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助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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How to use と with three or more nouns?

I just started learning Japanese and I recently learned something like: このかめらと、あのらじおをください。 (Please give me this camera and that radio.) Note that I have not learned Katakana yet so sorry for the ...
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Is this と quotative or conditional?

調べた会社は「ルールがなくなると、就職する会社を探すための時間が長くなって、一生懸命勉強できなくなると心配する学生もいます。...」と話しています。 The investigating company says "If they get rid of the rules then the time to find a company who is hiring will get longer ...
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82 views

Ending sentences with “、と。”

I've seen sentences ending with "、と。" many times in some particular texts. Here are some examples: Example 1 (source: 嫌われる勇気 by 岸見一郎) 青年 先生は「すべての悩みは対人関係の悩みである」とおっしゃる。裏を返せば、われわれの幸福もまた、...
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use of と in 無用の長物と化した

遅れて来たモテ期!しかし今の俺には無用の長物と化したそれ。 My モテ期 sure has been delayed but it's here! Though, right now, this must mean i've changed from my former useless self speaker has gotten informed that a bunch of ...
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Trouble with “不安と、病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらない”

不安と、病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらないーーー女性のこの日のツイートにはそう書かれていました。(source) I don't know how to link "不安と" to "病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらない"(which function of と is it?) And I don't understand why 少し is used if ...
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Confusion with the use of と in article

Im reading this article and I don't think I fully understand the use of the と in this context. My translation seems off with it being converted to an "and". What is the と really supposed to represent ...
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1answer
429 views

trouble understanding usage of なければ in this case

I'm sorry if this is too specific or unclear, if it's a bad question i can delete it. I'm really unclear on how なければ is functioning here, and how と in this case is functioning after 子どもたち. (also i'm ...
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83 views

Use of と in 亡くなった人と亡くなっていたことがわかった人

I'm reading this article about a peace ceremony held in Nagasaki. There is a sentence that uses a と, but I do not understand the meaning entirely. I believe the と is being used as an "and" but I don'...
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60 views

Dangling Particle Question

I encountered the following passage in a mystery manga. The detective character is explaining the evidence the "true" criminal (as opposed to the puppet killer described earlier in the book) left ...
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"と使います”, Why と is used instead of を?

I am preparing for my exam and have a question about the purpose of using と in a sentence. Does anyone know why と is used but not を before the verb 使います in the sentence below? Thanks so much! ...
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What function does と serve in this phrase?

我輩はノイクレザント卿騎士である。 この惑星を滅ぼさんと企む悪の魔法使いの手より姫を守りし 世界を滅亡から救うためはせ参じた公貴の力を貸して欲しい The bold part is the one I don't really understand, the rest is included for context. What function is "と" serving here?
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Should I replace commas with と in Japanese?

I have seen many times sentences that connect many objects with と which in English would require comma. So, is it better to generally just replace comma with と whenever connecting many things together?...
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What is the meaning of the particle と in this sentence? [duplicate]

1浪でおよそ20%台の合格率で、2浪以上ではおおよそ2~3%台とかなり低迷しています。(source)
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Confusion about possible double condition in article about fires

I'm reading this article about how air conditioning and electric fans turn into a lot of fires. The final sentence has put me in a little loop though. I cannot tell if there is a double conditional ...
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1answer
160 views

What are the uses of に and と in this sentence?

Can you help me understand/correct my understanding of the particles from this sentence? 私はその人を常に先生と呼んでいた。 So literally this means "I + that man/person + always + sensei + call"? Is it "I have ...
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1answer
59 views

Confusion about conditional だと used in article about beetle

I was reading this article and I am not too sure about sentence I came across. 男の子は「... 珍しいカブトムシだとわかってとてもうれしいです」と話していました。 I have a few problem areas here. I read it as: The boy said 'If the beetle ...
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grammar usage:xもyもzもあります vs xとyとzはあります

I read the first sentence in a graded reader, and I'm wondering why the author chose the first grammar pattern over the second. 絵本{えほん}もピアノもテレビもあります。 絵本とピアノとテレビがあります。 What is the difference in ...
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Help with the grammar だと and なるみたい

So, I was reading a manga, and this sentence came up: 今日予報だと暑くなるみたいだよ。 I translated it as: It looks like it's going to become hot with today's forecast. There are a few questions I'd like to ...
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あり+と: What does と do when preceded by a verb stem?

