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Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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What is と being used for in these two sentences?

I was reading an article on NHK News Easy, and while I basically understand the two sentences below, I'm having a little trouble deciphering what exactly the particle 「と」 is doing. So with: ...
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difference between しきりに or しきりと?

While looking up the meaning of 頻繁{ひんぱん}, I happened to notice that one of the definitions quoted by デジタル大辞泉 states: しきりに行われること However, there's also an entry for しきりと (same しきり as the first, I ...
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Meaning of verb+となる

ところが、引き返すとなったとたん、痛みがましてきた。 However, just as it became time to go back, the pain increased still further. I don't understand the grammar of the part in bold. My translation is a best guess. I'm ...
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Meaning of 運命とはわからない

まる子のタコ風船は、七夕飾りのとがった部分にさわってしまい、ものすごい音ではぜてしまったのだから運命とはわからない。 Maruko's octopus balloon ended up touching a sharp part of a Tanabata decoration and burst with a tremendous sound, so ???? I'm confused ...
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what is the meaning of a た形の動詞 + とする

The sentence is 例えば外食時、定食屋さんでとても美味しいご飯をたべたとする。 I've looked at some other answered questions which explain how とする, when appended to a verb expresses quitting an old action and starting a new one. ...
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Grammar usage of “と、~た”

I'm not completely sure on the grammar usage of と、~た, in these following sentences, but have been given the general explanation that the imply an unexpected result following a normal (one time?) ...
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中心にする vs. 中心とする

I am currently studying Japanese and one of the recent grammar points I ran into is the construct「〜を中心[に・と]する」. I was wondering whether the choice of particle has any particular connotation, or ...
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Does 関係 use particle に or と?

「さっきから七夕に関係ねェもンばっかり吊りさがってやがるなぁ」 These days they only hang things which are unrelated to Tanabata. These days, on Tanabata, they only hang unrelated things. I would have expected the particle と to ...
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Translating とする彼を

I'm looking at Lake & Ura's Learn to Read in Japanese page 37-102 危険な場所に行こうとする彼を、みんなが引き止めた。 is translated as On the "to-a-dangerous-place-he-will-try-to-go" him, everyone detained. in the ...
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だろうと how can I translate it?

I am reading The Little Prince in Japanese and I am not sure about how to translate だろうと in the following sentence: 大人たちにそう言われてから、今度はわかってくれるだろうとウワバミの中身を描いて見ました。 I don't know how to literally ...
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meaning of とが in this sentence

I saw this in news: アパートで、30前後と見られ男性が血まみれで、死亡しているところとが見つかれました。 Can anyone explain what is the use of とが in this sentence, and maybe provide some examples?
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Why does 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で instead of と? [duplicate]

Why does this sentence: 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で there instead of と? Wouldn't "with family" be 家族と?
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tte vs to as quotation markers? [duplicate]

I've been taught here that "to" is used sometimes as quotation marker. Now I've read in a website that "tte" is used for indirect speech and what seems to be quotation too? If so, when should I use "...
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When you have to use “to” when using “no aida” to express “in between”

Why are these 2 phrases different? One uses "to" between the two nouns and the other doesn't. Is the "to" optional? Is one of them incorrect? "Hikaru sora to kumo no aida tooku habataku toritachi" "...
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What's the difference between 「ゆっくりと…」and 「ゆっくりとして…」?

