Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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1answer
78 views

difference between ように言う and ようにと言う

I have bumped into this sentence during my immersion: なんでも 離婚した君のお父さんが娘の君が困った時に渡すようにとお母さんに言ったらしい。 Why in this case is ようにと言う and not ように言う? Is this a direct quotation instead of imperative defined ...
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115 views

Use of と in 「音とといえば」 and 「普通の道徳と捉えていただいて結構」

授業は粛々と進行している。音とといえば、黒板にチョークを走らせる音や、教科書をめくる音だけ。 音と vs just 音? Feels redundant if followed by といえば. A: 『宗教倫理』っていうのが時間割にあるけど、それは初めてだけどね B: それは普通の道徳と捉えていただいて結構よ。ミッション系としての特色はありますけどね Speaker asked about ...
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127 views

と vs や when emphasizing specific elements within a larger list

Let's say there are various fruits on a table and someone asks me which ones I'd like to eat. I want to answer with something along the lines of : "I especially want to eat the apples and bananas ...
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What does と創る mean? (市民と創る教育改革)

I found these 市民と創る教育改革 ハハ... クイーンさまと創る理想の世界での姿にしてました。 Does this と indicate something done with x? I understood the sentences as An Educational reform made together with the citizens I made it ...
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53 views

The use of the particle の with a list of objects (や or と)

I was reading the "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar" book on the particles と and や to better understand how they differ and I ended up with a question that I haven't been able to find ...
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ある機会を好機と捉えて - を~と~verb, how to understand this? [duplicate]

The word I searched up is "ここぞとばかりに" ある機会を好機と捉えてさかんに働きかけるさまなどを意味する表現 an expression of taking a chance as a good opportunity to eagerly pressure Is this related to Meaning of ~を~に(して) / ~を~...
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160 views

Does って have a conditional usage?

I came across this sentence: そういえばさ、ここら辺に出るって噂のところがあるらしいじゃん? 行ってみない? I'm not so sure about the って usage in the 出るって part, so I checked the dictionary and found out that って can also indicate a ...
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What's the function of the particle と in: トンネルを抜けると雪国であった?

トンネルを抜けると雪国であった Now, トンネルを抜ける means "to come out of the tunnel". 雪国 is the "Snow Country" and であった is the past tense of である, the "to be" verb in its literary form (...
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110 views

Is と also a nominalizer? 「彼は本を手に取るとまた読み続けた」「家を出るとすぐに雨が降り始めた」

I found a couple of examples where と (and not こと) seems to serve as a nominalizer. (Segmentation is mine) 彼は本を手に取るとまた読み続けた。 人は生まれると直ぐ死に始める。 家を出ると直ぐに雨が降り始めた。 Is と a nominalizer?
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How is "と" being used in these two sentences: 「ふりむくと、こどもたちが...」「トンネルをつくろうっと。」

I think "と" is being used differently in both of these sentences. However, I'm not entirely sure if it is being used as a particle in either one. Can you please explain to me the purpose of &...
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Use of と in this sentence: 電車に乗るとすぐメールを熱心に打っている

I'm confused about how と is used in this sentence (乗るとすぐメールを・・・). What purpose does it serve? 電車の中では携帯で話すことはできませんが、みんな電車に乗るとすぐメールを熱心に打っているのにびっくりしました。
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double use of と as grammatical construct or choice of literary style?

日本で最も有名な小説家は? と問われれば、多くの人が「太宰 治」と答えるでしょう。 IF [と+ verb(1)] asked, many "would answer" [と+verb(2)] Osamu. OR translated as IF [と+verb(1)] asked, many answer "with" [と+ after noun] ...
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112 views

Adding words between quotative と and the following verb

彼女は私に嘘をついていたと白状した。 She confessed to me that she had told a lie (given translation) This sentence seems ambiguous to me. It isn't clear whether she told a lie to me or to someone else. But it seems ...
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120 views

What does 私が心の底から面白いと笑って読める小説 mean?

私が心の底から面白いと笑って読める小説をたくさん手に入れることだった。 Does the と quote the 面白い?
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341 views

meaning of とが in this sentence

I saw this in news: アパートで、30前後と見られ男性が血まみれで、死亡しているところとが見つかれました。 Can anyone explain what is the use of とが in this sentence, and maybe provide some examples?
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How is 色々と used vs. 色々な

「色々と手続きがある」 I am confused about the usage of と here. I understand it is acting as an adverb, but I don't see why it isn't being used as an adjective. 色々な. Maybe I am translating it wrong? There are ...
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Omitting と when listing things

So I was wondering if someone could clear up when you are allowed to omit と when listing things and when it's usually recommended to omit と. Here are some examples of sentences I found in a book that ...
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84 views

Verb complement clause type and clause structure?

