Questions tagged [particle-が]

助詞「が」. Nominative case particle, typically indicating the subject of a verb or other predicate. Also a conjunctive particle and, in Classical Japanese, a genitive case particle.

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67 views

is は/が always needed to make a grammatically correct sentence?

I listen to a lot of Japanese music, and a common trend I've seen with a lot of them are to say 「≪pronoun≫≪noun≫」. For example, 「あたし猫」 = "I'm a cat." My question is, is this grammatically ...
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What's the difference between が and の in this sentence?

On Kana-Boon's スノーグローブ (Snow Globe) song, there are two versions of the same sentence: 君が好きな白い雪になろう 君の好きな白い雪になろう What is the difference between these two sentences? Does の have a possession meaning, ...
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Why is が used instead of を in this sentence?

From Shin Kanzen Master JLPT N1 Grammar: あ、本が出しっぱなしだ。 I thought that 出す always follows を, i.e. you (subject) take out something (object). Is it because 本 is emphasized in this sentence, similar to how ...
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Direct object marked with a が? [duplicate]

I found the next sentence: 懐かしい。目を閉じれば、彼女との昔の事がまざまざと思い出せる It's marked with a が because of the adverb? Or is it something else?
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Why is に used in this sentence? 彼は彼女に見覚えがある。

Why is に used in this sentence? 彼は彼女に見覚えがある。 Also, why is 見覚え marked by が?
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How does the double が function in this sentence?

I came across this sentence today 「アンタの本音が何で、嬢ちゃんが何を伝えたいかは俺にはハッキリ分かったがなぁ……」and was thrown off by the double が. I think I understand it but it still kinda puzzled me for a bit. Can some clarify this?
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Comparison with ほうは rather than ほうが

Continuing my mission to understand how people can learn Japanese with Duolingo (I'm sure it's not possible) I was posed the following sentence: My current apartment is more spacious than my previous ...
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What is the grammatical function of “が” in this context of counting people?

In an anime I've been watching, the protagonist goes to a village where one of his friends came from, where all the people in the village have the same hair color as his friend. (with "〇" ...
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What is the exact difference between the particles が and は? [duplicate]

I understand that が is meant to mark the subject and that は is the particle placed after the topic, but still after a heck ton of research, I haven't been able to truly comprehend the meaning of both ...
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Is it “あめがふる” or “あめふる”?

Is が needed to say it's raining? あめがふっています? Is it okay to omit が in this case?
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What exactly can が specify? I've provided 魚が食べる for sake of example

Could 魚が食べる change in context? Marking 魚 with を would grammatically make 魚 the object of the action such that it would mean "Fish are eaten"; if 魚 is marked with が, 魚が食べる would mean "...
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How can there be 2 X が in this sentence? [duplicate]

This sentence is an excerpt from https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10012813311000/k10012813311000.html 京都大学の西浦博教授は、東京都でこれから新しいコロナウイルスがうつる人がどのように変わるか計算しました。 Is my understanding correct? うつる人が is the ...
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Subject confusion in ~たい sentences

I know たい means "want to." But the examples below confused me. Especially the second sentence translates to "I want to eat." I don't know why this is the translation. I'm not sure ...
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が at the end of the sentence [duplicate]

In the following sentence: 切符を買いたいんですが I would like to buy a ticket. What is the usage of が?
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「が」(ga) vs 「は」(wa) when it comes to specifically “this” object / referring to self

Learning particles and looking at wa vs ga. From what I have seen wa is the topic/general and ga is for the subject/specific. I was watching this video which had the following example: I like Van ...
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Grammar of 仕方ないな

Shouldn't it be 仕方がないな? And what is the function of な? The context is: A: 出かけようとした時に、電話があったんです。 B: そうか。それじゃ、まあ、仕方ないな。 よろしくお願いします。
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noun が、noun が、verb (multiple が in a sentence)

Is it possible to grammatically combine two separate sentences Xがverb。Yがverb。into just one sentence Xが、Yが、verb。? For example, 料理ができる。掃除ができる。→ 料理が、掃除が、できる。 My original motivation is to understand the ...
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“wa” vs. “ga” in the question “do you have…?” (child speak!)

