Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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1answer
111 views

understanding the particle と in the following sentence: 人々が家路へと急ぐごろ [duplicate]

I don't understand the use of と in the following sentence. 人々が家路へと急ぐごろ I don't understand why と is used at all, since the particle へ is already used in the sentence. Right now I have only seen と ...
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178 views

Does position of comma hints use of と

So, I have noticed that sometimes comma appears before と, sometimes its after it, and there are also time that there is no comma at all. Does it hint something? Is there some kind of rule? ...
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と particle in this sentence? [duplicate]

この傷だと・・・即死かな? I'm a bit puzzled, shouldn't it be この傷が即死 ?
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How does this sentence fit into context?

Context: This happens in the main character's dream. He sees some weird person and he can't clearly see their face (so he doesn't even know if they're a man or a woman). The person gives him a magical ...
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1answer
158 views

What's the nuance of ordinary ~ると and ~てみると here?

重みがあって、振ると音がする未開封のクッキーの箱が、開けてみると空っぽだったみたいに。 Hello there. I'm in the process of reading a complex text now, and I myself am not really good at Japanese right now (around N5, maybe a bit less skillful ...
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107 views

Meaning of と together with トラブルになる

いじめの問題が起こったとき、学校が最初に調査をすると法律で決まっています。しかし、学校が調査をするとき、子どもの親などとトラブルになることが増えています。裁判になったことも5年で20件以上ありました。 When the problem of bullying occurs the law says that the school will investigate from the outset....
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122 views

Am I understanding this correctly? しないと

There is a character, an older male, in this manga that I'm reading who uses this phrase twice しないとな and the two lines are like this: お礼をしないとな お別れをしないとな The first line, he is referring ...
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88 views

When should an embedded question take と?

From this article: NHKは6月〜7月、18歳と19歳の人に平和についてどう考えているか(*)聞きました。 Between June and July NHK asked 18 and 19 year olds what they thought about peace. この日を知っているかと聞くと、... When they were asked if ...
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2answers
227 views

What is the difference between 前と and 前に? [closed]

I've seen both used to mean "X ago", e.g. "六日前と" and "3ヶ月前に".
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How is 「と」used in the sentence: 「地震で家がぐらぐらと揺れた。」 [duplicate]

The translation I was given for this sentence was: "The house trembled in the earthquake," but I'm at a loss for how 「ぐらぐら」and 「揺れる」are connected by 「と」. My best guess would be that 「と」functions ...
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Can particle と be used with 分かる?

Back to basics. Sometimes I see something that undoes everything I think I know. 私はあなたがいつも忙しいことを分かっています。 私はあなたがいつも忙しいと分かっています。 I know that you are always busy. Which of the above is correct? ...
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441 views

Why is the を particle used twice here

I came across this sentence in the basic kanji book くつを一足とくつ下を四足買いました The sentence has two を particles even though I thought the を particles can only be used once in a sentence. I thought since ...
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Use of と in these 2 sentences

授業は粛々と進行している。音とといえば、黒板にチョークを走らせる音や、教科書をめくる音だけ。 音と vs just 音? Feels redundant if followed by といえば. A: 『宗教倫理』っていうのが時間割にあるけど、それは初めてだけどね B: それは普通の道徳と捉えていただいて結構よ。ミッション系としての特色はありますけどね Speaker ...
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562 views

と conjunction vs. て-form conjunction?

In the Genki series of textbooks, we are taught that both the て-form of a verb and the conjunction と can join sentences. I'm slightly unclear on their semantic differences. Some examples with my best ...
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68 views

と particle after a full sentence [duplicate]

In my book I have this sentence: 生徒が学校へ行こうと思って野を歩いていると、一ぴきのきつねが遠くにいるのをみた。 I understand the sentence, "The student, who is walking in the field while he wants to go to school, saw a fox far away". ...
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227 views

usage of と in this sentence

戻ってくると、千波が我先にと駆け寄った。 once we came back, chinami was the first to run up to (us). how does this sentence change without the と after 我先に? Doesn't seem to quotatitive or conditional. thank you
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114 views

