今晩家族でレストランに行きます。(Konban kazoku de resutoran ni ikimasu) Tonight, I will go ...
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3answers
196 views

Particle と as a standard of comparison with まで

Referring to the sound of an extreme megaphone: 地上なら、何十キロと遠くまで達する音だ。 If it's above ground it is a sound that will reach as far as several tens of kilometres. I'm pretty confident I've translated ...
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1answer
165 views

Are these different と?

と after counting something and ~と多い here meaning? The first link says that we can't use concrete numbers but it doesn't seem to be the case in the second link?
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66 views

used of と侮る in these sentence and ~と侮る vs ~を侮る (perhaps related to 知る as well)

speaker is someone that normally fights demons, but fell for a trap set up by A, a human. Speaker has always hated A. 私としたことが……相手が、魔族じゃないと……Aごときと侮って、視野が狭くなってた…… pass out I, of all people.... ...
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2answers
140 views

Why does 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で instead of と? [duplicate]

Why does this sentence: 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で there instead of と? Wouldn't "with family" be 家族と?
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Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)?

I have found this sentence: 家族で出かける。(Kazoku de dekakeru.) Why is the particle で used instead of と?