If a child were to casually ask their teacher, "do you have [some object]," which would they say? 先生、「何か」はあるの? (Sensei, [nanika] ha aru no?) 先生、「何か」があるの? (Sensei, [nanika] ga aru no?) I ...
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は versus が in this sentence

In the Genki 1 textbook, the question prompt 本を読んでいる人は誰ですか? appears alongside an illustration with a bunch of people doing different activities. The textbook user is then supposed to pick out a ...
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Conflicting rules for when to use は vs が

So I'm new to learning Japanese, and as with most beginners I am trying to understand the difference between は and が. I came across this video on the difference that I found particularly helpful, but ...
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が Particle (Neutral-Descriptive) with Non-living things

I heard that when a non-living object does an action (verbs), it always uses the「が」particle, and when I searched for examples, it seems correct, since「は」always seems to be used as contrastive. However,...
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Evolution of が (ga) particle: How did use as conjunctive arise from use as a subject marker

As mentioned in this post, が started as an attributive case particle, became a subject particle, and then turned into a conjunctive particle. and in modern Japanese it has its main uses as both a ...
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Predicates that are a static, stable state

I'm reading into the が particle's various functions and the book I'm reading states that apparently the subject with が receives only the exhaustive-listing interpretation "if the predicate is a ...
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は vs が in neutral sentences

I have a couple of situations I was hoping someone could help me understand if が or は is more appropriate in the following situations. Scenario A: Describing what a person is doing. You are by ...
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Why are が and ~て appropriate instead of は and ~た in the following sentence?

I tried translating "Grandpa fell down the stairs and got serious injuries". Since "Grandpa" is the subject, I used the particle は (wa), and since the action is in past tense, I ...
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Meaning of 奴のが?

This is from Death Note-One Shot Especial, Ryuk says this sentence そういうのが得意って奴のが向いてるかも。 what is the function of the の in 奴のが?
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Meaning of が and おく in 言っておくが? [duplicate]

言っておくが、私に怒っても始まらないよ。= I'm telling you it will do you no good to be angry at me. Does が mean 'but' in the sentence? Does おく mean 'in advance' in the sentence? If YES, what lead to the translation above?...
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Function of が instead of な here

あなたのへんがお写真を、シアトル市におくります。 What is the function of が here?   why not あなたのへんなお写真?
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Difference between 在留資格のある外国人 and 在留資格がある外国人 [duplicate]

In this NHK news, the title is written as 在留資格のある外国人 But in the article, the last paragraph is written as 在留資格がある外国人 From my understanding of grammar, the first one 在留資格のある外国人 is 「NのN」 and then a sub-...
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What is the difference between XはYが and XにYがあります?

For example, what is the difference between these sentences?: 日本は神社が多い。 日本に多い神社があります。 Don't they both mean "There are many shrines in Japan"?
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[subject][に instead of が] before transitive verb

先生に教えていただいてはじめて、プログラミングの面白さが分かりました。 =I didn’t realize how interesting programming was until my teacher taught me. 教える is a transitive verb. So why is に used over が? I didn't find my issue in Q: ...
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What nuance does も add instead of が? [duplicate]

最新技術をもってすればその開発も難しくないだろう。 最新技術をもってすればその開発が難しくないだろう。 Since 2) is a complete sentence and doesn't need any more context to perfectly/accurately understand it(i think). Can 1) also be considered a ...
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Why wasn't が used instead of には in [そんなこと、私にはとても出来ない。]?

Why wasn't が used instead of には in [そんなこと、私にはとても出来ない。]? Is it correct to use が? What is the meaning/sense and role of には in the sentence to choose it over the が particle? English: There's no way I ...
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What does て-form plus が mean?

