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Questions tagged [particle-が]

助詞「が」. Nominative case particle, typically indicating the subject of a verb or other predicate. Also a conjunctive particle and, in Classical Japanese, a genitive case particle.

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52
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3answers
12k views

The difference between が and を with the potential form of a verb

When using the potential form of a verb, I was taught that the particle を becomes が. However, in real life this seems to not always be the case. I've even heard Japanese people use を instead of が ...
2
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1answer
105 views

The use of が, は and を in 私は総てを愛している

Is the を interchangeable with が in this case? And if I say 私が総てを愛している does it mean 'I'm everything that I love'?
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1answer
100 views

What is the subject actually doing in this sentence

保護者として何の役にも立てなかった自責の念が、自らを貶める事に救いを見出してほのかの心身を堕としていく Her remorse of being completely unable fulfill her role as a guardian... she decides to torment herself, she finds salvation, honoka loses her mind....
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1answer
2k views

Asking 'how much is the hotel for one night'

I'm trying to ask "How much is the hotel for one night?" After doing some reading online, I've come to two answers. But I'm not sure which one is correct. このホテルは いっぱく いくら ですか。 and このホテルは いっぱくが いくら ...
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3answers
95 views

Expected sentence in article to use を but が is used instead

I'm reading this article and I have come across this sentence and I'm wondering why が is used instead of を. What's the reason am I missing here? 11日、豊洲市場がオープンして競りが始まりました。 My translation: ...
3
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2answers
144 views

verbs using が to mark the direct object/subject

Some verbs like わかる or ある take が instead of を to mark the "direct object" (because these verbs treat what in English is the direct object as a subject in Japanese?). For example, サラリーマン:「課長{かちょう}っ、...
3
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2answers
307 views

Sentence Structure JLPT question 「日本語がかんたんな本」

Please help. I found this question on the N5 practice exam: ヤン 「私はこの本を買います。アンナさんはどんな本がいいですか。」 アンナ 「 私はもうすこし ( _ _ ☆ _) がいいです。」 A. 本 B. かんたんな C. が D. 日本語 Please explain why ...
6
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1answer
105 views

Question about the phrase 心配いりません

I came across the phrase 心配いりません and from what I understand it means "Dont worry". It is formed by using the する-verb 心配 (worry) and いる (to be needed). What I don't understand is why there is no ...
3
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2answers
121 views

Distinction of using を/に instead of が

さあ次もビーチバレーという名のウォッチング[に]勤しむぜ!- Ok, next, lets endeavor to watch beach volleyball ! それにしても、人間世界はじつに物[に]あふれておるな。- That being said, the world of humans is actually overflowing with things (this ...
2
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1answer
144 views

誰はしました。Who did it?

I'm aware that する is the Japanese verb "To do". In order to conjugate this verb using the Ta form for past tense we of course just replace する with し and add our polite form ます with the た to make しました, ...
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1answer
50 views

Confusion about omitted “object” with 有する

I just read this clause (as a definition of 独特): そのものだけが有していること。 I first understood it in a way, that "[Something] has only this thing.", instead "Only this thing has [something]". Now I'm kind of ...
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0answers
176 views

が particles and their usages

A follow-up to Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip? I'm currently aware of the following が particles / usages: 1) Subject marker (exhaustive listing). I think it can appear at the end if ...
3
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1answer
127 views

が frequentally being used in ways I cant understand

I just started reading 上級へのとびら, an intermediate book with a lot of reading sections. Throughout my reading there have been a couple cases where I can't understand the usage of が in my sentences. ...
5
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1answer
277 views

Is there a good etymological reason why the potential form in Japanese requires the が particle?

Is there a good etymological reason why the potential form in Japanese requires the が particle? When dealing with the -たい suffix, which also requires the -が particle for what in other languages would ...
1
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1answer
71 views

What is the difference between が and を when using verbs?

