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Questions tagged [nominalization]

名詞化. Turning a grammatical constituent such as a clause into a noun phrase, often using a nominalizing particle or formal noun such as の or こと.

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Can you nominalize a verb and then use it again as verb by combining with です?

I have come across a sentence which I do not know if I understand correctly. すべて の コイン を もらえる の です か? I know that in this sentence the speaker asks if he wins/receives all of the coins, but I am ...
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Meaning of「残るは」in a sentence

Came across this sentence in a memoir and I have a grammar question about it. For context, a person is thinking about someone sleeping nearby: さっき声をかけてきたヤツは当分寝ないだろ。残るは寝ているか寝ていないかわからない隣の隣。 ...
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What word class is 恥ずべき?

恥ずべき is listed as an adjective in EDICT, as a 'compound word' (連語) in kotobank (here), and as a "noun or verb acting pre-nominally" on the Midori app. My question relates to a sample sentence I saw on ...
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Nominalized verb and connection to noun after が particle

I'm attempting to read a book and I don't understand the grammar 100% here. ジャックはもうすぐ九歳。本を読んだり、自然を観察したりするのが大好きな男の子だ。 Overall, I believe it means: Jack will soon be 9 years old. A lovable boy ...
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1answer
142 views

の: nominalization vs. 'the one that…'

の can be used as a noun with a relative clause in what appears to be two separate situations. Referring to a thing or person, e.g. '来たのは田中です。' ('The one who came is Tanaka.') Nominalizing a verb (as ...
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87 views

What is the function of のは in this question?

きさまがこの時代に来てタマゴからそうなるまで3年間かかったのは...?
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How to translate nominalised adjectives from Japanese to English (e.g. スイスがきれいなこと)

I am currently struggling with wrapping my head around こと and how it nominalises adjectives/sentences with adjectives to turn them into noun phrases. With verbs, it's easy: べんとうを食べる (I eat bento/...
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に or の in this sentence, also any recomendations on where to post practice sentences?

I am trying to say, I always forget to turn on the lights this is what I have translated でんきを点けるのいつも忘れた。 I used の because what I learned is that a verb needs to be with の to add to an ...
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1answer
105 views

What does the の particle do in relation to verbs?

More specifically, what is the difference between 「見るの」 and 「見たの」 in this context: 時々、子供のころの夢を(x)があります。 How does the の particle function? Is its meaning modified by the 「が」 particle as well?
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Nominalized verb without の or こと

I saw this: アンさんはべんきょうをおしえるひとです。 Is this a correct sentence? I got confused with おしえる人. I thought we cannot follow a verb with another noun without nominalizing it with either の or こと. Should ...
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80 views

Nominalizing particle combos

I'm curious about the use of certain particles in combination with nominalizing particles こと and の。I know ことが、のは、etc are acceptable, but can one use particles such as と or など etc? For instance, would ...
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Another こと usage question

I'm trying to translate the sentence "Food is an easy topic for me to write about" to Japanese, but I'm struggling. Some thoughts / questions: (1) I know could say "Writing about food is easy":「...
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125 views

What is the exact meaning of “Xのは”? [duplicate]

I just came across this sentence: 日本語を上手に話すのは難しい。 While I do understand the meaning overall, I am confused as for why it's 話すのは instead of 話すは. If anybody could explain what のは means, that'd be ...
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Verb Stem vs. の Nominalizations

I've been wondering about the difference between verb stem (e.g. 話) vs. の (e.g. 話すの) nominalizations. From what i gather, both nominalizations refer to different things. It seems the verb stems refer ...
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Which grammar structure does this sentence fit into?

Which grammar structure does the following sentence fit into? あのナイフは、パンを切るのにつかいます。 I translated it as "That knife is used to cut bread". However, I can't understand the 切るのにつかいます part. The closest ...
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The role of か in [VERB+か+のNOUN]

The following is from one of the definitions of a word in goo辞書: どちらに傾くかの度合い I do not understand why か is used here instead of こと. Usually, I would expect to see の (or こと) nominalize a verb. ...
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How do I express “I'm better at doing X than Y”

How would I form the phrase, "I'm better at understanding (spoken) Japanese than speaking it," both casually and politely? Like this?: 私は日本語{にほんご}を聞いて{きいて}分かる{わかる}のほうが話す{はなす}のよりいいです。 ...
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1answer
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Function of particles の and は in this sentence

A girls tells this to her friend: このまま帰ってまた何日も会えなくなるのは嫌です What are these particles doing here? は is being used to emphasize, to be the topic marker or the contrastive marker? My guess is that is ...
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The て form, the と and もの constructions: gerund, participle, transgressive, or verbal noun?

As far as I understand, among the constructions (て-form verb), (て-form verb)いる, (finite verb)こと, (finite verb)の, (verb phrase)と, (finite verb)もの the form (2) unambiguously functions as a finite verb ...
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How do I combine “I speak Japanese” with “I like to …”?

So to say you like something, you you could say: 僕は[blank]がすきです。 and to say something like "I speak Japanese", you could say: 僕は日本語が話します。 So say I wanted to say I like to speak Japanese, how could ...
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276 views

Verb+のを meaning

I stumbled upon this video and couldn't understand the subtitle at 3:07: 「サッカークラブに迎えに行くのを母が面倒くさがり、バスケ部に入ったのは言うまでもない」 I think it means something along the lines of: 'My mum hated taking me to ...
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Usage of こと in verbs

Im having some issues with the usage of こと in verbs. Our teacher explained this form very quickly and i don't think i managed to understand how it works and what it's supposed to express. She told ...
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Why do we need to use 2 nominalizers もの and こと in the following sentence?