I'm reading 「傘を持たない蟻たちは」and there is a sentence that reads:「その肌の白さが際立ったのは、着ていたタンクトップと肘から手にかけてが黒かったからだった。」What conjugation is て-form plus が?
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Usage of は over に to mark seasonal changes

For context, I have the following text speaking about the leaves of a maple tree. これは花ではありません。 「かえで」 の葉です。 秋は赤いです。夏は緑です。 I understand that the phrase in bold would be translated as something like &...
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Is it true that のが sometimes means のですが? [duplicate]

のが would usually mark a subject, but someone once told me it could mean のですが. Is this true or did I get bad information? This is from ビジテリアン大祭 私がニュウファウンドランドの、トリニテイの港に着きましたのは、恰度大祭の前々日でありました。事によると、...
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difference when using は and が with てくれる structure

So, I think that I'm not alone when it comes to being confused about when は and が are supposed to be used, but here I would like to ask about a specific example 浅野君は(私に)かわいい手袋を編んでくれた x 浅野君が(私に)...
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Intuitive way to justify this usage of「に」

An earlier question on JP.SE asked about the usage of the particle「に」for what seemed to be attribution or possession, but I wasn't sure if those were 'official' uses of「に」and I decided to do some ...
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Please help me to deconstruct the grammar of this relative clause: この法律に違反する可能性がある政治の団体が活動をやめています。

This is an excerpt from an NHK easy article talking about the new law passed in Hong Kong: この法律に違反する可能性がある政治の団体が活動をやめています。 この法律に this law 違反する可能性がある政治の団体が活動 activities (by?) government groups (...
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Purpose of ending this sentence with noun + が

The sentence is 総務から領収書出せって連絡が But I can't understand the purpose of 連絡が I remember reading once that (noun + が)'s can sometimes be moved to the front of the sentence and still hold the same meaning,...
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が in ゆえに or んがため; が > の shift? [duplicate]

I am well aware that が and の are interchangeable in cases like this where there is a "subordinate clause" (forgive my imprecise language). However, as I was working through my N1 grammar reviews, I ...
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Identifying relative clauses: Is this の replaceable with が?

I was browsing through the Japanese Dictionary for the definition of "歯医者” One of the definition is as follow "歯の治療をする医者". I believe that the の here is replaceable with が here. But I am not sure how ...
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The translation of the 11th sentence of chapter 31 of Assimil “Japanese With Ease” makes me wonder about が and も

あら, この 水色【みずいろ】 の 縁【ふち】が ついた ガウン も 安【やす】い です ね。 So the sentence is part of a dialogue in which two women are shopping. It is translated as: Oh, this gown with the light blue border is cheap as ...
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Do the following, and similar sentences, work grammatically?

Just the title basically. 私の家族の中で私の母が料理が一番上手です。 私の家族の中で私が私の父が一番好きです。 Thank you for any, and all, help!
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What is the exact reason behind the usage of がin the following phrase?

Hopefully, just another quick one here. In the phrase 日本で東京スカイツリーが一番高い建物です。 what is the reason behind using が as opposed to は in the phrase 東京スカイツリーは日本で一番高い建物です。 Sorry if this is a silly ...
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91 views

Purpose of double が in article title

I started to read this artcle and I noticed there are 2 が particles in the title 2000人以上の子どもがインターネットが原因で犯罪の被害 If the first が marks the 2000+ children as the subject, what is the purpose of the ...
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〜といっている from Dragon Ball

Villain to Goku in Dragon Ball (Chapter 2), translated as: "If you leave the turtle, I'll spare your lives". かめをおいていけば = If you leave behind the turtle 命を助けてやる = I'll save your lives for you ...
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Can I always use が to mark the subject when talking about phenomenon [closed]

I understand that が can be used to describe a phenomenon. 雨 が 降って います。 But in Japanese, there are always many exceptions. So, does this have any exceptions? Like I can use は or を? 雨 は 降って います。 ...
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338 views

Why this Transitive Verb with が

while I was searching for と思う I came across a sentence, which is reproduced herewith: さくらさんは松本さんが止めると思う (Sakura thinks Matsuoto will stop) Here are my questions: In this sentence I want to ask, ...
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Could either どこに男の人がいますか and 男の人はどこですか be used?

Another quick one here. Just wondering if both of the above are appropriate ways to voice the question 'Where is the man' (as well as contextually similar questions). Thank you!!

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