協力する particle usage

私と協力してください。 私に協力してください。 Please cooperate with me. Is there any difference in meaning/usage/nuance when choosing と or に to go with the verb 協力する? If I had to guess maybe I'd say that 私と協力してください ...
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How is the と particle used here

My grammar book says I can use the と particle to mean 'and'. It continues to say that I can use the particle to indicate doing an action with someone else. Eg: 友達と話した The topic particle is not ...
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219 views

Difference between AとB and AやB

Is it grammatically correct to say something like: 友達と遊ぶことや食べることが好きです。
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What is と being used for in these two sentences?

I was reading an article on NHK News Easy, and while I basically understand the two sentences below, I'm having a little trouble deciphering what exactly the particle 「と」 is doing. So with: ...
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difference between しきりに or しきりと?

While looking up the meaning of 頻繁{ひんぱん}, I happened to notice that one of the definitions quoted by デジタル大辞泉 states: しきりに行われること However, there's also an entry for しきりと (same しきり as the first, I ...
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450 views

Meaning of verb+となる

ところが、引き返すとなったとたん、痛みがましてきた。 However, just as it became time to go back, the pain increased still further. I don't understand the grammar of the part in bold. My translation is a best guess. I'm ...
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Meaning of 運命とはわからない

まる子のタコ風船は、七夕飾りのとがった部分にさわってしまい、ものすごい音ではぜてしまったのだから運命とはわからない。 Maruko's octopus balloon ended up touching a sharp part of a Tanabata decoration and burst with a tremendous sound, so ???? I'm confused ...
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what is the meaning of a た形の動詞 + とする

The sentence is 例えば外食時、定食屋さんでとても美味しいご飯をたべたとする。 I've looked at some other answered questions which explain how とする, when appended to a verb expresses quitting an old action and starting a new one. ...
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Grammar usage of “と、~た”

I'm not completely sure on the grammar usage of と、~た, in these following sentences, but have been given the general explanation that the imply an unexpected result following a normal (one time?) ...
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中心にする vs. 中心とする

I am currently studying Japanese and one of the recent grammar points I ran into is the construct「〜を中心[に・と]する」. I was wondering whether the choice of particle has any particular connotation, or ...
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Does 関係 use particle に or と?

「さっきから七夕に関係ねェもンばっかり吊りさがってやがるなぁ」 These days they only hang things which are unrelated to Tanabata. These days, on Tanabata, they only hang unrelated things. I would have expected the particle と to ...
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Translating とする彼を

I'm looking at Lake & Ura's Learn to Read in Japanese page 37-102 危険な場所に行こうとする彼を、みんなが引き止めた。 is translated as On the "to-a-dangerous-place-he-will-try-to-go" him, everyone detained. in the ...
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206 views

だろうと how can I translate it?

I am reading The Little Prince in Japanese and I am not sure about how to translate だろうと in the following sentence: 大人たちにそう言われてから、今度はわかってくれるだろうとウワバミの中身を描いて見ました。 I don't know how to literally ...
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meaning of とが in this sentence

I saw this in news: アパートで、30前後と見られ男性が血まみれで、死亡しているところとが見つかれました。 Can anyone explain what is the use of とが in this sentence, and maybe provide some examples?
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Why does 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で instead of と? [duplicate]

Why does this sentence: 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で there instead of と? Wouldn't "with family" be 家族と?
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tte vs to as quotation markers? [duplicate]

I've been taught here that "to" is used sometimes as quotation marker. Now I've read in a website that "tte" is used for indirect speech and what seems to be quotation too? If so, when should I use "...
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273 views

When you have to use “to” when using “no aida” to express “in between”

Why are these 2 phrases different? One uses "to" between the two nouns and the other doesn't. Is the "to" optional? Is one of them incorrect? "Hikaru sora to kumo no aida tooku habataku toritachi" "...
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What's the difference between 「ゆっくりと…」and 「ゆっくりとして…」?

