Questions tagged [particle-が]

助詞「が」. Nominative case particle, typically indicating the subject of a verb or other predicate. Also a conjunctive particle and, in Classical Japanese, a genitive case particle.

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170
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5answers
31k views

What's the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)?

When is it correct to use は but not が, and when is it correct to use が but not は? Are there any times when you can use either without changing the meaning of the sentence? How does switching change ...
53
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3answers
12k views

The difference between が and を with the potential form of a verb

When using the potential form of a verb, I was taught that the particle を becomes が. However, in real life this seems to not always be the case. I've even heard Japanese people use を instead of が ...
38
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6answers
17k views

Pronouncing が as 'nga'

I'm a beginner and am learning from CD (Pimsleur). There are two native speakers going through the dialogue. One, the man, pronounces が as I would expect - 'ga'. The other (female) pronounces it as '...
31
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5answers
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Why is it 日本語がわかります instead of 日本語をわかります?

From what I understand, は is the topic marker, が is the subject marker, and を is the object marker. One of the first sentences I learned doesn't seem to fit the rules I described above. The sentence ...
19
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3answers
1k views

私は猫が好き and 猫は私が好き

I'm an absolute beginner. I've learned Japanese in my spare time for less than two months. This is my first question here. Even though I think this question is potentially trivial, it's perhaps the ...
19
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1answer
1k views

Passive form - The exact difference between を and が

I've seen this question asked before, but i feel the answer didn't quite answer all my questions, so here goes. Now, I am rather sure that this: ケーキが食べられた Means: The cake was eaten. (by ...
18
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2answers
2k views

が and に interchangeability and difference in meaning

Consider these sentences: だれ{が・に}これが出来るか だれ{が・に}日本語が分からないか When both が and に are acceptable, what is their difference in meaning and practical usage?
17
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2answers
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Double subject construction?

I've recently been having trouble with constructions that seem to mark two subjects in the same clause. I've only encountered them in ~の方が... constructions, but I can't seem to make sense of them ...
16
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3answers
2k views

Different meanings of こわい

I was watching this video (it's actually a really good series, despite the odd presentation). In it, there is the example: おばけがこわい。 Ghosts are scary. No problem there, but the series has been ...
15
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4answers
30k views

What's the difference between -ga and -o when they are used to designate a direct object?

During the past month I've been addicted to Japanese. I've listened to about 10 online tutorial video courses and read about as much printed lessons. I am determined to learn Japanese, but I am really ...
15
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3answers
3k views

を vs が with use against 好き?

The difference between が and を with the potential form of a verb. and Is it true that all nouns must be able to accept a が particle and a を particle? are noted as possible duplicates; however, I haven'...
14
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2answers
612 views

Why does 「電話は切れた」 sound more adversarial than 「電話が切れた」?

I noticed that while 「…、電話が切れた」 sounds just like a neutral phrase ("... and the call got cut off."), 「…、電話は切れた」 sounds more like you were negatively affected / that the person on the other side ...
13
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2answers
1k views

Meaning of volitional passive form

お姉ちゃんに何を言われようが、まる子はウキウキ気分なのであった。 What was said by her sister ???? but, Maruko felt cheerful. I can't think of any way in which something which is passive can also be volitional. How do I understand ...
12
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2answers
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Nominalization with のが、のを

I've just learned to nominalize verbs with のを but as I was looking for more info on the web I saw that this is also done with のが and こと. The question "What is the difference between the nominalizers ...
12
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1answer
454 views

Why is this sentence ungrammatical? 「お寺が公園のとなりです。」

I wrote this sentence (meaning "The temple is next to the park") in my Japanese course and my teacher said it's wrong, because I was supposed to use a は instead of a が. My understanding is that there ...
11
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3answers
312 views

に vs. が in the ~てほしい construction

I know there are already a few questions about this topic on this website, however none of them seemed to really help me with the issue. The ~てほしい contruction is used to express that someone wants ...
11
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3answers
897 views

Problems with は and が

Consider: [A] 猫が好きだ To me this means [A']"I like cats." Contrast this to: [B] 猫は好きだ To me this means [B']"I like cats (among other animals)" I based my understanding of [B] from Derek ...
10
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2answers
245 views

Is Facebook's use of double が grammatically unambiguous?

