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Questions tagged [particle-か]

助詞「か」. Used with phrases to indicate questions, or with nouns to indicate a list of alternatives.

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What is the purpose of the か in this sentence?

「僕達はあなたがどれほど頑張っているか心配です」 I know that 「か」in the middle of a sentence can be used for embedded questions or as "or," but I don't see any of that here.
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Comparing nouns

Good day, I would like some clarification with regards to comparing nouns. In some references like Minna no Nihongo, the sentence formula would be something like A と B と + どちら のほうが/が + ...
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What does the ~たものか mean in どうやって彼らを誤魔化したものか?

I stumbled upon this sentence: どうやって彼らを誤魔化したものか──と思案するように、ヒューイは愛想笑いを浮かべた。 and I was told that I should understand it as どうやって彼らを誤魔化せばいいだろうか──と思案するように、ヒューイは愛想笑いを浮かべた。 However I can't find in ...
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What does からか mean?

I'm translating the following sentence from a book (exact sentence is directly after dialogue in the picture). 興奮からか銀髪の外国人の口調は、いつになく流暢だった。 I have absolutely zero clue what "からか" means in general ...
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What is the function of か between these two verbs? [duplicate]

文章を読んで、何について書いているか考えてください. I think it means, read the sentence(s), and think about something to write. I don't understand why か is between 書いている instead of て-form.
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Question about the particular use of 'か'

今日かあした来てください。 (Please, come today or tomorrow) 行くか行かないか、わかりません。(Go or not, I don't know) I guess in these two cases 'か' means 'or', but why is there no 'か' after 'あした'. In example 2 there is a 'か' ...
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Use of か Particle [duplicate]

I've been reading a book and I'm puzzled about the use of か in this passage. This sentence describes someone trying to turn off an alarm clock. ベッドの中からスッと伸びた手が、行く手を遮るかのように置かれている。 Can someone explain ...
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Is it かも? Or some particles? I'm lost with this sentence!

In 時をかける少女, the mother ask her daughter to bring something to her aunt, and then add this: いつになったら結婚するのかも聞いといてね Which I understand as : "Ask her also when is she gonna marry someone!" (When-...
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What's the difference between そうですね, そうですか, そうです

How are the following different: そうです (thats right) そうですか (i see; is that so) そうですね (thats right) also what's the difference between いいです and いいですね? reference or sentence in context much ...
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か as a suffix to mean “a few”: Why is 何__かがVERB not allowed

Here is yet another puzzling sentence for me from a dictionary I am using: 何ページ か 欠けている。 A few pages are missing. (研究社) My understanding is that while 何ページ ambiguously means "what/which/how many ...
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What's the meaning of the particle のか in this context?

I think the sentence can be understood on its own, but I'm giving some context anyway. Editor and author talk about a character. Editor: 彼女は作中で優しい子だと言われています。実際そうだと思うんですけど、彼女の優しさって描くのむずかしいと思うんですよ。 ...
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を after particle (であるかを)

This is probably an easy question, but I can't find a clear satisfying answer to it after looking it up so I figured I'd ask here. 自分がどんな人であるかを知ってもらいたい 1) Why can を act on a particle? I understand ...
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Seeking translation help with か between two verbs and と

よだかは口を大きくひらいて、はねをまっすぐに張って、まるで矢のようにそらをよこぎりました。からだがつちにつくかつかないうちに、よだかはひらりとまたそらへはねあがりました。 I'm having trouble parsing that 2nd sentence especially the usage of the bolded か , うちに and と. Right now, I'm ...
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The use of か [ka]

So I've been wondering around, thinking about if it would be wrong to use the character か after the shortened phrase 元気。That is 元気 as in [ お元気ですか?]. Would it still mean the same if you did it like ...
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Can 何か be a question word?

The following sentences are from the JP children's book よだかの星:「ね、まあ、あのくちのおおきいことさ。きっと、かえるの親類か何かなんだよ。」The 2nd sentence feels like an implied question e.g. "Surely, [he] is kin of a frog or something." (...
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In informal speech is か used or omitted?