In the following sentence: 彼女はそれを手に入れるためにありとあらゆる方法を試みた。 She tried every possible means to get it. と is preceded by あり, which I take to be the verb stem of ある. I do not see what this ありと adds to ...
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と as a consequence

I was told that [と] can be used to indicate a condition such as "if x, then y"; however, it should have a "natural" nuance. For example, there's an example people usually teach you: "if you turn off ...
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Does A が B となる mean “A becomes B”?

The sentence in question: 店員さんに話を聞くと、「10年ほど前から海外のだっこひもが人気となり需要が高まった。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 My attempt at ...
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1answer
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What does this と at the end of the sentence do?

The sentence in question: その理由を聞いてみると。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 My attempt at translatino: "I tried to learn of the ...
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2answers
183 views

The double use of で in a sentence

It has been awhile since I studied/ used my Japanese, so I bought a dictionary. While looking around in it I found the word つむ{tsumu} - to pick , to pluck. The example sentence used for the word is:...
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1answer
94 views

function of と particle in 日本人をよく理解しようと一生懸命な人もいます

日本人をよく理解しようと一生懸命な人もいます I don't understand the function of this particle in this sentence. this sentence could be translated as: "there are also dedicated people that want to understand better ...
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Usage of to と in this children's book

I've been trying to improve my Japanese by translating a children's book. I only studied Japanese for a short while over 10 years ago so my grammar knowledge is very flawed and I've never read books ...
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も particle — “exclamation” special usage, も/と nuance distinction [duplicate]

大雪{おおゆき}によって、電車{でんしゃ}は3時間{じかん}以上{いじょう}も遅れました{おくれました}。 彼女{かのじょ}が怒る{おこる}のも当然{とうぜん}だ。 I read a few grammar explanations that suggested in these contexts も serves as an “exclamation” marker, but I’m ...
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Is the と particle quotation literal or context matters?

I was listening to this one song and got a little confused about its meaning. There seems to be a guy talking a bout himself, and then he talks about a girl who either, supposedly, would talk about ...
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What is と doing there in “…すぎたからと…”

I came across this example in my N2 book for the the expression 「~ことだ」 大きくなりすぎたからとペットを簡単に捨てる人がいる。なんとひどいことだ。 I don't know what's happening there at the "すぎたからと" part. Can someone explain?
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Usage of と particle

What is the function of the "と" particle in this sentence? 沢山手紙を書くからね, と.
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Understanding 人ってオーラって言うじゃない

Can any one please tell me how should one understand “人ってオーラって言うじゃない” in the below sentence? What’s the role of って after 人, I know it’s a colloquial form of と, but it’s a quoting particle, used for ...
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When to use で vs と to mean 'and'?

I have been using と as a way of using 'and' to list things together. In the instance of joining two self contained sentences together would this be where で is used to mean 'and' or would と still be ...
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How is と used in these sentences?

I have some sentences that involve the usage of と that I still don't understand: 1. This is from another user's post 私はあなたがいつも忙しいと分かっています。 2. My previous question いつもと変えてたまに外で食事しよう。 At the ...
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Why is いつも used in this sentence?

