Questions tagged [parsing]

構文解析. Questions about understanding how a phrase / sentence / utterance is put together, what its components are.

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1answer
62 views

Please help me to deconstruct the grammar of this relative clause: この法律に違反する可能性がある政治の団体が活動をやめています。

This is an excerpt from an NHK easy article talking about the new law passed in Hong Kong: この法律に違反する可能性がある政治の団体が活動をやめています。 この法律に this law 違反する可能性がある政治の団体が活動 activities (by?) government groups (...
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1answer
93 views

Can this sentence be interpreted in more than one way?

I read a sentence 彼女はわかっていた。あるいは、わかっていると思っていた。 It was translated as "She knew, or she thought she knew/knows." Prior to seeing this translation, in my head, I interpreted it as "I knew her, or ...
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1answer
50 views

Reading of 上 in the sentence:じょう or うえ [duplicate]

I was reading the news when I saw the sentence with 上で (see the sentence with highlight). I was thinking if it should be read as うえ or じょう。I am inclined to read this as じょう because it doesn't fit ...
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1answer
68 views

Can you omit the action when using と and help understanding/parsing this sentence

『監視されているみたいだ』と不評の声も多い見回りだけど, 案外さっきみたいな事柄のためにやっているのかもしれないな。 The complete sentence is given above. As the title has said, can you omit the action when using と? From some sentences I've seen, an action ...
2
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0answers
80 views

様子見くらい いいっしょ? I can't make sense out of it [duplicate]

Mother:当分ここに住むから。 Son:えっ!? 何だよそれ。 Mother:カワイイ一人息子が頭 打ったんだ。 Mother:様子見くらい いいっしょ。 Here's the question: What does 様子見くらいいいっしょ。 mean? 様子見 = wait-and-see くらい = about?around? dunno いいっしょ = it's good, isn't ...
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103 views

習う学習 translation

肝心な2年生で習う学習範囲は、1年生の時よりも当然難易度が上がっている。 習う: to take lessons in; to be taught; to learn (from a teacher); to study (under a teacher); to get training in. 学習: study; learning; tutorial. I am confused ...
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1answer
68 views

メアリーがアメリカに帰って悲【かな】しいです meaning

This is an example て-form sentence from bunpro where the translation is "Mary returned to the USA and I am sad." I'm wondering if this could also mean "Mary returned to the USA and she is sad" as ...
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3answers
155 views

What does もえと mean?

I was reading a Tofugu article, https://www.tofugu.com/japanese/da-vs-desu-in-real-life/, and one of the examples they give was this text conversation. I'm just curious what 私{わたし}ももえと could mean. My ...
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2answers
258 views

Meaning of どく in sentence

I have a sentence in Haruki Murakami's 海辺のカフカ which reads: でも形而上的であり象徴的でありながら、同時にそいつは千の剃刀のようにするどく生身を切り裂くんだ。 I understand the first part of the sentence as: May it be metaphysical or symbolical, ...
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240 views

Is 誰か行きたい人 a form of double-headed relative clause?

I came across the phrase "誰か行きたい人" in this thread and I think it would be used in a context like "誰か行きたい人がいるか?". However I am kind of confused by how it works grammatically. Is 誰か行きたい a relative ...
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149 views

Meaning of the phase: 筋ってもん

I'm having a bit of trouble getting a grasp of 筋ってもん (sujitte mon) and what it's supposed to convey. Does it possibly have kind of declarative function for whatever precedes it? Examples include: ...
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1answer
151 views

Can someone explain the usage of Verb+り in these sentences please

I previously practice reading beginner’s japanese book and was surprised by this verb form, the verb+り. Can someone please help explain about its usage or where I can study more about this form of ...
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407 views

What part does 「成」 play when tailed to a word?

So I recently came across a song called 「未完成」 by Leo Ieiri. I know 未完 means "Incomplete" or "Unfinished". I'm interested in knowing what that 「成」 represents when used after 「未完」 and what are other ...
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99 views

What is the meaning of 取り戻そうと in this sentence?

In the following sentence: 問題を無視することはできません。しかし、 問題にばかり注目していると過去の状態を取り戻そうと努力することになります The part where it says: 「取り戻そうと努力することになります」 more specifically that "そうと" where does it come from? What's the ...
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202 views

Strange use of 終わる

やっとお許しが出て、物置から出してもらった時には、もう夏休みが始まっていた。 When he was finally forgiven and allowed to come out of his cupboard the summer holidays had already begun. ダドリーは、買ってもらったばかりの8ミリカメラをとっくに壊し、ラジコン飛行機も墜落させ、おまけに、...
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95 views

Action of ではない on sentence part

I found on NHK easy Japanese a puzzling sentence: アメリカのトランプ大統領は、戦争をするために殺したのではないと言っています。 My problem is with 戦争をするために殺したのではない My first attempt at translation would use mentally parenthesis as shown ...
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174 views

