Questions tagged [numbers]

数字. The various spoken and written forms of words and characters covering digits, numbers, numerals, including derived forms such as ordinals.

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1answer
87 views

Can anybody here substantiate this anecdote in V. I. Arnold's book “Yesterday and long ago”?

It can be found on page 124 of the edition I own and it goes as follows: The abstract idea of a number (independent of what is counted) is not evident, and abstract numbers do not exist in some ...
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1answer
207 views

How egregious a mistake is it to use the wrong reading for a number when counting?

I've learned that the readings for numbers in the context of counting have many irregularities to them (like 二十日 for example). I'm wondering how noticeable it would be to get them wrong. For instance,...
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2answers
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In conversation can you just say “万円です” or must you say “一万円です”?

I'm pretty sure it's natural to say "百{ひゃく}円です" as a casual abbreviation of "一百{いっぴゃく}円です" in a conversation. Same with "千{せん}円" vs. "一千{いっせん}円". This is similar in English conversation where it is ...
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2answers
246 views

Reading numbers in Japanese numeral-by-numeral instead of as a number

I was taught that generally numbers in Japanese should be read as: 123 => ひゃく にじゅう さん However, I was wonder if there is any case where the numbers are read one-by-one, like: 123 => いち に さん I ...
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1answer
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mittsu vs san - what's the difference and what are these two forms called?

I am trying to learn the numbers and I see there are two different translations for the number 3 (and other numbers). When should I use one and when should I use the other? Is there a name for the ...
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2answers
262 views

How to count with rare counters

How do you pronounce "1–10 + some counter"? I have seen lists of common counters, but they may not contain less common counters, such as ~話 or ~膳. How do I know how to count with rare counters?
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1answer
179 views

How Could One Read 4649?

In the Japanese version of Smash 4 for the Wii U, if you let the game come up with a name for you, one of the names it pops out is 4649. I'm assuming this is some joke based on the readings of the ...
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1answer
219 views

How would you say “please give me 10 of this”?

for example, これを一つください is please give me 10 of this. then how should I say if it were 10, 11, 12, and more...?
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2answers
185 views

Why is 1st floor written as ikkai いっかい?

Should it not be い かい as I thought the counter for floors was -kai ?
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1answer
593 views

What dialect are these numbers from?

In the ending for the anime "Kumamiko: Girl Meets Bear", there's a line where the backup singers (aka the residents of Kumade Village) say いず ぬっ さん すう でーじぇーへーうぃーごー Which I haven't seen translated, ...
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1answer
658 views

Reading of 七時: why しちじ and not ななじ [duplicate]

Why does 7時「七時」use "しちじ" and not use "ななじ" ?
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1answer
197 views

つ at the end of a number

I just recently started to learn Japanese and I am a bit confused with some numbers. For example, what is the difference between 七 (なな) and 七つ (ななつ). Is there no difference? Is it just another way of ...
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3answers
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How do I read 100°C in Japanese?

In English, I just read it "one hundred degrees Celsius". In Japanese, I don't know how to read it.
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3answers
2k views

Trying to understand numbers

I started learning Japanese not long ago and I'm quite confused about two numbers. Seven and nine, I have learned that seven is shichi and that nine is ku. But I also know that seven is nana, and ...
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1answer
151 views

Counter for ordinal dates?

More information about ordinal dates here. Say I have the ordinal date 2016-162 (the 162nd day of the year 2016, which would be Friday, June 10, 2016). Could I write it like this in Japanese: ...
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1answer
245 views

Maths sentences: 足す and 掛ける

I noticed a lack of case marking particles in mathematical sentences: 1足す2は3である。 3掛ける4は12である。 足す and 掛ける are verbs, does subject and object analysis apply to this? Do they take on the ...
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1answer
145 views

How do you call different methods for writing numbers (notations)?

Are there proper terms for the methods of writing numbers in kanji (literal vs powers-of-10)? 千五百三十六 vs 一五三六 If not (or the terms are too scientific) how to differentiate between them in ...
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1answer
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How do people in Japan count with their fingers?

