Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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51
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6answers
12k views

What is the difference between 〜となる and 〜になる?

Is it a nuance difference? Is it formality? EDIT For example: 請求書のお支払いは現金のみとなりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 請求書のお支払いは現金のみになりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 I just made that example up, but for some reason, my gut tells ...
16
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1answer
4k views

Volitional + と + Verb

(In this question, I will use "Volitional" to mean "V-(よ)う".) As I understand it, Volitional + と + する is a phrase meaning "to try to do something". I've also seen similar phrases, but with different ...
13
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1answer
2k views

Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)?

I have found this sentence: 家族で出かける。(Kazoku de dekakeru.) Why is the particle で used instead of と?
22
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2answers
3k views

<adv> versus <adv>+と versus <adv>+に

I often see adverbs used in one of three ways: 1) Adverb appears in isolation in a sentence: あまり 好きじゃないんですが。 2) Adverb is followed by に 別々に お願いします。 1970年代後半、多くの罪もない日本の一般市民が 次々に 失踪した。 3) ...
4
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1answer
226 views

だろうと how can I translate it?

I am reading The Little Prince in Japanese and I am not sure about how to translate だろうと in the following sentence: 大人たちにそう言われてから、今度はわかってくれるだろうとウワバミの中身を描いて見ました。 I don't know how to literally ...
2
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2answers
410 views

How is と used in these sentences?

I have some sentences that involve the usage of と that I still don't understand: 1. This is from another user's post 私はあなたがいつも忙しいと分かっています。 2. My previous question いつもと変えてたまに外で食事しよう。 At the ...
6
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1answer
341 views

Embedded question followed by と

What is the grammar behind the use of the quote marker と in this sentence? 雨がいつ降るかと大変楽しみにしていましたが、なかなか雨が降りません。 He was looking forward to when the rain would come, but... Can I also write ...
2
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1answer
228 views

What role does と play in this sentence?

What role does と play in the following sentence? みなさんは、アフリカの平原で、ライオンがのんびりと寝そべっている姿をテレビや映画などで、見たことがあるでしょう。 In my understanding, のんびり is a noun and 寝そべっている is a verb. So interconnecting a noun with ...
12
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1answer
3k views

と、て、って Quoting Particle Usage

と、て、って What's the difference between these three quoting particles? Is there any grammatical difference, or are they just casual/formal variations of one another? 田中さんは行きましょうと言った 田中さんは行きましょうて言った ...
28
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2answers
5k views

Particle と with へ; ~へと

Consider ~へと in these cases: ~へと下がる : (of some quantity) to fall to ~ ~へと先送りされる : to be postponed to ~ ~へと旅立つ : to make a trip to ~ ~へと広がる : to spread to ~ へと seems to be equivalent to ...
11
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1answer
634 views

What is the difference between using を and と with the verb 言う?

I apologize if this is a basic question, but it's something I've never been entirely clear on. When using the verb 言う (to say), I can never figure out whether to use the particle -と or the particle -...
3
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1answer
576 views

Volitional + と in ひとまず心を落ち着けようと、[…]

ひとまず心を落ち着けようと、飲みかけのオレンジジュースに手を伸ばす。 Please help. I came across this line and I don't really understand use of と here. How exactly does と work here?
6
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2answers
619 views

What is the function of と when it's not quoting, or doing exhaustive listing?

Consider these two sentences:  (1) 母はついてくるようにアリスに合図した (Mother signaled to Alice to follow her)  (2) 父は手で私に部屋を出ていくようにと合図した。 (Father gestured to me to go out of the room) And another sentence ...
13
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1answer
579 views

When is と added to onomatopoeia?

While at first I believed it was simply bound to each individual word, I've noticed that the same onomatopoeic word sometimes has と after it and sometimes it doesn't. Here's a case I stumbled upon: ...
9
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3answers
2k views

Is this って equivalent to 「と」?

