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Questions tagged [particle-で]

助詞「で」. A sentential particle that can indicate the location of an event, or a means, material, cause or necessity.

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で in the copula である

I have always wondered where the で in ~である (and ~でございます) comes from. In the answer to the question 「です」, what is it really? Is my analysis correct?, Eiríkr Útlendi states that the で in ~である is the ...
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Difference でない and ではない

What's the difference between でない and ではない. I've read some websites. Some websites say that if I use only でない (in some case) it will be awkward. I currently know that this is a combination between ...
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Are 「が原因で」 and 「で」 interchangeable in the following sentence? [duplicate]

Consider the sentence: 夜遅くまで活動することや通勤時間の長さなどが原因で、睡眠時間が減少し、体の不調を訴える人が増えています。 As far as I understood correctly, this translates as "doing activities till late, the length of the commuting to work ...
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“外で遊びに行く” vs “外へ遊びに行く”

I saw the following 2 options in an exam question: 私は__に行く a. 外で遊び b. 外へ遊び The answer is '外へ遊びに行く' Does 'で' also work here? What's the difference here?
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Is the で in という理由だけで a form of だ or the instrumental particle?

I'm trying to figure out how to say "Maybe it's just because ____, but..." in Japanese, but I'm not sure how to place 'just because' in its own clause that way. If I'm not mistaken, the expression '...
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What does the で do in this phrase?

I'm trying to translate this phrase: 「全ての生物をブッチ切りで超越したのだ!。」 which I believe roughly comes out to be: "I have surpassed all living beings!" My question is: how is で used in this sentence? It is ...
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Meaning of フレンチでは in 知る人ぞ知るシェフ

This is from a review for a restaurant:https://www.tripadvisor.jp/ShowUserReviews-g298110-d7405583-r439370408-Salle_a_Manger_F-Fukui_Fukui_Prefecture_Hokuriku_Chubu.html フレンチでは知る人ぞ知るシェフ Does it ...
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Past tense …でする vs. past tense copula です confusion

Maybe this is a stupid question, because very likely it is possible for advanced learners to distuiguish this. However, in the present tense ...でする (particle で) and ...です (copula) are distinct, while ...
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Word order in a comparative sentence

The original sentence was interrogative and used「AはBよりC」construction in it 九州では東京よりさくらが早くさきますか。 I could have written something, using simpler constructions but I decided to use the construction ...
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What's で's meaning in this sentence

最後の質問が解けたところで、試験終了のチャイムが鳴ったんだ。 What does で after ところ mean ?
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What is the function of で in こうした家族の変化で、何が起きているのか?

こうした家族の変化で、何が起きているのか。(source) The で indicates the "cause"(what is happening because of the transformation?) or the "location"(what is happening in the transformation?)?
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How are「〇〇の中で」and「〇〇で」different?

日本語 そのチームのメンバーの中で誰が一番好き? そのチームのメンバーで誰が一番好き? 上の文(の中?)で、どちらが正しいですか。論理的には「の中」を入れる方が無難だと思うのですけど、時々入っていない文も見る気がして、文脈からすると同じように解釈してもいいと思えるのですが、本当に同じですか。ではなければ、どこで違いますか。 よろしくお願いします。 English ...
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Can particle と and で both mean with? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)? For example: 今晩家族でレストランに行きます。(Konban kazoku de resutoran ni ikimasu) Tonight, I will go ...
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で as 動作を行うときの様態 vs で as だ

I'm looking to clear up the use of で as: 動作を行うときの様態を表す。「急ぎ足で歩く」「親子同伴で出席する」「笑顔で答える」「土足で上がる」 or で as the て-form of だ with nouns/na-adj in this example. describing a new girl the speaker just met ...
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What does the で in 付きで悪い

The sentence goes like this: ハジメの場合​、単に面倒​というだけでなく、学校の居心地がすこぶる付きで悪いが故の憂鬱さが多分に含まれていたが。 I know the sentence goes something like this In Hajime case, it wasn't just mere trouble, the reason he was ...
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The absence of the で-particle [closed]

I have come across the following sentence: 上の社員食堂食べましょうか。 Is the particle で really not needed after 社員食堂? I thought we should always use the particle when mentioning where the action takes place, ...
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Why does 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で instead of と? [duplicate]

Why does this sentence: 冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 have で there instead of と? Wouldn't "with family" be 家族と?
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Why is particle で used instead of particle と in 家族で出かける (Kazoku de dekakeru)?