I've heard different things - on the one hand saying things like 高いか, きれいか, or 飲むか is too aggressive, but in my grammar book it says that か is used with informal forms. Furthermore I'm told that ...
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Word choose between か and のか

I have a question about the following sentence: お母さんが、八百屋で長いこと、何を買うか決まらず迷っています。 Is it possible to replace "か" with "のか" without misunderstanding in this sentence? Namely, お母さんが、八百屋で長いこと、...
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Can particles と and か be used together? If so what is the implication?

When connecting nouns, と means "and" and か means "or." Can I use them together? Ex. ツナか牛肉とチーズでサンドイッチを作る。 I think this would mean "I make a sandwich with tuna or beef and cheese." If this is the ...
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“correct” formation of questions

A comment in some vb.net code is as follows: 現在の時刻が設定時間と一致しているか確認する Meaning, (the following bit of code) checks if the current time matches the configured one. According to what I learnt from ...
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Regarding ようか and the role of か in it

I'm new to learning Japanese and I was watching a Japanese TV drama and came across this sentence "ちょっと降りよっか。". And it translated as "Let's go down" I heard that よっか is the colloquial form of ようか. ...
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When should an embedded question take と?

From this article: NHKは6月〜7月、18歳と19歳の人に平和についてどう考えているか(*)聞きました。 Between June and July NHK asked 18 and 19 year olds what they thought about peace. この日を知っているかと聞くと、... When they were asked if ...
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is there any reason why “waratteru ka naiteru noka” uses first the ka particle for the first part and no ka for the second?

Dragon Ball Super ending 9 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5lRjWkjHKDg in a part of the song says "waratteru ka naiteru noka" which is translated as were you laughing or were you crying? Is ...
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Grammar question about [sentence]のに

I was asked by my teacher to read a kid friendly manga, something easy to start with. I am not having issue with the vocabulary and I understand the general gist of a sentence but I am having issue ...
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It it correct / normal to use か after だ?

I've heard 'ですか' all too often in textbook Japanese. I've personally never heard だ and か used together - only 'の' or a rising intonation. Eg: なまえはなんですか? vs なまえはなんだか? Is it normal/natural in ...
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What is the meaning of か in といったところか

I have two examples: 噂に違{たが}わぬと言ったところか. -- Then, he really lives up to the rumor! この建物の建設にかかる費用はおおよそ100億円といったところか -- That would mean that we need 10 million to build this building! I would bet ...
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What is the meaning of “超か” in this news headline?

I saw this in a news article saying that Toshiba had losses of \1T: 東芝、赤字1兆円超か http://www.asahi.com/articles/DA3S12867082.html What is the purpose of adding か at the end?
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Does 耶 still hold any value in Japanese?

While I was flipping through a kanji dictionary (2013's Kodansha KLD), I came across 耶{や} , which in the book, said it was the interrogative particle か. However, after a bit more research, it doesn't ...
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Can the particle か have an exhortative value?

開戦といきますか! Judging from the exclamation mark and from the context (a battle immediately starts after the commander of an army says this), I think that in the sentence above か could have an exhortative ...
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Indirect questions nested inside phrases

Trying to use interrogative words in nested (indirect ?) questions has been troublesome for me. First came things like: 先生が何を言ったか知らない Which I guess means "I don´t know what the teacher said". So ...
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The question marker か can only be used in polite questions right? Then why plain volitional can use it?

今日は何をしようか。So is it a set rule that volitional form in plain (not using -ましょう) can use the question marker か?
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Questions about phrase 「てもよいか」 and prefix 「うえ」

The sentence came from Nintendo 3DS instruction manual explaining about transfer data from the earlier version, Nintendo DSi, to the newer one, Nintendo 3DS. New 3DS本体にはDSiウェアのみ引っ越しされ、...
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Indirect question marked with かが

My questions relate to the following two sentences taken from the website referenced below. The goal of the lesson was to explain the uses of ということ but I'm more concerned with the choice of particles ...
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「か」 or 「と」 as a subordinate clause?

