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Questions tagged [nouns]

名詞. A part of speech typically denoting a person, thing, place or idea.

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What is the difference between 引っ越しする and 引っ越す? [duplicate]

I understand that 引っ越しする derives from changing the noun 引っ越し to verb, whereas 引っ越す itself is a verb in dictionary form. Both has the same meaning, so which is more commonly used by Japanese? Are both ...
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103 views

What is 露わになる affecting in the following sentence, '才能の持ち主' (持ち主 to be specific) or '才能'?

それも生死に関わる窮地に陥って、 初めて露わになる才能の持ち主です。」 I know that 才能の持ち主 (as the の is a possessive の) can mean 'owner of talent'. Question is, what is 露わになる affecting in the above sentence, the 'talent' itself, or ...
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Parents-in-law in Japanese

I have found three different words meaning parents-in-law: [舅姑]{きゅうこ} [義父母]{ぎふぼ} [義理]{ぎり}の[親]{おや} But I'm sure the words are not interchangeable. How are the words different? What would be the ...
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1answer
77 views

乗り換え verbal noun does not take -する, instead 乗り換える?

Is anyone able to explain why the verbal noun 乗り換え does not take -suru, but instead becomes 乗り換える? Cheers, Luke
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1answer
124 views

Why we should use “を” instead of “に” when talking about a place?

I have a question regarding this sentence: かのじょといっしょにこうえんをさんぽします。 If the "を" marks a direct object of a sentance, why we use it the way it looks above. Could we use here "に" instead of "を"? ...
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1answer
109 views

Grammaticality of two kanji verbs without their conjugating part

A friend told me he's going to get a tattoo with "頑張". 頑張 doesn't exist on the dictionary without its -る conjugating part, so is it grammatically correct using it alone, as if it was a noun? Does it ...
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Meaning of 掃き溜める

Context: a boxer is telling another one that he is too weak to participate in a tournament. 潰し合いさせられるトーナメントに浮かれてんの出場者ん中でお前だけだぞ?掃き溜められたコトにムカつくけどよ… お前みてェな甘ちゃんと肩並ばされんのはもっとハラが立つ。 Looking in the ...
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87 views

Can someone explain what purpose こう and こと are serving in this sentence? and whether my interpretation/translation is somewhat correct?

This sentence here (which in context of where I found it is referring to two people, as shown in the brackets): (私たちのことが認めてもらえるまで。) それまではこうしていることは内緒です I vaguely understand it to mean something along ...
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What is the role of し after the noun?

I can't understand the role of し after 留学 in the sentence: 来年、日本に留学しに行くと決めた。 I heard that it is supposed to be a conjugated form of する, but I don't know a conjugation ending in just し. Any ideas?
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What is the difference between 役割 & 業務タイトル?

Both of these terms are found in the same 職務経歴書. After attempting to translate the terms used in an example, I've come to the following hypothesis: 業務タイトル - Department in a company 役割 - One's ...
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2answers
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Can every noun be a na-adjective?

I know that na-adjectives are nouns which can also act like adjectives by affixing themselves to nouns, but can every noun do this simply by adding な or can only certain nouns have the property of ...
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134 views

Is Kanōsei a word?

I used Google translate and used the following translation provided by Google for 'possibly' in a letter I wrote 可能性もある kanōsei mo aru Later I tried looking up the word in the dictionary, and ...
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1answer
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Difference between 出産 and お産

Based on the dictionary definitions listed on WWWJDIC (which I cannot link due to the design of the website), the two terms have similar definitions. I am wondering if there is any difference between ...
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2answers
154 views

Does 同棲 always have a romantic connotation?

Take for instance the noun, 同棲組 which roughly means a group living together. Does 同棲 always have a romantic connotation, or is it possible to use it in a non-romantic sense. For example, to ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between が and を when using verbs?

