Questions tagged [nominalization]

名詞化. Turning a grammatical constituent such as a clause into a noun phrase, often using a nominalizing particle or formal noun such as の or こと.

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What does “でいる” mean? [duplicate]

I've heard the sentence "一人でいるのが好きです", meaning "I like to be alone". Is this a substitute of "です", could I for example say "学生でいるのが好きです"? If so, how is it different from "である"? Thanks in advance.
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I don't understand Genki1's explanation of using の after verbs [duplicate]

Can someone explain? I just don't quite understand it. Thanks.
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How did 優しさ derived from 優しい? The rule is? [duplicate]

How did 優しさ derived from 優しい? The rule is?
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How do I know when to use の with が in a “good/bad at” sentence? [duplicate]

In all sentences that describe someone being good or bad at something, as well as liking/disliking doing something, the particle が is used. I know for a fact that you use が for like/dislike. In some ...
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How to say “the one I sent the letter to”

I sent him the letter - 彼に手紙を送ってあげた  He was the one who sent me the letter - 手紙を送ってくれたのは、彼だった He was the one I sent the letter to - ???
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Is the の[か] in my sentence a 準体言助詞 の[か]?

こんな訓練が何の役に立つのか不思議だったが、アインが言うにはバランス感覚は射撃の要になるらしい。 I hypothesize that the のか in question is a nominalizing の followed by a questioning か, as its preceded by the verb/expression 役に立つ. This verb-...
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Questions about a correction, nominalizing, and particles

I was practicing writing sentences and tried to write the following in Japanese: I heard he escaped from the island. I originally came up with 彼が島から逃げるのを聞いたそうです。 But then I was corrected by 2 ...
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Nominalizing verb with い-ending vs ーの

In my Japanese class today, we were supposed to say a sport we liked. I said: 泳ぎが好きです。 We haven't learned this way of nominalizing verbs or the names of many sports, so my 先生 shook her head no and I ...
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Trouble understanding のも in this sentence

I am having trouble understanding the significance of のも in this sentence: そう考えるのも当然だ。
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豊かになることが sentence construction

能力のある人や努力した人が豊かになることが本当の平等というものだろう。 why did we use が two times in this sentence, and what does the mean of 豊かになること sentences
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怒られるのが sentence construction

怒られるのが怖くて嘘をつくのは、子供にありがちな行動です。 why did we use 怒られるのが as subject ?? what is the sentence constructon
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Nominalization of です?

Basically I’m wondering if です can be nominalized. For example how would you say: ”I don’t like being mean.” or ”It’s good to be nice!” Can I say: 酷いであるのが好きじゃない? 優しいであるのがいい? These are my attempts ...
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すっごいレンジの音がしてるのが気になる。What does the second の mean in this sentence?

すっごいレンジの音がしてるのが気になる。 What does the second の mean in this sentence?
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How to say “that” as in “the cow that ate” in Japanese?

I'm sure there are plenty of resources on this topic, but I don't know what keywords to use to find them. I want to know how you might create a noun by saying that the noun does something. For ...
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Is the following のが a nominalizing のが?

I have the following Japanese sentence: 身につけているのが、病院で着せられる検査服のようなものだから仕方ないのかもしれないが、どう見てもここは病院なんかじゃない。 and I was wondering if the bolded のが nominalizes the 身につけている before it, as Darius says that ...
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などの followed by a Noun

Question about this sentence : tシャツなどの服を着たままプールに入らないでください。 Why do we need の? What is its use in the sentence given? Isn't など a particle so it is ok to be followed by a noun? I checked the ...
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Pitch accent of nominalizers

Do the nominalizers "no" and "koto" have recessive accent (i.e. no downstep) or downstep after the first syllable? Or are they enclitic (i.e. unaccented unless following a word with no downstep in ...
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Can you nominalize a verb and then use it again as verb by combining with です?

