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Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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What is the difference between 〜となる and 〜になる?

Is it a nuance difference? Is it formality? EDIT For example: 請求書のお支払いは現金のみとなりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 請求書のお支払いは現金のみになりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 I just made that example up, but for some reason, my gut tells ...
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2answers
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Particle と with へ; ~へと

Consider ~へと in these cases: ~へと下がる : (of some quantity) to fall to ~ ~へと先送りされる : to be postponed to ~ ~へと旅立つ : to make a trip to ~ ~へと広がる : to spread to ~ へと seems to be equivalent to ...
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2answers
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<adv> versus <adv>+と versus <adv>+に

I often see adverbs used in one of three ways: 1) Adverb appears in isolation in a sentence: あまり 好きじゃないんですが。 2) Adverb is followed by に 別々に お願いします。 1970年代後半、多くの罪もない日本の一般市民が 次々に 失踪した。 3) ...
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1answer
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Volitional + と + Verb

(In this question, I will use "Volitional" to mean "V-(よ)う".) As I understand it, Volitional + と + する is a phrase meaning "to try to do something". I've also seen similar phrases, but with different ...
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5answers
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When to use だ before と思います?

If you want to state what you think you can put と思います at the end of a sentence. However I noticed that sometimes you're supposed to put だ before と思います so that it becomes だと思います, and sometimes you're ...
13
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1answer
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Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)?

I have found this sentence: 家族で出かける。(Kazoku de dekakeru.) Why is the particle で used instead of と?
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1answer
537 views

When is と added to onomatopoeia?

While at first I believed it was simply bound to each individual word, I've noticed that the same onomatopoeic word sometimes has と after it and sometimes it doesn't. Here's a case I stumbled upon: ...
12
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1answer
540 views

Does a list using と end with が?

Asking this other question has reminded me of another confusion I often have, one of my long standing bad habits that you'd think I'd have sorted after all this time in Japan. I'm never quite sure ...
12
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1answer
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と、て、って Quoting Particle Usage

と、て、って What's the difference between these three quoting particles? Is there any grammatical difference, or are they just casual/formal variations of one another? 田中さんは行きましょうと言った 田中さんは行きましょうて言った ...
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2answers
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How do you use 〜と知る?

I've often seen and heard the expression 〜と知る(知っている). When I think about it, it makes sense in the context of the quoatation-と, like with 〜と言う or 〜と思う. It seems like it means "Know that 〜". ...
11
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1answer
789 views

Is 「3人いるだと」 grammatical?

3人いるだと!? Can you say 3人いるだ as a statement? If だと is simply だ + と, I would expect 3人いるんだと. Is だと considered a particle in its own right, with different rules than だ? Transcription of the contents of ...
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1answer
174 views

「X」と「Y」と - how does the second と affect the sentence?

I've seen some titles like this, for example an episode of an anime series that was called 敵{てき}と味方{みかた}と, or a manga that was called エルフと少年{しょうねん}と. I'm curious, how does the second と affect those ...
10
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1answer
586 views

What is the difference between using を and と with the verb 言う?

I apologize if this is a basic question, but it's something I've never been entirely clear on. When using the verb 言う (to say), I can never figure out whether to use the particle -と or the particle -...
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2answers
429 views

The role of と particle in 「二度としない」

What is the role of と particle in 「二度としない」? Is it quotative, adverbialisation, change of state or supposition? Also, what extra nuances does it contribute to the expression compared to if も is used ...
10
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2answers
412 views

Why is the を particle used twice here

I came across this sentence in the basic kanji book くつを一足とくつ下を四足買いました The sentence has two を particles even though I thought the を particles can only be used once in a sentence. I thought since ...
9
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2answers
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~にしては vs. ~としては

I know one implies the thing I'm comparing actually is the thing I'm comparing it to, and the other doesn't. Can someone suggest an easy example or trick for remembering which is which?
9
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1answer
560 views

Can と and を be interchanged with 思う the way I think they can?

Compare the following two sentences: あそこに[行]{い}こうと[思]{おも}っている あそこに[行]{い}こうを[思]{おも}っている If I'm right about this, they both mean that the speaker is thinking of going somewhere. However, the ...
9
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3answers
2k views

Is this って equivalent to 「と」?

