Questions tagged [orthography]

正書法. The standard way of writing the language.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
80 views

I'm Left-Handed. Will this be a Blessing or a Curse? [closed]

As a left-hander, I have a lot of trouble writing because I can't see what I've just written, and I often smear it (especially on whiteboards.) But I wonder about the correct way to hold a pen when ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Doumo or dōmo / arigatou or arigatō

this may be a silly question. However, is there a difference between the following sentences (in terms of spelling): 1) Doumo arigatou gozaimashita. 2) Dōmo arigatō gozaimashita. Is one sentence ...
78
votes
4answers
90k views

What are the differences between じ and ぢ, and ず and づ?

The Japanese hiragana and katakana syllabaries can mostly be described as phonetic. But there are two exceptions, the two pairs of syllables modified to be voiced with the dakuten diacritic which ...
28
votes
5answers
4k views

Is there a reason why numbers in Japanese are delimited into blocks of four?

As I understand, Japanese numbers are divided into blocks of four, so while we would think of the number 89123889 as 89,123,889, in Japan they would think of it as 8912,3889 (八千九百十二万三千八百八十九). So ...
5
votes
4answers
826 views

Are ミツバチ and イルカ more frequently written in katakana?

I was looking through a list of words that normally are written in kana, instead of their kanji. Two caught my attention because the list has them written in katakana, instead of hiragana. But, as ...
9
votes
9answers
7k views

The many ways to write {かっこいい}

Apparently there are so many ways to write {かっこいい}. Hiragana/katakana only: かっこいい カッコいい カッコイイ EDICT: 格好いい かっこ好い Other possible variants: 格好良い かっこ良い カッコ良い 格好好い 恰好いい (notice ...
4
votes
1answer
429 views

The ''is it included in the kanji or not'' phenomenon?

Some expressions can be written part kanji part hiragana. Sometimes I'm not sure how many hiragana actually condense into the kanji. Example: おとうさん Is it お父さん or お父うさん ? ちいさい Is it 小さい or 小いさい ? I ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

Using an asterisk to indicate a disclaimer

Is there a similar convention to using an asterisk in English to signify the presence of a disclaimer in Japanese? For example, in English, you might see, "Order now for $19.99*" then ...
11
votes
2answers
8k views

Dakuten used in non-standard ways (like with vowels)?

Sometimes in manga I encounter dakuten used in unexpected ways. For example, I've seen it used after あ. I wonder what effect it has on the pronunciation. Does it basically mean that the voice is ...
0
votes
2answers
87 views

Do you think it's a good practice to learn writing hiragana using Gothic fonts? [duplicate]

When I was searching for a mobile app that lets you practice writing hiragana, I noticed that a lot of them uses the Gothic font, meaning that さ will be written as 2 strokes and not 3. The most common ...
2
votes
2answers
138 views

What does てよりかか mean? Found in the Shinmeikai dictionary

The Shinmeikai dictinary defines 椅子 as: 腰を掛け(てよりかか)るための家具 What does てよりかか mean there?
14
votes
2answers
939 views

How has Japanese kanji and kana usage changed since 1945?

How has the percentage of writing using each script changed since 1945? With script reform, increasing influx of loanwords, and stylistic choices, several factors affect how much certain parts of the ...
8
votes
1answer
14k views

What do these symbols in manga mean?

In the manga Shinya no Dame Koizukan (深夜のダメ恋図鑑), I spotted four different symbols (marked in red in the picture). The Ψ symbol is even repeated a few times, but I can't figure out what it means. I've ...
30
votes
1answer
3k views

Why are points used where furigana would be normally?

Sometimes in mangas there are points where you would expect normally furigana. What meaning is it supposed to have?
1
vote
0answers
27 views

In vertical writing, what do these signs (that look like backticks) mean? [duplicate]

This is an extract from 窓ぎわのトットちゃん。 The teacher is talking about how Totto-chan ended up drawing a ふさ around her rendition of the flag of Japan. She is presumably quite astonished at this and my only ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

How to say 一〇年 in a sentence [duplicate]

I see this structure a lot: まるで一〇年以上....... What does the 一〇 mean and how do I pronounce it? Is it いちまる?
5
votes
2answers
333 views

What constitutes as Kyūjitai Kanji?