Is there any difference in meaning? When would you use 「~として」 instead of 「~と」? I have already looked here for usage regarding「~と」.
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~たらいい、~といい, hope, temporal syntax and over-literal readings

So I have two problems that are difficult to explain about the ~たらいい and ~といい pattern, the first problem is as follows: I have been reading Susumu Kuno's “The Structure of the Japanese Language”, a ...
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Please help with translation: 静かな方へ

So I'm trying to translate this song (full lyrics at https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/35243.html, if anyone's interested), and I came across these lines which I'm not sure about: 恋と飾って 静かな方へ ...
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Meaning of 認める and how to use it

From this article (for those keeping up it's the same as my previous question): 水産庁は、これから、この工場からEUの国にかつお節を輸出してもいいと認める予定です After this the fisheries agency are planning to accept that it's okay to ...
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Understanding nounと考える

From this article: 静岡県の伊豆は、キンメダイという魚や温泉などが有名な観光地です。 Shizuoka's Izu is famous for hot springs and some weird fish 伊豆の海岸を走っている伊豆急行で、赤いキンメダイをイメージした電車の運転が始まることになりました。 A train service, that looks ...
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What is the role of と in this case?

What is the role of と in this article title? 花粉 この春東京都内で飛ぶ量は去年とほぼ同じ
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What is the difference between にしては and としては? [duplicate]

I know they are both used for comparisons, i.e. "as X...", "for a X....", but I don't understand the difference between them.
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Meaning of と in 友蔵が出おくれまいと言いそえた

「わしもじゃ」 友蔵が出おくれまいと言いそえた。 "Me too" added Tomozou, not wanting to get a late start. So I eventually figured out that まい was negative volitional (I hope I'm right) then got stuck thinking that と was ...
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What does adding と after an adverb do? [duplicate]

For example, what is the difference between ゆっくり and ゆっくりと?
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Confusing use of けど

「ねえねえ、このまえ本で読んだんだけど、犬に追われたら、こうやって腕を胸の前で組むと一瞬、犬が弱気になるんだって」 Hey, I was reading in a book recently (but) if you're chased by a dog, when you fold your arms in front of your chest like this, it gets ...
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Can 気づく be used with quotation と?

As in this example: ルイスさんの日本語は太田先生も外国人だと気づかなかったほど上手です。 I think that the beginning says: "As for Mr. Lewis's Japanese, even Prof. Ōta..." And then the end is: "...[his Japanese] is so good to the ...
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Understanding とは in this sentence

Maruko's cousin is charging her money for dealing with her dead pets. When Maruko complains about an aditional charge he says: 「あたりまえだ。さっきのは生きてるか死んでるか確認するためにもらったお金だろ。死がいの穴埋めとは別だぞ。」 Of course. I ...
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What is the meaning of と in this sentence?

Its from the song "Stay with me"; 帰らないでと泣いた Also, is there a better way to translate the 'naide' form of a verb than "without doing"? It sounds quite odd I think.
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と's role in 「それは触ると柔らかい」

I found out this sentence: それは触{さわ}ると柔{やわ}らかい and I don't understand と sentence in here. I know と is related to "and" and "with". But what's its role on this sentence?
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How is the と particle being used here?

I’m trying to understand the use of the と particle in the bellow quoted passage. I understand the sentences overall, but am lacking a complete understanding that would be provided by understanding ...
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Usage of 「と」 in these 2 sentences, conditional or quotation? And how to differentiate

I came across these two sentences, and I'm having trouble deciding whether these 「と」s are conditional, or quotation particles, or otherwise. If they are quotation, I do not understand which verb ...
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と quotation particle: Omission and the で particle

I have two questions about the と quotation particle. One about it's omission together with connected verbs and the other about how it operates with the で particle. I believe the bellow sentence ...
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Why is と being used after the past tense in this sentence?

鳥が警戒声というものを発する。敵が来たと仲間たちに教えるために。 I thought it was only used after 辞書形 in these cases.
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What exactly is なんだと?

Is なんだと [what]+[quoting particle] like `なんだと(言った). Is nanda being quoted?
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「か」 or 「と」 as a subordinate clause?

When making a statement like: I thought I had gone to the cinema. Do you say: 映画館{えいがかん}に行った{いった}と思いました{おもいました}。 or: 映画館{えいがかん}に行った{いった}か思いました{おもいました}。 And how does it work with other ...
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What does と mean in 「ここにおいで」と?

