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助詞「と」. Used as a conjunction ("and") or preposition ("with") when attached to nouns, or "if" when attached to verbs.

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trouble understanding usage of なければ in this case

I'm sorry if this is too specific or unclear, if it's a bad question i can delete it. I'm really unclear on how なければ is functioning here, and how と in this case is functioning after 子どもたち. (also i'm ...
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Use of と in 亡くなった人と亡くなっていたことがわかった人

I'm reading this article about a peace ceremony held in Nagasaki. There is a sentence that uses a と, but I do not understand the meaning entirely. I believe the と is being used as an "and" but I don'...
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Dangling Particle Question

I encountered the following passage in a mystery manga. The detective character is explaining the evidence the "true" criminal (as opposed to the puppet killer described earlier in the book) left ...
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"と使います”, Why と is used instead of を?

I am preparing for my exam and have a question about the purpose of using と in a sentence. Does anyone know why と is used but not を before the verb 使います in the sentence below? Thanks so much! ...
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57 views

What function does と serve in this phrase?

我輩はノイクレザント卿騎士である。 この惑星を滅ぼさんと企む悪の魔法使いの手より姫を守りし 世界を滅亡から救うためはせ参じた公貴の力を貸して欲しい The bold part is the one I don't really understand, the rest is included for context. What function is "と" serving here?
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Should I replace commas with と in Japanese?

I have seen many times sentences that connect many objects with と which in English would require comma. So, is it better to generally just replace comma with と whenever connecting many things together?...
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What is the meaning of the particle と in this sentence? [duplicate]

1浪でおよそ20%台の合格率で、2浪以上ではおおよそ2~3%台とかなり低迷しています。(source)
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Confusion about possible double condition in article about fires

I'm reading this article about how air conditioning and electric fans turn into a lot of fires. The final sentence has put me in a little loop though. I cannot tell if there is a double conditional ...
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1answer
159 views

What are the uses of に and と in this sentence?

Can you help me understand/correct my understanding of the particles from this sentence? 私はその人を常に先生と呼んでいた。 So literally this means "I + that man/person + always + sensei + call"? Is it "I have ...
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Confusion about conditional だと used in article about beetle

I was reading this article and I am not too sure about sentence I came across. 男の子は「... 珍しいカブトムシだとわかってとてもうれしいです」と話していました。 I have a few problem areas here. I read it as: The boy said 'If the beetle ...
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grammar usage:xもyもzもあります vs xとyとzはあります

I read the first sentence in a graded reader, and I'm wondering why the author chose the first grammar pattern over the second. 絵本{えほん}もピアノもテレビもあります。 絵本とピアノとテレビがあります。 What is the difference in ...
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156 views

Help with the grammar だと and なるみたい

So, I was reading a manga, and this sentence came up: 今日予報だと暑くなるみたいだよ。 I translated it as: It looks like it's going to become hot with today's forecast. There are a few questions I'd like to ...
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61 views

あり+と: What does と do when preceded by a verb stem?

In the following sentence: 彼女はそれを手に入れるためにありとあらゆる方法を試みた。 She tried every possible means to get it. と is preceded by あり, which I take to be the verb stem of ある. I do not see what this ありと adds to ...
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132 views

と as a consequence

I was told that [と] can be used to indicate a condition such as "if x, then y"; however, it should have a "natural" nuance. For example, there's an example people usually teach you: "if you turn off ...
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Does A が B となる mean “A becomes B”?

The sentence in question: 店員さんに話を聞くと、「10年ほど前から海外のだっこひもが人気となり需要が高まった。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 My attempt at ...
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What does this と at the end of the sentence do?

