Questions tagged [particle-で]

助詞「で」. A sentential particle that can indicate the location of an event, or a means, material, cause or necessity.

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6
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2answers
194 views

で or に: how does the meaning of a sentence change?

Supposing I wanted to say "I see the fireworks at the summer festival". Would this be: 夏{なつ}祭{まつ}りで花{はな}火{び}を見{み}ます。 or 夏祭りに花火を見ます。 If both are correct, how does the meaning differ between ...
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Why does 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で instead of と? [duplicate]

Why does this sentence: 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で there instead of と? Wouldn't "with family" be 家族と?
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Meaning of で in 敦賀から新大阪まで〈で〉2兆1000億円かかる予定です

Regarding the construction of a new bullet train line: 工事のお金は、[敦賀]{つるが}から新大阪までで2兆1000億円かかる予定です。 The construction cost from 敦賀 to 新大阪 is expected to be (some eye watering amount of money). I can'...
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Difference between では and には when the final verb is still ある?

So I was under the impression that で/に mostly depends on the final verb of the phrase, and that いる/ある requires に because it doesn't signify an action happening at a location. Tobira's 10th chapter ...
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2answers
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The meaning of the particles in “Yume no naka futari de ita yo ne”

The phrase Yume no naka futari de ita yo ne is translated in a page as In my dreams, we were together I don't understand the meaning of the particles here, plus where the 'together' comes ...
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1answer
219 views

Understanding nounと考える

From this article: 静岡県の伊豆は、キンメダイという魚や温泉などが有名な観光地です。 Shizuoka's Izu is famous for hot springs and some weird fish 伊豆の海岸を走っている伊豆急行で、赤いキンメダイをイメージした電車の運転が始まることになりました。 A train service, that looks ...
3
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1answer
106 views

で role in 他言無用でお願いします

で is a hard particle for me because I see a strange use of it that I don't understand. For example, I bump up in this sentence 他言無用{たごんむよう}でお願いします I know that で is used to indicate an action ...
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98 views

What to use, 合繊で or 合繊から?

I want to say, that the weaving machine is weaving material on high speed using synthetic fibre. But I am confused, if I can use the combination 合繊【ごうせん】から instead of 合繊【ごうせん】で, so I won't have で ...
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864 views

Why is で used in 「大英雄が無職で何が悪い」

大英雄が無職で何が悪い (What's wrong with a great hero being unemployed) (?) I think understand the meaning of the sentence but I equate the "で" with the English "with", rather than think about why で is ...
3
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1answer
144 views

と quotation particle: Omission and the で particle

I have two questions about the と quotation particle. One about it's omission together with connected verbs and the other about how it operates with the で particle. I believe the bellow sentence ...
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2answers
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Difference between the particles で and に? [duplicate]

I have noticed that both the particlesで and に tend to mean the same thing (in / on). What ous the exact difference between these two, how do I know when to usr I've or the other, and what are some ...
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Particle で before もちきり

I recently learnt the word もちきり. It always seems to preceeded by a word with particle で e.g. 最近、あなたの噂でもちきりよ Rumours about you are a hot topic at the moment. I can't understand why で is used. ...
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320 views

Is the で here connecting the two sentences or does it act as a context particle?

Is the で after おかげ a て-form or the context particle? 友達のおかげで、映画はただで見られた。
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でください conjugation

Those two sentences mean the same right? Which one is the most common and what different tones do they bring? Is there anytime one should be used instead of the other one? 危ないですから行かないでください。 ...
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1answer
235 views

Expressing “live somewhere in summer and live somewhere in winter”: Particle usage

So recently I've been following the advice of writing up a journal entry in Japanese every day, and I had a question about particle usage for a set of sentences I did. 祖父と祖母はメーンに住んでいます。でも、...
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Why de is used in second sentence? [duplicate]

I am currently studying Minna no nihongo. I came across these two sentences Why was de used in gakkodewa , instead of gakkoniwa in second sentence?
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479 views

Why did they use で here?