When making a statement like: I thought I had gone to the cinema. Do you say: 映画館{えいがかん}に行った{いった}と思いました{おもいました}。 or: 映画館{えいがかん}に行った{いった}か思いました{おもいました}。 And how does it work with other ...
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when no ka question mark is used instead of ka?

when should I use ka as question marker and when should I use no ka?
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Use of も after quote particle

電話のベルが聞こえたとき、無視しようかとも思った。 When I heard the phone's bell I wondered if I should ignore it. We have 無視する = "to ignore", 無視しようか = "will I ignore it?" 無視しようかと思った = "I thought 'will I ignore it'". I ...
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Difference between か and のか

I am going through 'All About Particles', and came across the following two sentences: なぜ彼がそんなことをやったか、わかりません。 どうして彼女がそんなつまらない本を読んでいるのか、不思議です。 What is the difference between using か in the ...
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What the difference between using か and が for a question?

So what's the difference between asking: だれか? And: だれが?
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か at the end of a news story title. Is it a question?

The title of a story on NHK News Web Easy is バスの事故{じこ} スピードを上{あ}げながら走{はし}り続{つづ}けたか Which, with my abilities, translates as Bus accident. As speed increased it kept running? I don't understand ...
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Common origin of uses of the か particle

The particle か pops up in various places (among others): Turning interrogative pronouns into indefinite ones: なに -> なにか, だれ -> だれか, etc.; Listing alternatives (like the English conjunction 'or'); ...
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Usage of か I keep encountering

Maybe I'm an idiot, but no matter how much I Google I can't seem to grasp the concept of か being used mid-sentence. I've already run into it a number of times. Like here: アメリカやヨーロッパなど6つの国は、...
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Unsure about this usage of か

I recently encountered this sentence: 床には血痕が残っている。かなり時間が経つのか血が固まっている。 I believe I understand that the second part is saying the blood is dry (or has hardened) because quite some time has passed. I'...
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Is んでしょう(か) grammatical, and what does it mean?

I've learned that んですか can be used to check an educated guess, as in: (upon seeing someone dragging a piece of luggage) ねえ、旅行するんですか。 Hey, you're going to travel, aren't you? I've also ...
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Use of question particles in plain speech

I'm becoming increasingly confused about the correct way to form questions in informal speech. I originally learned that I should replace か with の. Then I learned that that was a bit girly. Then I ...
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What is the use of か in 売り始めるか〜

I was reading an article and I came across this sentence: 車の会社がいつごろこのような自動運転の車を売り始めるか予想しました What exactly does the か in this sentence/what is the meaning?
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Confusion on usage of か marking alternatives with verbs

Most textbooks note that using か to mark two noun alternatives, the last one can be omitted. However, what about verbs? Would a textbook sentence such as 今晩の食事はステーキにするか、すしにするかまだ決めていません。 Stay ...
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Masculine and Feminine Speech - 行こうか and やめてよ

First, regarding 行こうか - is it masculine speech, like か in informal speech usually is? Also, does it sound agressive, again like normal with か in informal speech? Second, is やめてよ feminine speech (as a ...
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かな ending in a sentence where the speaker is not uncertain of something

I've been going through a Japanese script of the popular anime "Fairy Tail" and trying to make sense of the translations in the English subtitles to become familiar with the language. I came across ...
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How do you interpret an “interrogative word + non-polite form + か + 知る” construct? [duplicate]

Came across this sentence that has this "interrogative word + non-polite form + か + 知る" structure but not too sure if this is a kind of question or answer. どこの会議室か知りません。 Is this a question or an ...
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Usage of か after a clause?

Here's a sentence I found: デパートはどこにあるか、知っていますか? Do you know where the department store is? What's the purpose of the か particle in 「どこにあるか」? Under what circumstances do I use it? I'm fairly ...
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Is there something omitted after だか in this sentence?

The following paragraph is from page 20 of 涼宮ハルヒの憂鬱:  ところで今教室に涼宮ハルヒはいない。いたらこんな話も出来ないだろうが、たとえいたとしてもまったく気にしないような気もする。その涼宮ハルヒだが、四時間目が終わるとすぐ教室を出て行って五時間目が始まる直前にならないと戻ってこないのが常だ。...