In this anime-esque example, which is correct?: 私はあなたが殺す 私はあなたを殺す And why? Because I’ve heard it used with number • 2 • を (wo), but other verbs seem to always use が, for example: 「私はエミリアが好きです」 Is ...
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Difference between 自己 and 自分

I am wondering if there are any differences in the usage of 自己 and 自分, or are they simply synonyms? It seems that the two are interchangeable with nouns stemming from them. I.e, 非自己 and 非自分 also ...
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Meaning of 人減 when used as a noun

In my studies, I've come across the noun 人減 used in the context of population. An example would be, 十一万人減. 減る means to diminish / decrease. Thus, I hypothesize the meaning of this noun is to ...
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What is the origin of the foreign word サクランボ?

サクランボ means cherry in English. However, it is different from the direct conversion of cherry, チェリー. What is the origin of this word? Which language does it originate?
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How do you translate “Bavarian Bierkeller” into natural Japanese rendition? (and more)

Here is what I think the translation of Bavarian Bierkeller: 1.Bavarian => Bayerische (German) = Of or relating to or characteristic of Bavaria or its people. バイエルン (translated from German - ...
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Difference between 今晩 and 今夜

夜 - night 晩 - counter for nights Is there a difference in time reference, i.e., is 今晩 earlier/later than 今夜? Is there a difference in style, i.e., is one more reserved than the other? If so, which ...
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新着順 English Meaning

Which is the closest interpretation for「新着順」(しんちゃくじゅん) in English: "In order of arrival" "Newest Arrivals" 新着 - 'new arrivals' or 'new acquisitions' 順 - 'order' Thus, a literal combination of ...
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一 (いち) before nouns

I sometimes come across expressions like this: 土地、宅地の利用区分の"一形態"で、受託の用途に供せられる土地のことを言うことが一般的である。 (definition of 住宅地) 特に、国家・団体などが立てる、"一会計年度"の収支の見積もり。(definition of 予算) Basically you have a noun ...
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How can I say “pick-up from the hotel”?

I am translating a trip schedule for a group of Japanese people coming to visit my country. I translated "pick-up from the airport" as "空港へのお出迎え", but I think お出迎え can only be used when you greet ...
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1answer
100 views

Has a noun been dropped here? 「お店で食べた奴のがおいしかった」

I was reading a manga where the character brings back some food as a souvenir from a recent trip. She is eating it with her family, but in the margin she makes a small comment: 「お店で食べた奴のがおいしかった」 I am ...
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1answer
112 views

Combining multiple nouns with a lack of attributive verbs

While listening to a song (I believe it would be considered denpa or something close to it) I came across these lyrics (hesitant English translations by me): どうだい くたばる前に あばよ昇天 How’s that? Before I ...
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How are 専攻 and 専門 different?

What is the difference between 専門 senmon and 専攻 senkō?
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Adding the title of the song in a sentence or question

I am trying to find out how to say "I sang a song called something yesterday". I do know how "I sang a song yesterday" is translated to Japanese which is 昨日は歌を歌いました But where should I put the title ...
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258 views

面 and 顔 difference?

There are two words for face or is there a slight difference?
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2answers
128 views

What is the difference between 和紙 and 日本紙

Both 和紙 and 日本紙 translate to Japanese paper so I'm wondering what is the usage of each?
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110 views

Usage of な in this sentence

What is the meaning of な in the following sentence? この動画に映り込んでる背景は僕の家な気がする。 Is it an abbreviation of なんて or なんか? Or is it simply a filler as explained in this answer?
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Meaning of 盛り上げ in the following sentence

Context: a boxer and his trainer are waiting in the locker's room for a match to start. The president of a famous gym who is also the organizer of the match passes by and just waves at them without ...
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338 views

What's the difference between やく and くすり? [duplicate]

They both mean medicine. But when to use which?
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2answers
114 views

For phrases modifying nouns, is the subject considered part of the modifier or separate?

Oftentimes I see phrases such as this in songs and such: 僕は迷い込んだ夢の中 I always interpreted these as the first part all modifying the noun, i.e. "Inside the dream I was lost in," here. However, when I ...
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137 views

Is it true it's not natural to name folders (maybe just labeling in general?) something generic and or abstract?

One of my native friends saw I had one of my folders named "私の物" and told me it sounded too weird. I also showed that my phone has a group of apps named like that and suggested I use something like ...
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3answers
169 views

Will fully electric cars be called 電車?

