Questions tagged [okurigana]

送り仮名. Kana written after a kanji to complete the full reading of the word.

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2
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1answer
110 views

Is there any rule for hiraganas after the kanji in a verb

The hiraganas go after the kanji in a verb are so confusing. I know there's always an U character, like 行く, 話す ... but sometimes i see there are 2 characters after the kanji, like 終わる. My question is ...
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1answer
119 views

How to write こたえ: 答え or 答?

In the microsoft IME keyboard, and my cellphone's as well, when I write こたえ it is suggested 答え. However, in the Genki I textbook, I've seen it written as 答{こたえ} Are both of these valid? If so, ...
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0answers
226 views

How many of Japanese text can be written using only kanji?

With many frequent words normally written in kana having their rare kanji (looking at ‘ya, 一寸待{ちょっとま}って!), one starts to wonder of an exercise: is it even possible to rewrite any complete text using ...
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2answers
232 views

'to appear': arawareru, arawaruru, and arawaru

Arawareru, あらわれる: "to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to materialize, to manifest." It looks as if arawareru can be written: 現れる, 現われる, 表れる, 表われる, 顕れる, 顕われる (Readings: 現 = gen, ken, ...
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1answer
133 views

Why is it not allowed to use iteration marks in okurigana?

I recently learned about iteration marks, especially 々. After reading the wikipedia article of iteration marks, I found the following text: "Further, if okurigana is present, then no iteration mark ...
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2answers
568 views

Difference between 入口 and 入り口

On Wanikani I've long since learned "entrance" as 入{い}り口{ぐち}. However, in my textbook, I just came across the vocabulary word for "entrance" and it writes it as 入{いり}口{ぐち}. I note that the ...
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2answers
150 views

Is there a lingustic term for okurigana omission?

Is there a (Japanese) linguistic term for okurigana omission (cases when 問い合わせ is written as 問合せ, etc.)? If not then what would be a concise way to refer to the phenomena (in Japanese)?
6
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3answers
483 views

有り難う vs 有難う — Is this the same word?

Do both these words mean "thank you"? If both mean thank you why are they spelled differently? Is one more formal than the other?
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1answer
233 views

Is okurigana always dropped when combining kanji?

Taking the following example, where the okurigana る in きる is dropped when combined with 物 (もの) to form the word 着物 (きもの), can we generalize this rule? For instance, if N consecutive kanji appear, can ...
6
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1answer
178 views

How is 向 pronounced in 男性向同人?

Different sources have given me different pronunciations. I figured it must mean "Doujin aimed at males", but if that's the case, from what I know, it should be written [男性向け同人]{だんせいむけどうじん}。 Is 男性向 ...
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1answer
483 views

What's the difference between 落す and 落とす?

Both 落す and 落とす seem to be pronounced おとす and have the same meaning. Are they variants? Different words? Is one of them technically wrong?
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2answers
472 views

How to choose the reading of 埋{う}める and 埋{うず}める?

埋める has two possible readings 埋{う}める and 埋{うず}める. Of course kanjis have tons of inconsistencies. While (same furigana / same okurigana / different kanji / different meaning), such as 熱{あつ}い and 厚{あつ}...
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1answer
122 views

How to read 向う?

This is a sentence from 「ふたり」 by 赤川次郎 向うは、やっぱり寒い? Does it read as むこう?If that is the case, then what is the difference between 向う and 向こう?
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1answer
134 views

Is 甘じている a typo? (example sentence)

会社では外様の地位に甘じている。  He is reconciled to 「being outside of [not belonging to] the mainstream faction at the company. (Source: dictionary.goo.ne.jp) I wasn't able to find 甘じる or 甘ずる verb in ...
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3answers
148 views

If 結婚 is written as 結{けっ}婚{こん} rather than 結{け}っ婚{こん}, why do we write 持{も}って rather than 持{もっ}て?

