Questions tagged [particle-が]

助詞「が」. Nominative case particle, typically indicating the subject of a verb or other predicate. Also a conjunctive particle and, in Classical Japanese, a genitive case particle.

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6
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2answers
497 views

PlaceにThingがあります vs ThingがPlaceにあります

I originally asked in the chatroom which out of the two phrases is better: PlaceにThingがありますか? or ThingがPlaceにありますか? If anyone can translate these to make them relevant in English, it would be ...
6
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2answers
391 views

「を大好き」と「が大好き」の違いは何ですか?

What's the difference in usage and meaning when using を with 大好き or 好き versus using が? I would think that using が is stating that the subject that you are talking about is loved, while using を is ...
15
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4answers
29k views

What's the difference between -ga and -o when they are used to designate a direct object?

During the past month I've been addicted to Japanese. I've listened to about 10 online tutorial video courses and read about as much printed lessons. I am determined to learn Japanese, but I am really ...
-1
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1answer
164 views

あれが for “that must be it”?

I'm watching an anime where the protagonist says, according to the subtitles, "that must be it!" But what it sounds like he's saying "あれが" instead of "あれだ". I know I may be hearing incorrectly, but is ...
12
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2answers
9k views

Nominalization with のが、のを

I've just learned to nominalize verbs with のを but as I was looking for more info on the web I saw that this is also done with のが and こと. The question "What is the difference between the nominalizers ...
6
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1answer
871 views

What's the difference between ことがある or ことはある?

In Tae Kim's guide, he wrote a few example sentences: 徹夜して、宿題することはある。 一人で行くことはありません。 パリに行ったことはありますか。 お寿司を食べたことがある。 そういうのを見たことがなかった。 In these examples, I don't really understand why some sentences ...
19
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1answer
1k views

Passive form - The exact difference between を and が

I've seen this question asked before, but i feel the answer didn't quite answer all my questions, so here goes. Now, I am rather sure that this: ケーキが食べられた Means: The cake was eaten. (by ...
16
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2answers
998 views

Double subject construction?

I've recently been having trouble with constructions that seem to mark two subjects in the same clause. I've only encountered them in ~の方が... constructions, but I can't seem to make sense of them ...
6
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2answers
270 views

… が決定しました rather than … が決定されました

Can someone explain what rules for が come in play that make the sentence: 発売延期となっていたネットワークレコーダー「nasne(ナスネ)」の発売が8月30日に決定しました grammatically correct? I would have formulated it 「nasne(ナスネ)」...
6
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1answer
5k views

anata no koto suki vs anata ga suki [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the こと in sentences such as あなたのことが好きだ? What are the guidelines of omitting particles? It is possible to say both of these: あなたが好きです あなたのこと好きです The adjective 好き is ...
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2answers
1k views

Does だけが mean “but only” or “not just”?

Earlier today I saw this sign: 煙{けむり}の行方{ゆくえ}。本人{ほんにん}だけが、他人{たにん}事{ごと}だった。 The English is different enough that I think we can mostly ignore it for the purposes of this question. It helpfully ...
7
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1answer
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Difference between に and が for intransitive verbs

What is the difference between 試験に受かる and 試験が受かる? It seems that the first one means "to pass an exam" while the second one is more like "passing exams" (really not sure about it). In which cases ...
8
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4answers
636 views

Analyzing sentences like 日本がピンチだ and 明日は雨だ

How are sentences like 日本がピンチだ (Japan is in a pinch) and 明日は雨だ (tomorrow it will rain) analyzed? Translating them trivially, as 日本がピンチだ Japan is a pinch 明日は雨だ Tomorrow is rain doesn't make ...
18
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2answers
2k views

が and に interchangeability and difference in meaning

Consider these sentences: だれ{が・に}これが出来るか だれ{が・に}日本語が分からないか When both が and に are acceptable, what is their difference in meaning and practical usage?
10
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3answers
858 views

Problems with は and が

Consider: [A] 猫が好きだ To me this means [A']"I like cats." Contrast this to: [B] 猫は好きだ To me this means [B']"I like cats (among other animals)" I based my understanding of [B] from Derek ...
5
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1answer
256 views

の versus が used to mark the subject of an appositive clause?

