Questions tagged [particle-で]

助詞「で」. A sentential particle that can indicate the location of an event, or a means, material, cause or necessity.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
59
votes
8answers
18k views

Particles: に vs. で

I have progressed pretty far in Japanese, but when I construct Japanese sentences, I still get these two particles mixed up. For example, when talking about being inside something, I don't know when ...
9
votes
2answers
477 views

using の with と,で, から, まで

http://www.shiro.jp.net/2013/10/tono-deno-kakrano-madenoeno-learning.html This page explains that a noun with と, で, から, まで that modifies another noun must have の attached to them as in: ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)?

I have found this sentence: 家族で出かける。(Kazoku de dekakeru.) Why is the particle で used instead of と?
27
votes
3answers
3k views

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of time of an action?

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of the time of an action? I know に is very specific about time, but I'm not sure when, or how to use で. Can で only be used in certain instances? ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

に and で revisited

Consider the statement A: ホテル(に/で)泊まる. For both cases would translate to "I stay at a hotel" in English. However they are answers to different questions. Consider the questions 1.どこに泊まる and 2.(ホテルで)...
7
votes
1answer
765 views

The use of でも and ででも in this sentence

A: あ……えっと……何か手伝うことは、ありますか? B: ん? あぁ、この辺はドシロウトにできるこっちゃないからな。 邪魔にならねぇように先にメシでも食って、後は舞台袖ででも大人しくしてな Pretty much in general でも and ても don't sit well in my mind. There have been a lot of times I see ...
8
votes
1answer
999 views

The uses & etymology of で

In Japanese, the particle で seems to have multiple uses: Instrumental: 車{くるま}で大阪{おおさか}に行{い}った。 "I went to Osaka by car." Locative: 図書館{としょかん}で数学{すうがく}を勉強{べんきょう}している。 "I'm studying math in the library....
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Correct usage of [verb stem] + に + [another verb]

I'm a little unclear on the use a verb stem, followed by に and another verb. Take these two examples: 特別なビザをもらって行った 特別なビザをもらいに行った I think the first means "I went with a special visa", but it ...
10
votes
2answers
863 views

に vs で: 映画に見る vs 映画で見る

Branching off from the comments to this question: Do I say えいがにみました or えいがをみました ?: Preamble: The comment says 映画に見た is valid for "I saw it in a movie". I went to search for example sentences and ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is 一緒に correct and 一緒で incorrect?

This is a mistake I habitually make, even though I know what the right form is. Earlier tonight, I wanted to tell my friend "Let's go together!", so I sent a mail saying: 一緒{いっしょ}で行{い}こう! My ...
6
votes
2answers
421 views

In this location context how are に, で and にて different?

I still have trouble with how に and で differ when dealing with locations, and I just stumbled across にて. Are these all interchangeable? How are they different? オンラインマーケットにて販売開始しました。 ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between それでいい and それがいい here?

As I understand it, それでいい means 'it is fine like this' and それがいい means 'this is fine', but what is the protagonist trying to convey here by first using それでいい and then correcting himself to それがいい? ...
6
votes
2answers
130 views

Why does 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で instead of と? [duplicate]

Why does this sentence: 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で there instead of と? Wouldn't "with family" be 家族と?
4
votes
2answers
819 views

Usage of particles で and に with ~的

A sentence from JapanesePod 101: 北米とヨーロッパでは通常スカートは女性がはくものと思われているが、世界的には多くの男性がスカートをはく。 In North America and Europe a skirt is thought of as something a woman wears, but in many countries men ...
2
votes
2answers
454 views

Can particle と and で both mean with? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)? For example: 今晩家族でレストランに行きます。(Konban kazoku de resutoran ni ikimasu) Tonight, I will go ...
25
votes
3answers
22k views

What's the difference between には and では

My book has these two sentences and I don't quite understand why they are using には in the first example and では on the second one. It seems to me that only では would be correct in this situation. 1)...
19
votes
4answers
3k views

に vs で again: 前に vs 後で

Following the current trend of pitting the particles に and で against each other, here is another question that does the same but from another type of usage and perspective. When we want to say "do X ...
7
votes
3answers
519 views

に vs で with state of being (but no verb)

All the に vs で comparisons I can find discuss using them with verbs. However I recently wanted to say something like "I am alone at home", and phrased it without a verb: 家で一人です But that got me ...
13
votes
3answers
667 views

Using で instead of に with いる

The example sentence in Why is も used instead of が in the sentence 「日本ではクモを見ると良いことがあると言う人もいますよ」, 日本ではクモを見ると良いことがあると言う人もいますよ got me thinking "Why is it using で, not に?". I.e., why not 日本には、...
15
votes
4answers
427 views

揺れる with に or で

I rarely have any problems with the に and で particles, but I have been a bit confused since seeing the word 揺れる in a few different sentences. As far as I know it is ok to say either: 旗が風に揺れている or ...
7
votes
2answers
401 views

This instance of のに is opposite from my expectations

I have this sentence in one of my JLPT practise books: 電子{でんし}レンジは冷{さ}めた料理{りょうり}を温{あたた}めるのに重宝{ちょうほう}だ。 I thought のに meant something like "in spite of". So, to me, this sentence seems to be saying ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Particles で and も and でも

In both these sentences, what does でも mean? (I think I know the meaning of the sentences, just not the particles) カードでもいいですか。 なごやでもうっていますか。 I know that で is a particle that can denote location or ...
5
votes
1answer
517 views

What are the rules of using に and で with regard to 住む and 勤める?