I have come across a sentence which I do not know if I understand correctly. すべて の コイン を もらえる の です か? I know that in this sentence the speaker asks if he wins/receives all of the coins, but I am ...
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Meaning of「残るは」in a sentence

Came across this sentence in a memoir and I have a grammar question about it. For context, a person is thinking about someone sleeping nearby: さっき声をかけてきたヤツは当分寝ないだろ。残るは寝ているか寝ていないかわからない隣の隣。 ...
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What word class is 恥ずべき?

恥ずべき is listed as an adjective in EDICT, as a 'compound word' (連語) in kotobank (here), and as a "noun or verb acting pre-nominally" on the Midori app. My question relates to a sample sentence I saw on ...
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Nominalized verb and connection to noun after が particle

I'm attempting to read a book and I don't understand the grammar 100% here. ジャックはもうすぐ九歳。本を読んだり、自然を観察したりするのが大好きな男の子だ。 Overall, I believe it means: Jack will soon be 9 years old. A lovable boy that ...
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の: nominalization vs. 'the one that…'

の can be used as a noun with a relative clause in what appears to be two separate situations. Referring to a thing or person, e.g. '来たのは田中です。' ('The one who came is Tanaka.') Nominalizing a verb (as ...
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What is the function of のは in this question?

きさまがこの時代に来てタマゴからそうなるまで3年間かかったのは...?
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How to translate nominalised adjectives from Japanese to English (e.g. スイスがきれいなこと)

I am currently struggling with wrapping my head around こと and how it nominalises adjectives/sentences with adjectives to turn them into noun phrases. With verbs, it's easy: べんとうを食べる (I eat bento/...
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に or の in this sentence, also any recomendations on where to post practice sentences?

I am trying to say, I always forget to turn on the lights this is what I have translated でんきを点けるのいつも忘れた。 I used の because what I learned is that a verb needs to be with の to add to an ...
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What does the の particle do in relation to verbs?

More specifically, what is the difference between 「見るの」 and 「見たの」 in this context: 時々、子供のころの夢を(x)があります。 How does the の particle function? Is its meaning modified by the 「が」 particle as well?
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Nominalized verb without の or こと

I saw this: アンさんはべんきょうをおしえるひとです。 Is this a correct sentence? I got confused with おしえる人. I thought we cannot follow a verb with another noun without nominalizing it with either の or こと. Should ...
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Nominalizing particle combos

I'm curious about the use of certain particles in combination with nominalizing particles こと and の。I know ことが、のは、etc are acceptable, but can one use particles such as と or など etc? For instance, would ...
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Another こと usage question

I'm trying to translate the sentence "Food is an easy topic for me to write about" to Japanese, but I'm struggling. Some thoughts / questions: (1) I know could say "Writing about food is easy":「...
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What is the exact meaning of “Xのは”? [duplicate]

I just came across this sentence: 日本語を上手に話すのは難しい。 While I do understand the meaning overall, I am confused as for why it's 話すのは instead of 話すは. If anybody could explain what のは means, that'd be ...
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Verb Stem vs. の Nominalizations

I've been wondering about the difference between verb stem (e.g. 話) vs. の (e.g. 話すの) nominalizations. From what i gather, both nominalizations refer to different things. It seems the verb stems refer ...
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Which grammar structure does this sentence fit into?

Which grammar structure does the following sentence fit into? あのナイフは、パンを切るのにつかいます。 I translated it as "That knife is used to cut bread". However, I can't understand the 切るのにつかいます part. The closest ...
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The role of か in [VERB+か+のNOUN]

The following is from one of the definitions of a word in goo辞書: どちらに傾くかの度合い I do not understand why か is used here instead of こと. Usually, I would expect to see の (or こと) nominalize a verb. ...
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How do I express “I'm better at doing X than Y”

How would I form the phrase, "I'm better at understanding (spoken) Japanese than speaking it," both casually and politely? Like this?: 私は日本語{にほんご}を聞いて{きいて}分かる{わかる}のほうが話す{はなす}のよりいいです。 ...
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When can you use の to replace a noun?