I have found this sentence: 家族で出かける。(Kazoku de dekakeru.) Why is the particle で used instead of と?
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Using the particle と instead of the particle で [duplicate]

Can I say 家族と instead of 家族で in the sentence below? 今年の夏、私は家族で山の中にあるホテルに泊まりました。 If I can, how does the meaning of the sentence change if I use the different particle? Another example: 兄弟で遊びます。 ...
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What is the meaning/grammar behind noun + でいる?

I've come across phrases like this a couple of times where でいる is used right after a noun instead of the usual Te-form verb + いる: どうせ学生でいるなら一番でいたいし In this case is it basically just the same as ...
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Comparing で with にして in 一瞬で and 一瞬にして and in other time words

Consider the following: To disappear in an instant: 一瞬でなくなる 一瞬にしてなくなる To change overnight: 一夜で変わる* 一夜にして変わる 一晩で変わる 一晩にして変わる* I was unable to find example sentences containing 一夜で and 一晩にして on ...
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Usage of the Particle で alone and with は

I understand what the particle で does as far as describing how or where an action took place. But I notice that I run into で many other times where it seems to have a different function. Could ...
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Regarding で particle

What is the difference between these sentences? インドでの格好のまま来てしまったのです and インドの格好のまま来てしまったのです What is the use of で particle?
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Can you use で to refer to abstract locations? [duplicate]

This is probably a pretty basic question, but I'm having trouble finding an answer both here and with Google: Can you use 「で」to refer to abstract locations, like "in the video" or "on twitter"? ...
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What is the purpose of で in this sentence? [duplicate]

I've taken to teaching myself more Japanese through basic sentences and I'm trying to understand how the で changes the meaning of this one: [脆弱]{ぜいじゃく}で[力]{ちから}の[無]{な}い、ただの[人間]{にんげん}なんだ She's ...
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Can someone explain the grammar in this sentence “もうこれで終わってもいい”

I'm having problems with the particle で and its main function here. I can't figure out the real meaning of this sentence. もうこれで終{お}わってもいい I found that [Verb + Te-form + もいい] is used to ask ...
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sentence structure and extent of quotion in this statement

speaker「だから、お前が俺のことをよく見てくれてるって思ったらなんかちょっと嬉しくてさ」 girl 「……べ、別にあんたのことそんな風に見た覚えはないけど、そう見えたのよ」 speaker「ってとは、自分でも気付かぬうちに俺のことをよく見ていたってことになるな」 girl 「ば、ばっかじゃないの!? なんでそうなるのよ!?」 speaker 「...
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Why で in 今日で最後にしたいです?

Referring to the clock that counts the time since the last nuclear test: 時計の数字を変えるのは、今日で最後にしたいです。 I want to make today the last day where I change the figure on the clock. I'm confused by the ...
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Why is に used in that sentence? [duplicate]

でもほんとに、エピソード21には涙が出るほど笑ったよ。 For some reason I feel like it would be better without the に (in bold) but I can't explain why. Another person said that で would be better but I think that it changes the ...
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usage of ぎりで in this sentence

どのくらいって、山と田地が少しあるぎりで、金なんかまるでないんでしょう これは夏目漱石の「こころ」の中の一文です。 この「ぎりで」の意味や使い方が分かりません。 Googleでも、「あるぎりで」を使う文章は相当に少ないです。 これらは「ぎりで」に関するページですが、 https://thesaurus.weblio.jp/content/%E3%81%8E%E3%82%8A%E3%81%...
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using の with と,で, から, まで

http://www.shiro.jp.net/2013/10/tono-deno-kakrano-madenoeno-learning.html This page explains that a noun with と, で, から, まで that modifies another noun must have の attached to them as in: ...
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を usage over から and で in example sentences related to movement [duplicate]