Is the って in the following sentence equivalent to 「と」 as in AはBと変わる/違う? 昔から好きな曲って変わらないみたい。 My favourite songs have not changed for many years. Does this mean it is equivalent to the と used ...
2
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1answer
870 views

What does adding と after an adverb do? [duplicate]

For example, what is the difference between ゆっくり and ゆっくりと?
4
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1answer
151 views

Function of と when used with 続く

I don't understand the function of と when used with と続きます From this sentence in my textbook: 世界で一番インスタントラーメンをたくさん食べる国は中国で451.7億食、その次はインドネシアの137.0億食、日本の51.0億食、アメリカの43.2億食、ベトナムの39.1億食、韓国の33....
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2answers
179 views

Meaning of と in 友蔵が出おくれまいと言いそえた

「わしもじゃ」 友蔵が出おくれまいと言いそえた。 "Me too" added Tomozou, not wanting to get a late start. So I eventually figured out that まい was negative volitional (I hope I'm right) then got stuck thinking that と was ...
9
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2answers
1k views

~にしては vs. ~としては

I know one implies the thing I'm comparing actually is the thing I'm comparing it to, and the other doesn't. Can someone suggest an easy example or trick for remembering which is which?
9
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2answers
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What does the だと mean in 日本だと?

I found this sentence on a video game review site: 日本だと「不思議のダンジョン」と言ったほうがわかりやすいかもしれないローグライクゲーム。 I am not sure whether だと means 'in Japan' or 'if it were in Japan'. The translation in one case ...
9
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1answer
604 views

Can と and を be interchanged with 思う the way I think they can?

Compare the following two sentences: あそこに[行]{い}こうと[思]{おも}っている あそこに[行]{い}こうを[思]{おも}っている If I'm right about this, they both mean that the speaker is thinking of going somewhere. However, the ...
5
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1answer
8k views

Confusion with Japanese particle と in its multiple uses

I have read about the different uses of the different particles in Japanese but often become confused as to how it should be translated in different sentences. In other words the actual intent of the ...
8
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1answer
155 views

と after counting something

Is there any special meaning to a "と" when used after a number? For example (these lines are in the same work but not one after another), 試作品の工場って、何百と見てきたんですよ。 試作品ったって、数百と作るわけだろ? The ...
2
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1answer
377 views

Difference between ~だろうと and ~でも

Is there a major difference between ~だろうと and ~でも constructions in nuance? Can ~だろうと only be used with question words? I've seen any volitional followed by と for an effect like ~ても, but usually only ...
1
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2answers
268 views

Using と to link clauses instead of て

I've seen several posts saying that と cannot be used to mean 'and' when linking clauses. They say it should be treated as 'when'. I have come across several sentences in my studies that do not support ...
7
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3answers
210 views

What does the 「たあ」 do in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. はったりにせよ おれたちをこいつらよばわりするたあ りっぱな度胸だぜ。 Is it a particle for emphasizing the sentence or making the verb よばわりする as imperative or something else?
6
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2answers
130 views

Why does 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で instead of と? [duplicate]

Why does this sentence: 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で there instead of と? Wouldn't "with family" be 家族と?
4
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2answers
201 views

~と多い here meaning?

姉とほぼ入れ替わりでこの家に住み始めた祖父の持ち物は薬と洋服くらいだが、服の量だけはキャスター付き衣類ケース三つぶんと多かった。 How are と + 多い (+ た) used here? What does it mean (what would be the literal translation of the part starting with 服の量...)?
4
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1answer
127 views

How is “と” being used in these two sentences?

I think "と" is being used differently in both of these sentences. However, I'm not entirely sure if it is being used as a particle in either one. Can you please explain to me the purpose of "と" in ...
4
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1answer
458 views

What is the function of と in verb-ていると form

I read this sentence in a book for beginners, but I can't find the grammar in any of my books or online: おばあさんが川で洗濯をしていると、川上のほうから、大きな桃が「どんぶらこ、どんぶらこ」と流れてきました。 Which I translate as While the old ...
4
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2answers
154 views

Other uses of the particle と: トンネルを抜けると雪国であった

Now, トンネルを抜ける means "to come out of the tunnel". 雪国 is the "Snow Country" and であった is the past tense of である, the "to be" verb in its literary form (according to tangorin.com). How と connects both ...
2
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2answers
458 views

Can particle と and で both mean with? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)? For example: 今晩家族でレストランに行きます。(Konban kazoku de resutoran ni ikimasu) Tonight, I will go ...
11
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1answer
179 views

「X」と「Y」と - how does the second と affect the sentence?

