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Questions tagged [particle-で]

助詞「で」. A sentential particle that can indicate the location of an event, or a means, material, cause or necessity.

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How are「〇〇の中で」and「〇〇で」different?

日本語 そのチームのメンバーの中で誰が一番好き? そのチームのメンバーで誰が一番好き? 上の文(の中?)で、どちらが正しいですか。論理的には「の中」を入れる方が無難だと思うのですけど、時々入っていない文も見る気がして、文脈からすると同じように解釈してもいいと思えるのですが、本当に同じですか。ではなければ、どこで違いますか。 よろしくお願いします。 English ...
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What does the で in 付きで悪い

The sentence goes like this: ハジメの場合​、単に面倒​というだけでなく、学校の居心地がすこぶる付きで悪いが故の憂鬱さが多分に含まれていたが。 I know the sentence goes something like this In Hajime case, it wasn't just mere trouble, the reason he was ...
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The absence of the で-particle [closed]

I have come across the following sentence: 上の社員食堂食べましょうか。 Is the particle で really not needed after 社員食堂? I thought we should always use the particle when mentioning where the action takes place, ...
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Using the particle と instead of the particle で [duplicate]

Can I say 家族と instead of 家族で in the sentence below? 今年の夏、私は家族で山の中にあるホテルに泊まりました。 If I can, how does the meaning of the sentence change if I use the different particle? Another example: 兄弟で遊びます。 ...
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で as 動作を行うときの様態 vs で as だ

I'm looking to clear up the use of で as: 動作を行うときの様態を表す。「急ぎ足で歩く」「親子同伴で出席する」「笑顔で答える」「土足で上がる」 or で as the て-form of だ with nouns/na-adj in this example. describing a new girl the speaker just met ...
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What is the meaning/grammar behind noun + でいる?

I've come across phrases like this a couple of times where でいる is used right after a noun instead of the usual Te-form verb + いる: どうせ学生でいるなら一番でいたいし In this case is it basically just the same as ...
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Comparing で with にして in 一瞬で and 一瞬にして and in other time words

Consider the following: To disappear in an instant: 一瞬でなくなる 一瞬にしてなくなる To change overnight: 一夜で変わる* 一夜にして変わる 一晩で変わる 一晩にして変わる* I was unable to find example sentences containing 一夜で and 一晩にして on ...
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Regarding で particle

What is the difference between these sentences? インドでの格好のまま来てしまったのです and インドの格好のまま来てしまったのです What is the use of で particle?
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Can you use で to refer to abstract locations? [duplicate]

This is probably a pretty basic question, but I'm having trouble finding an answer both here and with Google: Can you use 「で」to refer to abstract locations, like "in the video" or "on twitter"? ...
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Usage of the Particle で alone and with は

I understand what the particle で does as far as describing how or where an action took place. But I notice that I run into で many other times where it seems to have a different function. Could ...
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What is the purpose of で in this sentence? [duplicate]

I've taken to teaching myself more Japanese through basic sentences and I'm trying to understand how the で changes the meaning of this one: [脆弱]{ぜいじゃく}で[力]{ちから}の[無]{な}い、ただの[人間]{にんげん}なんだ She's ...
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Can someone explain the grammar in this sentence “もうこれで終わってもいい”

I'm having problems with the particle で and its main function here. I can't figure out the real meaning of this sentence. もうこれで終{お}わってもいい I found that [Verb + Te-form + もいい] is used to ask ...
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sentence structure and extent of quotion in this statement

speaker「だから、お前が俺のことをよく見てくれてるって思ったらなんかちょっと嬉しくてさ」 girl 「……べ、別にあんたのことそんな風に見た覚えはないけど、そう見えたのよ」 speaker「ってとは、自分でも気付かぬうちに俺のことをよく見ていたってことになるな」 girl 「ば、ばっかじゃないの!? なんでそうなるのよ!?」 speaker 「...
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Why で in 今日で最後にしたいです?