The English Wikipedia page for Kyūjitai kanji begins with the following line: Kyūjitai (舊字體/旧字体, literally "old character forms") are the traditional forms of kanji, Chinese written ...
7
votes
4answers
8k views

Usage of Traditional style characters vs Simplified Chinese characters adopted in Kanji

As I started peeking into Japanese, I see lots of characters in hiragana and kanji where the latter uses Chinese characters that are similar to traditional Chinese ones (I'm familiar with hanzi). For ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

で at the beginning of a sentence

I hear native speakers using で or was it でー when speaking a lot at the beginning of a sentence. Judging by context, I think it translates to either "and" or "therefore" or "so" or "because of that", ...
5
votes
2answers
674 views

How much space is considered standard between consecutive “「” and “『”s?

In a text such as 「『捨てる 』技術」 how much space is expected between the first two characters in typography, if any?
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Why do Japanese people read Classical Japanese with a set of weird sound shifts?

I'm learning a bit of Classical Japanese recently, and of course the spelling of words is pretty different, due to sound changes over the centuries. For example, きょう was spelled けふ. That I can ...
0
votes
3answers
276 views

If it's okay to remove the punctuation in a modern text format of Kojiki (古事記)

The original version of the Kojiki looks like it has no punctuation whatsoever. I found a more recent text version of Kojiki online though, which has all kinds of punctuation and formatting. It has ...
11
votes
1answer
422 views

Why is こおり spelt with an お rather than an う?

I thought that syllables with an "お" sound get lengthened by an "う" rather than another "お". I've seen this question asked on hinative, which mentions 遠い(とおい), 大きい (おおきい), 多い (おおい), 通り (とおり/どおり) and ...
2
votes
2answers
535 views

Mixture of romaji and hiragana in NHK “Meet and Speak”

In the NHK program "Meet and Speak", the phrases they use have a mixture of hiragana and romaji. Not as in hiragana on one line, and romaji underneath, but individual words being composed of the two, ...
-2
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is ダメ written most commonly in katakana?

I usually see the word written in katakana, although a kanji term is available, and wanted to know the reason.
1
vote
1answer
102 views

What is the middle character in Todd (Katakana) [duplicate]

While learning Katakana, I was instructed to try and translate my name Todd. I ended up with トド. When I look it up online, I see トッド everywhere. ッ appears to be 'tsu'. I think I am missing something ...
1
vote
0answers
161 views

What are the various 'unuttered' phrases or sentences that Japanese omit in everyday conversation and/or narration?

While translating a book I come across the following sentence. 女の子の注意を逸{そ}らすことができれば..... Research into the ba ending allowed me to discover that the above is a 'unfinished' sentence. This in turn ...
9
votes
4answers
425 views

Is there a reason why some questions have question marks and other don't?

In many things I read question marks are used after what is obviously a question, but sometimes they are not used (even though it is the same person who wrote it). Is there a reason why, even stuff ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Correct method for writing full name in English and Japanese? [duplicate]

First name in English, then Japanese; followed by Last name in English, then Japanese: Lucas 「ルーカス」Ramage「ラメージ」 First and last name in English, followed by first and last name in Japanese: ...
9
votes
2answers
826 views

Can 々 stand for a duplicated kanji with a different reading?

The title may not be so clear, here is what I mean: 々 is used to avoid repeating a kanji. In some cases, the two may not be pronounced the same because the first consonant of the second kanji is ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Rosetta Stone uses は instead of わ

Just started learning Japanese again. My college offers no class on this so I am learning on my own. I have been using Rosetta Stone on and off again for a while now. One thing I have noticed is that ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Are 变 and 変 the same?

Is there a difference between 变 and 変 or are they different versions of the same thing i.e. traditional/simplified?
7
votes
1answer
586 views

What is the origin of ゟ (より)?