In the US, there isn't really a standard way of counting from 1 to 5 on your fingers - numbering the fingers starting with 1 = thumb through 5 = little finger, some people will raise their fingers in ...
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5answers
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Is there a reason why numbers in Japanese are delimited into blocks of four?

As I understand, Japanese numbers are divided into blocks of four, so while we would think of the number 89123889 as 89,123,889, in Japan they would think of it as 8912,3889 (八千九百十二万三千八百八十九). So ...
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3answers
4k views

How do you punctuate phone numbers in Japanese?

Given the phone number in English: (012) 345-6789 how do you write this in Japanese? Is it: (012)345-6789 or: 012・345・6789 or somewhere in between? My personal research suggests the ...
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1answer
3k views

How do you do a countdown?

For example, when JAXA launches a rocket, or people count the seconds to the New Year, do they use し or よん to count 4? do they use しち or なな to count 7?
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1answer
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Placing a quantifier between a noun and particle?

this is my first question here so please bare with me. Until the other day I was aware of two different ways use counters As an adverb. ペンを3本買いました。 As a noun. 3本のペンを買いました。 The ...
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3answers
648 views

How do you refer to items in a list?

Given a list of things... dog cat fish How would you say... the second item in the list: 2目番? all three of them: 全部三つ? two of them (not regarding the position in the list): 2匹 or 2目? Is this ...
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4answers
479 views

Pronunciation of 九

The dictionary I'm using lists two common pronunciations of 「九」: 「きゅう」 and 「く」. I've usually heard it as 「きゅう」 before, but when saying 「9時」, it always seems to be 「くじ」. Is there a rule to this?
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2answers
172 views

What does it mean when a number is followed by こ

れいぞうこ の なか に ケーキ は 3こ ありました. せんしゅう 、かんじ を 20こ おぼえ ました. In the above examples, why does こ come after the number? Is it a counter? If yes, at what instances can it be used? If not, please advise ...
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What is the correct syntax for large numbers in kanji?

Say I was trying to write the number 3,476,521,893,421 in kanji. How would I go about this? My guess was 三万四千七百六十五億二千百八十九万三千四百二十一 but it looks really wrong to me because it feels too Western to be ...
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2answers
727 views

What is this 10^40 thing?

While checking out "正" (as in 正坐, specifically) I found that apparently one of the associated meaning would be 10^40 (i.e. 10 elevated at the 40th power). Example -taken from Tangorin.com: sei 【正】 ...
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3answers
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Are kanji typically used in times and dates?

Are kanji typically for numbers used in times and dates? For example, would "七" and "十五" in the first sentence, and "九" and "三" in the second sentence be normal Japanese? (I'm aware that the ...
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3answers
8k views

About writing numbers using Japanese numerals vs using Arabic numerals

I noticed that even though Japanese language has kanji characters for numbers (e.g. 十、百、千、万 etc), there are many places where Arabic numerals are used instead, for example, prices for shop items are ...
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1answer
719 views

Japanese/Chinese numbers usage timeline

Japanese uses both native and Chinese numbering numbering systems, the Sino-Japanese pronunciations being いち, に, さん, etc. and the native being ひと, ふた, み, etc. For the most part they are used for ...
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1answer
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Where does the phrase Ichikabachika (一か八か) come from?

According to the Japanese dictionary, it means "sink or swim", "do or die", or "high stakes", but I can't figure out the etymology. The literal meaning appears to be "one or eight". So does it ...
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2answers
1k views

How is「第3位を四捨五入」deconstructed to mean “round up to 2 decimal places”?

小数第2位未満に端数が生じた場合は、小数第3位を四捨五入する I initially translated this sentence to: If a fraction with less than 2 decimal places is generated, round off to 3 decimal places. So: 2.1 ≈ 2.100 It felt ...
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4answers
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Does 一二三 mean “1 2 3” or “123”?

Is it possible, without any context, to tell whether 一二三 means "one, two, three" or "one hundred twenty-three"? In English, this kind of ambiguity would be removed by adding spaces between each digit:...
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2answers
286 views

Are ~つ and ~り the only two counters that can occur with the native Japanese numbers (ひと~, ふた~, etc)?

