Questions tagged [parsing]

構文解析. Questions about understanding how a phrase / sentence / utterance is put together, what its components are.

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0
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1answer
64 views

Can you omit the action when using と and help understanding/parsing this sentence

『監視されているみたいだ』と不評の声も多い見回りだけど, 案外さっきみたいな事柄のためにやっているのかもしれないな。 The complete sentence is given above. As the title has said, can you omit the action when using と? From some sentences I've seen, an action ...
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0answers
80 views

様子見くらい いいっしょ? I can't make sense out of it [duplicate]

Mother:当分ここに住むから。 Son:えっ!? 何だよそれ。 Mother:カワイイ一人息子が頭 打ったんだ。 Mother:様子見くらい いいっしょ。 Here's the question: What does 様子見くらいいいっしょ。 mean? 様子見 = wait-and-see くらい = about?around? dunno いいっしょ =...
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2answers
103 views

習う学習 translation

肝心な2年生で習う学習範囲は、1年生の時よりも当然難易度が上がっている。 習う: to take lessons in; to be taught; to learn (from a teacher); to study (under a teacher); to get training in. 学習: study; learning; tutorial. I am confused ...
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1answer
68 views

メアリーがアメリカに帰って悲【かな】しいです meaning

This is an example て-form sentence from bunpro where the translation is "Mary returned to the USA and I am sad." I'm wondering if this could also mean "Mary returned to the USA and she is sad" as ...
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3answers
153 views

What does もえと mean?

I was reading a Tofugu article, https://www.tofugu.com/japanese/da-vs-desu-in-real-life/, and one of the examples they give was this text conversation. I'm just curious what 私{わたし}ももえと could mean. My ...
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1answer
146 views

Meaning of the phase: 筋ってもん

I'm having a bit of trouble getting a grasp of 筋ってもん (sujitte mon) and what it's supposed to convey. Does it possibly have kind of declarative function for whatever precedes it? Examples include: ...
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1answer
135 views

Can someone explain the usage of Verb+り in these sentences please

I previously practice reading beginner’s japanese book and was surprised by this verb form, the verb+り. Can someone please help explain about its usage or where I can study more about this form of ...
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1answer
99 views

What is the meaning of 取り戻そうと in this sentence?

In the following sentence: 問題を無視することはできません。しかし、 問題にばかり注目していると過去の状態を取り戻そうと努力することになります The part where it says: 「取り戻そうと努力することになります」 more specifically that "そうと" where does it come from? What's the ...
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1answer
407 views

What part does 「成」 play when tailed to a word?

So I recently came across a song called 「未完成」 by Leo Ieiri. I know 未完 means "Incomplete" or "Unfinished". I'm interested in knowing what that 「成」 represents when used after 「未完」 and what are other ...
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2answers
239 views

Is 誰か行きたい人 a form of double-headed relative clause?

I came across the phrase "誰か行きたい人" in this thread and I think it would be used in a context like "誰か行きたい人がいるか?". However I am kind of confused by how it works grammatically. Is 誰か行きたい a relative ...
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1answer
202 views

Strange use of 終わる

やっとお許しが出て、物置から出してもらった時には、もう夏休みが始まっていた。 When he was finally forgiven and allowed to come out of his cupboard the summer holidays had already begun. ダドリーは、買ってもらったばかりの8ミリカメラをとっくに壊し、ラジコン飛行機も墜落させ、おまけに、...
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1answer
95 views

Action of ではない on sentence part

I found on NHK easy Japanese a puzzling sentence: アメリカのトランプ大統領は、戦争をするために殺したのではないと言っています。 My problem is with 戦争をするために殺したのではない My first attempt at translation would use mentally parenthesis as shown ...
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1answer
174 views

Usage of 全部束 and かなう

同級生の男の子を全部束にしてもかなわないほど頻繁にハリーは散髪させられたが、... Harry was made to get a haircut so often that even if you made the boys in his class into a complete bundle it would not rival it The meaning is clear (I ...
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1answer
136 views

I-adjective in く form modifies a noun/adverb

In the song 宝物 by WANIMA, the chorus goes: 思いにまかせて 感じるまま描いて まだ見えない明日へ 誰にも止められない 今この瞬間が紛れもなく全て。 紛れもない is in く form, which means it's modifiying a verb. However, 全て is nowhere near a verb, but might ...
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1answer
105 views

Whats the name of this izakaya? [closed]

everyone I was in an awsome izakaya in Osaka but wasnt able to figure out the name of it and stuff like it is private owned or of a chain. Below is a picture of its front (google translate etc. cant ...
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1answer
110 views

How to parse the following から and is the もとで a noun?