Usage of 全部束 and かなう

同級生の男の子を全部束にしてもかなわないほど頻繁にハリーは散髪させられたが、... Harry was made to get a haircut so often that even if you made the boys in his class into a complete bundle it would not rival it The meaning is clear (I ...
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140 views

I-adjective in く form modifies a noun/adverb

In the song 宝物 by WANIMA, the chorus goes: 思いにまかせて 感じるまま描いて まだ見えない明日へ 誰にも止められない 今この瞬間が紛れもなく全て。 紛れもない is in く form, which means it's modifiying a verb. However, 全て is nowhere near a verb, but might ...
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108 views

Whats the name of this izakaya? [closed]

everyone I was in an awsome izakaya in Osaka but wasnt able to figure out the name of it and stuff like it is private owned or of a chain. Below is a picture of its front (google translate etc. cant ...
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1answer
110 views

How to parse the following から and is the もとで a noun?

The following sentence appears on a page in my book: 悪夢から一夜明け、アインのもとで訓練を重ねる日々が始まった。 I think the above から has the meaning of "after"; but the suspicious possibility of the から being a questioning か ...
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1answer
205 views

いけません in the short form

I understand that the dictionary definition of the expression いけません is "must not do", and that it can be used in conjunction with say なきゃ in a sentence such as the following: 試験があるから、勉強しなきゃいけません。 I ...
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1answer
227 views

What does なくた mean in 理解されなくたっていい?

I am reading 宇宙よりも遠い場所. Right off the beginning comes a sentence: "誰にも理解されなくたっていい". I am sure it means "It is OK that it is not understood by anybody". However, the されなくた puzzles me: Shouldn't ない ...
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16k views

How to separate words in a Japanese sentence?

Unlike some languages (English, French, ...), written Japanese sentences don't have spaces between words. I know that it is the same in Chinese for example, but the fact that the Chinese language ...
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1answer
104 views

interpretting 人となりのわかるような事

確かに彼女は、ただ一緒にいるというだけで、人となりのわかるような事を話すとも思えない。 wonder how i should approach this [人となり(の/が)わかる]ような事 can 人となり itself わかる something? or [人となり]の[わかるような事] Either way it is an awkward read thank you
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270 views

Is 私 in 私が我慢ならず object or subject?

I found this sentence: 食事の時しか顔を合わせることもなかったし、互いに口を開いて声を出すこともなかった。映画をよく見に行くぐらいのことしかしない高校生だったのだが、母から見れば俗世に気持を奪われている私が我慢ならず、たまに憤怒の言葉を投げつけてきたが、そうすると私は、十八になったらすぐに家を出て行くんだ、と母に言い返していた which is translated: ...
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2answers
510 views

Is this an error…?

I came across the following in a book I'm reading but have ever seen that kind of grammar before, and Google isn't bringing anything up at all: 固くしてみあ I'm beginning to think it's a print error. If ...
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1answer
127 views

Is 均等 a noun or adjective?

野菜をよく洗って、均等に切って、オーブンで焼きます。Is 均等 working here as a noun or adjective?
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1answer
253 views

Can adverbs modify adjectives?

For instance: 昔の日本は身分の差が大きく厳しい上下関係があります。 Is 大きく modifying 厳しい? But the way I understand this sentence is in ancient Japan, there were large social divides and strict social hierarchy, which is in ...
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83 views

interpreting ~とどちらが上というものでもなく

王の身辺警護は基本的に親衛隊が行っている。 これは騎士団とどちらが上というものでもなく、単純に役割を分担している。 ただし王の護衛という重要な役目であり、当然ながら構成する騎士は選りすぐりのエリートばかりだ。 The King's personal security is basically done by his elite bodyguards ...
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1answer
45 views

会社での出来事を引きずったままだった私 passivity

speaker doesn't want to trouble her only family member, A, with her tough day at work. A however, does notice something wrong. 会社での出来事を引きずったままだった私の様子がおかしいと、Aは気付いたようだった。 I find this statement is ...
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1answer
115 views

Given the context, what is the correct way to parse this sentence segment 次に訊くべき言葉が出てこない。?

この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され、それを着込みながら僕は彼女に質問した。 「君は……」 [名前なら、ないわ] こちらから訊くより先に、低く呟くような声が返ってきた。 「呼びにくければアインと呼んで。 いつもそう呼ばれてたから」 質問の出鼻をくじかれ、次に訊くべき言葉が出てこない。 My western brain doesn't ...
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2answers
184 views

Meaning of おいて in 自分がすごく年おいて感じます

Such a simple sentence. So much confusion: 自分がすごく年おいて感じます。 I feel so old! "I feel so old" is not my own translation. I have two problems (at least) with this sentence: What is おいて? I assume it ...
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774 views

The use of かります in a sentence

This is the sentence I'm having troubles with: シェリーちゃんが助かりますよーに! I know that シェリーちゃん is Sherry-chan and, 助 is help/rescue/assist. The only part I want to know about is the かりますよーに。I have been ...
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1answer
119 views

What are the adverb + 何 +を doing in the following sentence?