Is the って in the following sentence equivalent to 「と」 as in AはBと変わる/違う? 昔から好きな曲って変わらないみたい。 My favourite songs have not changed for many years. Does this mean it is equivalent to the と used ...
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1answer
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How to say with?

I want to say "I drank coffee WITH Harukaさん at Starbucks" Is と the particle you use for "with"? 私はスターバックスでHarukaさんWITHコーヒーをのみました。 If use と here doesn't that mean "I drank Haruka and coffee at ...
9
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2answers
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What does the だと mean in 日本だと?

I found this sentence on a video game review site: 日本だと「不思議のダンジョン」と言ったほうがわかりやすいかもしれないローグライクゲーム。 I am not sure whether だと means 'in Japan' or 'if it were in Japan'. The translation in one case ...
8
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1answer
135 views

と after counting something

Is there any special meaning to a "と" when used after a number? For example (these lines are in the same work but not one after another), 試作品の工場って、何百と見てきたんですよ。 試作品ったって、数百と作るわけだろ? The ...
8
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2answers
466 views

Can particle と be used with 分かる?

Back to basics. Sometimes I see something that undoes everything I think I know. 私はあなたがいつも忙しいことを分かっています。 私はあなたがいつも忙しいと分かっています。 I know that you are always busy. Which of the above is correct? ...
7
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2answers
468 views

Does 関係 use particle に or と?

「さっきから七夕に関係ねェもンばっかり吊りさがってやがるなぁ」 These days they only hang things which are unrelated to Tanabata. These days, on Tanabata, they only hang unrelated things. I would have expected the particle と to ...
7
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3answers
197 views

What does the 「たあ」 do in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. はったりにせよ おれたちをこいつらよばわりするたあ りっぱな度胸だぜ。 Is it a particle for emphasizing the sentence or making the verb よばわりする as imperative or something else?
7
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3answers
168 views

Particle と as a standard of comparison with まで

Referring to the sound of an extreme megaphone: 地上なら、何十キロと遠くまで達する音だ。 If it's above ground it is a sound that will reach as far as several tens of kilometres. I'm pretty confident I've translated ...
7
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3answers
191 views

Meaning of 運命とはわからない

まる子のタコ風船は、七夕飾りのとがった部分にさわってしまい、ものすごい音ではぜてしまったのだから運命とはわからない。 Maruko's octopus balloon ended up touching a sharp part of a Tanabata decoration and burst with a tremendous sound, so ???? I'm confused ...
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2answers
372 views

What does the particle at the end of なぜと申しますと mean?

I've always known that と may be used as a particle that is required for the formation of a conditional phrase or to quote someone's speech. So, what is the function of the last particle in the ...
7
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3answers
246 views

Are に and と interchangeable when used with adverbs?

Are sentences A, B, and C all correct? If not, which are incorrect and why? If they are all correct, does it mean that に and と can always be used interchangeably with adverbs? And that に and と aren't ...
7
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1answer
203 views

Help understanding と in this sentence

Please expain the function of と (in bold) in this behemoth of a sentence: この偽書評を書いたときには、あとで誰かから「ろくでもない嘘をつくな」という苦情の手紙とか、「どこに行けばこの本が手にはいるのか」といった問い合わせがくるんじゃないかと覚悟していたんだけど、。。。 If you can't find ...
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1answer
539 views

中心にする vs. 中心とする

I am currently studying Japanese and one of the recent grammar points I ran into is the construct「〜を中心[に・と]する」. I was wondering whether the choice of particle has any particular connotation, or ...
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2answers
122 views

Why does 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で instead of と? [duplicate]

Why does this sentence: 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で there instead of と? Wouldn't "with family" be 家族と?
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2answers
847 views

と's role in 「それは触ると柔らかい」

I found out this sentence: それは触{さわ}ると柔{やわ}らかい and I don't understand と sentence in here. I know と is related to "and" and "with". But what's its role on this sentence?
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2answers
607 views

What is the function of と when it's not quoting, or doing exhaustive listing?

Consider these two sentences:  (1) 母はついてくるようにアリスに合図した (Mother signaled to Alice to follow her)  (2) 父は手で私に部屋を出ていくようにと合図した。 (Father gestured to me to go out of the room) And another sentence ...
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1answer
123 views

Are these different と?