Consider this sentence: いつもと変えてたまに外で食事しよう。 This was translated as: "Let's occasionally change where we go to eat out." I have two questions: If いつも means always/usually, I don't understand how ...
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Meaning of と in 料金と1000円

From this article about a roof top walkway on Japan's tallest building: このアトラクションには、展望台に入る料金と1000円が必要です。 For this attraction you need (to pay) 1000 yen which includes the fee for going on the ...
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Function of と in this sentence

I'm struggling with figuring the function of the particle と in this sentence from a book of Japanese literature in parallel text from the beginning of 夏目漱石's 夢十夜: 腕組をして枕元に坐っていると、仰向に寝た女が、...
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1answer
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Seeking translation help with か between two verbs and と

よだかは口を大きくひらいて、はねをまっすぐに張って、まるで矢のようにそらをよこぎりました。からだがつちにつくかつかないうちに、よだかはひらりとまたそらへはねあがりました。 I'm having trouble parsing that 2nd sentence especially the usage of the bolded か , うちに and と. Right now, I'm ...
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usage of と in sentence

にほんには どのぐらい いようと かんがえて いますか I came across this sentence in textbook and don't quite understand the usage of と in it. Can anyone help? Thanks.
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Question regarding structure of a sentence : use of と here?

There is a sentence which is highly confusing me. A character says this : 『どうして王様は裸なの?』と無邪気な子供に指摘されるまで、恥を晒しておめおめと舞台に立っているのは、あまりにも情けない What does the と after the phrase in quotation mean? From what ...
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Please help me identify who does what in this sentence and check the translation

Here is the sentence: 妹に車で駅まで迎えに行かせます。 The translation from Tatoeba is I will have my sister pick you up at the station. I've been reading "Making Sense of Japanese: What the Textbooks Don't ...
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128 views

quotative と without an accompanying verb?

The following is an excerpt from a dialogue between me and my language partner: 「農業を仕事としてする農家の人頭が減っていながら、大型の農場が増えています。」 を、日本の現状からわかりやすく言い替えてみると、 →全体の農家数が減る一方で、大規模農家が増えています。 For context: We were ...
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What does this と do? [duplicate]

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20180125/k10011302761000.html The sentence in question: 高さが133メートルある「那智の滝」は、那智勝浦町にある熊野那智大社のご神体とされています。 My attempt at translation: "Concerning the ...
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と (to) vs に (ni) in a phrase like “I am speaking with/to”

I've heard the following two sentences and I'd like to understand the differences between the two, if any, and when it is appropriate to use one vs the other: おいしゃさんとはなしています おいしゃさんにはなしています It ...
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172 views

General meaning of AとBのC?

Is it (AとB) のC, Aと(BのC), (AのC) と(BのC), ...?
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1answer
81 views

How do I interpret にならないとも限りません?

あの人を匿うことで迷惑な事態にならないとも限りません。 I'm having trouble interpreting the above phrase especially the とも。 Would it mean something like "Hiding that person might cause trouble(?)"
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Why is と used in a seemingly temporal meaning here?

For full context: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10011281951000/k10011281951000.html The sentence in question: NHKが東京の23の区に聞くと、新しい成人は約8万3400人でした。このうち約1万800人が外国人で、8人のうち1人が外国人でした My attempt at ...
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114 views

how do I use と書くいてありました in different tempus

I'm struggling to learn how to use と書くいてありました in citing from things I have read and learn to quote it in the japanese way. the way I use 書くいて is apparently in the wrong tempus so is it okay to use ...
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36 views

What is the purpose of と here? へと-construction [duplicate]

技術者を集結させ、その任へと当たらせることとなった。 What is the purpose of adding と to へ? Thanks in advance.
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50 views

How is と used here? [duplicate]

The following is an excerpt from an e-mail conversation between me and my language partner. For some pre- and posttext: ほかに例を挙げると、 ジョンは去年まで3年間日本で働いている。 「去年まで3年間」がはっきりと過去を表しているので、これはジョンの過去の経験で、...
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1answer
82 views

と after listing things with たり

根本的なところから変えようとしっかり睡眠をとったり、食生活を見直したりといろいろ取り組んでいます Should I interpret といろいろ取り組んでいます as "doing various activities like a and b" or "doing things like a, b, and working on various activities". I'm not ...
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65 views

Question about と

Can 「私は妹と日本に行きます。」Be written in 「私と妹は日本に行きます。」?