Questions tagged [particle-で]

助詞「で」. A sentential particle that can indicate the location of an event, or a means, material, cause or necessity.

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26 views

Is で unnecessary for time references or does direct noun modification have different connotations?

I've seen a lot of sentences, where で was omitted, like: 今朝サンタさんが来なかった Here we have 今朝 which is point in time so the sentence should be 今朝でサンタさんが来なかった But it's not. Is there any difference in ...
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Why do we use で in 東京での暮らし? [duplicate]

車椅子利用者からすると、東京での暮らしは便利とはいえない。 Why do we use で after 東京? Is it to show the action in the place? What if we only say 東京の暮らしは?
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Particle to use with 順番

I am writing a report in Japanese, describing how I conducted an experiment. The first two lines are (some information changed for NDA stuff): Aを30gぐらい秤量し、すり鉢で細粒化しました。受皿、粉砕用ふるいの順番でふるい振とう器に乗せ、...
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に or で in the sentence pattern “ニュース(に/で)、…という報道があった”

I made the following sentence: テレビ東京は、政治に関するニュースに、(中略)という報道があった However, a Japanese friend of mine advised that I should replace the particle に with で. I googled and found a similar sentence, and ...
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76 views

Help with understanding the use of を in this sentece

言われるままを払った "I paid as I was told to" Wouldn't it be 言われるままで払った? Are both correct? I mean theres not something called to way I was told that you can pay with right?
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で in a structure

Today, I read one grammar and it explained "前件で結果、後件で理由を言う" I'm not sure what で functions here. In my opinion I translate 前件で結果 into "Summarize by the previous thing" I think する is omitted from 結果 (...
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How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
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で in the copula である

I have always wondered where the で in ~である (and ~でございます) comes from. In the answer to the question 「です」, what is it really? Is my analysis correct?, Eiríkr Útlendi states that the で in ~である is the ...
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Difference でない and ではない

What's the difference between でない and ではない. I've read some websites. Some websites say that if I use only でない (in some case) it will be awkward. I currently know that this is a combination between ...
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“外で遊びに行く” vs “外へ遊びに行く”

I saw the following 2 options in an exam question: 私は__に行く a. 外で遊び b. 外へ遊び The answer is '外へ遊びに行く' Does 'で' also work here? What's the difference here?
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What does the で do in this phrase?

I'm trying to translate this phrase: 「全ての生物をブッチ切りで超越したのだ!。」 which I believe roughly comes out to be: "I have surpassed all living beings!" My question is: how is で used in this sentence? It is ...
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94 views

Is the で in という理由だけで a form of だ or the instrumental particle?

I'm trying to figure out how to say "Maybe it's just because ____, but..." in Japanese, but I'm not sure how to place 'just because' in its own clause that way. If I'm not mistaken, the expression '...
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Meaning of フレンチでは in 知る人ぞ知るシェフ

This is from a review for a restaurant:https://www.tripadvisor.jp/ShowUserReviews-g298110-d7405583-r439370408-Salle_a_Manger_F-Fukui_Fukui_Prefecture_Hokuriku_Chubu.html フレンチでは知る人ぞ知るシェフ Does it ...
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Past tense …でする vs. past tense copula です confusion

Maybe this is a stupid question, because very likely it is possible for advanced learners to distuiguish this. However, in the present tense ...でする (particle で) and ...です (copula) are distinct, while ...
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Word order in a comparative sentence

The original sentence was interrogative and used「AはBよりC」construction in it 九州では東京よりさくらが早くさきますか。 I could have written something, using simpler constructions but I decided to use the construction ...
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What's で's meaning in this sentence

最後の質問が解けたところで、試験終了のチャイムが鳴ったんだ。 What does で after ところ mean ?
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What is the function of で in こうした家族の変化で、何が起きているのか?

こうした家族の変化で、何が起きているのか。(source) The で indicates the "cause"(what is happening because of the transformation?) or the "location"(what is happening in the transformation?)?
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How are「〇〇の中で」and「〇〇で」different?