と after counting something and ~と多い here meaning? The first link says that we can't use concrete numbers but it doesn't seem to be the case in the second link?
6
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1answer
288 views

Embedded question followed by と

What is the grammar behind the use of the quote marker と in this sentence? 雨がいつ降るかと大変楽しみにしていましたが、なかなか雨が降りません。 He was looking forward to when the rain would come, but... Can I also write ...
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1answer
177 views

Ambiguity issues with と when performing multiple roles

My understanding of と: と performs listing と indicates reciprocal action The above two uses are indivisible from each other. That is to say that this particle is special in a sense that it always ...
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1answer
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“to talk with friends” structure

I tried to make "to talk with friends" based on 彼と話がしたい, so my try is this: 友達と話がする, but not only I'm not sure about this, but I also have some questions regarding its structure. 1.-Why that と? I ...
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2answers
602 views

Why is いつも used in this sentence?

Consider this sentence: いつもと変えてたまに外で食事しよう。 This was translated as: "Let's occasionally change where we go to eat out." I have two questions: If いつも means always/usually, I don't understand how ...
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1answer
291 views

Why does the grammar structure for “I think [statement]” work the way it does?

In my Japanese class, I've been taught that the structure for "to think" is "~と思う", but no explanation was given for why this is the way it is. For instance: 日本の中で食べ物は高いと思う。 Obviously the first ...
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2answers
534 views

meaning of particle と in ためにと用意した

What is the particle と means in ためにと用意した, and how is it different from ために用意した? 初撃{しょげき}の後{あと}の陽動{ようどう}のためにと用意{ようい}した慧{けい}による「姫{ひめ}」の誘拐作戦{ゆうかいさくせん}。 "The strategy of kidnapping the "princess" by/...
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2answers
199 views

と聞いて in this sentence

山に登るのは大変そうだから、本当は行きたくなかった。 Climbing mountain seems difficult so truthfully, i didn't want to go... The second sentence is the one i need help with... I wasn't sure if i get it right... でも ロープウェイを ...
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2answers
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Does A が B となる mean “A becomes B”?

The sentence in question: 店員さんに話を聞くと、「10年ほど前から海外のだっこひもが人気となり需要が高まった。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 My attempt at ...
5
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1answer
175 views

In 十日と待たずに what does the と mean?

Probably a silly question, but in this sentence: 仕事ができなかったら十日と待たずに解雇されるだろうと思う。 What does the と in 十日と待たずに mean? Is it the "if" と, e.g. "when/if 10 days pass, I'd get fired without hesitation?". ...
5
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1answer
99 views

Why is there a と in front of 別? [duplicate]

I found this sentence in a workbook: それとこれとは別でしょう。 My translation of this sentence is: As for that and this, they are different. What is the significance of the second と? How is the sentence ...
5
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1answer
67 views

あり+と: What does と do when preceded by a verb stem?

In the following sentence: 彼女はそれを手に入れるためにありとあらゆる方法を試みた。 She tried every possible means to get it. と is preceded by あり, which I take to be the verb stem of ある. I do not see what this ありと adds to ...
5
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2answers
463 views

と conjunction vs. て-form conjunction?

In the Genki series of textbooks, we are taught that both the て-form of a verb and the conjunction と can join sentences. I'm slightly unclear on their semantic differences. Some examples with my best ...
5
votes
1answer
502 views

Listing places in Japanese and using particles afterwards

If I want to say John studies at home and the library do I say ジョンさんはうちととしょかんでべんきょうします。 I feel like I'm getting the particles wrong or that I'm actually supposed to use double particles.
5
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1answer
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what is the meaning of a た形の動詞 + とする

The sentence is 例えば外食時、定食屋さんでとても美味しいご飯をたべたとする。 I've looked at some other answered questions which explain how とする, when appended to a verb expresses quitting an old action and starting a new one. ...
5
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2answers
169 views

Please help with translation: 静かな方へ

So I'm trying to translate this song (full lyrics at https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/35243.html, if anyone's interested), and I came across these lines which I'm not sure about: 恋と飾って 静かな方へ ...
5
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1answer
215 views

Are “と” and “から” equal when they mean “from”?

When "と" and "から" can both be translated as the English preposition "from", do they have the exact same meaning/nuance and are they interchangeable? For example, in the sentence 「 確【たし】かに中沢{なかざわ}部【ぶ】...