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Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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How many things? AとBがふたつ

その上には熱帯魚の水槽と何かのトロフィーがふたつのっている This is a quote from "The wind-up bird and Tuesday's Women." How many fish tanks are there? How many trophies?
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Comparing nouns

Good day, I would like some clarification with regards to comparing nouns. In some references like Minna no Nihongo, the sentence formula would be something like A と B と + どちら のほうが/が + ...
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What does “と” mean in “貴方を呼ばないと約束するから”?

I know "と" sometimes connects two sentences, implying consecutive actions, reasoning or conditions. But none of these meanings fits here. My best guess of its meaning is "I won't call you because I ...
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What does the なる and the と mean in this sentence

What does the なる and the と mean in this sentence? でも男のことになると、どうにも弱いとこがあってさ… From what I have learnt so far: と can mean "and", eg. 私は水とジュースを飲んだ と can be used to imply an inevitable outcome, eg. ...
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Why is となって used here instead of になって [duplicate]

~そんなテーマをもとに、コミュニティデザイナーの半沢直子さんがホスト役となって、各界で活躍する人たちと公開対談を行いました。 In this sentence they use と instead of に when they say 「ホスト役となって」 Does this change the translation from 'became a host'? And how does ...
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In the clause われこそはと心驕りしていられる方々からは, … what does the と mean?

I read this clause as something like "I myself surely, and all of those whose hearts were being made indignant, (...)" However, I'm not confident this is correct, mainly because I'm not sure what the ...
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Was simply 思う omitted here?

The sentence in question: その反面{はんめん}、あっという間{ま}に成長{せいちょう}しちゃうなぁと、少{すこ}し寂{さび}しい気持{きも}ちにもなった。 For full context: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-episode-2-edition-m My attempt at ...
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The past tense for the quoting particle って

I have this sentence in front of me 耳元で男の人の声がするのが耐えられないって which is translated as: she said she couldn't stand hearing a male voice near her ear. If I am right, here, って is actually translated ...
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Dictionary form + と for a single occasion

自由が丘の駅で、大井町線から降りると、ママはトットちゃんの手を引っ張って、改札口を出ようとした。 As far as I know, a dictionary verb form + と is used to mean "when/if", "whenever" (e.g. 秋になると、木が赤くなります (it's always like that)). But the sentence ...
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と for talking about tomorrow

明日雨が降ると公園に行きません。 (if it rains tomorrow, I won't go to the park) Is it correct to use と in the sentence above? I know that と is used like the English "whenever." So, my guess is that the ...
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Ambiguity with particle と

The particle と has several use cases, two of which are: 1) Connecting two nouns Example: 林檎とバナナを買いました。 I bought apples and bananas. 2) Indicating that something is done together with somebody ...
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Using the particle と or the particle に with あう

I've always thought that the only particle which is correct to use with 会う is に: 明日あなたに会います。 But I've come across the sentence: きのう田中さんと会いました。 Is it correct? If it is, when shall we use と with ...
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と particle in the subject of a sentence

To translate : My friend and I are going to the park. , the following sentence can be used : 私{わたし}は友達{ともだち}と公園{こうえん}に行{い}きます。 Literally : I am going to the park with my friend. と is used ...
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Nuance between AやB and AやBなど?

AとB is an exhaustive list, whereas AやB and AやBなど mean A and B and more. (And AとBなど feels inconsistent.) But is there a difference between AやB and AやBなど? Aなど means 'something like A' or 'A and the ...
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Help with the grammar だと and なるみたい

So, I was reading a manga, and this sentence came up: 今日予報だと暑くなるみたいだよ。 I translated it as: It looks like it's going to become hot with today's forecast. There are a few questions I'd like to ...
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Can particle と and で both mean with? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)? For example: 今晩家族でレストランに行きます。(Konban kazoku de resutoran ni ikimasu) Tonight, I will go ...
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Particle と as a standard of comparison with まで

Referring to the sound of an extreme megaphone: 地上なら、何十キロと遠くまで達する音だ。 If it's above ground it is a sound that will reach as far as several tens of kilometres. I'm pretty confident I've translated ...
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Are these different と?