I was listened to Bump of chicken's song, Parade. I tried to figure out the grammar they used on each sentence and this phrase catch my attention. 忘れないで 忘れないで 心だけが世界。 Why do they use で here ? Is it ...
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122 views

use of に or で for 寄ってください as a location particle

As far as I can understand about location に indicates a location where something exists (as in ここに いる), but some verbs use it like つとめる and で the location on which an action takes place ( as in ...
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398 views

Particle at the end of a sentence

I've seen some sentences end with particles like が and で. The most common particle that I see is に. For example, if someone asked: どこにいる? → Where are you? I could reply, 友達{ともだち}の家{いえ}に → (I'm ...
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1answer
659 views

Help understanding とわかった

I was reading the article linked and included below and came across the following sentence NHKが調べると、病院で「エコノミークラス症候群」だとわかった人がこの女性以外に19人いました。 Could someone please explain the grammar and/or meaning of ...
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138 views

で and counters in NHK article

I have two questions concerning the first clause in the following sentence: NHKが熊本市などにある73の避難所で聞くと、多くの避難所で食べ物が足りないと言っていました。 When the NHK asked at 73 of the shelters in Kumamoto-shi, they (the ...
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630 views

using の with と,で, から, まで

http://www.shiro.jp.net/2013/10/tono-deno-kakrano-madenoeno-learning.html This page explains that a noun with と, で, から, まで that modifies another noun must have の attached to them as in: ...
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Use of で in 小川さんは語学が得意で、フランス語もイ夕リア語もできます

In 'All About Particles', I have come across the sentence: 小川さんは語学が得意で、フランス語もイ夕リア語もできます。 (Ogawa is good at languages, he can speak both French and Italian.) What is the use of で in this sentence? I ...
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De wa or dewa, noob question

What does dewa mean here? ブラウンさん、日本語では、トイレはお手洗いと同じ意味ですよ I haven't really studied it yet and thought it was kind of a negative used like janai, but here it means- Brown-san, in Japanese, toilet ...
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1answer
190 views

とでたしか。。。出してられます: particle and tense question

From Haruki Murakami's preface to Yume de Aimashō: ときどき「糸井さんと村上さんとでたしか『夢で会いましょう』という対談集出してられますね」と言われることがあるけれど、それは明らかなマチガイです。 I'm guessing that it parses as to de tashika, right? If so, questions: ...
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Why で instead of を in しんぐもつちぼこりでよごしてしまいました。

I know that I can use で here to mean by/with but wouldn't it be more proper to use を since よごす is a transitive verb? しんぐもつちぼこりでよごしてしまいました。 Any help would be appreciated. Thank you!
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96 views

What does で do in this?

弱い冒険者からは階層主という名で恐れられているように、..... Is で marking the agent of the passive sentence? I thought you had to use に.
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113 views

Would you consider the で in 日本食で一番好きなのは・・・ to be the particle で or the -te form of だ?

I've always taken this to be the -te form of だ. My reasoning is similar to the discussion given here: What's the use of で in 「日本の食べ物で大好きなものは何?」 However, I ran this by a native speaker, and she ...
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1answer
123 views

why is でのこと used?

I have two questions regarding the opening lines of a short story called 真夜中の王女(midnight princess) ある王国でのこと。 うつくしい王女が十五歳でなくなって、そのなきがらをおさめたひつぎが、教会にはこびこまれた。 Is the use of でのこと just to give the ...
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1answer
458 views

Usage of で (Continuative?)

彼女は歌うだけでは飽きたらず、涙まで流していた。 彼の弁明では飽き足りない Is this で the same as the で used in "これでいい"? As in the continuative で? I feel as though it could be replaced with "が" in the first example ...
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1answer
269 views

'私は学生です' & '夜に部屋では電気をつけない' : 'は' 'では'

I'm so confused about the sentence structure'...では...' we say '私は学生です' 'は' here can mean 'be' but Japanese people would say '夜に部屋では電気をつけない' and 'その店では洋書が売られている' So the first sentence mean '(I) don't ...
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1answer
625 views

Listing places in Japanese and using particles afterwards

If I want to say John studies at home and the library do I say ジョンさんはうちととしょかんでべんきょうします。 I feel like I'm getting the particles wrong or that I'm actually supposed to use double particles.
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732 views

じゃ意味がない / じゃNounがない

I am quite familiar with Noun じゃない and Na-adj じゃない - in both cases, they negate the noun or na-adjective, and じゃ is a colloquial form of では; ない is the plain form of ありません. I also know that じゃ conveys ...
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1answer
151 views

Adjective use of たかだか

たかだか[髪]{かみ}が[伸]{の}びたくらいで。 I'm thinking たかだか髪 means roughly "very long hair". If so, I imagine the sentence would translate to "Very long hair grew about to that point." But, that doesn't make sense. "...
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339 views

で vs が in 上手に話せます?