The following sentence appears on a page in my book: 悪夢から一夜明け、アインのもとで訓練を重ねる日々が始まった。 I think the above から has the meaning of "after"; but the suspicious possibility of the から being a questioning か ...
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1answer
185 views

いけません in the short form

I understand that the dictionary definition of the expression いけません is "must not do", and that it can be used in conjunction with say なきゃ in a sentence such as the following: 試験があるから、勉強しなきゃいけません。 I ...
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1answer
102 views

interpretting 人となりのわかるような事

確かに彼女は、ただ一緒にいるというだけで、人となりのわかるような事を話すとも思えない。 wonder how i should approach this [人となり(の/が)わかる]ような事 can 人となり itself わかる something? or [人となり]の[わかるような事] Either way it is an awkward read thank you
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2answers
266 views

Is 私 in 私が我慢ならず object or subject?

I found this sentence: 食事の時しか顔を合わせることもなかったし、互いに口を開いて声を出すこともなかった。映画をよく見に行くぐらいのことしかしない高校生だったのだが、母から見れば俗世に気持を奪われている私が我慢ならず、たまに憤怒の言葉を投げつけてきたが、そうすると私は、十八になったらすぐに家を出て行くんだ、と母に言い返していた which is translated: ...
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2answers
510 views

Is this an error…?

I came across the following in a book I'm reading but have ever seen that kind of grammar before, and Google isn't bringing anything up at all: 固くしてみあ I'm beginning to think it's a print error. If ...
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1answer
127 views

Is 均等 a noun or adjective?

野菜をよく洗って、均等に切って、オーブンで焼きます。Is 均等 working here as a noun or adjective?
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1answer
244 views

Can adverbs modify adjectives?

For instance: 昔の日本は身分の差が大きく厳しい上下関係があります。 Is 大きく modifying 厳しい? But the way I understand this sentence is in ancient Japan, there were large social divides and strict social hierarchy, which is in ...
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1answer
83 views

interpreting ~とどちらが上というものでもなく

王の身辺警護は基本的に親衛隊が行っている。 これは騎士団とどちらが上というものでもなく、単純に役割を分担している。 ただし王の護衛という重要な役目であり、当然ながら構成する騎士は選りすぐりのエリートばかりだ。 The King's personal security is basically done by his elite bodyguards ...
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1answer
45 views

会社での出来事を引きずったままだった私 passivity

speaker doesn't want to trouble her only family member, A, with her tough day at work. A however, does notice something wrong. 会社での出来事を引きずったままだった私の様子がおかしいと、Aは気付いたようだった。 I find this statement is ...
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1answer
115 views

Given the context, what is the correct way to parse this sentence segment 次に訊くべき言葉が出てこない。?

この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され、それを着込みながら僕は彼女に質問した。 「君は……」 [名前なら、ないわ] こちらから訊くより先に、低く呟くような声が返ってきた。 「呼びにくければアインと呼んで。 いつもそう呼ばれてたから」 質問の出鼻をくじかれ、次に訊くべき言葉が出てこない。 My western brain doesn't ...
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2answers
767 views

The use of かります in a sentence

This is the sentence I'm having troubles with: シェリーちゃんが助かりますよーに! I know that シェリーちゃん is Sherry-chan and, 助 is help/rescue/assist. The only part I want to know about is the かりますよーに。I have been ...
2
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1answer
118 views

What are the adverb + 何 +を doing in the following sentence?

In this book I'm translating, the narrative character is told the following line of dialogue by a girl before the sentence I'm asking about (bolded below). 「あなたには、生まれついての才能があるのよ 人を殺す才能。 生き残る才能。 ...
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1answer
113 views

What is the difference in meaning between「この自然が多い町」and 「自然が多いこの町」?

Please, see this related question for more context. Thank you very much.
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2answers
147 views

Is it possible to join directly い-adj + この + noun?

I came across this multiple choice sentence within my homework exercises: I assume that the correct answer is 気に入った. However, the この demonstrative seems out of place to me. I would rather use just ...
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2answers
227 views

Head-internal relative clauses

I am trying to figure out head-internal relative clauses. A paper I looked at presented two versions of the same sentence, one with the head word (りんご) outside the relative clause: [皿の上にあった]...
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2answers
109 views

placement of さえ

I came across this statement involving さえ. 私はAKB48が全然分からない。一番有名な人さえ名前がわからない。 My question is: Is there a general rule as to where you can place さえ? What about: 一番有名な人の名前さえ分からない。What is the meaning ...
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2answers
205 views

I need some help understanding the grammar of しのげそうな in この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され

I can understand the gist of what the below sentence is saying; but the part in the first section that's only hiragana (bolded part) is confusing me. この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され、それを着込みながら僕は彼女に質問した。 I ...
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1answer
232 views

1000万の妹好きを… in this sentence

MC's sister wakes him up. mc「なに……してるんだ?」 sister「先に目が覚めたから、お兄ちゃんの寝顔を見つめていたの……♪」 全国1000万の妹好きを下僕に出来るだろう、笑顔と台詞が返ってくる。 ..., i reply with a smile. i an assume this is saying in a roundabout ...
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2answers
1k views

How to break 信じようとしていただけかも知れない into separate parts?

I tried, but I came up with either: 信じる(~よう(vol.)) + とする(~ていた(prog. past)) + だけ + かもしれない。 信じよう + として + いただける(stem) + かもしれない。 I highly doubt that second one is true, because かもしれない "takes" dictionary ...
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1answer
96 views

What does 微温い mean in this context?

