Questions tagged [orthography]

正書法. The standard way of writing the language.

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3
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2answers
1k views

How should I write my name with an American first name and Japanese last name?

I generally understand that proper Japanese uses Hiragana and Katakana is for slang/foreign words. Given that, my first name is super American but my last name is Japanese. Would I then make my first ...
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1answer
478 views

Why are equal signs used to substitute an English hyphen?

I was reading an article about Idlib and the groups that were there on Wikipedia, and hovered to the language setting to gloss at the title translations. For Japanese, I saw something unusual in its ...
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2answers
144 views

Marking figurative meaning of word

In English figurative meaning of word usually marked with quotation marks like this: The motherboard is sometimes considered the "brain" of a computer. I know that in Japanese quotation marks ...
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1answer
739 views

When a kanji term is listed as outdated, is it for specific words or all of the words that use it?

I read jisho a lot and I run into words with outdated kanji. Does this mean that the kanji term is outdated for a particular word or all words that use it?
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1answer
248 views

Use of kanji when writing 言う

I've been reading more novels in Japanese recently (かもめ食堂: recommended!), and have noticed that it's unusual for 言う to be written in kanji. Not just in set phrases like という and とはいえ but in ...
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1answer
181 views

‘から’ と‘ですから’ と、どちらが正しいですか。

例えば、あのレストランは料理も美味しいし、雰囲気もいいから、大人気です。 疑問は以下: このフレーズの中で、どうして“いいから”を使ったんですか。“いいですから”を使うのではないですか。そうだったら、“大人気だ”になりますか。 教えてください。
6
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1answer
165 views

What does the へさうな mean in "逢へさうな"

I've come across this phrase (逢へさうな) and don't really understand what's going on grammatically. It's in the context of haiku poetry, I'm assuming the kanji reading is just "a" as in "逢う", but I can't ...
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2answers
404 views

Is writing the "wa particle" as は a modern convention?

Recently, I was given a copy of Complete Course of Japanese Conversation-Grammar by Oreste and Enko Elisa Vaccari. As it dates back to 1967, I was expecting at least a few things to be a bit old-...
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2answers
811 views

Attempts to distinguish English "L" and "R" sounds using (extended) katakana

Katakana can represent many foreign sounds that do not exist in native Japanese words, either by using special characters such as ヴ or by using special katakana combinations such as フュ. They are ...
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1answer
206 views

Can Japanese words with kanji and hiragana in them start with hiragana characters? If so how common are they?

Pretty much every word I've seen so far that contain both kanji and hiragana, always starts with the kanji character(s) first Like 大きい, 見る, 乗り物 and 話す. The only exceptions I've seen so far are お金 and ...
2
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1answer
260 views

Is it correct/appropriate to write a word using katakana and hiragana at the same time?

For example: I noticed what the name of the game Nekopara (ネコぱら) is half-written using katakana(ネコ - neko) and half-written using hiragana(ぱら - para). I'm wondering why so. Сould you explain this to ...
14
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2answers
4k views

Is it acceptable to use kanji and hiragana in the same word if a kanji character is unknown?

I have come across this issue a number of times. I am studying Japanese at High School, so I only know about 200 kanji. When I write words that consist of more than two kanji characters, I am unsure ...
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2answers
271 views

Combination Characters

So I'm in the beginning stages of learning Japanese, and I'm a little lost on combination characters such as kya, sho, ryo, or even the voiced characters such as gya, jo, and byu. My question is: ...
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1answer
827 views

How are scientific names (binomial nomenclatures) written in Japan, if they are?

I assume that they would use normal roman letters, but is there a way that scientific names for plants and animals to be written other than the Latin script?
10
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1answer
517 views

Why is こおり spelt with an お rather than an う?

