Questions tagged [parsing]

構文解析. Questions about understanding how a phrase / sentence / utterance is put together, what its components are.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
197 views

I can’t understand the “の” in the sentence, does this mean the huge man is bigger or more powerful than the universe?

l can’t understand the “の” in the sentence. Does this mean that the huge man is bigger or more powerful than the universe? Why is the の here? Thank you!
3
votes
2answers
251 views

Meaning of どく in sentence

I have a sentence in Haruki Murakami's 海辺のカフカ which reads: でも形而上的であり象徴的でありながら、同時にそいつは千の剃刀のようにするどく生身を切り裂くんだ。 I understand the first part of the sentence as: May it be metaphysical or symbolical, ...
6
votes
2answers
224 views

Is 誰か行きたい人 a form of double-headed relative clause?

I came across the phrase "誰か行きたい人" in this thread and I think it would be used in a context like "誰か行きたい人がいるか?". However I am kind of confused by how it works grammatically. Is 誰か行きたい a relative ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Meaning of the phase: 筋ってもん

I'm having a bit of trouble getting a grasp of 筋ってもん (sujitte mon) and what it's supposed to convey. Does it possibly have kind of declarative function for whatever precedes it? Examples include: ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Can someone explain the usage of Verb+り in these sentences please

I previously practice reading beginner’s japanese book and was surprised by this verb form, the verb+り. Can someone please help explain about its usage or where I can study more about this form of ...
5
votes
1answer
403 views

What part does 「成」 play when tailed to a word?

So I recently came across a song called 「未完成」 by Leo Ieiri. I know 未完 means "Incomplete" or "Unfinished". I'm interested in knowing what that 「成」 represents when used after 「未完」 and what are other ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

What is the meaning of 取り戻そうと in this sentence?

In the following sentence: 問題を無視することはできません。しかし、 問題にばかり注目していると過去の状態を取り戻そうと努力することになります The part where it says: 「取り戻そうと努力することになります」 more specifically that "そうと" where does it come from? What's the ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Strange use of 終わる

やっとお許しが出て、物置から出してもらった時には、もう夏休みが始まっていた。 When he was finally forgiven and allowed to come out of his cupboard the summer holidays had already begun. ダドリーは、買ってもらったばかりの8ミリカメラをとっくに壊し、ラジコン飛行機も墜落させ、おまけに、...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Action of ではない on sentence part

I found on NHK easy Japanese a puzzling sentence: アメリカのトランプ大統領は、戦争をするために殺したのではないと言っています。 My problem is with 戦争をするために殺したのではない My first attempt at translation would use mentally parenthesis as shown ...
7
votes
1answer
171 views

Usage of 全部束 and かなう

同級生の男の子を全部束にしてもかなわないほど頻繁にハリーは散髪させられたが、... Harry was made to get a haircut so often that even if you made the boys in his class into a complete bundle it would not rival it The meaning is clear (I ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

I-adjective in く form modifies a noun/adverb

In the song 宝物 by WANIMA, the chorus goes: 思いにまかせて 感じるまま描いて まだ見えない明日へ 誰にも止められない 今この瞬間が紛れもなく全て。 紛れもない is in く form, which means it's modifiying a verb. However, 全て is nowhere near a verb, but might ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Whats the name of this izakaya? [closed]

everyone I was in an awsome izakaya in Osaka but wasnt able to figure out the name of it and stuff like it is private owned or of a chain. Below is a picture of its front (google translate etc. cant ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

How to parse the following から and is the もとで a noun?

The following sentence appears on a page in my book: 悪夢から一夜明け、アインのもとで訓練を重ねる日々が始まった。 I think the above から has the meaning of "after"; but the suspicious possibility of the から being a questioning か ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

いけません in the short form

I understand that the dictionary definition of the expression いけません is "must not do", and that it can be used in conjunction with say なきゃ in a sentence such as the following: 試験があるから、勉強しなきゃいけません。 I ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

What does なくた mean in 理解されなくたっていい?

I am reading 宇宙よりも遠い場所. Right off the beginning comes a sentence: "誰にも理解されなくたっていい". I am sure it means "It is OK that it is not understood by anybody". However, the されなくた puzzles me: Shouldn't ない ...
21
votes
3answers
15k views

How to separate words in a Japanese sentence?

Unlike some languages (English, French, ...), written Japanese sentences don't have spaces between words. I know that it is the same in Chinese for example, but the fact that the Chinese language ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

interpretting 人となりのわかるような事

確かに彼女は、ただ一緒にいるというだけで、人となりのわかるような事を話すとも思えない。 wonder how i should approach this [人となり(の/が)わかる]ような事 can 人となり itself わかる something? or [人となり]の[わかるような事] Either way it is an awkward read thank you
6
votes
2answers
260 views

Is 私 in 私が我慢ならず object or subject?