My question is: If 結婚 is written as 結{けっ}婚{こん} rather than 結{け}っ婚{こん}, why do we write 持{も}って rather than 持{もっ}て?
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1answer
690 views

Are there kanji which are NOT words by themselves (written standalone)?

In other words, are there kanji, which can only be used as a part of a kanji compound and/or with okurigana? For example: 見 - standalone kanji, a word which means "view", "outlook" 見物 - kanji ...
2
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2answers
482 views

Are there any patterns for okurigana?

Sometimes, when learning kanji, I get tripped up because I can't remember which kana are the furigana of the kanji, and which are the okurigana. Take たべる(食) for example. I might think that たべ are the ...
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2answers
688 views

Which is the most correct (or common): 話 or 話し?

The meaning of 話, as a kanji, is "tale, talk", but as a word, it means the same as 話し: "Talk; speech; chat; story; conversation." In the official jouyou kanji chart, there's only 話, for the isolated ...
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1answer
237 views

Can 複合動詞{ふくごうどうし} ever not have [送]{おく}り[仮名]{がな} placed between the 2 kanji?

Can 複合動詞{ふくごうどうし} ever not have [送]{おく}り[仮名]{がな} placed between the 2 kanji in the compound verb?
5
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1answer
358 views

even on 常用漢字表{じょうようかんじひょう}, no kanji have an official 送{おく}り仮名{がな}?

Recently, I was talking with a friend regarding the 常用漢字表 as specified here I noticed that the 送り仮名 property of kanjis is not specified. She was a little puzzled, but concluded that the 文部省{もんぶしょう} ...
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1answer
579 views

How to parse “あけぐち”?

I'm working out my Japanese by trying to read everything around me, including food packages. On my milk carton written inside a large arrow pointing to the spout is "あけぐち" in hiragana. Obviously ...
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1answer
174 views

Why the き and さ in the 送り仮名 of 大きい and 小さい?

I've always been puzzled over why 大きい isn't 大い and 小さい is not 小い. Is there some etymological reason? (I'm suspecting historical conjugations that changed the き and さ too, just like why 食べる has the べ ...
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1answer
251 views

How to distinguish between words with identical okurigana?

There are a ton of verbs with multiple readings and the exact same okurigana. Sometimes they mean totally different things and sometimes they have very similar meanings, so in the cases when they have ...
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3answers
510 views

Why can some words be written with or without okurigana? How do the uses differ?

What is the difference for word compounds that can exist with 送り仮名 and without and still retain the same pronunciation? As an example: 巻き貝 と 巻貝 取り引き と 取引 If I'm correct, both of these are ...
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4answers
1k views

How to know what Okurigana signify? [closed]

For example, the kanji for "one" has a kun reading of "hito(tsu)." I looked it up and found that it's the difference between "one" and "one thing," but how could you have known that without ...
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2answers
1k views

Splitting Kanji and okurigana at the end of the line

A question was asked on the Linguistics Stack Exchange about the oriental languages. The title was the following: How are line breaks handled in ideographic scripts? The answer made me think, and I ...
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1answer
870 views

Homographs: how to deal with them?

For example: 一日{いちにち} = one day (duration); 一日{ついたち} = first day of the month. First of all, are the meanings correct? Because I found contradicting answers. I suspect the meanings are ...
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2answers
502 views

How do I know when to read the kanji 抱 as 「だ・く」, and when to read it as 「いだ・く」, or even 「うだ・く」?

This sentence was in a grammar textbook: 彼{かれ}は同僚{どうりょう}にライバル意識{いしき}、ひいては殺意{さつい}すら抱いていた ... it means: "He regarded his colleague as a rival, even to the point of considering murder." My ...
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4answers
2k views

How can I learn and recall okurigana?

As time goes on in our age of increasing reliance on computerized kanji input, this question may become increasingly irrelevant, but when I'm writing a sentence with (gasp!) pen and paper, I have ...