While reading a grammar book, I learned を may mark a.) a starting point of where a movement occurs, or b.) mark a location where a movement occurs. Examples: a1.) 車{くるま}を降りました{おりました}。(He) got out ...
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Difference between Xが原因で and Xで

Is there any difference in meaning/nuance between Xが原因で and Xで? For example in 8つの州で雨が原因で約800人が亡くなりました。 can I replace 雨が原因で with just 雨で? I'm guessing they wrote it the long way because they ...
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The use of で in this sentence [duplicate]

3月1日は日曜日で祝日、晴れの日でした。 I translated this sentence as "On the 1st march it was a national holiday and a sunday, it was a clear day." However this translation seems bad to me. I'm confused about this ...
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Ordering of Particles:「にや」OR「やに」?

Does the particle や come after particles like に or で (as does も in「にも」or「でも」), or does it come before them? I can't find any examples of either, be it through Google; in the Tatoeba database; or ...
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What's the difference between には and では

My book has these two sentences and I don't quite understand why they are using には in the first example and では on the second one. It seems to me that only では would be correct in this situation. 1)...
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揺れる with に or で

I rarely have any problems with the に and で particles, but I have been a bit confused since seeing the word 揺れる in a few different sentences. As far as I know it is ok to say either: 旗が風に揺れている or ...
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The double use of で in a sentence

It has been awhile since I studied/ used my Japanese, so I bought a dictionary. While looking around in it I found the word つむ{tsumu} - to pick , to pluck. The example sentence used for the word is:...
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ことである in Japanese grammar

Do ことである and ことがある mean the same thing?
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で particle: what is the role of it in this sentence?

犠牲者や建物への大きな被害はないが、これまでの地震と大雪の害に続く今回の地震で、困難な状況が続いている。 could it mean "because of"? I know that で means "in", but I don't know if it can be used in this sentence. what are the other meaning of で apart ...
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みんなで笑った ー who made what laugh?

ok so, i'm reading デューク and there's a line that says その格好がモップに似ていると言って、みんなで笑った。 with my limited comprehension, i'm unsure of whether this means everybody laughed that he resembled a mop. i ...
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When is it natural to use で and に and when not to use them

In my previous question I wanted to know how to say If we continue at this rate I will be fluent by Christmas. Both answers were really helpful and I now know how to say it but there is still ...
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Explanatory particle「の」 comes from 「ので」?

I just saw on Imabi.net : http://www.imabi.net/karanodenoda.htm That 「ので」 is actually the て form of the explanatory particle の with だ... It actually makes a lot of sense if it is true. I`ve always ...
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This instance of のに is opposite from my expectations

I have this sentence in one of my JLPT practise books: 電子{でんし}レンジは冷{さ}めた料理{りょうり}を温{あたた}めるのに重宝{ちょうほう}だ。 I thought のに meant something like "in spite of". So, to me, this sentence seems to be saying ...
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Usage of で particle in this sentence: この問題用紙は全部で8ページあります

Usage of particle で and に have been causing me quite some difficulties from the beginning (I keep on using で instead of に and vice versa). From what I've learned so far, particle で indicates either ...
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ここに書いた or ここで書いた?

Which particle do I use to say that something is written somewhere? I googled both versions and they have a similar number of hits. Can I use both? Is there a difference between the two?
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Why is it 休暇で and not 休暇に?

I'm wondering why we use で with 休暇 and why it can't be に like in 夏休みに. Update: In the sentence,「私たちは休暇でここに来ました。海辺のホテルに泊まっていました。」, I wondered why they used で instead of に.
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can someone explain the use of で particle in this sentence: こんなに単純で当たり前なこと

i'm getting confused with the で particle in this sentence. This line belongs to Keno. The complete line is: こんなに単純で当たり前なことが 本当は、一番見失いがちだからね.
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The difference between に and で when focusing on location vs. action

Consider these sentences (scenario 1): (私は)公園に花を植える。(I) plant flowers IN the park. (focus on the park) vs (私は)公園で花を植える。(I) PLANT flowers in the park. (focus on planting) First of all, I would ...
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can someone explain the use で in this sentence: 今日も元気で過ごせたらイイよね

Im having trouble getting the correct translation of the sentence because of the で particle, i dont know if its being use as a particle or is the imperative form of 元気