I found this sentence: 食事の時しか顔を合わせることもなかったし、互いに口を開いて声を出すこともなかった。映画をよく見に行くぐらいのことしかしない高校生だったのだが、母から見れば俗世に気持を奪われている私が我慢ならず、たまに憤怒の言葉を投げつけてきたが、そうすると私は、十八になったらすぐに家を出て行くんだ、と母に言い返していた which is translated: ...
3
votes
2answers
509 views

Is this an error…?

I came across the following in a book I'm reading but have ever seen that kind of grammar before, and Google isn't bringing anything up at all: 固くしてみあ I'm beginning to think it's a print error. If ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Is 均等 a noun or adjective?

野菜をよく洗って、均等に切って、オーブンで焼きます。Is 均等 working here as a noun or adjective?
6
votes
1answer
220 views

Can adverbs modify adjectives?

For instance: 昔の日本は身分の差が大きく厳しい上下関係があります。 Is 大きく modifying 厳しい? But the way I understand this sentence is in ancient Japan, there were large social divides and strict social hierarchy, which is in ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

interpreting ~とどちらが上というものでもなく

王の身辺警護は基本的に親衛隊が行っている。 これは騎士団とどちらが上というものでもなく、単純に役割を分担している。 ただし王の護衛という重要な役目であり、当然ながら構成する騎士は選りすぐりのエリートばかりだ。 The King's personal security is basically done by his elite bodyguards ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

会社での出来事を引きずったままだった私 passivity

speaker doesn't want to trouble her only family member, A, with her tough day at work. A however, does notice something wrong. 会社での出来事を引きずったままだった私の様子がおかしいと、Aは気付いたようだった。 I find this statement is ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Given the context, what is the correct way to parse this sentence segment 次に訊くべき言葉が出てこない。?

この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され、それを着込みながら僕は彼女に質問した。 「君は……」 [名前なら、ないわ] こちらから訊くより先に、低く呟くような声が返ってきた。 「呼びにくければアインと呼んで。 いつもそう呼ばれてたから」 質問の出鼻をくじかれ、次に訊くべき言葉が出てこない。 My western brain doesn't ...
5
votes
2answers
178 views

Meaning of おいて in 自分がすごく年おいて感じます

Such a simple sentence. So much confusion: 自分がすごく年おいて感じます。 I feel so old! "I feel so old" is not my own translation. I have two problems (at least) with this sentence: What is おいて? I assume it ...
3
votes
2answers
759 views

The use of かります in a sentence

This is the sentence I'm having troubles with: シェリーちゃんが助かりますよーに! I know that シェリーちゃん is Sherry-chan and, 助 is help/rescue/assist. The only part I want to know about is the かりますよーに。I have been ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

What are the adverb + 何 +を doing in the following sentence?

In this book I'm translating, the narrative character is told the following line of dialogue by a girl before the sentence I'm asking about (bolded below). 「あなたには、生まれついての才能があるのよ 人を殺す才能。 生き残る才能。 ...
1
vote
2answers
145 views

Is it possible to join directly い-adj + この + noun?

I came across this multiple choice sentence within my homework exercises: I assume that the correct answer is 気に入った. However, the この demonstrative seems out of place to me. I would rather use just ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

What is the difference in meaning between「この自然が多い町」and 「自然が多いこの町」?

Please, see this related question for more context. Thank you very much.
16
votes
3answers
637 views

Are Japanese modifiers “greedy”, “anti-greedy”, or do they mean whatever people choose them to mean?

(I'm a beginner. I just started learning Japanese about a month before I wrote this.) The Japanese Wikipedia article 飛べない鳥, which corresponds to the English Wikipedia article Flightless bird, has the ...
7
votes
2answers
210 views

Head-internal relative clauses

I am trying to figure out head-internal relative clauses. A paper I looked at presented two versions of the same sentence, one with the head word (りんご) outside the relative clause: [皿の上にあった]...
5
votes
3answers
247 views

General meaning of AとBのC?

Is it (AとB)のC, Aと(BのC), or (AのC)と(BのC) ...?
2
votes
2answers
107 views

placement of さえ

I came across this statement involving さえ. 私はAKB48が全然分からない。一番有名な人さえ名前がわからない。 My question is: Is there a general rule as to where you can place さえ? What about: 一番有名な人の名前さえ分からない。What is the meaning ...
2
votes
2answers
197 views

I need some help understanding the grammar of しのげそうな in この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され

I can understand the gist of what the below sentence is saying; but the part in the first section that's only hiragana (bolded part) is confusing me. この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され、それを着込みながら僕は彼女に質問した。 I ...
1
vote
1answer
231 views

1000万の妹好きを… in this sentence

MC's sister wakes him up. mc「なに……してるんだ?」 sister「先に目が覚めたから、お兄ちゃんの寝顔を見つめていたの……♪」 全国1000万の妹好きを下僕に出来るだろう、笑顔と台詞が返ってくる。 ..., i reply with a smile. i an assume this is saying in a roundabout ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How to break 信じようとしていただけかも知れない into separate parts?