Referring to the clock that counts the time since the last nuclear test: 時計の数字を変えるのは、今日で最後にしたいです。 I want to make today the last day where I change the figure on the clock. I'm confused by the ...
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Why is に used in that sentence? [duplicate]

でもほんとに、エピソード21には涙が出るほど笑ったよ。 For some reason I feel like it would be better without the に (in bold) but I can't explain why. Another person said that で would be better but I think that it changes the ...
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usage of ぎりで in this sentence

どのくらいって、山と田地が少しあるぎりで、金なんかまるでないんでしょう これは夏目漱石の「こころ」の中の一文です。 この「ぎりで」の意味や使い方が分かりません。 Googleでも、「あるぎりで」を使う文章は相当に少ないです。 これらは「ぎりで」に関するページですが、 https://thesaurus.weblio.jp/content/%E3%81%8E%E3%82%8A%E3%81%...
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を usage over から and で in example sentences related to movement [duplicate]

While reading a grammar book, I learned を may mark a.) a starting point of where a movement occurs, or b.) mark a location where a movement occurs. Examples: a1.) 車{くるま}を降りました{おりました}。(He) got out ...
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Difference between Xが原因で and Xで

Is there any difference in meaning/nuance between Xが原因で and Xで? For example in 8つの州で雨が原因で約800人が亡くなりました。 can I replace 雨が原因で with just 雨で? I'm guessing they wrote it the long way because they ...
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The use of で in this sentence [duplicate]

3月1日は日曜日で祝日、晴れの日でした。 I translated this sentence as "On the 1st march it was a national holiday and a sunday, it was a clear day." However this translation seems bad to me. I'm confused about this ...
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Ordering of Particles:「にや」OR「やに」?

Does the particle や come after particles like に or で (as does も in「にも」or「でも」), or does it come before them? I can't find any examples of either, be it through Google; in the Tatoeba database; or ...
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The double use of で in a sentence

It has been awhile since I studied/ used my Japanese, so I bought a dictionary. While looking around in it I found the word つむ{tsumu} - to pick , to pluck. The example sentence used for the word is:...
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ことである in Japanese grammar

Do ことである and ことがある mean the same thing?
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で particle: what is the role of it in this sentence?

犠牲者や建物への大きな被害はないが、これまでの地震と大雪の害に続く今回の地震で、困難な状況が続いている。 could it mean "because of"? I know that で means "in", but I don't know if it can be used in this sentence. what are the other meaning of で apart ...
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みんなで笑った ー who made what laugh?

ok so, i'm reading デューク and there's a line that says その格好がモップに似ていると言って、みんなで笑った。 with my limited comprehension, i'm unsure of whether this means everybody laughed that he resembled a mop. i ...
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Usage of で particle in this sentence: この問題用紙は全部で8ページあります

Usage of particle で and に have been causing me quite some difficulties from the beginning (I keep on using で instead of に and vice versa). From what I've learned so far, particle で indicates either ...
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ここに書いた or ここで書いた?

Which particle do I use to say that something is written somewhere? I googled both versions and they have a similar number of hits. Can I use both? Is there a difference between the two?
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can someone explain the use of で particle in this sentence: こんなに単純で当たり前なこと

i'm getting confused with the で particle in this sentence. This line belongs to Keno. The complete line is: こんなに単純で当たり前なことが 本当は、一番見失いがちだからね.
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The difference between に and で when focusing on location vs. action

Consider these sentences (scenario 1): (私は)公園に花を植える。(I) plant flowers IN the park. (focus on the park) vs (私は)公園で花を植える。(I) PLANT flowers in the park. (focus on planting) First of all, I would ...
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can someone explain the use で in this sentence: 今日も元気で過ごせたらイイよね

Im having trouble getting the correct translation of the sentence because of the で particle, i dont know if its being use as a particle or is the imperative form of 元気
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How to use 満足する

A statement by North Korea: 話し合いの結果、韓国と意見が合って満足できた。 The result of the discussions was that we agree with the views of South Korea and are satisfied. I understand 満足する to mean 'to be satisfied', ...
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When to use で vs と to mean 'and'?

I have been using と as a way of using 'and' to list things together. In the instance of joining two self contained sentences together would this be where で is used to mean 'and' or would と still be ...
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Difference between バスに and バスでスマホを忘れてしまいました

What is the difference between バスでスマホを忘れてしまいました and バスにスマホを忘れてしまいました? I vaguely remember there being a nuance difference between these two sentences but I forgot what it was... Please help me
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Is で the primary way of introducing a modifying actor into a sentence?