Is there any difference in meaning? When would you use 「~として」 instead of 「~と」? I have already looked here for usage regarding「~と」.
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~たらいい、~といい, hope, temporal syntax and over-literal readings

So I have two problems that are difficult to explain about the ~たらいい and ~といい pattern, the first problem is as follows: I have been reading Susumu Kuno's “The Structure of the Japanese Language”, a ...
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Please help with translation: 静かな方へ

So I'm trying to translate this song (full lyrics at https://www5.atwiki.jp/hmiku/pages/35243.html, if anyone's interested), and I came across these lines which I'm not sure about: 恋と飾って 静かな方へ ...
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Meaning of 認める and how to use it

From this article (for those keeping up it's the same as my previous question): 水産庁は、これから、この工場からEUの国にかつお節を輸出してもいいと認める予定です After this the fisheries agency are planning to accept that it's okay to ...
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189 views

Understanding nounと考える

From this article: 静岡県の伊豆は、キンメダイという魚や温泉などが有名な観光地です。 Shizuoka's Izu is famous for hot springs and some weird fish 伊豆の海岸を走っている伊豆急行で、赤いキンメダイをイメージした電車の運転が始まることになりました。 A train service, that looks ...
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What is the role of と in this case?

What is the role of と in this article title? 花粉 この春東京都内で飛ぶ量は去年とほぼ同じ
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What is the difference between にしては and としては? [duplicate]

I know they are both used for comparisons, i.e. "as X...", "for a X....", but I don't understand the difference between them.
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Meaning of と in 友蔵が出おくれまいと言いそえた

「わしもじゃ」 友蔵が出おくれまいと言いそえた。 "Me too" added Tomozou, not wanting to get a late start. So I eventually figured out that まい was negative volitional (I hope I'm right) then got stuck thinking that と was ...
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1answer
809 views

What does adding と after an adverb do? [duplicate]

For example, what is the difference between ゆっくり and ゆっくりと?
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241 views

Confusing use of けど

「ねえねえ、このまえ本で読んだんだけど、犬に追われたら、こうやって腕を胸の前で組むと一瞬、犬が弱気になるんだって」 Hey, I was reading in a book recently (but) if you're chased by a dog, when you fold your arms in front of your chest like this, it gets ...
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96 views

Can 気づく be used with quotation と?

As in this example: ルイスさんの日本語は太田先生も外国人だと気づかなかったほど上手です。 I think that the beginning says: "As for Mr. Lewis's Japanese, even Prof. Ōta..." And then the end is: "...[his Japanese] is so good to the ...
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703 views

Understanding とは in this sentence

Maruko's cousin is charging her money for dealing with her dead pets. When Maruko complains about an aditional charge he says: 「あたりまえだ。さっきのは生きてるか死んでるか確認するためにもらったお金だろ。死がいの穴埋めとは別だぞ。」 Of course. I ...
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116 views

What is the meaning of と in this sentence?

Its from the song "Stay with me"; 帰らないでと泣いた Also, is there a better way to translate the 'naide' form of a verb than "without doing"? It sounds quite odd I think.
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866 views

と's role in 「それは触ると柔らかい」

I found out this sentence: それは触{さわ}ると柔{やわ}らかい and I don't understand と sentence in here. I know と is related to "and" and "with". But what's its role on this sentence?
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129 views

How is the と particle being used here?

I’m trying to understand the use of the と particle in the bellow quoted passage. I understand the sentences overall, but am lacking a complete understanding that would be provided by understanding ...
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1answer
147 views

Usage of 「と」 in these 2 sentences, conditional or quotation? And how to differentiate

I came across these two sentences, and I'm having trouble deciding whether these 「と」s are conditional, or quotation particles, or otherwise. If they are quotation, I do not understand which verb ...
3
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1answer
132 views

と quotation particle: Omission and the で particle

I have two questions about the と quotation particle. One about it's omission together with connected verbs and the other about how it operates with the で particle. I believe the bellow sentence ...