I read a line in a book where the speaker is berating another party. 悪く言われてるのは、誰のせいだと思ってやがる。お前が微温いこと言ってるからだろうが I can't figure out the appropriate way to parse this without understanding the ...
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1answer
69 views

How do I parse this sentence using という話?

My question is about how to correctly parse the second line in the below. 「しかし廃棄迷宮ですか……いろんなものを捨てていたら最後には溢れちゃいそうです」 「廃棄迷宮に果てはなく、一説には異次元に繋がっているという話もあるくらいだぞ」 「話が真実だとするとゴミ問題の類は全て解決するんだけどな」 I ...
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1answer
282 views

What does おとこえしや mean?

This is a sentence from 『風の又三郎』 by 宮沢賢治. ところがその跡のようなものは、まだ百歩も行かないうちに、おとこえしや、すてきに背の高いあざみの中で、二つにも三つにも分かれてしまって、どれがどれやらいっこうわからなくなってしまいました。 My question is, what does おとこえしや mean?
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1answer
131 views

Can verbs simutaniously use the volitional form and negative form? [closed]

I came across the following sentence in a book: 身体を起こし、手足がこれといった支障もなく動くのを確かめた。 and searched on Jisho.org for 障もなく. It sent me to https://jisho.org/search/障む, saying that "障もなく is the negative ...
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1answer
124 views

Combination of causative-passive and intransive verb with a direct object?

I am struggling to understand this sentence’s structure: 宿題を時間内に終わらせられなかった。 I think I get the idea of causative-passive as in “I was being made to finish the homework”. However, I noticed that we ...
2
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2answers
175 views

Past tense …でする vs. past tense copula です confusion

Maybe this is a stupid question, because very likely it is possible for advanced learners to distuiguish this. However, in the present tense ...でする (particle で) and ...です (copula) are distinct, while ...
2
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1answer
127 views

Is 黙って言うこと a set phrase?

I've read today the sentence: お母さんにどなられても,しかられても,羊のように黙って言うことを聞きました。 The part I understand says that even if she was screamed at or scolded by the mother, like a sheep... Now, I can't find a ...
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1answer
131 views

What does 囚えよう mean in this book?

I'm currently reading a screenplay regarding to Oda Nobunaga. In one of the character line, it is written that あなたは死して尚、この僕を囚えようというのですか? Base on my search, it seems that the kanji 囚 is associated ...
2
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1answer
78 views

など無いも同然だった in this scene

narrator depicting a defloration scene 深々と肉棒の打ち込まれたAの股間からは、彼女がついさっきまで純潔だった事を示す赤い血が、傷口からあふれ出して太ももにまで垂れていた。 しかし、Aの感じている痛みは、外からも見える傷口だけではない。むしろ苦痛という点では、処女膜が裂けた痛みなど無いも同然だった。 However, the pain ...
3
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1answer
55 views

Word-order with の- and に- particles

I have this part of a sentence 影{かげ}の次第{しだい}に濃{こ}く集{あつ}まる部分{ぶぶん}に along with its translation: "in the part where the shadows gradually gathered and thickened" which makes contextual sense, but ...
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1answer
110 views

Parsing the sentence 書く人物の顔が頭に入っていないと効果はない

This sentence is from Death Note, specifically on how to use it. This sentence is written in-universe using English. It states, “This note will not take effect unless the writer has the person’s ...
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2answers
129 views

What does「ごとが」mean?

Is this (the phrase/word ごとが) a grammar point or vocabulary? I tried to look it up in Takoboto dictionary but it doesn't return a specific word. Also, if the phrase/word 「ごとが」 is a grammar point. How ...
2
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1answer
81 views

魅力的って言われてもお前だって困る in this context

girl「まさかお前っ……こ、こここの胸が私の魅力だと言いたいのか!?」 mc「誰もそんなこと言ってないだろ!?」 girl「…………」 mc「ああ違う、魅力的じゃないとも言ってない! いやすごい! お前の胸はすごいよ!」 mc「でもそんなの魅力的って言われてもお前だって困るだろ!?」 uh no, i'm not saying that your ...
2
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1answer
61 views

interpretting お前を倒さずして、消滅などできん!

enemy returns a while after being defeated by the mc mc「ど、どうしてあなたが……! この間滅したはずなのに……!?」 enemy「お前を倒さずして、消滅などできん!」 enemy charges.... i will "do it" without beating you, i can't extinguish ...
4
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1answer
159 views

who 己 is indicating in this sentence

The person the speaker is talking to previously warned of disaster if the the speaker didn't do something, but the speaker did not want to break traditions and did not interfere. That person shows up ...
2
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1answer
77 views

unamed subject in this conversation and use of ~のに… in this sentence

gossip among unnamed students while being made to run laps, about a time when the ゴリ男 gym teacher got really angry at something.Reader does not anything about what had happened. 「これって、...

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