As far as I know "koko ni oide" means "come here", but what does "to" add to the sentence "koko ni oide to". The context of the phrase is 今、 あなたの声が聴こえる 「ここにおいで」と
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「楽々と」の「と」: What does と do here?

Just learned 楽々 from this cat video on vine which says: もう楽々にゃ〜 WWWJDIC 楽々: 楽楽; 楽々 【らくらく】 (adv,adv-to) comfortably; easily ぼくは手が足の指に楽々とどくよ。 I can easily touch my toes. Not really sure ...
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What role does と play in this sentence?

What role does と play in the following sentence? みなさんは、アフリカの平原で、ライオンがのんびりと寝そべっている姿をテレビや映画などで、見たことがあるでしょう。 In my understanding, のんびり is a noun and 寝そべっている is a verb. So interconnecting a noun with ...
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What does と in “対象とする” mean?

In Japanese version of Magic: the Gathering cards, there is a common idiom "[target description] を対象とする。[subject] それに [action]." For example, in this card: the Japanese text says "...
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Regarding と exhaustive list for comparison

I read this material in a local book which gives too little information so I need help to confirm. The book said that we can use と to compare, and we cannot omit the last と. いちご と すいかと、どちらがいいですか ...
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What is the purpose of と in this sentence?

I am reading a passage, the first line is as follows. 自治会から、留学生数人との交流会があるとの連絡を受け、行ってみた。 I got a message from student association that there would be a gathering with some exchange students and ...
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と聞いて in this sentence

山に登るのは大変そうだから、本当は行きたくなかった。 Climbing mountain seems difficult so truthfully, i didn't want to go... The second sentence is the one i need help with... I wasn't sure if i get it right... でも ロープウェイを ...
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What does this と do here?

I suspect this question to be very simple but nevertheless, I don't understand why と is used here (in particular why not が or の (with the meaning of が)?) 交通事情により、表示の時刻と前後することがあります。
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The 「と」 conditional to be used as “when”?

i'm not entirely sure but remember that conditionals could be used to also mean "when" when in is that the case here? ゲームを愛する引き篭もり少年・佐藤(さとう)和真(かずま)の人生は、あっけなく幕を閉じた・・・・・・はずだったが、目を覚ますと目の前に女神と名乗る美少女が。 ...
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~と多い here meaning?

姉とほぼ入れ替わりでこの家に住み始めた祖父の持ち物は薬と洋服くらいだが、服の量だけはキャスター付き衣類ケース三つぶんと多かった。 How are と + 多い (+ た) used here? What does it mean (what would be the literal translation of the part starting with 服の量...)?
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Use of も after quote particle

電話のベルが聞こえたとき、無視しようかとも思った。 When I heard the phone's bell I wondered if I should ignore it. We have 無視する = "to ignore", 無視しようか = "will I ignore it?" 無視しようかと思った = "I thought 'will I ignore it'". I ...
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を and と used with 考える

I thought that 考える was used like 思う in that particle と always preceded it. However I found the following sentence from a reading task for class: まるで英語を公用語と考えているかのように、英語の言葉を多く使う。 What does it mean ...
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What does the 「たあ」 do in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. はったりにせよ おれたちをこいつらよばわりするたあ りっぱな度胸だぜ。 Is it a particle for emphasizing the sentence or making the verb よばわりする as imperative or something else?
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Why is there a と in front of 別? [duplicate]

I found this sentence in a workbook: それとこれとは別でしょう。 My translation of this sentence is: As for that and this, they are different. What is the significance of the second と? How is the sentence ...
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〜と whenever's second clause must follow first clause

I'm a bit confused as to why the following sentence is wrong. 私はその人と話すと喫茶店{きっさてん}に行きます。 The book says The event described by the second clause must follow the event described in the first half ...
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と indicating a condition that results in an inevitable outcome

The japanichiban.com has a list of all Japanese particles and one of the uses of the と-particle is "to indicate a condition that results in an inevitable outcome". Can someone give an example ...