Please go easy on me if this seems too basic and obvious, I'm a beginner. I always had the impression that there were counters that went with the native Japanese numbers and counters that went with ...
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2answers
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List of Japanese counter words [closed]

What are the essential Japanese counter words? For example -dai for machines, -mai for papers and stuff like that. What else to expect/know? Thank you
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1answer
337 views

What do you use for a general-purpose counter when there are more that 10?

I've seen multiple language books, videos, etc. refer to this great, wonderful, magnificent general-purpose counter known as つ. The problem? I've also seen multiple source say that つ doesn't work ...
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1answer
388 views

Reading of 組 as a Counter Word With Numbers

I'm confused about how to pronounce a word such as 一組. Are Japanese or Chinese numbers used when using 組 as a counter, and if the former how does it change phonetically? For example, jisho.org lists ...
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4answers
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Counters In Japanese

I'm a super beginner in Japanese, so excuse me if this question is really simple. Or stupid. As an exercise, sometimes I count up the things on nearby desks or tables and try to list them in Japanese,...
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1answer
194 views

Using 次 as a counter

In cases such as [第二次全世界戦争]{だいにじぜんせかいせんそう} or [第二次]{だいにじ}スーパーロボット[大戦]{たいせん}, is [次]{じ} effectively just acting the way a number followed by st/nd/rd/th would in English?
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1answer
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How to say “Episode 22”, “Chapter 22”, “Act 22”, etc?

I just wanted to make sure that my understanding is correct. When saying Chapter 22, Act 22, or Episode 22 (basically parts of a larger piece), it normally starts with 第22 (or 第[number]) and then the ...
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2answers
543 views

Confusion about 一千億 and 一千兆

I recently created a web app called Kazu which aims to help speakers of Japanese and English learn to read numbers in both languages. I found a web page which said that 'for numbers over 1万, "1000" ...
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2answers
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What is the correct way of saying “third” in different contexts?

What would be the correct way of saying "third" in the following contexts: Chronologically (This is the third time this happens) Ranked (I am the third best player in the world) Other? Maybe other ...
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1answer
159 views

Reading of 三十四日 [duplicate]

Is 三十四日 read さんじゅうよっか, in analogy with 四日, 十 四日, 二十四日, or is it read さんじゅうよんにち?
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1answer
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Temperature abbreviations?

A certain dialog in my book has a man describing the symptoms of his cold to the doctor. It reads thus: 医者:熱はありますか。 患者:はい、きのうから。夕べはぞくぞく寒気がしたので、高熱が出るんじゃないかとひやひやしたんですが、今のところ7度8分【なな・ど・はち・ぶ】...
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3answers
2k views

Rules for slang of Japanese numbers

I often hear Japanese using a different method for saying a number like "248" as によんぱ — especially for highways and license plates. While this one is easy to understand, there are others that I don'...
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1answer
507 views

What do the question marks on these gas station signs mean?

ハイオク: 148? レギュラ: 137? 軽油: 115? What meaning do the question marks have?
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1answer
314 views

In this example, should the number 4 be read し or よん?

Recently, on another question, I left a comment where I said I thought 1・2・3・4 might be pronounced イチニーサンヨン. I was quickly corrected by another user, who said the following: AFAIK, 1,2,3,4 is ...
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2answers
378 views

Do we use odd day pronunciations outside of calendar ranges?

After reading @jkerian's comment in this post, I started thinking about this. Here's the comment in full: On a side note, all days ending in '4' are also irregular, and use ~よっか. So the 14th is ...
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1answer
9k views

Can you say “half hour” or must you say “30 minutes”?

I know that to say an hour and a half you can say 一時間半, but is it possible to express simply half an hour even though the counter comes before 半? Or would you just have to say 三十分? If both ways are ...
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4answers
3k views

Is there a logic behind the different endings when counting things in Japanese

So far I don't see any logic to it. It seems like it's just something you have to memorize, or is there a trick that I'm missing. Update To clarify, I'm not so much questioning the existence of the ...