In this anime-esque example, which is correct?: 私はあなたが殺す 私はあなたを殺す And why? Because I’ve heard it used with number • 2 • を (wo), but other verbs seem to always use が, for example: 「私はエミリアが好きです」 Is ...
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1answer
79 views

Dangling Particle Question

I encountered the following passage in a mystery manga. The detective character is explaining the evidence the "true" criminal (as opposed to the puppet killer described earlier in the book) left ...
4
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3answers
315 views

「が」 meaning “or”

I found this sentence in a game manual: 16回に1度、グリーンがブルーのかわりに出現。 Unfortunately I don’t understand why there is 「が」 used between the two color names. The sentence clearly means that this red candy ...
3
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0answers
24 views

Which is preferred, 気が遠くなるほど or 気の遠くなるほど? [duplicate]

Considering the expression 気が遠くなるほど to describe something of a large scale or hard to conceive, is the variant 気の遠くなるほど also correct and is there any difference in meaning or nuance? Is there any sort ...
3
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1answer
379 views

Use of first が in 町の後ろに山が、前に海があって、

This is from an exercise in Minna no Nihongo, ch16. Full sentence: 神戸は古い物があまりありませんが、町の後ろに山が、前に海があって、素敵な町です。 As above, I don't understand why there is nothing after the が. I can sort of see that ...
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1answer
81 views

Question about で in this sentence

"「タクシーに乗る」は英語で、I ride a taxiで正解!?" I saw this question being posted on the web by someone and my issue is about the meaning of the sentence itself specifically the phrase "I ride a taxiで正解!?". Does ...
3
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3answers
141 views

Use of が in article about Midsummer Day of the Ox and selling eel

I was reading over this article about Midsummer Day of the Ox and selling eel. I'm wondering about the use of が in this sentence この会社は今年、牛肉のステーキや、ビタミンが多いしじみなども売ることにしました Roughly: This year the ...
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2answers
8k views

When to use the particle 'ga' in questions?

I found these sentences in a book: Kaigi wa itsu arimasu ka? Kore wa nan desu ka? Could anyone please tell me why it's ..itsu desu.. and not ..itsu ga desu..Similarly, why it's ..nan desu.. and ...
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1answer
80 views

Why there is a “を” in この素晴らしい世界に祝福を and not a “が”? [duplicate]

この素晴らしい世界に祝福を! is translated to English as "A blessing to this wonderful world!" . Why is there a "を" and not a "が" in this sentence? In Spanish (and I assume also in English) "a blessing" would be ...
6
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2answers
399 views

「を大好き」と「が大好き」の違いは何ですか?

What's the difference in usage and meaning when using を with 大好き or 好き versus using が? I would think that using が is stating that the subject that you are talking about is loved, while using を is ...
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1answer
431 views

ことである in Japanese grammar

Do ことである and ことがある mean the same thing?
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1answer
53 views

水面*が*月を映していた: Is に interchangeable?

澄んだ水面 が 月を映していた。 Under the 映す entry in a dictionary (ルミナス、研究社), I found the sample sentence in question among others. However, I couldn't understand why only in this particular sentence is が used in ...
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1answer
291 views

Learning how to use Wa / ni / ga

Is this right like this? Children are at school: Kodomo tachi wa gakkou ni imasu. There are children at school: Gakkou ni kodomo tachi ga imasu. Thank you
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2answers
458 views

Can someone explain me the use of は and が in this sentence?

田中さんは今日来ますか。 はい、来ますよ。あ、田中さんが 来ました。   Does Tanaka san come today? Yes, he does. Oh, Tanaka san came. I don't understand the use of が in the second sentence. Can someone ...
3
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3answers
259 views

Usage of で particle in this sentence: この問題用紙は全部で8ページあります

Usage of particle で and に have been causing me quite some difficulties from the beginning (I keep on using で instead of に and vice versa). From what I've learned so far, particle で indicates either ...
4
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2answers
150 views

生徒が分かる and 彼が見える and Intransitivity

I have been searching all internet and haven't found an "acceptable" answer for it yet. I hope you guys can help me! I was reading a text in the website KawaJapa about 分かる and the sentence 日本語が分かる. ...
1
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1answer
63 views

が in: 彼はその子供がついてこられるようにゆっくり歩いた

reading this sentence confused me (it's not that hard to do actually XD). 彼はその子供がついてこられるようにゆっくり歩いた。 Can i ask if the が in this sentence is actually acting like けど, a ぎゃくせつ if thats the word?
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2answers
435 views

Why is the が particle used in this sentence?

In this sentence: 彼女はお姉さんが着るのと同じ種類の服を着る。 She wears the same variety of clothes as her sister wears. Why is the が particle used to mark the sister as the subject, when the one doing the action ...
2
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1answer
167 views

Are there some cases where は and が are interchangable?

