Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [particle-と]

助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

1
vote
1answer
36 views

とは particle in a sentence

The sentence: これまでの私とは違うんです translates to "I am not the same as before" according to the anki deck I am currently using. I can't see why it means this (maybe because I don't understand what the とは ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Meaning of の in the の、の と pattern (どうのこうの)

日本人の小学生向けのちびまる子ちゃんの満点ゲットシリーズの文法教室という本を読んでいるんですけれども、 In the chapter on 助詞, under the meanings of の, I found these two sentences used as examples of the いわゆる「並列」の使い方・働き: 死ぬの生きるのと騒ぐほどではない。 and ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

伝聞を表さない、文末に来る「という」の働き

最近あるホラーゲームの実況を見ている時、一人の実況者がある段階をクリアした後、笑ってこう言っていました。 しかも、結構やっぱ、懐中電灯なくても全然暗くないっていう 前にも、一緒にプレイしている相手が何回か「懐中電灯がなくても暗くない」と意外そうに言っていたので、そちらに関連があると思いますが、この「という」の働きはわからないのです。「ということ」「らしい」「と言われる」を意味する文末の「...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

What does 母と慕う彼女は mean?

What does 母と慕う彼女は mean? I posted the question on HiNative to no luck and Google Translate is definitely way off. The use of the と particle has me a bit confused.
2
votes
1answer
89 views

What is the difference between と話す and に話す

Just as the title says, I'd like to know the difference between 先生に話す and 先生と話す, since they are both correct (if I'm wrong please correct me)
3
votes
1answer
120 views

How is Volitional + と used in these sentences?

In these sentences, I don't understand this particular use of volitional + と. It seems that it's interchangeable with ように or ために in these cases. But I've never seen Volitional + と used like this. ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Function of と in Xと人気になる

青森県鰺ヶ沢町の店にいる雄の犬の「わさお」は、10年前にインターネットで紹介されて、ライオンのように長い毛と小さな目がかわいいと人気になりました。 Wasao, a male dog in a shop in xxx was shown on the internet ten years ago and, with cute lion-like fur and small eyes, ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

Function of と when used with 続く

I don't understand the function of と when used with と続きます From this sentence in my textbook: 世界で一番インスタントラーメンをたくさん食べる国は中国で451.7億食、その次はインドネシアの137.0億食、日本の51.0億食、アメリカの43.2億食、ベトナムの39.1億食、韓国の33....
5
votes
1answer
216 views

What does と do in this sentence? Is it just quoting?

First time asking something here, so I hope it goes down well. I have a difficult time with と in this sentence. 錬金術師らの間でも 神への冒涜と暗黙のうちに禁じられていると聞きますし The first part is easy. Even among alchemists, ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

What is the role of と after a noun when it doesn't appear to count or list anything?

The sentence I'm trying to understand is this one: いっすんぼうしは おじいさんと おばあさん よび おひめさまと けっこんして しあわせに くらしました I don't understand the meaning of the second と (in bold). To me all the sentence is like ...
7
votes
1answer
823 views

How many things? AとBがふたつ

その上には熱帯魚の水槽と何かのトロフィーがふたつのっている This is a quote from "The wind-up bird and Tuesday's Women." How many fish tanks are there? How many trophies?
3
votes
0answers
97 views

Comparing nouns

Good day, I would like some clarification with regards to comparing nouns. In some references like Minna no Nihongo, the sentence formula would be something like A と B と + どちら のほうが/が + ...
3
votes
2answers
264 views

What does “と” mean in “貴方を呼ばないと約束するから”?

I know "と" sometimes connects two sentences, implying consecutive actions, reasoning or conditions. But none of these meanings fits here. My best guess of its meaning is "I won't call you because I ...
3
votes
2answers
95 views

What does the なる and the と mean in this sentence

What does the なる and the と mean in this sentence? でも男のことになると、どうにも弱いとこがあってさ… From what I have learnt so far: と can mean "and", eg. 私は水とジュースを飲んだ と can be used to imply an inevitable outcome, eg. ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Why is となって used here instead of になって [duplicate]

~そんなテーマをもとに、コミュニティデザイナーの半沢直子さんがホスト役となって、各界で活躍する人たちと公開対談を行いました。 In this sentence they use と instead of に when they say 「ホスト役となって」 Does this change the translation from 'became a host'? And how does ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

In the clause われこそはと心驕りしていられる方々からは, … what does the と mean?