Facebook has issued me the following alert: Aさんが、Bさんがあなたとシェアした写真について「いいね!」と言っています I think this is a translation of "A likes the photo that B shared with you." Is it obvious what's being said? Why ...
10
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3answers
474 views

〜がほしがっています vs 〜をほしがっています

I was wondering if the following two sentences have the same meaning. I'm seeing both をほしい and がほしい on my Anki deck and I was just wondering if they were interchangeable or if I just made a mistake ...
9
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3answers
450 views

What are the grammar rules behind this clause, 「才能があろうがなかろうが」?

才能があろうがなかろうが、そんなもん他人が決める事じゃない。どこの部に所属するかなんぞ俺が決める事だ I'm asking about the bolded clause. This is casual dialogue, in case there's any confusion about that. I don't normally put Japanese through Google ...
9
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3answers
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What does する mean when it does not mean “do”? (血のにおいがする)

What does する mean when it does not mean "do"? Like: あなたも血のにおいがするな
9
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2answers
403 views

Logic behind “が” preferrence when using a “-たい” form

I have learned that when using a "-たい" form, when the sentence would normally require "を", you can use either "を" or "が", but "が" was actually preferred, "を" sounding unnatural. I searched about the ...
9
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1answer
177 views

Not subject despite が?

I've come across the following dialogue: 「シグナムはお風呂どうします?」 「私は今夜はいい。明日の朝にするよ」 「お風呂好きが珍しいじゃん」 An unofficial, but to my mind high-quality translation offered something like "That's rare ...
9
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4answers
652 views

Analyzing sentences like 日本がピンチだ and 明日は雨だ

How are sentences like 日本がピンチだ (Japan is in a pinch) and 明日は雨だ (tomorrow it will rain) analyzed? Translating them trivially, as 日本がピンチだ Japan is a pinch 明日は雨だ Tomorrow is rain doesn't make ...
8
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2answers
235 views

「星が見えない=Stars can't be seen」 but 「目が見えない=Eyes can't see」, why?

Are the two 「が」 different? Is 「目が見えない」 (at least in principle) ambiguous (eyes can't see / eyes can't be seen)?
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2answers
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What is the difference between それでいい and それがいい here?

As I understand it, それでいい means 'it is fine like this' and それがいい means 'this is fine', but what is the protagonist trying to convey here by first using それでいい and then correcting himself to それがいい? ...
8
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1answer
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Asking 'how much is the hotel for one night'

I'm trying to ask "How much is the hotel for one night?" After doing some reading online, I've come to two answers. But I'm not sure which one is correct. このホテルは いっぱく いくら ですか。 and このホテルは いっぱくが いくら ...
8
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1answer
126 views

が following an i-adj

Seeing 「欲しいが仮眠する」* by a non-native for "I want to take a nap" I thought it is plainly grammatically wrong, but then after encountering 可愛いが in a video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MVmv_wyU-Ug&...
8
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1answer
912 views

が vs を in sentences of desire (-たい)

According to Genki, expressions of desire ( -たい sentences such as in the examples below) which use the particle を can also use the particle が interchangeably, and besides stating that, they give no ...
8
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2answers
460 views

Can someone explain me the use of は and が in this sentence?

田中さんは今日来ますか。 はい、来ますよ。あ、田中さんが 来ました。   Does Tanaka san come today? Yes, he does. Oh, Tanaka san came. I don't understand the use of が in the second sentence. Can someone ...
8
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1answer
171 views

Difference between NはNが多い and NounにNが多い

この川にマスが多い。This river is full of trout. 新潟は雪が多い。 There’s much snow in Niigata What’s the difference between に and は here ? I learned only Noun1はNoun2がAdjい/な structure
8
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2answers
257 views

Why is 何が used to mean “sorry for what?” instead of 何で?

I was watching an anime where character A apologizes to character B after trying to kiss her: A: ごめん!I’m sorry! B: 何が?言ってみて!For what? Just try to say it! My question is why was が used after ...
7
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2answers
875 views

How to use the passive form to say “This flower was watered.”

I would like to use the passive form in describing the fact that a flower has been watered. Is この花は水をやられた correct? What difference does この花は水がやられた make or would that be incorrect? A brief ...
7
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2answers
460 views

「が」vs「の」 with possessives

I know that the normal possessive form is usually formed subject+「の」+object. Though, in one instance, I found が being used in 天は我が物. I know that 「が」 can be used to express possession, though is there ...
7
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2answers
247 views

「だが」は単なる「が」に言い換えることができますか

このリンクにある「ちょっと〇〇するだけのつもりが、つい〇〇してしまった」の「つもりが」は実際は「つもりだが」の意味になっていると思えるんですけど、これは例外なのですか。それともどんな名詞の後ろにでも「だが」ではなく単に「が」が来られるということですか。 よろしくお願いします。
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3answers
919 views

What does “声が出る” mean?