I thought that syllables with an "お" sound get lengthened by an "う" rather than another "お". I've seen this question asked on hinative, which mentions 遠い(とおい), 大きい (おおきい), 多い (おおい), 通り (とおり/どおり) and ...
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2answers
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Writing a date range in vertical format

How would one write a range of dates in vertical format? For instance, 2017-18 or 2017-2018.
2
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1answer
215 views

Language Encoding difference in Chrome

I'm facing some Language encoding problem in Ubuntu 15.04 Chrome 60.0.3112.90 (Official Build) (64-bit) and I use ibus-anthy as my IME (added as this blog). I have faced similar incidents previously. ...
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3answers
541 views

Is this use of 「こみ」 instead of 「ごみ」 in 「ごみ収集ステーション」 accidental or a variation?

In this question on the Travel SE OP is asking about こみ収集ステーション that he has seen, and provided this image of a notice on one of those from Higashidori, Aomori: The pic is blurry, but not so bad ...
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2answers
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Is 別れる the intransitive form of 分ける?

I'm studying kanji right know and I found this verb with the kanji 別 and its: わかれる. It is an intransitive verb and it means to be divided. Then I found out that to divide is 分ける but it has a different ...
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3answers
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Difference between the usage of 君 and キミ

From what I read earlier, 君【きみ】 can be used for you. But in many instances over the internet, I have seen キミ being used instead of 君【きみ】. What is the usage difference between the two? If I take the ...
8
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3answers
987 views

Is top-to-bottom, left-to-right writing order common in Japanese calligraphy?

My understanding is that Japanese was traditionally written in a top-to-bottom, right-to-left order (縦書き{たてがき}), and that modern Japanese is sometimes written in a horizontal left-to-right, top-to-...
4
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2answers
1k views

Usage of Donojiten (々)

Are there any hard-fast rules on when to use or not use the donojiten (々)? I find that it is used for repeating the previous character (e.g. 人々). Other than helping me distinguish whether a text is ...
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3answers
611 views

To Kanji or Not To Kanji for うまく・上手く?

I picked up the following phrase to say "I hope you are well": うまくいきますように! Looking this up in a dictionary, it seems it could become: 上手く行きますように! Is this correct, or is it better to leave out ...
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0answers
172 views

Phonetic Mapping of the Hiragana System Used in the Okinawan Omoro Sōshi

The classical Okinawan poetry collection the Omoro Sōshi is written (mostly) in Hiragana, but the phonetic mapping of the characters to sounds seems to be different to their standard mapping. For ...
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1answer
1k views

What are these Okinawan kana-like characters?

I was taking a look at Wikipedia's page on the Ryukyuan languages when I came across the following picture: The billboard on the left features three kana-like characters that I have never seen before,...
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1answer
180 views

Why is ふい written in hiragana?

I reckon that ふい is a kango word (不意), but I usually see it written in hiragana, even in print. Neither of the two characters are hard, and if people are typing it shouldn't matter that ふい is easier ...
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1answer
317 views

Which kanji writing should i follow when writing on paper, digital or non-digital? [closed]

I have came across 必 and wanted to learn how to write it. Though there are major differences between how it looks digitally and how it looks on paper. Here is the link I used : http://jisho.org/search/...
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1answer
127 views

when should one use 支払い or 支払

In lots of contracts I see the word 支払. When should one use 支払 instead of 支払い?
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0answers
225 views

Japanese student learning Chinese characters? [closed]

I've recently started to self-study Japanese. Some time ago I thought of studying Mandarin Chinese and bought a book (Tuttle Learning Chinese Characters, https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/805242....
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2answers
188 views

Should I use 言う or いう in "はどういう意味ですか"?

On page 33 of the Lonely planet phrasebook for Japanese, 5th edition (ISBN 978-1-74104-231-3), the phrase given is What does 'deguchi' mean? 「出口」はどういう意味ですか? The pronunciation guide has de-gu-chi wa ...
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2answers
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Academic/historic attempts to create an alternative writing system similar to Hangul?

I was reading upon Japanese writing system history and found out there were several attempts to abolish the use of 漢字 in favor of kana or romaji, e.g. after the WWII. All of those failed, and the only ...
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2answers
491 views

Why is じどうしゃ (jidoushiya), jidōsha instead?