I've seen some titles like this, for example an episode of an anime series that was called 敵{てき}と味方{みかた}と, or a manga that was called エルフと少年{しょうねん}と. I'm curious, how does the second と affect those ...
12
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1answer
814 views

Is 「3人いるだと」 grammatical?

3人いるだと!? Can you say 3人いるだ as a statement? If だと is simply だ + と, I would expect 3人いるんだと. Is だと considered a particle in its own right, with different rules than だ? Transcription of the contents of ...
5
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1answer
133 views

what is the meaning of a た形の動詞 + とする

The sentence is 例えば外食時、定食屋さんでとても美味しいご飯をたべたとする。 I've looked at some other answered questions which explain how とする, when appended to a verb expresses quitting an old action and starting a new one. ...
2
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1answer
805 views

What does と mean in 「ここにおいで」と?

As far as I know "koko ni oide" means "come here", but what does "to" add to the sentence "koko ni oide to". The context of the phrase is 今、 あなたの声が聴こえる 「ここにおいで」と
4
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3answers
236 views

General meaning of AとBのC?

Is it (AとB)のC, Aと(BのC), or (AのC)と(BのC) ...?
4
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1answer
180 views

Difference in sentences (と and に)

I'm having a little trouble understanding the difference in these two contexts. What would be the difference between these two sentences. 友達に晩ご飯を食べました 友達と晩ご飯をたべました My understanding is that ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Grammar usage of “と、~た”

I'm not completely sure on the grammar usage of と、~た, in these following sentences, but have been given the general explanation that the imply an unexpected result following a normal (one time?) ...
2
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1answer
234 views

usage of と in this sentence

戻ってくると、千波が我先にと駆け寄った。 once we came back, chinami was the first to run up to (us). how does this sentence change without the と after 我先に? Doesn't seem to quotatitive or conditional. thank you
2
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2answers
128 views

What is the role of と in this case?

What is the role of と in this article title? 花粉 この春東京都内で飛ぶ量は去年とほぼ同じ
2
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3answers
433 views

まだいたとはね meaning

I'm trying (to no avail) to translate this sentence: まだいたとはね. I think it means something along the lines of here we go again, but I'm not sure. I don't really understand what いた means here. Is it a ...
11
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2answers
2k views

How do you use 〜と知る?

I've often seen and heard the expression 〜と知る(知っている). When I think about it, it makes sense in the context of the quoatation-と, like with 〜と言う or 〜と思う. It seems like it means "Know that 〜". ...
8
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2answers
646 views

Can particle と be used with 分かる?

Back to basics. Sometimes I see something that undoes everything I think I know. 私はあなたがいつも忙しいことを分かっています。 私はあなたがいつも忙しいと分かっています。 I know that you are always busy. Which of the above is correct? ...
6
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1answer
163 views

Are these different と?

と after counting something and ~と多い here meaning? The first link says that we can't use concrete numbers but it doesn't seem to be the case in the second link?
5
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2answers
549 views

meaning of particle と in ためにと用意した

What is the particle と means in ためにと用意した, and how is it different from ために用意した? 初撃{しょげき}の後{あと}の陽動{ようどう}のためにと用意{ようい}した慧{けい}による「姫{ひめ}」の誘拐作戦{ゆうかいさくせん}。 "The strategy of kidnapping the "princess" by/...
3
votes
1answer
550 views

What does volitional + と mean?

For example in this sentence: 迷宮内は天井が宿す燐光によって光源に困らない代わりに、夜になろうと朝を迎えようとその眩しい光が途切れることはない。 How should I interpret 夜になろうと朝を迎えようと? Thanks!
12
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1answer
577 views

Does a list using と end with が?

Asking this other question has reminded me of another confusion I often have, one of my long standing bad habits that you'd think I'd have sorted after all this time in Japan. I'm never quite sure ...
10
votes
2answers
443 views

The role of と particle in 「二度としない」

What is the role of と particle in 「二度としない」? Is it quotative, adverbialisation, change of state or supposition? Also, what extra nuances does it contribute to the expression compared to if も is used ...
7
votes
3answers
197 views

Meaning of 運命とはわからない

まる子のタコ風船は、七夕飾りのとがった部分にさわってしまい、ものすごい音ではぜてしまったのだから運命とはわからない。 Maruko's octopus balloon ended up touching a sharp part of a Tanabata decoration and burst with a tremendous sound, so ???? I'm confused ...