When somebody uses 声が出る, what is the significance of saying it this way as opposed to using 言う? Is this used commonly and does it have some sort of special nuance I'm not aware of?
7
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1answer
102 views

Why does は refer to a particular rather than general in some cases?

The sentence I am asking about is the following [魚]{さかな}が[好]{す}きじゃない[人]{ひと}は、[肉]{にく}が[好]{す}きだ 」 Person who does not like fish like meat Source: Tae Kim's Guide to Learning Japanese My ...
7
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1answer
639 views

What is the meaning of the 「が」 in 「仲間だろうが!!!!」

It is from a line in One Piece: Another instance from the same manga:
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1answer
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Difference between に and が for intransitive verbs

What is the difference between 試験に受かる and 試験が受かる? It seems that the first one means "to pass an exam" while the second one is more like "passing exams" (really not sure about it). In which cases ...
7
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1answer
260 views

What is “new information” for が?

I've been trying to understand the age old question of が vs は recently. The resources I've used so far have given helpful answers, but I'm still not getting 1 key point. I'll summarize my knowledge so ...
6
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4answers
5k views

Is it unusual to have the ga particle with a negative verb?

In saying that something doesn't exist, is it unusual to use the ga particle (が) and a negative verb? For example, would "(Uchi ni) Terebi ga arimasen" be an unusual way to say "There isn't a TV (at ...
6
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4answers
545 views

Does indirect passive allow for the を in “四方を海に囲まれる”

My textbook has this example: 四方を海に囲まれる。 Is it the indirect passive that allows for the を direct object marker to be used in that passive voice example? This sentence matches my understanding of ...
6
votes
3answers
595 views

Use は or が with ある when the phrase doesn't explicit the place

I'm studying japanese from not that long and a doubt came to my mind studying ある and いる verbs, so sorry in advance if the question isn't clear. If we take those two phrases as example: A. ...
6
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1answer
613 views

How to say “Why I started studying Japanese”

I have a Japanese assignment that requires me to write about anything I want. I decided that I wanted to write about why I want to learn Japanese. I think the title should be "Why I want to study ...
6
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2answers
755 views

Understanding why に particle means “because” in this sentence

I am struggling to understand the syntax of this sentence that I found in a grammar book. あまりの言葉にあきれてものが言えませんでした。 I could not say anything because of the outrageously unkind words. I read it as ...
6
votes
2answers
271 views

… が決定しました rather than … が決定されました

Can someone explain what rules for が come in play that make the sentence: 発売延期となっていたネットワークレコーダー「nasne(ナスネ)」の発売が8月30日に決定しました grammatically correct? I would have formulated it 「nasne(ナスネ)」...
6
votes
1answer
187 views

Nuance of sentence when とも言えないが is used

I have the following sentence, where I get the main meaning. 大学生とはいえ、あまりアルコールに強くない僕としては、ビール一杯の「やけざけ」(とも言えないが)で大分ハイな気分だったのだ。 "(Though) I am a student, I can't take much alcohol because I get high ...
6
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2answers
251 views

Is 私 in 私が我慢ならず object or subject?

I found this sentence: 食事の時しか顔を合わせることもなかったし、互いに口を開いて声を出すこともなかった。映画をよく見に行くぐらいのことしかしない高校生だったのだが、母から見れば俗世に気持を奪われている私が我慢ならず、たまに憤怒の言葉を投げつけてきたが、そうすると私は、十八になったらすぐに家を出て行くんだ、と母に言い返していた which is translated: ...
6
votes
1answer
896 views

が in subordinate clauses

Since you can't use は in subordinate clauses, it looks to me like が is forced to take on both roles, so how would we distinguish them? For example, if we have the sentence 僕が好きな動物 how do we ...
6
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1answer
105 views

Question about the phrase 心配いりません

I came across the phrase 心配いりません and from what I understand it means "Dont worry". It is formed by using the する-verb 心配 (worry) and いる (to be needed). What I don't understand is why there is no ...