ゟ is a digraph that is read より. Where does it originate from? Is it a ligature, like & <- et, or German ß <- ſs -> ss? (Wikipedia claims this, citing no source.) Also, if it is a ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Understanding hiragana-only texts in videogames

I've been reading since a long time ago that reading hiragana only texts is quite difficult or frustrating because you don't know where a word begins or ends, I understand that and the importance of ...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

Are there general rules on when to use kanji vs. kana?

This post is inspired by Tokyo Nagoya's comment in できる vs ~えます form for “can”, “able to” asking why everyone was writing 出来る in kanji in their responses. As I mentioned in my reply to his comment, I ...
4
votes
0answers
138 views

How to express action (in plays, and online)

So in most languages we can either put text in italics or between asterisks to indicate what the speaker is doing. For instance: Looking up It will be raining soon Or on the Internet: *chewing your ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Variants of kanji radicals indicating Joyo vs Non-Joyo [duplicate]

I noticed that there is a variant of the 之繞 radical ⻌ which occurs in some words but not others. The variant is 辶 (with an extra stroke). It appears in words like 逢う and 槌. It turns out that Non-Joyo ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

How does Japanese indicate a contextual scope changes like the internet vs. the Internet?

In english, word capitalization can indicate that meaning word has transitioned into different context and/or scope. For example: The internet is down. vs. The Internet is down. Batman searched ...
10
votes
2answers
7k views

When writing vertically, where do small kana go?

When writing horizontally, small kana go right next to the syllable they modify as in ちょっと. Also, when using katakana, long vowels are indicated by an horizontal dash, as in メール. When writing ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

How often do single dots stick to the top of kanji?

In Chinese, characters with a single dot on top stay separated from the rest of the character. (Eg. Chinese 宝) In kanji, this is frequently not the case - virtually all 宀 characters I see have dots ...
10
votes
1answer
599 views

Orthography at the turn of the previous century

A couple of days ago I purchased an old book published in 1908. It uses a strange orthography I haven't encountered before. Everything that is not in kanji is written in katakana, including particles,...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

How to write こたえ: 答え or 答?

In the microsoft IME keyboard, and my cellphone's as well, when I write こたえ it is suggested 答え. However, in the Genki I textbook, I've seen it written as 答{こたえ} Are both of these valid? If so, ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Can I insert hiragana in words I only know partially how to write?

This is a problem I encountered today. I had no idea how to decide what was the best course of action, and I only got the advice of a classmate (You're doing it WRONG) to confirm. As I am still ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

Is it acceptable to use kanji and hiragana in the same word if a kanji character is unknown?

I have come across this issue a number of times. I am studying Japanese at High School, so I only know about 200 kanji. When I write words that consist of more than two kanji characters, I am unsure ...
12
votes
1answer
806 views

Why using です in katakana?

This question might sound stupid but it got me thinking for some hours. A friend bought me this gel pen from a Japanese store in my country, and it is written in the pen: かわいいデス instead of かわいいです ...
5
votes
1answer
132 views

What does 囚えよう mean in this book?

I'm currently reading a screenplay regarding to Oda Nobunaga. In one of the character line, it is written that あなたは死して尚、この僕を囚えようというのですか? Base on my search, it seems that the kanji 囚 is associated ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are Japanese personal names pronounced the same but written differently?

For example, Michiko can be written several different ways. Last names can also be spelled differently.
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Why are certain terms sometimes written in hiragana and sometimes in katakana? [duplicate]

I was typing something up and when I went to type apple in Japanese, the Microsoft IME on the computer I was using defaulted to リンゴ in katakana. But from what I remember seeing online and out in the ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

How would I write this for a graphic design?

I'm a graphic design student and one of my designs is a pink 桃色 rose 薔薇 = (桃色薔薇). I read that Japanese is read right to left and also horizontally? I want the design's first line to pink and under ...
0
votes
1answer
144 views

Is this translation very loose for the word 生き甲斐?

I'm a fan of the Japanese concept of ikigai and finding my ikigai has been an important and rewarding journey for me and I'd like to get a very simple kanji tattoo of it but I wanted to make sure that ...

1
2 3 4 5