How can you tell the type of verb complement clause without the accompanying particle? と marks statement clauses or direct quotations and か marks question clauses according to my copy of Practice ...
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179 views

Do these sentences mean the same thing?

In Fate/Zero King Arthur turns out to be a a young girl who pretended to be a man to be able to become king. In the novel, after the main character uses the scabbard of Excalibur to summon her, she ...
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59 views

Meaning of との in this sentence?

What's the meaning of との in this sentence? わしが後衛との壁になろう。
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199 views

How to know where a quote ends?

I was reading up on how quotes are done in japanese, but I can't find anything about how far the quoted part of a sentence extents. For example this site makes a good example for what I mean: ...
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Usage of と particle in a a literary description

In the novel 二銭銅貨 by 江戸川乱歩, I'm wondering the use of と particle in the following sentence : 十数名の賃銀計算係が、五千人近い職工のタイム・カードから、それぞれ一ヶ月の賃銀を計算して、山と積まれた給料袋の中へ、当日銀行から引き出された、大トランクに一杯もあろうという、二十円、十円、...
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80 views

と particle doubt

その NETFLIXさんが日本に上陸するにあたってちょっと このテラスハウスに白羽の矢が立ったと“テラスハウスやりたいよ”みたいなことを多分 言ったんじゃないかって 話です Is と after 立った the quoting particle?
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Understanding the と in 3巻と? [duplicate]

登場は3巻とかなり早く、精霊組の中でも初期メンバーにあたるのですが、一人霊力を封印されずに暗躍していたため、ここで久方ぶりの表紙&サブタイトルと相成りました。 What would be the function or meaning of the bold と?
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Using 頼む with と to say that you asked for something

Back to basics again :-( 田中さんにドアを閉めてと頼みました I asked Tanaka to close the door Is this sentence impolite? It seems weird that the quoted part is in the te-form. Is it really saying that the thing I ...
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Ending a sentence with っと [duplicate]

Something I saw recently was the following (a NPC tutorial message from a video game): バトルチップって、ゲットしただけじゃ使えないんだよ。サブ画面で「チップフォルダ」を選んで、チップフォルダの中に入れないとだめなんだって。忘れないように変えて復習しようっと。 What is confusing me is ...
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What is the difference between 〜となる and 〜になる?

Is it a nuance difference? Is it formality? EDIT For example: 請求書のお支払いは現金のみとなりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 請求書のお支払いは現金のみになりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 I just made that example up, but for some reason, my gut tells me it's ...
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102 views

About と at the end of a phrase

In this song: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OYrbaZo-tdw minute 2:13, the phrase reads: それでも何度でも また芽を出すと What does that と at the end mean for the phrase?
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Use of だと when not quoting

Is だと used similarly to って or は but it also largely emphasises what's has come before it so that you can commented? This is why I get a feeling of it meaning something along the lines of "This ...
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what does the と particle indicate or mean used before a verb? [duplicate]

We're taught that と particle is used as and & with connecting nouns. 1. But in this sentence 上司が「一杯、飲もう」と言った the verb 言った is followed by と. And the sentence means [My boss said: "Let's have ...
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I can't understand the use of と in 新しい政策はあまり良いとは思えません。

I'm a beginner with Japanese, also I'm not a native english speaker, and I'm struggling with things like this since long ago: I learned basic use of particles and currently I can understand several ...
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What could 出会ってたと mean here?

I'm working through a KOTOKO song and there are these lines 幼{おさな}い頃{ころ} きっと彼{かれ}と出会{であ}ってたと なんだか不器用{ぶきよう}で け散{ち}らすような視線{しせん}だけを 振{ふ}りまいた 出会ってた is something I'm not quite sure how to translate. I ...
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What is the function of the と particle in this sentence?

The text on which I found the following sentence is here: http://watanoc.com/post-1608-gozira So... There's a part where it says: 『すごく面白い』とネットで評判です So my question is what does the と particle do in ...
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Adverbializers of adjectives in Japanese (に, く, と)

I went upon some adverbializers that turn the adjective they follow into an adverb, but don't figure out if there is any rule, such as whether one particular particle (e.g. と, に) is used with one ...
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What does と mean as in いろいろと? [duplicate]

The context is the following sentence. 父が病気なものですから、いろいろとお金が必要なんです。 I have two questions. What does と in the above sentence mean? How should 「いろいろとお金が必要なんです」 be translated? Money is necessary in ...
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After a Katakana word then "tto" are both Hiragana or Katakana acceptable for the Sokuon?