I read this clause as something like "I myself surely, and all of those whose hearts were being made indignant, (...)" However, I'm not confident this is correct, mainly because I'm not sure what the ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

Was simply 思う omitted here?

The sentence in question: その反面{はんめん}、あっという間{ま}に成長{せいちょう}しちゃうなぁと、少{すこ}し寂{さび}しい気持{きも}ちにもなった。 For full context: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-episode-2-edition-m My attempt at ...
7
votes
1answer
552 views

The past tense for the quoting particle って

I have this sentence in front of me 耳元で男の人の声がするのが耐えられないって which is translated as: she said she couldn't stand hearing a male voice near her ear. If I am right, here, って is actually translated ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Dictionary form + と for a single occasion

自由が丘の駅で、大井町線から降りると、ママはトットちゃんの手を引っ張って、改札口を出ようとした。 As far as I know, a dictionary verb form + と is used to mean "when/if", "whenever" (e.g. 秋になると、木が赤くなります (it's always like that)). But the sentence ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

と for talking about tomorrow

明日雨が降ると公園に行きません。 (if it rains tomorrow, I won't go to the park) Is it correct to use と in the sentence above? I know that と is used like the English "whenever." So, my guess is that the ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Ambiguity with particle と

The particle と has several use cases, two of which are: 1) Connecting two nouns Example: 林檎とバナナを買いました。 I bought apples and bananas. 2) Indicating that something is done together with somebody ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Using the particle と or the particle に with あう

I've always thought that the only particle which is correct to use with 会う is に: 明日あなたに会います。 But I've come across the sentence: きのう田中さんと会いました。 Is it correct? If it is, when shall we use と with ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

と particle in the subject of a sentence

To translate : My friend and I are going to the park. , the following sentence can be used : 私{わたし}は友達{ともだち}と公園{こうえん}に行{い}きます。 Literally : I am going to the park with my friend. と is used ...
3
votes
1answer
138 views

Nuance between AやB and AやBなど?

AとB is an exhaustive list, whereas AやB and AやBなど mean A and B and more. (And AとBなど feels inconsistent.) But is there a difference between AやB and AやBなど? Aなど means 'something like A' or 'A and the ...
6
votes
1answer
160 views

Are these different と?

と after counting something and ~と多い here meaning? The first link says that we can't use concrete numbers but it doesn't seem to be the case in the second link?
7
votes
3answers
178 views

Particle と as a standard of comparison with まで

Referring to the sound of an extreme megaphone: 地上なら、何十キロと遠くまで達する音だ。 If it's above ground it is a sound that will reach as far as several tens of kilometres. I'm pretty confident I've translated ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

used of と侮る in these sentence and ~と侮る vs ~を侮る (perhaps related to 知る as well)

speaker is someone that normally fights demons, but fell for a trap set up by A, a human. Speaker has always hated A. 私としたことが……相手が、魔族じゃないと……Aごときと侮って、視野が狭くなってた…… pass out I, of all people.... ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Using the particle と instead of the particle で [duplicate]

Can I say 家族と instead of 家族で in the sentence below? 今年の夏、私は家族で山の中にあるホテルに泊まりました。 If I can, how does the meaning of the sentence change if I use the different particle? Another example: 兄弟で遊びます。 ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Difference in sentences (と and に)

I'm having a little trouble understanding the difference in these two contexts. What would be the difference between these two sentences. 友達に晩ご飯を食べました 友達と晩ご飯をたべました My understanding is that ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Meaning of “Volitional + と + (Non-する verb)” [duplicate]

I'm kind of confused on what does "Volitional + と + Verb" mean in the following sentences: i) 心臓を串刺しにせんと繰り出される槍の穂先 ii) 手に入れようと急ぐ There are two different ways I see to parse it: Same as ようとする ...
3
votes
2answers
83 views

Meaning of the particle と in this case

I was listening to the song 一本の鉛筆 performed by 美空ひばり When I looked into the lyrics, I was confused by two things. 一本の鉛筆が あれば 戦争はいやだと 私は書く What's the meaning of the particle と after 戦争はいやだ in ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

sentence ending と for third person narrators

通常なら流せる発言も、あるいは飲み込める怒りも、慣れない自給自足の生活でささくれだった神経では不可能になる人間がいるのだと。 context is about a group of people, trapped in the wilderness for a while. To be able to talk normally, or to to be able hold back ...
7
votes
3answers
276 views

Are に and と interchangeable when used with adverbs?