I am going over the cases when に and で are used with location. According to the "Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", に is used when something exists in a specific location (page 299) and で is used ...
10
votes
2answers
245 views

Combining に/で particles with 等【など】(or other “etc.” stand-ins)

I was recently trying to make an open-ended enumeration of places in a construction that would require the use of a に particle. E.g.: AやBに行こう or even: A[and the like]に行こう Preferably using a ...
3
votes
2answers
397 views

The use of で and に with 座る

I came across this example in Genki I .....まどの近くに座っています And I was wondering about the use of に here and if we can replace it with で to make ......まどの近くで座っています Is it correct? Please explain ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Difference between だけで and でだけ?

The だけ meaning "only", and で being the "at/in" particle. When saying "only in/at", does the で come before, or after the だけ? What does it mean, if anything, when it's reversed? Example: "You can only ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

その中( に / で / から ) What is the correct choice of particles?

Excerpt from a JLPT practice question: Background information: the writer was looking for rental apartments. 次に行ったところは小さい会社ですが、そこの人は大変優しい人でした。 それにいいアパートもたくさんありました。 私はその中[Blank]好きな家を借りました。 今、...
6
votes
2answers
858 views

Grammatical justification for でしかない

The song eX Dream by Myuji (which appears in an anime OP) contains the sentence: [夢]{ゆめ}は夢でしかない The general point of the sentence is fairly clear, meaning "a dream is just a dream". But what is ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

The difference between に and で when focusing on location vs. action

Consider these sentences (scenario 1): (私は)公園に花を植える。(I) plant flowers IN the park. (focus on the park) vs (私は)公園で花を植える。(I) PLANT flowers in the park. (focus on planting) First of all, I would ...
9
votes
2answers
566 views

How should I view でより and でのより?

My basic understanding of より to compare things or ending letters, is failing me when there's a で or での in front of it. As I write this, I'm wondering, can read でより as "with, more", "in, more"? ...
9
votes
2answers
588 views

Use of かける (N5 question)

An N5 vocabulary question I'm having trouble understanding: わたしの となりの (   ) を かけた ひとは すずきさんです。 1 くつ   2 かぎ   3 めがね   4 でんわ The answer is 3: わたしの となりの ( めがね ) を かけた ひとは すずきさんです。 Which I ...
8
votes
3answers
904 views

Difference between では and には when the final verb is still ある?

So I was under the impression that で/に mostly depends on the final verb of the phrase, and that いる/ある requires に because it doesn't signify an action happening at a location. Tobira's 10th chapter ...
5
votes
1answer
354 views

「一週間後に解約する」 but 「一週間後での解約」, why not the same particle?

Some rough Google search shows: 一週間後に解約する (✓) 一週間後で解約する (☓) but: 一週間後にの解約 (☓) 一週間後での解約 (✓) If that's right, why is that discrepancy? Questions below seem related: What's the ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

で used for abstract location?

Consider the sentence: 今度の旅行は全部で何人行きますか。 I would roughly translate it literally to: For this trip, in the domain of "total"(abstract location), how many people will be going?" And then more ...
6
votes
2answers
279 views

Sentence ending で

I've got a question regarding the sentence ending で in the second sentence. はじめ:まずは腹ごしらえしておこうよ。 たもつ:じゃあ、僕はチーズバーガーで。 Here is で part of a contraction Japanese use in their daily speech? If so what ...
5
votes
4answers
406 views

Translation of particle で in 「オーストラリアは今夏でとてもあついです」

オーストラリアは 今 夏で とても あつい です。 Does this sentence mean: “Australia is currently in summer and it's very hot”. Or, “Australia is now very hot in summer”. I know that the Japanese sentence could follow ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

usage of ぎりで in this sentence

どのくらいって、山と田地が少しあるぎりで、金なんかまるでないんでしょう これは夏目漱石の「こころ」の中の一文です。 この「ぎりで」の意味や使い方が分かりません。 Googleでも、「あるぎりで」を使う文章は相当に少ないです。 これらは「ぎりで」に関するページですが、 https://thesaurus.weblio.jp/content/%E3%81%8E%E3%82%8A%E3%81%...
4
votes
2answers
157 views

Particle interpretation of 後でも

I've been puzzling over this sentence from the (excellent) Kanji in Context. 昔は、スポーツをして汗をかいた後でも水分をとってはいけないと言われていた。 I get that it means "In the past, I was told not to drink water (even) after doing ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

what is this で in this sentence

In the examplatory phrases of my grammar, there is this sentence. 本当の研究発表のつもりで、みんなの前ではなしてください。 "Please talk in front of everybody as if it was a real presentation of your new research." I'd just ...
3
votes
2answers
247 views

Is the で here connecting the two sentences or does it act as a context particle?

Is the で after おかげ a て-form or the context particle? 友達のおかげで、映画はただで見られた。
2
votes
1answer
112 views

why is でのこと used?

I have two questions regarding the opening lines of a short story called 真夜中の王女(midnight princess) ある王国でのこと。 うつくしい王女が十五歳でなくなって、そのなきがらをおさめたひつぎが、教会にはこびこまれた。 Is the use of でのこと just to give the ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

What's the use of で in 「日本の食べ物で大好きなものは何?」

In my weekly conversation time with a Japanese friend I wanted to ask her what were her favorite Japanese food, drink, etc. I asked her in the form of 何が大好きな日本の食べ物か and she corrected me, saying ...