In this book I'm translating, the narrative character is told the following line of dialogue by a girl before the sentence I'm asking about (bolded below). 「あなたには、生まれついての才能があるのよ 人を殺す才能。 生き残る才能。 ...
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2answers
147 views

Is it possible to join directly い-adj + この + noun?

I came across this multiple choice sentence within my homework exercises: I assume that the correct answer is 気に入った. However, the この demonstrative seems out of place to me. I would rather use just ...
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1answer
113 views

What is the difference in meaning between「この自然が多い町」and 「自然が多いこの町」?

Please, see this related question for more context. Thank you very much.
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675 views

Are Japanese modifiers “greedy”, “anti-greedy”, or do they mean whatever people choose them to mean?

(I'm a beginner. I just started learning Japanese about a month before I wrote this.) The Japanese Wikipedia article 飛べない鳥, which corresponds to the English Wikipedia article Flightless bird, has the ...
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2answers
229 views

Head-internal relative clauses

I am trying to figure out head-internal relative clauses. A paper I looked at presented two versions of the same sentence, one with the head word (りんご) outside the relative clause: [皿の上にあった]...
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3answers
257 views

General meaning of AとBのC?

Is it (AとB)のC, Aと(BのC), or (AのC)と(BのC) ...?
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2answers
112 views

placement of さえ

I came across this statement involving さえ. 私はAKB48が全然分からない。一番有名な人さえ名前がわからない。 My question is: Is there a general rule as to where you can place さえ? What about: 一番有名な人の名前さえ分からない。What is the meaning ...
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2answers
209 views

I need some help understanding the grammar of しのげそうな in この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され

I can understand the gist of what the below sentence is saying; but the part in the first section that's only hiragana (bolded part) is confusing me. この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され、それを着込みながら僕は彼女に質問した。 I ...
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1answer
232 views

1000万の妹好きを… in this sentence

MC's sister wakes him up. mc「なに……してるんだ?」 sister「先に目が覚めたから、お兄ちゃんの寝顔を見つめていたの……♪」 全国1000万の妹好きを下僕に出来るだろう、笑顔と台詞が返ってくる。 ..., i reply with a smile. i an assume this is saying in a roundabout ...
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2answers
1k views

How to break 信じようとしていただけかも知れない into separate parts?

I tried, but I came up with either: 信じる(~よう(vol.)) + とする(~ていた(prog. past)) + だけ + かもしれない。 信じよう + として + いただける(stem) + かもしれない。 I highly doubt that second one is true, because かもしれない "takes" dictionary ...
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1answer
96 views

What does 微温い mean in this context?

I read a line in a book where the speaker is berating another party. 悪く言われてるのは、誰のせいだと思ってやがる。お前が微温いこと言ってるからだろうが I can't figure out the appropriate way to parse this without understanding the ...
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1answer
75 views

How do I parse this sentence using という話?

My question is about how to correctly parse the second line in the below. 「しかし廃棄迷宮ですか……いろんなものを捨てていたら最後には溢れちゃいそうです」 「廃棄迷宮に果てはなく、一説には異次元に繋がっているという話もあるくらいだぞ」 「話が真実だとするとゴミ問題の類は全て解決するんだけどな」 I ...
3
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1answer
282 views

What does おとこえしや mean?

This is a sentence from 『風の又三郎』 by 宮沢賢治. ところがその跡のようなものは、まだ百歩も行かないうちに、おとこえしや、すてきに背の高いあざみの中で、二つにも三つにも分かれてしまって、どれがどれやらいっこうわからなくなってしまいました。 My question is, what does おとこえしや mean?
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1answer
131 views

Can verbs simutaniously use the volitional form and negative form? [closed]

I came across the following sentence in a book: 身体を起こし、手足がこれといった支障もなく動くのを確かめた。 and searched on Jisho.org for 障もなく. It sent me to https://jisho.org/search/障む, saying that "障もなく is the negative ...
4
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1answer
124 views

Combination of causative-passive and intransive verb with a direct object?

I am struggling to understand this sentence’s structure: 宿題を時間内に終わらせられなかった。 I think I get the idea of causative-passive as in “I was being made to finish the homework”. However, I noticed that we ...
2
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2answers
176 views

Past tense …でする vs. past tense copula です confusion

Maybe this is a stupid question, because very likely it is possible for advanced learners to distuiguish this. However, in the present tense ...でする (particle で) and ...です (copula) are distinct, while ...
2
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1answer
127 views

Is 黙って言うこと a set phrase?

I've read today the sentence: お母さんにどなられても,しかられても,羊のように黙って言うことを聞きました。 The part I understand says that even if she was screamed at or scolded by the mother, like a sheep... Now, I can't find a ...

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