日本語で上手に話せます。 日本語が上手にはなせます。 Hello, I'm sorry if this has been asked before, but is it で or が? I know you're supposed to use で for languages, but this sentence I got from class is using が。 I'm ...
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1answer
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What is the function of particle に in this sentence? みんなお寺に名前を登録しなければなりませんでした。

What is the function of the particle に in this sentence? みんなお寺に名前を登録しなければなりませんでした。 That means that everyone had to register their names in temples? But why isn't there で particle then (place of ...
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2answers
710 views

Use of かける (N5 question)

An N5 vocabulary question I'm having trouble understanding: わたしの となりの (   ) を かけた ひとは すずきさんです。 1 くつ   2 かぎ   3 めがね   4 でんわ The answer is 3: わたしの となりの ( めがね ) を かけた ひとは すずきさんです。 Which I ...
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1answer
387 views

Placement of adverbs

I was working through my N5 sentential grammar (sentence composition) practice book, and there was a question with an adverb, おおごえで (大声で): 山を のぼりながら おおごえ ___ ___ ___ ___ 人も いました。 1 うた   2 うたう  ...
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1answer
497 views

Difference between ままに and ままで?

What would be the difference between 扉はやはり音もなく、押されるままに動いた。 and 扉はやはり音もなく、押されるままで動いた。 When do you use ままで instead of ままに?
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Which particle do I use to express using a writing instrument?

"I'm writing with a pen" "I'm writing with a pencil" "I'm drawing with a blue crayon" and so on. ボールペンでかいています。 or ボールペンをかいています。 or what do I use?
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Particle に when related to state and how to recognize a verb as a state

While looking at the examples of ている form and usage in my textbook I came across this sentence かぞくは とうきょうに すんでいますMy family lives in Tokyo. I know from what I've been reading on the internet that ...
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2answers
565 views

Sentence ending で

I've got a question regarding the sentence ending で in the second sentence. はじめ:まずは腹ごしらえしておこうよ。 たもつ:じゃあ、僕はチーズバーガーで。 Here is で part of a contraction Japanese use in their daily speech? If so what ...
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1answer
617 views

Explanatory particle「の」 comes from 「ので」?

I just saw on Imabi.net : http://www.imabi.net/karanodenoda.htm That 「ので」 is actually the て form of the explanatory particle の with だ... It actually makes a lot of sense if it is true. I`ve always ...
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126 views

連用修飾語 with で particle

I've been reading an article about 連用修飾語 when I noticed the following lines - 「サルビアの花は真っ赤で美しい。」 「美しい」が形容詞だというのが分かりますか? これを修飾するのは、「真っ赤で」になりますね。つまり、「真っ赤で」が連用修飾語ということになります。 If I'm ...
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2answers
279 views

Meaning of particle で

I'm a bit confused about で particle in 「微妙な具合で五感を鈍くしている」. Is it used here to separate 「微妙な具合」 from 「五感を鈍くしている」? Or does it show the way the summer atmosphere makes the senses of the speaker dull with ...
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1answer
452 views

If も means “also” in a positive sentence, does でも mean “neither” in a negative sentence?

I have the following sentence in my grammar book: 私の妹は、ピアニストでも歌手でもありません。 My younger sister is neither a pianist nor a singer. When the book has affirmative sentences, it uses も after each of the ...
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4answers
744 views

When is it natural to use で and に and when not to use them

In my previous question I wanted to know how to say If we continue at this rate I will be fluent by Christmas. Both answers were really helpful and I now know how to say it but there is still ...
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1answer
175 views

The meaning of 美味しいクッキーで子供たちに大人気

Woman 1 「アスタの作るクッキーは香りが豊かで、焼き始めるとスタリオンの子供たちが屋敷に集まってくるのよね」 アスタ 「簡単に焼けるから、みんなに配る分もすぐに準備出来るからね」 Woman 2 「うむ、領地の子供たちに美味しい物を振る舞うとは……さすが領主の義理息子だけはある」 Woman 1 「感心しているけど、あんたは実の娘でしょうが」 Man 1 「...
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1answer
84 views

Question about で in this sentence: 今日だけは悲しいままでいさせてほしい。

I saw this sentence, but I'm not sure what the で particle is doing in it. Everything else is fine, and I can make out what the sentence says pretty easily, but it's bugging me that I don't know ...
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1answer
160 views

what is the use of で in 日本料理は京都の料理でたいへん美味しい

found it at the kanji workbook of shin nihongo no kiso. would it be something like "among the japanese cuisine, kyoto's cuisine is specially tasty"? I know that で is used to say "among" but the only ...