How come the sentence 白いのは、高い is ok, but the sentence 学生じゃないのは、学校に行かない is not? Wouldn't the second sentence just mean "the one who isn't a student does not go to school"? On Tae Kim's grammar guide, ...
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Function of particles の and は in this sentence

A girls tells this to her friend: このまま帰ってまた何日も会えなくなるのは嫌です What are these particles doing here? は is being used to emphasize, to be the topic marker or the contrastive marker? My guess is that is ...
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The て form, the と and もの constructions: gerund, participle, transgressive, or verbal noun?

As far as I understand, among the constructions (て-form verb), (て-form verb)いる, (finite verb)こと, (finite verb)の, (verb phrase)と, (finite verb)もの the form (2) unambiguously functions as a finite verb ...
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How do I combine “I speak Japanese” with “I like to …”?

So to say you like something, you you could say: 僕は[blank]がすきです。 and to say something like "I speak Japanese", you could say: 僕は日本語が話します。 So say I wanted to say I like to speak Japanese, how could ...
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Verb+のを meaning

I stumbled upon this video and couldn't understand the subtitle at 3:07: 「サッカークラブに迎えに行くのを母が面倒くさがり、バスケ部に入ったのは言うまでもない」 I think it means something along the lines of: 'My mum hated taking me to ...
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Usage of こと in verbs

Im having some issues with the usage of こと in verbs. Our teacher explained this form very quickly and i don't think i managed to understand how it works and what it's supposed to express. She told ...
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What does こと mean?

Please don't laugh at me. I am super new to Japanese and only really have google translate to help me. I can find a lot of stuff online but I can't find a solid meaning for こと, and Google translate ...
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Why do we need to use 2 nominalizers もの and こと in the following sentence?

Why do we need to use 2 nominalizers もの and こと in the following sentence? 素数とは、1 より大きい自然数で、正の約数が 1 と自分自身のみであるもののことである。
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Question about するの

I translaed the first line of しろくまカフェ to: 笹{ささ}を 食{た}べながらのんびりするのは 最高{さいこう}だなあ Eating bamboo while relaxing is the best But there are a couple of particles that I wasn't quite sure of. Any advice ...
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what does this のって mean?

For context, Person A admires the new bag of person B. Person B bought it on the internet. here is Persons A's response: えっ、インターネットで買い物するのって危なくないですか。 I don't know what this のって is supposed to mean....
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What is the difference between 「だと」 and 「であること・なの」

I was looking at example sentences for 「気づく」 to determine which particle it uses and I found that it takes 「に」. For example: 「彼はそれに間もなく気づくだろう」. However, I also found these sentences: 「私は彼が有名人だと気づく」 ...
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Is なんです the same as んです?

I know what んです and its inflections mean, however, I've seen some set expressions such as そうなんです use exclusive なんです, I've never seen そうんです. Do both なんです and んです mean the same? If so, is there some ...
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How to say “I want to see A doing this”?

I want to say "I want to see A doing this" to my Japanese friend, I know that これ = This やっている = doing 見たい = want to see but I'm not sure how should I put them together? I tried researching ...
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3answers
310 views

When の follows particles

What is the significance of the usage of の in these nominals? 東京からの手紙 東京から手紙 The latter is how I was taught to formulate this nominal form, but I came across a source that uses the first form. I'm ...
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Translation of “社会に出るって、大変です。”? Same meaning as “社会に出るのが大変です。”?

In a video, with the importance of honorific language in Japanese society established as the topic, one person said to another: 社会に出るって、大変ですね。 Which of the following is a better translation: When ...
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Use of Adjective + のも

さらに冬になれば雪が積もって交通の便が悪いし、暮らすにはいささか苦労が多いのも難点だ I'm familiar with Vのは → Vのも for multiple nominalized items, but this use of it has me stumped. "Because of the transportation issues after the snow piles ...