The sentence in question: その理由を聞いてみると。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 My attempt at translatino: "I tried to learn of the ...
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2answers
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The double use of で in a sentence

It has been awhile since I studied/ used my Japanese, so I bought a dictionary. While looking around in it I found the word つむ{tsumu} - to pick , to pluck. The example sentence used for the word is:...
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function of と particle in 日本人をよく理解しようと一生懸命な人もいます

日本人をよく理解しようと一生懸命な人もいます I don't understand the function of this particle in this sentence. this sentence could be translated as: "there are also dedicated people that want to understand better ...
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Usage of to と in this children's book

I've been trying to improve my Japanese by translating a children's book. I only studied Japanese for a short while over 10 years ago so my grammar knowledge is very flawed and I've never read books ...
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も particle — “exclamation” special usage, も/と nuance distinction [duplicate]

大雪{おおゆき}によって、電車{でんしゃ}は3時間{じかん}以上{いじょう}も遅れました{おくれました}。 彼女{かのじょ}が怒る{おこる}のも当然{とうぜん}だ。 I read a few grammar explanations that suggested in these contexts も serves as an “exclamation” marker, but I’m ...
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Is the と particle quotation literal or context matters?

I was listening to this one song and got a little confused about its meaning. There seems to be a guy talking a bout himself, and then he talks about a girl who either, supposedly, would talk about ...
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109 views

What is と doing there in “…すぎたからと…”

I came across this example in my N2 book for the the expression 「~ことだ」 大きくなりすぎたからとペットを簡単に捨てる人がいる。なんとひどいことだ。 I don't know what's happening there at the "すぎたからと" part. Can someone explain?
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Usage of と particle

What is the function of the "と" particle in this sentence? 沢山手紙を書くからね, と.
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Understanding 人ってオーラって言うじゃない

Can any one please tell me how should one understand “人ってオーラって言うじゃない” in the below sentence? What’s the role of って after 人, I know it’s a colloquial form of と, but it’s a quoting particle, used for ...
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81 views

When to use で vs と to mean 'and'?

I have been using と as a way of using 'and' to list things together. In the instance of joining two self contained sentences together would this be where で is used to mean 'and' or would と still be ...
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221 views

How is と used in these sentences?

I have some sentences that involve the usage of と that I still don't understand: 1. This is from another user's post 私はあなたがいつも忙しいと分かっています。 2. My previous question いつもと変えてたまに外で食事しよう。 At the ...
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Why is いつも used in this sentence?

Consider this sentence: いつもと変えてたまに外で食事しよう。 This was translated as: "Let's occasionally change where we go to eat out." I have two questions: If いつも means always/usually, I don't understand how ...
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Meaning of と in 料金と1000円

From this article about a roof top walkway on Japan's tallest building: このアトラクションには、展望台に入る料金と1000円が必要です。 For this attraction you need (to pay) 1000 yen which includes the fee for going on the ...
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Function of と in this sentence

I'm struggling with figuring the function of the particle と in this sentence from a book of Japanese literature in parallel text from the beginning of 夏目漱石's 夢十夜: 腕組をして枕元に坐っていると、仰向に寝た女が、...
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Seeking translation help with か between two verbs and と

よだかは口を大きくひらいて、はねをまっすぐに張って、まるで矢のようにそらをよこぎりました。からだがつちにつくかつかないうちに、よだかはひらりとまたそらへはねあがりました。 I'm having trouble parsing that 2nd sentence especially the usage of the bolded か , うちに and と. Right now, I'm ...
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usage of と in sentence

にほんには どのぐらい いようと かんがえて いますか I came across this sentence in textbook and don't quite understand the usage of と in it. Can anyone help? Thanks.
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Question regarding structure of a sentence : use of と here?

There is a sentence which is highly confusing me. A character says this : 『どうして王様は裸なの?』と無邪気な子供に指摘されるまで、恥を晒しておめおめと舞台に立っているのは、あまりにも情けない What does the と after the phrase in quotation mean? From what ...
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Please help me identify who does what in this sentence and check the translation

Here is the sentence: 妹に車で駅まで迎えに行かせます。 The translation from Tatoeba is I will have my sister pick you up at the station. I've been reading "Making Sense of Japanese: What the Textbooks Don't ...
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125 views

quotative と without an accompanying verb?