と after counting something and ~と多い here meaning? The first link says that we can't use concrete numbers but it doesn't seem to be the case in the second link?
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used of と侮る in these sentence and ~と侮る vs ~を侮る (perhaps related to 知る as well)

speaker is someone that normally fights demons, but fell for a trap set up by A, a human. Speaker has always hated A. 私としたことが……相手が、魔族じゃないと……Aごときと侮って、視野が狭くなってた…… pass out I, of all people.... ...
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Why does 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で instead of と? [duplicate]

Why does this sentence: 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で there instead of と? Wouldn't "with family" be 家族と?
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Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)?

I have found this sentence: 家族で出かける。(Kazoku de dekakeru.) Why is the particle で used instead of と?
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Using the particle と instead of the particle で [duplicate]

Can I say 家族と instead of 家族で in the sentence below? 今年の夏、私は家族で山の中にあるホテルに泊まりました。 If I can, how does the meaning of the sentence change if I use the different particle? Another example: 兄弟で遊びます。 ...
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Difference in sentences (と and に)

I'm having a little trouble understanding the difference in these two contexts. What would be the difference between these two sentences. 友達に晩ご飯を食べました 友達と晩ご飯をたべました My understanding is that ...
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Meaning of “Volitional + と + (Non-する verb)” [duplicate]

I'm kind of confused on what does "Volitional + と + Verb" mean in the following sentences: i) 心臓を串刺しにせんと繰り出される槍の穂先 ii) 手に入れようと急ぐ There are two different ways I see to parse it: Same as ようとする ...
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Meaning of the particle と in this case

I was listening to the song 一本の鉛筆 performed by 美空ひばり When I looked into the lyrics, I was confused by two things. 一本の鉛筆が あれば 戦争はいやだと 私は書く What's the meaning of the particle と after 戦争はいやだ in ...
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Are に and と interchangeable when used with adverbs?

Are sentences A, B, and C all correct? If not, which are incorrect and why? If they are all correct, does it mean that に and と can always be used interchangeably with adverbs? And that に and と aren't ...
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sentence ending と for third person narrators

通常なら流せる発言も、あるいは飲み込める怒りも、慣れない自給自足の生活でささくれだった神経では不可能になる人間がいるのだと。 context is about a group of people, trapped in the wilderness for a while. To be able to talk normally, or to to be able hold back ...
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What is the role of particle と in this sentence?

ネズミだ、あれと出{で}くわすと厄介{やっかい}なんだ I know that と could be used as a quotative particle or it could be used to make a conditional sentence. Particle と can also mean "and" or "with". In the sentence above, I ...
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Meaning of とし in this sentence

Aが出たとし、B。 (This is what the speaker is telling to another person on the phone) Where A is an event that already happend (let's say an accident), and B means something like "I'll send you more info on ...
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How to use と with three or more nouns?

I just started learning Japanese and I recently learned something like: このかめらと、あのらじおをください。 (Please give me this camera and that radio.) Note that I have not learned Katakana yet so sorry for the ...
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Is this と quotative or conditional?

調べた会社は「ルールがなくなると、就職する会社を探すための時間が長くなって、一生懸命勉強できなくなると心配する学生もいます。...」と話しています。 The investigating company says "If they get rid of the rules then the time to find a company who is hiring will get longer ...
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Ending sentences with “、と。”

I've seen sentences ending with "、と。" many times in some particular texts. Here are some examples: Example 1 (source: 嫌われる勇気 by 岸見一郎) 青年 先生は「すべての悩みは対人関係の悩みである」とおっしゃる。裏を返せば、われわれの幸福もまた、...
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use of と in 無用の長物と化した

遅れて来たモテ期!しかし今の俺には無用の長物と化したそれ。 My モテ期 sure has been delayed but it's here! Though, right now, this must mean i've changed from my former useless self speaker has gotten informed that a bunch of ...
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と as a consequence