I understand that は and が can be very different in meaning & emotion, and some structures require one of them. However, are there some cases where I can use either of them but the sentence remains ...
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2answers
106 views

Confused when determining the correct subject with 思います [duplicate]

I met the following sentence : あなたのお母さんは私が好きじゃないと思います I think your mother doesn't like me. As far I can tell, あなたのお母さん is the subject or topic marker of the sentence. But at the end of the ...
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1answer
121 views

Can a subject introduced by が persist between sentences?

If an unknown subject is introduced by が in one sentence, can it still be the subject in a subsequent sentence? As an example: よだかはむねがつかえたように思いながら、又そらへのぼりました。また一疋の甲虫が、夜だかののどに、はいりました。...
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2answers
120 views

Is で the primary way of introducing a modifying actor into a sentence?

I came across this english sentence tonight: "The rebel and government groups held talks mediated by the UN." Which I loosely translated as: 反乱の政府はUNで取り締まる会議を開催した。 Is using で the correct way ...
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5answers
30k views

What's the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)?

When is it correct to use は but not が, and when is it correct to use が but not は? Are there any times when you can use either without changing the meaning of the sentence? How does switching change ...
1
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1answer
99 views

Particle usage of は and が in this sentence

I had some particle trouble translating these lines: 四月の魚は風が吹いて 長い髪が揺れている The first two lines seem to go together in one sentence, but then there would be too many particles. I have it as "The ...
1
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1answer
107 views

Difference between ”が”はじまる and ”は”はじまる [duplicate]

I asked my teacher why is "が”はじまる instead of ”は”はじまる. She said "が” is always put before はじまる. But she said there are circumstances that ”は” is put before はじまる too. She said there are rules meanwhile ...
2
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1answer
902 views

「は」vs 「が」 in subordinate clauses

I'm confused about「は」vs「が」 in subordinate clauses. I do appreciate there are inumerable questions on this subject, but to go through all of them hoping to find the exact answer I want would take ...
3
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2answers
562 views

が vs を and the absence of a subject particle

I just read an article explaining that が should not be thought of as a subject particle, since it can also mark the object, which is fine and dandy on its own. However, I also remember reading an ...
2
votes
3answers
101 views

Is this が at the end of the verb conditional ?

だが[殺]{ころ}したが[最後]{さいご}きさまあの[世]{よ}いきだ! I understand this sentence as,'if you kill him, you are following him to the netherworld'. I intuitively understand this が as conditional but I am not sure. I ...
4
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2answers
407 views

Undertstanding 88歳の草間彌生さんは水玉の絵などが有名な芸術家で

88歳の草間彌生さんは水玉の絵などが有名な芸術家で、世界でも人気があります。 88 year old 草間彌生さん ??? and is popular even in (the rest of) the world. I'm having problems parsing the first clause. 草間彌生さんは有名な芸術家で 草間彌生 is a famous ...
5
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2answers
291 views

When using 比べる, should I use を or が for the object being compared?

I have seen sentences 1 and 4, but are sentences 2 and 3 grammatical? My question is regarding the use of を/が with the object being compared, in sentences with 比べる. 植物の世界にも(今年を)去年と比べて著しく相違が見えた。 ...
2
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1answer
86 views

[Noun 1]は[Noun 2]が[Adjective] or [Noun 1]の[Noun 2]は[Adjective]

Consider the phrase: The Winters of Quebec are cold. I understand that the correct form is ケベックは冬が寒いです。 Since a possessive form is involved here (the Winters of Quebec), why is ケベックの冬は寒いです。 not ...
2
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1answer
90 views

が in たこ焼きはタコと小麦粉と卵で作ることができます

たこ焼きはタコと小麦粉と卵で作ることができます は particle there is used as topic marker. で particle there is used as material marker. can you explain me what role of が there? object of できます or because "new information" ...
3
votes
1answer
302 views

Difference between に and が [duplicate]

What's the difference between their に and が in these sentences? 「私にできることがあれば何でも言ってください」 and 「私ができることがあれば何でも言ってください」?
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1answer
155 views

Is it the easy way to remember to use が?

I come to my realization that I should use the particle が to introduce a new thing that a listener does not know about (and intend to know about). For example: トニー:このオープニングはいいですね。 ルーシー:...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

In the sentence「みどりがきれいなまちです」, why is が used?

And how should the sentence be translated? "It's a beautiful green town"? "It's a beautifuly green town"? "It's a greenish beautiful town"?
2
votes
1answer
414 views

Why が is said to be a subject marker?

In many beginner material, が is said to be a subject marker. (For example this one) However, my teacher who learnt Japanese in Japan said he has never heard such a saying. And in his teaching, it is ...