The following is an excerpt from a dialogue between me and my language partner: 「農業を仕事としてする農家の人頭が減っていながら、大型の農場が増えています。」 を、日本の現状からわかりやすく言い替えてみると、 →全体の農家数が減る一方で、大規模農家が増えています。 For context: We were ...
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What does this と do? [duplicate]

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20180125/k10011302761000.html The sentence in question: 高さが133メートルある「那智の滝」は、那智勝浦町にある熊野那智大社のご神体とされています。 My attempt at translation: "Concerning the ...
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と (to) vs に (ni) in a phrase like “I am speaking with/to”

I've heard the following two sentences and I'd like to understand the differences between the two, if any, and when it is appropriate to use one vs the other: おいしゃさんとはなしています おいしゃさんにはなしています It ...
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General meaning of AとBのC?

Is it (AとB) のC, Aと(BのC), (AのC) と(BのC), ...?
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1answer
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How do I interpret にならないとも限りません?

あの人を匿うことで迷惑な事態にならないとも限りません。 I'm having trouble interpreting the above phrase especially the とも。 Would it mean something like "Hiding that person might cause trouble(?)"
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Why is と used in a seemingly temporal meaning here?

For full context: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10011281951000/k10011281951000.html The sentence in question: NHKが東京の23の区に聞くと、新しい成人は約8万3400人でした。このうち約1万800人が外国人で、8人のうち1人が外国人でした My attempt at ...
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how do I use と書くいてありました in different tempus

I'm struggling to learn how to use と書くいてありました in citing from things I have read and learn to quote it in the japanese way. the way I use 書くいて is apparently in the wrong tempus so is it okay to use ...
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What is the purpose of と here? へと-construction [duplicate]

技術者を集結させ、その任へと当たらせることとなった。 What is the purpose of adding と to へ? Thanks in advance.
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How is と used here? [duplicate]

The following is an excerpt from an e-mail conversation between me and my language partner. For some pre- and posttext: ほかに例を挙げると、 ジョンは去年まで3年間日本で働いている。 「去年まで3年間」がはっきりと過去を表しているので、これはジョンの過去の経験で、...
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1answer
78 views

と after listing things with たり

根本的なところから変えようとしっかり睡眠をとったり、食生活を見直したりといろいろ取り組んでいます Should I interpret といろいろ取り組んでいます as "doing various activities like a and b" or "doing things like a, b, and working on various activities". I'm not ...
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Question about と

Can 「私は妹と日本に行きます。」Be written in 「私と妹は日本に行きます。」?
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Can と express a means as well? [duplicate]

For full context: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-episode-1-edition-m?sentenceID=SrOvSLFfSOyCJFzmEmFt The sentence in question: 朝のまぶしい日差しを受けて、道路わきの林がキラキラとかがやいていた。 My attempt at ...
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81 views

Implicit grammar in this sentence

Sentence in question: 万が一、事故に巻き込まれたりしたら、確実に勝ち目はないだろうなぁと、いつも不安になった。 For full context: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-episode-1-edition-m?sentenceID=SrOvSLFfSOyCJFzmEmFt My ...
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180 views

trying to think about what part of the sentence is attached to what… i think

This question has probably been asked to death, but better to ask than not to. I'm currently using "Basic Kanji Book 1" and this is one of the sentences in it. I can work out the meaning, but not ...
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115 views

Three different meanings of “と” in one sentence?

I don't understand the meaning of this sentence from Kawabata's "Snow Country Miniature": 君{きみ}とそう見劣{みおと}りしない女{おんな}でないと後{あと}で君{きみ}と会った{あった}時{とき}、心外{しんがい}じゃないか。 This is what Shimamura says to the ...
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95 views

Can particles と and か be used together? If so what is the implication?

When connecting nouns, と means "and" and か means "or." Can I use them together? Ex. ツナか牛肉とチーズでサンドイッチを作る。 I think this would mean "I make a sandwich with tuna or beef and cheese." If this is the ...
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1answer
121 views

A sentence where the conjugation in the past tense confounds me

In the sentence: これ以上は 死タからその 前に殺さナいと, I find it perplexing that 死タからそ is conjugated in the past tense. It being the reason (-から) for 殺さナいと, shouldn't it be in present tense? Or am I mixing it up ...