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Questions tagged [particle-こと]

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12 votes
2 answers
740 views

What do I do when I encounter "Written Japanese"?

I have read in grammar dictionaries some words/phrases that are labelled as "Written Japanese" and should not be used in normal speech. Let's take for example the sentence-ending こと ...
Flaw's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
330 views

こと (Must Do) Confusion

I often see こと used when listing rules: 冷蔵庫の物は勝手に食べないこと→ Don’t eat my things from the fridge トイレ掃除は毎日交代ですること→ Clean the bathroom every day by turns The above examples come from a written list of ...
Daphne's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
159 views

Dummy noun, to add or not to add

Most of the time (?) a following dummy noun is required when the speaker wants to put a 用言 where a 体言 is expected, as shown by the sentence below: できないのをできないというのに、不思議があるもんか。 However, it seems that ...
null's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
630 views

Why is こと used in 「私に何かできること」?

How does it turn this into a noun clause? All I get from it is “I can do something” but I don’t see where こと fits in.
jacoballens's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
146 views

The nuance of "こと" in "まもなく雪が降ってくることでしょう"

As mentioned in the title, I want to ask the nuance of "こと" in this sentence: まもなく雪が降ってくることでしょう。 and the possible conditions or reasons that people won't just simply put it as: まもなく雪が降ってくるでしょう。
chika's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
1k views

こと as an Imperative

I just came across the grammar being metioned here http://japanesetest4you.com/flashcard/learn-jlpt-n3-grammar-%e3%81%93%e3%81%a8-koto/. It states yet another way to form the imperative. To my ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 241
3 votes
2 answers
228 views

How to translate nominalised adjectives from Japanese to English (e.g. スイスがきれいなこと)

I am currently struggling with wrapping my head around こと and how it nominalises adjectives/sentences with adjectives to turn them into noun phrases. With verbs, it's easy: べんとうを食べる (I eat bento/...
Luke McAloon's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
222 views

Question about "したことのないことばかり"

I came across the dialog and was puzzling over the sentence "したことのないことばかり" (中野さんと大和さんがおみあいをしています。) 中野:大和さんは、お休みの日はなにをされていますか。 大和:ゴルフをしたり美術館を見学したりして、それに絵を書いたり裁縫したりするのです。 中野:わあ、すごいですね。 大和:...
chika's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
330 views

What does こと mean after a conjugated verb?

I don't understand what こと means in this sentence: こんな 恐ろしい 事 は 聞いた こと が ない。 I initially thought it was a nominalizer, but nominalizers must be used with verbs at the neutral form, and also, ...
Starckman's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
105 views

Use of こと in this dictionary entry

I was looking up the word "出席" (attendance) in a Japanese dictionary, and found the following definition: 学校の授業や会合などに出ること。 From my understanding, I assume こと is added as a normalizer is so ...
Thecie's user avatar
  • 103
2 votes
1 answer
294 views

Using 「という」to describe things

I was learning about how we can use 「という」to describe things and I saw the following example: 日本人{にほんじん}はお酒{さけ}に弱{よわ}いというのは本当{ほんとう}? And my question is, what is the use of 「という」when used to describe ...
Eduardo Magalhães's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
138 views

What's the grammatical function of こと in this sentence?

電車の中などで見る最近の若い者の態度の悪いこと、全く不愉快極まる。 I believe 全く不愉快極まる is the predicate and the rest before the comma is the subject, but I don't understand how the two parts are connected by こと. Could you help me ...
NoNames's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
102 views

Nominalization and conjugated form

As far as I understood, the nominalization is made with the neutral form of the verb followed by の or こと, as in the example 私は読むことが好きです。I like to read. Though, I found this example where the verb is ...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 873
1 vote
1 answer
116 views

Trouble with the compossed verbs

I saw this phrase: 描いていた忘れていたこと Can there be a sentence or phrase with two verbs in progressive past state? What does this phrase mean? Which type of nuance provides こと to the verb? This phrase ...
Danny M.2020's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
242 views

What does こと mean?

Please don't laugh at me. I am super new to Japanese and only really have google translate to help me. I can find a lot of stuff online but I can't find a solid meaning for こと, and Google translate ...
Iamkindasortaprettymaybecool's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
163 views

Why is こと used at the end of this kind of sentences?

So, often I see こと being used at the end of sentences like 「私の最後の希望はあなたと共に死ねることなのに」 「それは僕の生命を吸い取るために 僕の全身を凍らせていないことだ」 Is this like how in English you normally would say "My aim is ーーー" ...
Ruben Oliveira's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
87 views

Is this a correct use of 〜ことになる?

Does this make sense and what does it mean? そのあとで、日本語がとくいだことになったと思います。 Does this translate to: After that I think I became good at Japanese?
J.Treutlein's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
105 views

Is this sentence referring to an individual or a group of people?