I came across this english sentence tonight: "The rebel and government groups held talks mediated by the UN." Which I loosely translated as: 反乱の政府はUNで取り締まる会議を開催した。 Is using で the correct way ...
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経由 - how would I use this in a sentence?

While learning vocab using the kanji 由、I came across the word 経由 which is translated on jisho.org as: Adverbial noun 1. through; by way of; via​ Suru verb 2. to go via; to go by way of​ ...
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Purpose of 中 in 自然の中で

自然の中でゆっくり凍った氷の味を楽しんでください。 Please enjoy the flavour of ice slowly made by nature. If not sure if I should read this as 'ice made by nature' or 'ice made in nature'. The 中 is really confusing me ...
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Why is it 休暇で and not 休暇に?

I'm wondering why we use で with 休暇 and why it can't be に like in 夏休みに. Update: In the sentence,「私たちは休暇でここに来ました。海辺のホテルに泊まっていました。」, I wondered why they used で instead of に.
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Use of で when describing survey results (or answers)

Could someone please explain the use of で (in bold) below? The line is taken from the article: 男の子の将来の夢は「学者」 女の子は「食べ物屋さん」 and describes the results of a survey. 女の子で1番多かったのは、21年続けて「食べ物屋さん」で、11.3%...
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How to say “It has been (time) since…”

I came across this sentence in my grammar dictionary "アメリカに来てから今日で三年になる", which is translated as "It's been 3 years since I came to America". Is this the standard way of expressing "It's been... since....
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How to interprete this で?

This is an excerpt from my dialogue with my language partner. For some context, I basically asked her about the difference in について and は, since both can be translated to "Concerning X". The sentence ...
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The use of で and に with 座る

I came across this example in Genki I .....まどの近くに座っています And I was wondering about the use of に here and if we can replace it with で to make ......まどの近くで座っています Is it correct? Please explain ...
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What does this で in でいいですか do?

アンドレアスさん、でいいですか? "Are you well, Andreas?" Obviously this で doesn't prevent me from understanding the sentence. However, what does it add to the sentence?
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Difference between 以外で and 以外に

文部科学省は、病気などの理由以外で、1年に30日以上学校を休んだ子どもが、2016年度に13万4398人いたと発表しました。 The Ministry of Education announced that there were 134398 children in the 2016 school year who had more than 30 days of absence for ...
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Did I use NI/DE/WO correctly in these examples?

Previous question got deleted because I apparently worded it wrong so here's another attempt. Just started with verbs and particles that come with them and it took me a while to get the structure, ...
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Difference between AからBで and AからBまで

台風が近くに来ると、沖縄県から本州の広い場所で、とても強い雨がたくさん降る心配があります。 If the typhoon comes near then, from Okinawa to the wide place of Honshuu, there is a worry that there will be a lot of very strong rainfall. I'm not ...
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A particle for place of action for V-2+に行く

What particle should be used for a place of action (or a place to go?) in case of using V-2+に行く construction? E.g. 食堂 _ 食べに行きます。 At one hand, 食堂 is a place of action (eating) and で-particle should ...
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141 views

The use of particle “de”

そんな素敵なライブにナレーションで参加させて頂けて本当に嬉しいです What does that sentence mean? I'm confused with the use of particle "de" there. As far as I know, "de" is used to indicate location or time of action. And ナレーション is ...
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Why is で used instead of に alongside ある?

I am wondering as to why で was used after 間 instead of に as I would expect because it is talking about popularity being present. What is the general definition for this usage of で? そのホテルは安くて清潔なので、...
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What function does this で have

For full context, see here. It is in paragraph 2, example: 同じ色で違うサイズのシャツを探す。 => "Someone looks for a shirt of different size and being the same color" I interpreted it as the continuative ...
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1answer
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Use of で particle over を

English I have heard following sentence in video. さっきの手紙に何で書いてあったかな。 I’m not able to understand, why で has been used. Why not following statement is correct? さっきの手紙になにを書いてあったかな。 日本語 ...
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日本語でもいいです vs 日本語もいいです

When someone starts speaking to me in English I often want to effectively say "Japanese is fine". I usually blurt out 日本語でもいいです which I thought would mean "in Japanese is also ok" but someone once ...