日本語 そのチームのメンバーの中で誰が一番好き? そのチームのメンバーで誰が一番好き? 上の文(の中?)で、どちらが正しいですか。論理的には「の中」を入れる方が無難だと思うのですけど、時々入っていない文も見る気がして、文脈からすると同じように解釈してもいいと思えるのですが、本当に同じですか。ではなければ、どこで違いますか。 よろしくお願いします。 English ...
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What does the で in 付きで悪い

The sentence goes like this: ハジメの場合​、単に面倒​というだけでなく、学校の居心地がすこぶる付きで悪いが故の憂鬱さが多分に含まれていたが。 I know the sentence goes something like this In Hajime case, it wasn't just mere trouble, the reason he was ...
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The absence of the で-particle [closed]

I have come across the following sentence: 上の社員食堂食べましょうか。 Is the particle で really not needed after 社員食堂? I thought we should always use the particle when mentioning where the action takes place, ...
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Using the particle と instead of the particle で [duplicate]

Can I say 家族と instead of 家族で in the sentence below? 今年の夏、私は家族で山の中にあるホテルに泊まりました。 If I can, how does the meaning of the sentence change if I use the different particle? Another example: 兄弟で遊びます。 ...
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105 views

で as 動作を行うときの様態 vs で as だ

I'm looking to clear up the use of で as: 動作を行うときの様態を表す。「急ぎ足で歩く」「親子同伴で出席する」「笑顔で答える」「土足で上がる」 or で as the て-form of だ with nouns/na-adj in this example. describing a new girl the speaker just met ...
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What is the meaning/grammar behind noun + でいる?

I've come across phrases like this a couple of times where でいる is used right after a noun instead of the usual Te-form verb + いる: どうせ学生でいるなら一番でいたいし In this case is it basically just the same as ...
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Comparing で with にして in 一瞬で and 一瞬にして and in other time words

Consider the following: To disappear in an instant: 一瞬でなくなる 一瞬にしてなくなる To change overnight: 一夜で変わる* 一夜にして変わる 一晩で変わる 一晩にして変わる* I was unable to find example sentences containing 一夜で and 一晩にして on ...
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Regarding で particle

What is the difference between these sentences? インドでの格好のまま来てしまったのです and インドの格好のまま来てしまったのです What is the use of で particle?
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Can you use で to refer to abstract locations? [duplicate]

This is probably a pretty basic question, but I'm having trouble finding an answer both here and with Google: Can you use 「で」to refer to abstract locations, like "in the video" or "on twitter"? ...
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Usage of the Particle で alone and with は

I understand what the particle で does as far as describing how or where an action took place. But I notice that I run into で many other times where it seems to have a different function. Could ...
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What is the purpose of で in this sentence? [duplicate]

I've taken to teaching myself more Japanese through basic sentences and I'm trying to understand how the で changes the meaning of this one: [脆弱]{ぜいじゃく}で[力]{ちから}の[無]{な}い、ただの[人間]{にんげん}なんだ She's ...
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Can someone explain the grammar in this sentence “もうこれで終わってもいい”

I'm having problems with the particle で and its main function here. I can't figure out the real meaning of this sentence. もうこれで終{お}わってもいい I found that [Verb + Te-form + もいい] is used to ask ...
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sentence structure and extent of quotion in this statement

speaker「だから、お前が俺のことをよく見てくれてるって思ったらなんかちょっと嬉しくてさ」 girl 「……べ、別にあんたのことそんな風に見た覚えはないけど、そう見えたのよ」 speaker「ってとは、自分でも気付かぬうちに俺のことをよく見ていたってことになるな」 girl 「ば、ばっかじゃないの!? なんでそうなるのよ!?」 speaker 「...
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Why で in 今日で最後にしたいです?

Referring to the clock that counts the time since the last nuclear test: 時計の数字を変えるのは、今日で最後にしたいです。 I want to make today the last day where I change the figure on the clock. I'm confused by the ...
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Why is に used in that sentence? [duplicate]

でもほんとに、エピソード21には涙が出るほど笑ったよ。 For some reason I feel like it would be better without the に (in bold) but I can't explain why. Another person said that で would be better but I think that it changes the ...
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usage of ぎりで in this sentence