I was told that [と] can be used to indicate a condition such as "if x, then y"; however, it should have a "natural" nuance. For example, there's an example people usually teach you: "if you turn off ...
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Trouble with “不安と、病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらない”

不安と、病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらないーーー女性のこの日のツイートにはそう書かれていました。(source) I don't know how to link "不安と" to "病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらない"(which function of と is it?) And I don't understand why 少し is used if ...
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Confusion with the use of と in article

Im reading this article and I don't think I fully understand the use of the と in this context. My translation seems off with it being converted to an "and". What is the と really supposed to represent ...
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trouble understanding usage of なければ in this case

I'm sorry if this is too specific or unclear, if it's a bad question i can delete it. I'm really unclear on how なければ is functioning here, and how と in this case is functioning after 子どもたち. (also i'm ...
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Use of と in 亡くなった人と亡くなっていたことがわかった人

I'm reading this article about a peace ceremony held in Nagasaki. There is a sentence that uses a と, but I do not understand the meaning entirely. I believe the と is being used as an "and" but I don'...
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Dangling Particle Question

I encountered the following passage in a mystery manga. The detective character is explaining the evidence the "true" criminal (as opposed to the puppet killer described earlier in the book) left ...
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"と使います”, Why と is used instead of を?

I am preparing for my exam and have a question about the purpose of using と in a sentence. Does anyone know why と is used but not を before the verb 使います in the sentence below? Thanks so much! ...
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What function does と serve in this phrase?

我輩はノイクレザント卿騎士である。 この惑星を滅ぼさんと企む悪の魔法使いの手より姫を守りし 世界を滅亡から救うためはせ参じた公貴の力を貸して欲しい The bold part is the one I don't really understand, the rest is included for context. What function is "と" serving here?
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Should I replace commas with と in Japanese?

I have seen many times sentences that connect many objects with と which in English would require comma. So, is it better to generally just replace comma with と whenever connecting many things together?...
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function of と particle in 日本人をよく理解しようと一生懸命な人もいます

日本人をよく理解しようと一生懸命な人もいます I don't understand the function of this particle in this sentence. this sentence could be translated as: "there are also dedicated people that want to understand better ...
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~と多い here meaning?

姉とほぼ入れ替わりでこの家に住み始めた祖父の持ち物は薬と洋服くらいだが、服の量だけはキャスター付き衣類ケース三つぶんと多かった。 How are と + 多い (+ た) used here? What does it mean (what would be the literal translation of the part starting with 服の量...)?
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What is the meaning of the particle と in this sentence? [duplicate]

1浪でおよそ20%台の合格率で、2浪以上ではおおよそ2~3%台とかなり低迷しています。(source)
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Confusion about possible double condition in article about fires

I'm reading this article about how air conditioning and electric fans turn into a lot of fires. The final sentence has put me in a little loop though. I cannot tell if there is a double conditional ...
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What are the uses of に and と in this sentence?

Can you help me understand/correct my understanding of the particles from this sentence? 私はその人を常に先生と呼んでいた。 So literally this means "I + that man/person + always + sensei + call"? Is it "I have ...
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grammar usage:xもyもzもあります vs xとyとzはあります

I read the first sentence in a graded reader, and I'm wondering why the author chose the first grammar pattern over the second. 絵本{えほん}もピアノもテレビもあります。 絵本とピアノとテレビがあります。 What is the difference in ...
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Confusion about conditional だと used in article about beetle

I was reading this article and I am not too sure about sentence I came across. 男の子は「... 珍しいカブトムシだとわかってとてもうれしいです」と話していました。 I have a few problem areas here. I read it as: The boy said 'If the beetle ...
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The double use of で in a sentence

It has been awhile since I studied/ used my Japanese, so I bought a dictionary. While looking around in it I found the word つむ{tsumu} - to pick , to pluck. The example sentence used for the word is:...