Are sentences A, B, and C all correct? If not, which are incorrect and why? If they are all correct, does it mean that に and と can always be used interchangeably with adverbs? And that に and と aren't ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

What is the role of particle と in this sentence?

ネズミだ、あれと出{で}くわすと厄介{やっかい}なんだ I know that と could be used as a quotative particle or it could be used to make a conditional sentence. Particle と can also mean "and" or "with". In the sentence above, I ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Meaning of とし in this sentence

Aが出たとし、B。 (This is what the speaker is telling to another person on the phone) Where A is an event that already happend (let's say an accident), and B means something like "I'll send you more info on ...
3
votes
2answers
144 views

How to use と with three or more nouns?

I just started learning Japanese and I recently learned something like: このかめらと、あのらじおをください。 (Please give me this camera and that radio.) Note that I have not learned Katakana yet so sorry for the ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Is this と quotative or conditional?

調べた会社は「ルールがなくなると、就職する会社を探すための時間が長くなって、一生懸命勉強できなくなると心配する学生もいます。...」と話しています。 The investigating company says "If they get rid of the rules then the time to find a company who is hiring will get longer ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

Ending sentences with “、と。”

I've seen sentences ending with "、と。" many times in some particular texts. Here are some examples: Example 1 (source: 嫌われる勇気 by 岸見一郎) 青年 先生は「すべての悩みは対人関係の悩みである」とおっしゃる。裏を返せば、われわれの幸福もまた、...
1
vote
3answers
133 views

use of と in 無用の長物と化した

遅れて来たモテ期!しかし今の俺には無用の長物と化したそれ。 My モテ期 sure has been delayed but it's here! Though, right now, this must mean i've changed from my former useless self speaker has gotten informed that a bunch of ...
3
votes
2answers
78 views

Trouble with “不安と、病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらない”

不安と、病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらないーーー女性のこの日のツイートにはそう書かれていました。(source) I don't know how to link "不安と" to "病名がちゃんとあったことに少し安心して涙が止まらない"(which function of と is it?) And I don't understand why 少し is used if ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Confusion with the use of と in article

Im reading this article and I don't think I fully understand the use of the と in this context. My translation seems off with it being converted to an "and". What is the と really supposed to represent ...
3
votes
1answer
437 views

trouble understanding usage of なければ in this case

I'm sorry if this is too specific or unclear, if it's a bad question i can delete it. I'm really unclear on how なければ is functioning here, and how と in this case is functioning after 子どもたち. (also i'm ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Use of と in 亡くなった人と亡くなっていたことがわかった人

I'm reading this article about a peace ceremony held in Nagasaki. There is a sentence that uses a と, but I do not understand the meaning entirely. I believe the と is being used as an "and" but I don'...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Dangling Particle Question

I encountered the following passage in a mystery manga. The detective character is explaining the evidence the "true" criminal (as opposed to the puppet killer described earlier in the book) left ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

"と使います”, Why と is used instead of を?

I am preparing for my exam and have a question about the purpose of using と in a sentence. Does anyone know why と is used but not を before the verb 使います in the sentence below? Thanks so much! ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What function does と serve in this phrase?

我輩はノイクレザント卿騎士である。 この惑星を滅ぼさんと企む悪の魔法使いの手より姫を守りし 世界を滅亡から救うためはせ参じた公貴の力を貸して欲しい The bold part is the one I don't really understand, the rest is included for context. What function is "と" serving here?
0
votes
0answers
114 views

Should I replace commas with と in Japanese?

I have seen many times sentences that connect many objects with と which in English would require comma. So, is it better to generally just replace comma with と whenever connecting many things together?...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

What is the meaning of the particle と in this sentence? [duplicate]

1浪でおよそ20%台の合格率で、2浪以上ではおおよそ2~3%台とかなり低迷しています。(source)
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Confusion about possible double condition in article about fires

I'm reading this article about how air conditioning and electric fans turn into a lot of fires. The final sentence has put me in a little loop though. I cannot tell if there is a double conditional ...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

What are the uses of に and と in this sentence?

Can you help me understand/correct my understanding of the particles from this sentence? 私はその人を常に先生と呼んでいた。 So literally this means "I + that man/person + always + sensei + call"? Is it "I have ...