それでもあいつが絶対的[窮地]{きゅうち}に立ったら迷わず[助太刀]{すけだち}に入る事 I know it says something like "If he gets into a really dangerous situation, I'll/We'll be at his side in a second!" My question is, would a more correct ...
waterv1's user avatar
  • 51
1 vote
1 answer
142 views

Why is もの used in 「無駄に使ってしまうもの」 (instead of こと)? [duplicate]

In お金というものはあったらあったで無駄に使ってしまうものだ。 Money is something that when you have it, you end up wasting it. the phrase 「無駄に使ってしまう」 ("used towards waste!") is used to modify もの。 Question: Isn't "...
George's user avatar
  • 2,898
1 vote
1 answer
128 views

Difference between ことが and ことは

What is the difference in the meanings of the following sentences when 事がある is replaced with 事はある? 週末はたいてい家で休んでいるがたまに公園に行く事がある。 週末はたいてい家で休んでいるがたまに公園に行く事はある。 I could find the grammar form ことがある in ...
timemanx's user avatar
  • 113
1 vote
1 answer
270 views

Question about the usage of もの and こと in Shinkanzen Master N2 Grammar

This question is from one of the practice tests in the Shikanzen Master N2 Grammar. あの人が( ) 。遊んでばかりですよ。 a) まじめなことですか b) まじめなものですか c) まじめなはずですか d) まじめというものですか I answered c as my thought process was ...
juanjo12x's user avatar
  • 147
1 vote
1 answer
135 views

noun + の + verb + こと VS noun + を + verb + こと

I was just wondering if the following sentence was correct: 日本語の話すこと It doesn't sound wrong to me, as the whole「話すこと」part becomes a noun, but I'm not quite sure. I think the more standard way to say ...
Exandral's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
40 views

What is the function of the particle ~の in this sentence? [duplicate]

I came across this sentence while I was studying: 人間は話すことのできる唯一の動物だ。 I understand the meaning of the whole sentence, but I don't know why both 〜こと and 〜の are present. From my understanding, both have ...
bbyshzm's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
142 views

Conjugation with こと and もの

In my textbook, I did an exercise with the following sentences, where you must conjugate the verb in parentheses and put it on the underline (below is the translation I think matches the original ...
Right leg's user avatar
  • 1,096
1 vote
0 answers
105 views

Why does she use こと at the end? [duplicate]

今は、依頼人を助けるための「情報」を聞き逃さないこと。 I understand the sentence but I don't know why she uses こと at the end.
Endremora's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
104 views

“ことはある” for topicalizing the entire sentence?

“ことはある” is often explained as the topical form of “ことがある” which simply means that things sometimes happen, or one has past experience with something when following a past verb. However I keep seeing ...
Zorf's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
68 views

Use adjective or adverb for clause + こと

As I understand it, when you make a clause and then put こと at the end of it everything is transformed into a noun (e.g. 食べましたこと is eaten thing.) If it's a noun, it should be modified by an adjective, ...
Trying_to_work's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
85 views

Ending a sentence in ~てないでこと

This is from an anime (Kanon ep 1, 07:58). Yuichi says: いや お前って 変わってないよなあ Which I understand to mean "you really haven't changed." I believe the first って is replacing は and 変わってない is short ...
Chiara Coetzee's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
96 views

Usage of ことは/のは and 時々/ たり form

「ペットがいない方が楽だけど、時々犬が飼いたくなります」 "Having no pets is easier, but I sometimes want to have a dog" My questions are: can you use the たり form in this sentence to mean "I sometimes want a dog&...
Dee's user avatar
  • 103
0 votes
1 answer
121 views

What is the use of this ってこともある, oddly placed 大半 and ってことか in this conversation?

These 3 sentences are excerpts from Season 1, Episode 2 of Classroom of the Elite. Context: 堀北 and 綾小路 are talking to one another about their classmates, during swimming class at school. 堀北 doesn't ...
levikara's user avatar
  • 100
0 votes
1 answer
51 views

How and when to use こと

I have seen こと used in many sentences, but I'm not really sure what it is actually doing. I may have seen something that implies it means "thing", but sometimes the sentence it's in doesn't ...
Pastromi's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
362 views

と usage with いる and the っちゃう ending on a verb

total Japanese noob here. Recently I got the manga しろくまカフェ and I started working through it. Within the first few sentences I'm stumped: でも寝てばっかりいる太っちゃう〜 I got the gist of the sentence "Just ...
smolpatchy's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
88 views

Verb + ことが○○です vs verb + 〇〇です

What is the difference between Verb + ことが○○です and verb + 〇〇です? And when are you supposed to use one over the other? For example I wrote 映画を観ることが時間です。 It's time to watch a movie. But I was corrected ...
Tylersanzura's user avatar
  • 2,052
0 votes
0 answers
139 views

How do I connect verbs with nominalisation?

For example: I like dancing and singing. My hobby is studying Japanese and playing guitar. How do I connect "studying and playing"? Do I have to use te form? I'm really confused 😃 upd. ...
Daniela's user avatar