A train in japanese is 電車. Precisely an electric train. 電 means electricity and 車 means car/vehicle. Which means that the name for fully electrical cars should be 電車 or 自動電車 right?
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158 views

“No” as a word-replacer for “one”

How can I always use "one" to replace a noun? For example: - How many items do you have? - Fives *ones*. Or - Are there many chinese there? - Yes, there're many *of them* or - Yes, I see many ...
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264 views

How would you say “Music I Like”? (Using Nouns In Relative-Clauses)

Given that Japanese uses a noun to express that something is liked, how would you use it in relative clause? I was trying to write "Touhou Music I Like" in Japanese for a YouTube playlist, but ...
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203 views

Can anyone confirm チックン is Kyushu-ben for チングイ and give its scientific name?

In southern Kyushu, you hear people speak of a biting bug called チックン that lurks in shallow water near beaches. Researching the word a bit comes up with the more standard term チングイ, and it appears to ...
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1answer
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When to and not to use the particle の to link to nouns? [duplicate]

I know that the particle の can be used for linking several nouns together or to indicate possession. However I have seen several cases where the の is droped. Like for example 未来日記. My question is when ...
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206 views

黒い VS 黒 What is the difference between them?

I was wondering why the translation for a black cat is 黒猫 and not 黒い猫. It has come to my understanding that 黒い is an adjictive, so that's what should be used when modifying a noun. While 黒 is just a ...
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Who does お増{ます} designate? [duplicate]

I am currently reading a short Japanese novel targeted at learners of intermediate levels, entitled 野菊の墓. In this novel, multiple times a character is named only by お増{ます}。Based on the below examples ...
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How would I write Animal in Japanese when it refers to the Muppet's character Animal

I am creating a present for a Japanese Taiko drummer. He is my teacher and is celebrating his birthday tomorrow. The present will be the Muppet character Animal sitting at a shime daiko, his bachi at ...
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1answer
74 views

Do particles like を、で、に、and へ、form noun-phrases?

Can particles like を、で、に、and へ be used like nouns? Can you do something like: [ 学校 + に ] + の + 学生 + です。= 学校にの学生です。 [ School + at ] + *'s + student + is. = To-be at-school's student. Is this kind ...
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1answer
379 views

(noun) + な versus (verb) + な

Actually, I want I'm figuring out a specific sentence, which is 「暇なので相手して。」And I thought that it means "I am bored because of my companion." 暇 [hima] - "leisure" / "fun" な [na] - Negative imperative. ...
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276 views

Translation of “technically speaking” / What is this villain saying?

This is a fan-made Japanese version of an English song on a children's show, LazyTown. I'm trying to find out what the (second) villain was saying (second line) at 0:03. The English translation of ...
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1answer
144 views

Distinguishing 「話し」 する and 五段 usage

Facts The noun はなし can be written 話 or 話し. In colloquial contexts, you can omit 「を」 from 話{はなし}をする, making it 話{はなし}する. There is also a 五段 verb, 話す{はなす}. The continuative (連用形) form of both 話する and ...
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735 views

use of particles on direct object

When is the use of correct particle (を or が) on the direct object of a transitive verb, for example: shigoto o owarimasu shigoto ga owarimasu What is the exact meaning in each other, please.
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374 views

Do the adverbial forms of verbs and nouns exist?

I know there are adverbial forms of: adjectives (Adj), 形容詞{けいようし} (連用形{れんようけい} - 早い→早く); adjectival nouns (AdjN), 形容動詞{けいようどうし} (連用形{れんようけい} - 上手だ→上手に). Are there adverbial forms of nouns (名詞{...
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2answers
2k views

Using とる to say I took a picture of my dog in the park

I see the を particle is used with the verb, but I don't know how it works in the sentence. Is it: わたしはこうえんでわたしのいぬのしゃしんをとりました。 Or: わたしはこうえんでわたしのいぬをとりました。
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220 views

What is the difference between 会社 and 社 when referring to a company?

Both terms refer to a company. I want to know if there are differences on when one term would be preferred over the other.