I tried, but I came up with either: 信じる(~よう(vol.)) + とする(~ていた(prog. past)) + だけ + かもしれない。 信じよう + として + いただける(stem) + かもしれない。 I highly doubt that second one is true, because かもしれない "takes" dictionary ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

What does 微温い mean in this context?

I read a line in a book where the speaker is berating another party. 悪く言われてるのは、誰のせいだと思ってやがる。お前が微温いこと言ってるからだろうが I can't figure out the appropriate way to parse this without understanding the ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

How do I parse this sentence using という話?

My question is about how to correctly parse the second line in the below. 「しかし廃棄迷宮ですか……いろんなものを捨てていたら最後には溢れちゃいそうです」 「廃棄迷宮に果てはなく、一説には異次元に繋がっているという話もあるくらいだぞ」 「話が真実だとするとゴミ問題の類は全て解決するんだけどな」 I ...
3
votes
1answer
279 views

What does おとこえしや mean?

This is a sentence from 『風の又三郎』 by 宮沢賢治. ところがその跡のようなものは、まだ百歩も行かないうちに、おとこえしや、すてきに背の高いあざみの中で、二つにも三つにも分かれてしまって、どれがどれやらいっこうわからなくなってしまいました。 My question is, what does おとこえしや mean?
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Can verbs simutaniously use the volitional form and negative form? [closed]

I came across the following sentence in a book: 身体を起こし、手足がこれといった支障もなく動くのを確かめた。 and searched on Jisho.org for 障もなく. It sent me to https://jisho.org/search/障む, saying that "障もなく is the negative ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Combination of causative-passive and intransive verb with a direct object?

I am struggling to understand this sentence’s structure: 宿題を時間内に終わらせられなかった。 I think I get the idea of causative-passive as in “I was being made to finish the homework”. However, I noticed that we ...
2
votes
2answers
168 views

Past tense …でする vs. past tense copula です confusion

Maybe this is a stupid question, because very likely it is possible for advanced learners to distuiguish this. However, in the present tense ...でする (particle で) and ...です (copula) are distinct, while ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Is 黙って言うこと a set phrase?

I've read today the sentence: お母さんにどなられても,しかられても,羊のように黙って言うことを聞きました。 The part I understand says that even if she was screamed at or scolded by the mother, like a sheep... Now, I can't find a ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

What does 囚えよう mean in this book?

I'm currently reading a screenplay regarding to Oda Nobunaga. In one of the character line, it is written that あなたは死して尚、この僕を囚えようというのですか? Base on my search, it seems that the kanji 囚 is associated ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

など無いも同然だった in this scene

narrator depicting a defloration scene 深々と肉棒の打ち込まれたAの股間からは、彼女がついさっきまで純潔だった事を示す赤い血が、傷口からあふれ出して太ももにまで垂れていた。 しかし、Aの感じている痛みは、外からも見える傷口だけではない。むしろ苦痛という点では、処女膜が裂けた痛みなど無いも同然だった。 However, the pain ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Word-order with の- and に- particles

I have this part of a sentence 影{かげ}の次第{しだい}に濃{こ}く集{あつ}まる部分{ぶぶん}に along with its translation: "in the part where the shadows gradually gathered and thickened" which makes contextual sense, but ...
3
votes
1answer
619 views

How to parse “あけぐち”?

I'm working out my Japanese by trying to read everything around me, including food packages. On my milk carton written inside a large arrow pointing to the spout is "あけぐち" in hiragana. Obviously ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

Parsing the sentence 書く人物の顔が頭に入っていないと効果はない

This sentence is from Death Note, specifically on how to use it. This sentence is written in-universe using English. It states, “This note will not take effect unless the writer has the person’s ...
1
vote
2answers
117 views

What does「ごとが」mean?

Is this (the phrase/word ごとが) a grammar point or vocabulary? I tried to look it up in Takoboto dictionary but it doesn't return a specific word. Also, if the phrase/word 「ごとが」 is a grammar point. How ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

魅力的って言われてもお前だって困る in this context

girl「まさかお前っ……こ、こここの胸が私の魅力だと言いたいのか!?」 mc「誰もそんなこと言ってないだろ!?」 girl「…………」 mc「ああ違う、魅力的じゃないとも言ってない! いやすごい! お前の胸はすごいよ!」 mc「でもそんなの魅力的って言われてもお前だって困るだろ!?」 uh no, i'm not saying that your ...