どのくらいって、山と田地が少しあるぎりで、金なんかまるでないんでしょう これは夏目漱石の「こころ」の中の一文です。 この「ぎりで」の意味や使い方が分かりません。 Googleでも、「あるぎりで」を使う文章は相当に少ないです。 これらは「ぎりで」に関するページですが、 https://thesaurus.weblio.jp/content/%E3%81%8E%E3%82%8A%E3%81%...
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を usage over から and で in example sentences related to movement [duplicate]

While reading a grammar book, I learned を may mark a.) a starting point of where a movement occurs, or b.) mark a location where a movement occurs. Examples: a1.) 車{くるま}を降りました{おりました}。(He) got out ...
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Difference between Xが原因で and Xで

Is there any difference in meaning/nuance between Xが原因で and Xで? For example in 8つの州で雨が原因で約800人が亡くなりました。 can I replace 雨が原因で with just 雨で? I'm guessing they wrote it the long way because they ...
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The use of で in this sentence [duplicate]

3月1日は日曜日で祝日、晴れの日でした。 I translated this sentence as "On the 1st march it was a national holiday and a sunday, it was a clear day." However this translation seems bad to me. I'm confused about this ...
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121 views

Ordering of Particles:「にや」OR「やに」?

Does the particle や come after particles like に or で (as does も in「にも」or「でも」), or does it come before them? I can't find any examples of either, be it through Google; in the Tatoeba database; or ...
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The double use of で in a sentence

It has been awhile since I studied/ used my Japanese, so I bought a dictionary. While looking around in it I found the word つむ{tsumu} - to pick , to pluck. The example sentence used for the word is:...
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ことである in Japanese grammar

Do ことである and ことがある mean the same thing?
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で particle: what is the role of it in this sentence?

犠牲者や建物への大きな被害はないが、これまでの地震と大雪の害に続く今回の地震で、困難な状況が続いている。 could it mean "because of"? I know that で means "in", but I don't know if it can be used in this sentence. what are the other meaning of で apart ...
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みんなで笑った ー who made what laugh?

ok so, i'm reading デューク and there's a line that says その格好がモップに似ていると言って、みんなで笑った。 with my limited comprehension, i'm unsure of whether this means everybody laughed that he resembled a mop. i ...
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218 views

Usage of で particle in this sentence: この問題用紙は全部で8ページあります

Usage of particle で and に have been causing me quite some difficulties from the beginning (I keep on using で instead of に and vice versa). From what I've learned so far, particle で indicates either ...
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218 views

ここに書いた or ここで書いた?

Which particle do I use to say that something is written somewhere? I googled both versions and they have a similar number of hits. Can I use both? Is there a difference between the two?
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105 views

can someone explain the use of で particle in this sentence: こんなに単純で当たり前なこと

i'm getting confused with the で particle in this sentence. This line belongs to Keno. The complete line is: こんなに単純で当たり前なことが 本当は、一番見失いがちだからね.
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168 views

The difference between に and で when focusing on location vs. action

Consider these sentences (scenario 1): (私は)公園に花を植える。(I) plant flowers IN the park. (focus on the park) vs (私は)公園で花を植える。(I) PLANT flowers in the park. (focus on planting) First of all, I would ...
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2answers
166 views

can someone explain the use で in this sentence: 今日も元気で過ごせたらイイよね

Im having trouble getting the correct translation of the sentence because of the で particle, i dont know if its being use as a particle or is the imperative form of 元気
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174 views

How to use 満足する

A statement by North Korea: 話し合いの結果、韓国と意見が合って満足できた。 The result of the discussions was that we agree with the views of South Korea and are satisfied. I understand 満足する to mean 'to be satisfied', ...
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1answer
88 views

When to use で vs と to mean 'and'?

I have been using と as a way of using 'and' to list things together. In the instance of joining two self contained sentences together would this be where で is used to mean 'and' or would と still be ...
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2answers
150 views

Difference between バスに and バスでスマホを忘れてしまいました

What is the difference between バスでスマホを忘れてしまいました and バスにスマホを忘れてしまいました? I vaguely remember there being a nuance difference between these two sentences but I forgot what it was... Please help me
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2answers
118 views

Is で the primary way of introducing a modifying actor into a sentence?

I came across this english sentence tonight: "The rebel and government groups held talks mediated by the UN." Which I loosely translated as: 反乱の政府はUNで取り締まる会議を開催した。 Is using で the correct way ...