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Questions tagged [parsing]

構文解析. Questions about understanding how a phrase / sentence / utterance is put together, what its components are.

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16
votes
3answers
604 views

Are Japanese modifiers “greedy”, “anti-greedy”, or do they mean whatever people choose them to mean?

(I'm a beginner. I just started learning Japanese about a month before I wrote this.) The Japanese Wikipedia article 飛べない鳥, which corresponds to the English Wikipedia article Flightless bird, has the ...
5
votes
3answers
350 views

Explain how 向{む}く “to face” can take “上{うえ}” as a direct object using を?

There's a famous old song that's actually the only ever Japanese language song to reach #1 on the US pop charts: "上{うえ}を向{む}いて歩{ある}こう". This is both the title of the song and a frequently repeated ...
21
votes
3answers
14k views

How to separate words in a Japanese sentence?

Unlike some languages (English, French, ...), written Japanese sentences don't have spaces between words. I know that it is the same in Chinese for example, but the fact that the Chinese language ...
5
votes
3answers
241 views

General meaning of AとBのC?

Is it (AとB)のC, Aと(BのC), or (AのC)と(BのC) ...?
6
votes
3answers
312 views

Can someone explain how this massive sentence works

アメリカやヨーロッパなど6つの国は、イランが核兵器をつくろうとしているのではないかと考えて、経済制裁(=貿易などを禁止すること)を続けていました。 America and Europe etc plus 6 countries (this is the topic) Iran is trying to make nuclear weapons Since it is not prohibited ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Help parsing 無事勝利

I'm not sure about the meaning of this sentences: ロリンズはヘル・イン・ア・セルPPVで俺がオーエンズに無事勝利したらこのリストを返してやる。 Is it saying that at ヘル・イン・ア・セルPPV, ロリンズ is going to return the リスト if he gets a clean victory ...
2
votes
1answer
228 views

どう言い訳したものか. Sentence translation difficulties

それじゃあとりあえず―――今は、アルクェイドとの事をどう言い訳したものか、なんて真面目に考えなくっちゃいけないか――― I do not understand why it's どう言い訳したものか. Shouldn't it be どう言い訳だったものか?
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Parsing 彼には映画監督になるという夢があります

My best guess is "His dream is to become a movie director," but I'm not sure what "になるという" means when put together like that. I know that "になる" means something like "becomes," and "という" means ...
6
votes
1answer
631 views

Trouble interpreting に思う in その武具に思うことはいっぱいあるみたい

類は友を呼ぶじゃないけどね、やっぱり実際使って直接肌で感じる冒険者の方が、その武具に思うことはいっぱいあるみたい。 I'm having trouble interpreting this part of the sentence. What does に思う do here? Does その武具に思うこと mean something like: "Thoughts about the ...
3
votes
1answer
592 views

How to parse “あけぐち”?

I'm working out my Japanese by trying to read everything around me, including food packages. On my milk carton written inside a large arrow pointing to the spout is "あけぐち" in hiragana. Obviously ...
0
votes
2answers
112 views

Parsing help: “身である為”

I believe I understand what this piece of description is saying with regards to the subject but I'm confused by the last part and therefore not sure how to correctly parse it: 数年前の経歴も局長の立場から調べてあるが、...
10
votes
1answer
223 views

Telling the speaker apart from the person being spoken about

A recent question about the usage of quoted speech contained this interesting sample sentence: ハイリアの民は、ふしぎな力を あやつることが、できたと言います。 Often when I read this kind of sentence, I wonder if ハイリアの民 is part of ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Parsing the sentence 書く人物の顔が頭に入っていないと効果はない

This sentence is from Death Note, specifically on how to use it. This sentence is written in-universe using English. It states, “This note will not take effect unless the writer has the person’s ...
4
votes
1answer
283 views

Help parsing a sentence with possibly embed relatives

“はっきりとしてくれないわたしが好きな人”より“はっきりとしているわたしを好きな人”を憎からず はっきりとして=Be clear くれない=not give to me わたしが好きな人=The person I like [はっきりとしてくれない]>わたしが好きな人 so はっきりとしてくれない modifies わたし or はっきりとしてくれない ...
4
votes
2answers
409 views

How to interpret Xを上にして constructions regarding a map

This question will be a bit complicated. Here are two sentences with two very similar constructions (in bold) 1. 地図は普通、北を上にして[描]{か}かれる。 "Concerning maps, usually they are drawn while you put north at ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Kana causing translation difficulty: 「きれている」

Ok, so I've been having trouble with a passage. It's mostly written in kana, and I can get most of it, but because of the kana, I have no idea what a certain word is. At the beginning of the music ...
4
votes
2answers
199 views

Meaning of ほうなんで?

It is a "simple" sentence, but I can't find any information how I should parse and interpret this part. これでも用心深いほうなんでね。
3
votes
3answers
485 views

Understanding ~かどうかだ

生きるか死ぬかの問題だった。 It was a question of life or death. 飲み水が、一週間分あるかどうかだった。 It was a question of whether or not there was a week's worth of water. The only way I can make sense of this structure is ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

What is the difference in meaning between「この自然が多い町」and 「自然が多いこの町」?

Please, see this related question for more context. Thank you very much.
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Which is the verb belonging to the particle を?

recently I stumbled upon a sentence in Yukio Mishima's 憂国{ゆうこく} - "Patriotism". It is BTW part Japanese/English parallel text stories, so I basically know what it intends to say but I simply can't ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

use of ときては in this sentence

context is about drugging someone up to get them to more lively again for sexual purposes やがて反応が磨耗し、クスリを用いて復調したと思ったら明後日の方向に電波を飛ばしまくりときては、単に溜まったから排泄するという感覚の方が近くなる。 before long her responses ...
2
votes
2answers
185 views

I need some help understanding the grammar of しのげそうな in この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され

I can understand the gist of what the below sentence is saying; but the part in the first section that's only hiragana (bolded part) is confusing me. この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され、それを着込みながら僕は彼女に質問した。 I ...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

Is it possible to join directly い-adj + この + noun?

I came across this multiple choice sentence within my homework exercises: I assume that the correct answer is 気に入った. However, the この demonstrative seems out of place to me. I would rather use just ...
1
vote
1answer
255 views

* “The Japanese language does not have words that function as adjectives in a syntactic sense”

※ This (titular) assertion is questionable, so I'm (1) putting it in quotes, and (2) placing an asterisk in front of it. The following page starts with this assertion, which I had not heard before :...
0
votes
1answer
217 views

Long phrase translation: あの子とも違う秘密を持ったみたいで後ろめたい気分だ

Context: 15-year boy speaking to himself あの子とも 違う秘密を持ったみたいで後ろめたい気分だ I brought this long phrase here because I have several points of doubt in it. First: あの子とも doesn't seem to be the same as here ...