I have seen examples of both quite often, even for the same exact sentence, examples: おなべの中からボワっと/おなべの中からボワッと。 This is a lyric from おどるポンポコリン(Odoru Ponpokorin)、A song for ちびまる子ちゃん(Chibi Maruko Chan) ...
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Understanding あるとは珍しい [duplicate]

「おおっ、こんなぜいたくな物がうちにあるとは珍しいね」 Oh, finding such luxurious presents at our place is unusual. I'm a bit confused by the と in this sentence. I can only imagine that it is a conditional と. I guess "if ...
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What does に vs と mean in やっぱり俺はお前と同じだ?

This is a (no spoilers) line from the recent Attack on Titan S4E5 (ep64). やっぱり俺はお前と同じだ And I understand it, but I'm just a bit confused because I expected it to be: やっぱり俺はお前に同じだ Because the ...
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74 views

Interpretation of a phrase

侍は一旦護ると決めたものは死んでも護る The Samurai even if he die, he protect what he decided to protect. 護ると決めたもの = Something that was decided to protect. How do you guys understand this phrase ?
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「と使う」ってなぜ「を」じゃなくて「と」なのですか?

I sometimes see 「と使う」instead of 「を使う」. My understanding was that the only occasion where「使う」takes 「と」is with 引用, as explained here. (文や句をそのまま受けて)動作・作用・状態の内容を表す。引用の「と」。 For some examples, we don't ...
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Question about the と particle in comparative constructs

I've been making my way through the book Elementary Japanese Volume 1 and in the chapter on comparatives it introduced this construction: AとBとでは、どちらの方がXですか。Between A and B, which one is X-er? AとBとでは、...
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233 views

とは particle in a sentence

The sentence: これまでの私とは違うんです translates to I am not the same as before according to the anki deck I am currently using. I can't see why it means this (maybe because I don't understand what the とは ...
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248 views

What does 「とある」 mean in these sentences?

The following sentence appears in this video at around 7 min: 教科書の中でキツツキは木に穴をあけるとありましたが、一秒間のうちに何回どんどんどんどんってできるでしょうか? The follwing sentence appears in this answer: "メニューには売り切れとある" (menu ...
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I'd like to understand the pattern "verb+nai+to(+ne)"

In the sentence: 掟は ちゃんと教えないとね (okite wa chanto oshienai to ne) [You must be taught the rules properly.] I'd like to understand this pattern of using verb-nai-to(-ne). Thanks.
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72 views

Interchangeability of も and と to emphasize size

Both も and と, when used with counters, emphasize the size of the amount being mentioned. From what I've learned, も usually emphasizes how "large" it is while と emphasizes how "small&...
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68 views

Usage of と particle in this specific case

I bumped into this sentence recently "話し手から見て、聞き手の方に より近いと意識される物事を指す。" I was wondering whether or not the と particle before "意識される物事を指す。" is the one which marks a quotation, ...
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743 views

What does volitional + と mean?

For example in this sentence: 迷宮内は天井が宿す燐光によって光源に困らない代わりに、夜になろうと朝を迎えようとその眩しい光が途切れることはない。 How should I interpret 夜になろうと朝を迎えようと? Thanks!
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115 views

Usage of と in the end of a sentence

I'm watching Tanya the evil to learn some more complicated kanji and speech, and this one sentence I don't understand completely the usage of と in the sentence “つまりは勝利をめざさないと”. The translation that's ...
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207 views

How can I understand というくらい / ってくらい

How can I understand any sentence with ってくらい ''脳みそうが耳から溶け出すんじゃないかってくらい柔らかい'' <--- Context: MC was talking about his master ''師匠が言うには'' ''ガキのうちは足が早いだけでモテる'' ''中坊じゃ喧嘩がつよい奴がモテ'' ''そっから先は頭がいいやつはモテる''...
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141 views

What does と mean when it is at the beginning of a sentence?

I believe it is acting maybe as a conjunction of すると But I'm not 100% sure。Here is the paragraph for full context. さすがに少女の落胆にも物申したいところだが、自分の不甲斐なさが身にしみていてついつい言葉が出てこない。 と,それまで彼女の肩の上で沈黙を守っていた小猫が尻尾を振りながら ...

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