From what I understand, the hiragana characters above should make the word jidoushiya, but for some reason it is actually jidōsha. Why did the word change this way even though the characters are: ...
4
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1answer
207 views

Writing jukugo where only some kanji are known [duplicate]

Having studied Japanese for two years so far, there are many instances of vocabulary that I have learned but for which I know [the 書き方 of] only some of the kanji that make up the word. Is there any ...
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4answers
286 views

横書きと縦書き Is there a preference for usage?

横書きと縦書き Is there a preference for usage? I noticed that Japanese is written horizontally and vertically.
4
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2answers
3k views

When is it appropriate to use what alphabet?

I'm very new to Japanese, and I was wondering when is it appropriate to use what alphabets? I've been practicing entirely in hiragana thus far, and I know that katakana is for foreign words and sounds,...
0
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1answer
117 views

What do the Long vowel rule and Palatalized long vowel rule represent?

In relation to the Classical Japanese orthography what are the Long vowel (長音 Chōon) rule and the Palatalized long vowel (開拗長音 Kaiyōchōon) rule? What would be some examples of them?
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2answers
863 views

How to write long sound to emphasize words?

For example, I want to emphasize the word しらない by saying shiiiiiranai, しいいいらない seems a little bit weird to me. How do you write this in japanese character, can we also write this in the form of kanji?
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2answers
209 views

日本人は日本語で番号を書くなら、アメリカの小数点かヨーロッパのを書きますの?

皆さん、こんにちは! 日本人は日本語に番号を書くことを学びますなら、 アメリカ風の小数点(1.0)か、ヨーロッパ風の(1,0)を書くことを学びますか? 日本語だけで尋ねてみたいですよ。 でも私の日本語もよくないんで、すみません。:) ありがとう!:D エディット:今、日本語だけで、英語じゃないです。
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2answers
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Reduction of the diphthong "ou" to "ō" in Middle and Modern Japanese

I noticed that in the word 子牛 both "o" and "u" are pronounced while in the word 格子 there is a long "ō" and they are, respectively, written in rōmaji (Hepburn romanization) koushi and kōshi. What I'd ...
2
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1answer
337 views

Using parentheses (=round brackets) with equals sign

First, I want to say that this is in no way to question the way somebody is writing. I'm just curious. I have noticed that some Japanese people here use parentheses and an equals sign to clarify some ...
4
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2answers
4k views

Rules and phenomena about reading/writing words with kanji

I'm trying to learn Japanese but I'm the kind of person who can't really learn if they don't understand some of the mechanisms. I'm stuck when learning vocabulary because I can't just be like "OK this ...
0
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1answer
850 views

When was this Japanese standard and why this is so different from modern Japanese?

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2answers
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Why is ダメ written most commonly in katakana?

I usually see the word written in katakana, although a kanji term is available, and wanted to know the reason.
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1answer
178 views

What exactly does くずし字 refer to?

I have been practicing and interested in calligraphy for a while. Recently I was looking in general for books on the subject and I often encountered this word: くずし字 (for example in books titles etc). ...
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4answers
505 views

Why is りんご written in hiragana?

I recently bought some apples and the term was written in hiragana.
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2answers
602 views

Do Roman numerals have on and kun readings?

I know that kanji numbers can be read using on and kun readings. Does the same apply to Roman numerals?
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3answers
1k views

Why are "loanwords" written in katakana?

I am interested in learning why katakana was chosen to represent foreign words.
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2answers
419 views

Can any other characters besides は and わ be used interchangeably at the end of words?

I have noticed that こんにちわ and こんにちは can be spelled differently and have the same meaning. Does this occur with any other character combinations at the end of words?
3
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1answer
332 views

Why are う and い used to prolong ~O and ~E, instead of お and え?

When was this rule to prolong short vowels added to Japanese? And is there any formally accepted reason for using う and い instead of お and え? (which would seem like a more natural option, in my ...
1
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1answer
165 views

Is apple usually spelt as リンゴ in a culinary context? [duplicate]

I came across the sentence あなたは1つのリンゴを食べます on the English for Japanese speakers duolingo course. (I'm mainly doing it as dogfooding before suggesting it to a Japanese speaker learning English) Is ...