A friend of mine wrote this sentence in Japanese: 彼女のどんな困難からも逃げない態度を尊敬しています。 'Her attitude of not running away from any hardships is something I respect.' 'I respect that she has this attitude ...
9
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2answers
397 views

Logic behind “が” preferrence when using a “-たい” form

I have learned that when using a "-たい" form, when the sentence would normally require "を", you can use either "を" or "が", but "が" was actually preferred, "を" sounding unnatural. I searched about the ...
5
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3answers
14k views

How do I say “I am the best” ? の,は or が and 私 or 俺?

I'm making a shirt for a (rather egotistical) friend of mine and so am trying to do something with the slogan "I am the best" for fun. I need something with four characters only, and would like to ask ...
5
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1answer
166 views

Shouldn't this も be が?

This sentence is in my JLPT practise book in a section on the use of 目{め}まぐるしい: 社会{しゃかい}の目{め}まぐるしい変化{へんか}についていけず、時代{じだい}遅{おく}れになる会社{かいしゃ}も多{おお}い。 I think the sentence is saying, "There are lots of ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How do you avoid multiple が in a sentence

I would like to ask on how to avoid multiple occurrences of the particle ga in a sentence. For example: 詳細{しょうさい}のクエリは削除{さくじょ}フラグが0がありません。 What I meant in the sentence: The Detail query does not ...
15
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3answers
2k views

を vs が with use against 好き?

The difference between が and を with the potential form of a verb. and Is it true that all nouns must be able to accept a が particle and a を particle? are noted as possible duplicates; however, I haven'...
2
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1answer
144 views

Extracting from, and introducing to Universe of Discourse using は and が with こそあど-demonstratives

Consider the following: このりんご( は / が )食べないでください。 Person A: どちらが東ですか。  Person B: こちら( は / が )東です。 Workbook answers are は for 1. and が for 2. In 1., I would expect the person to be ...
4
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1answer
310 views

When is disjunctive-が appropriate in connecting sentences?

Consider the following: [1] 僕は日本人ではなく, シンガポール人です。 (I'm not Japanese, I'm Singaporean) [2] 僕は日本人ではないが, シンガポール人です。 (I'm not Japanese but Singaporean) Comparing my sentences to the worked ...
5
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1answer
249 views

Particle-が in restaurant's name. Genitive particle?

I was at a Japanese restaurant called 星岡 (ほしがおか). And I was trying to figure out what the が does in it. I instinctively translated it to "Starry hill" (Not sure of my translation though). (Question)...
6
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4answers
5k views

Is it unusual to have the ga particle with a negative verb?

In saying that something doesn't exist, is it unusual to use the ga particle (が) and a negative verb? For example, would "(Uchi ni) Terebi ga arimasen" be an unusual way to say "There isn't a TV (at ...
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5answers
10k views

Why is it 日本語がわかります instead of 日本語をわかります?

From what I understand, は is the topic marker, が is the subject marker, and を is the object marker. One of the first sentences I learned doesn't seem to fit the rules I described above. The sentence ...
9
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3answers
3k views

What does する mean when it does not mean “do”? (血のにおいがする)

What does する mean when it does not mean "do"? Like: あなたも血のにおいがするな
52
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3answers
11k views

The difference between が and を with the potential form of a verb

When using the potential form of a verb, I was taught that the particle を becomes が. However, in real life this seems to not always be the case. I've even heard Japanese people use を instead of が ...
38
votes
6answers
17k views

Pronouncing が as 'nga'

I'm a beginner and am learning from CD (Pimsleur). There are two native speakers going through the dialogue. One, the man, pronounces が as I would expect - 'ga'. The other (female) pronounces it as '...
170
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5answers
29k views

What's the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)?

When is it correct to use は but not が, and when is it correct to use が but not は? Are there any times when you can use either without changing the meaning of the sentence? How does switching change ...