Why do we need to use 2 nominalizers もの and こと in the following sentence? 素数とは、1 より大きい自然数で、正の約数が 1 と自分自身のみであるもののことである。
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Question about するの

I translaed the first line of しろくまカフェ to: 笹{ささ}を 食{た}べながらのんびりするのは 最高{さいこう}だなあ Eating bamboo while relaxing is the best But there are a couple of particles that I wasn't quite sure of. Any ...
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what does this のって mean?

For context, Person A admires the new bag of person B. Person B bought it on the internet. here is Persons A's response: えっ、インターネットで買い物するのって危なくないですか。 I don't know what this のって is supposed to mean. ...
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What is the difference between 「だと」 and 「であること・なの」

I was looking at example sentences for 「気づく」 to determine which particle it uses and I found that it takes 「に」. For example: 「彼はそれに間もなく気づくだろう」. However, I also found these sentences: 「私は彼が有名人だと気づく」 ...
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Is なんです the same as んです?

I know what んです and its inflections mean, however, I've seen some set expressions such as そうなんです use exclusive なんです, I've never seen そうんです. Do both なんです and んです mean the same? If so, is there some ...
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How to say “I want to see A doing this”?

I want to say "I want to see A doing this" to my Japanese friend, I know that これ = This やっている = doing 見たい = want to see but I'm not sure how should I put them together? I tried ...
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3answers
293 views

When の follows particles

What is the significance of the usage of の in these nominals? 東京からの手紙 東京から手紙 The latter is how I was taught to formulate this nominal form, but I came across a source that uses the first form. I'm ...
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Translation of “社会に出るって、大変です。”? Same meaning as “社会に出るのが大変です。”?

In a video, with the importance of honorific language in Japanese society established as the topic, one person said to another: 社会に出るって、大変ですね。 Which of the following is a better translation: When ...
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Use of Adjective + のも

さらに冬になれば雪が積もって交通の便が悪いし、暮らすにはいささか苦労が多いのも難点だ I'm familiar with Vのは → Vのも for multiple nominalized items, but this use of it has me stumped. "Because of the transportation issues after the snow piles ...
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What is the difference in usage between nominalized nominal verbs and nouns forming the same nominal verbs?

In the following sentence, why is すること needed? システムメンテナンスにより休止することがあります。 Can it simply be: システムメンテナンスにより休止があります。
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How do you translate this phrase 「ボルシアは秋にイブラこと」? (see sentence for context)

The full sentence is 「ボルシアは秋にイブラことイサクという選手をエクアドルで獲得したそうである。」 The general parsing I have right now is 「ボルシアは」「秋にイブラこと」「イサクという選手をエクアドルで獲得したそうである。」 The topic is ボルシア (a German football team) 秋にイブラこと - ...
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Why is ところ used instead of こと in these sentences?

テレビ局の人たちは専門家が火山を調べているところをビデオに撮っていました。ビデオには白い煙が空に上がっていくところや石が飛んでくるところなどが写っています。 The television crew were recording experts investigating the volcano. On the video (you can see) white smoke rising to ...
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1answer
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“No ga” … — what's this grammar rule?

What are the grammar rules here? 何【なに】をするのが好き【すき】ですか? Nani wo suru no ga suki desu ka? Why "no ga"? Why before "suki"? Where can I read about this?
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Can 私の手伝いをするの mean “the help I do”?

I found an example from an online dictionary as follows. 彼は私の手伝いをするのを露骨にいやがった。 He showed a great reluctance to help me. Because の in the relative clause「私の手伝いをする」 can be replaced by が, so ...
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Are there any difference between N and the nominalization of Nする?

I am still confused with whether or not there is difference between A and B given below. A: 結婚に年齢制限がない。There is no age limit for marriage. B: 結婚することに年齢制限がない。 Are there any difference between ...
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の (no) vs. こと (koto)

What's the difference? How do you know when to use one vs. the other? I'm asking because I said 「話{はな}すことを止{や}める」, but was corrected to 「話{はな}すの...」 and I don't understand why. (I searched for this ...
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は in front of verb without it being nominalized [duplicate]

Can は follow a verb that has not been nominalized or is this just the character's peculiar way of speaking for example: 美しきものは空の上、楽しげなるは海の底。 私に能うるは世を羨みながら蒲団の壁蝨養うことのみ。
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How is v-ta no used?

Could someone explain the construction v-ta no? I saw it in the article title 東京などで雪 11月に降ったのは54年前
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4answers
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Nominalization of Conditionals to Use With 気がつく (realize)

First question on this Japanese sub-community. Sorry if this confusing or hard to explain. Basically, I want to say Everyone should realize that if the YouTube thumbnail wasn't a picture of an ...
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How to say that you saw something with a verb?

I know how to say "I saw a cat" 「猫を見た」. However once a verb get's involved I'm not so sure anymore. I have two ideas on how to say it. The sentences is suppose to read "I saw someone being in that ...
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3answers
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How do adjectives work in relative clauses?

This will probably be my last question regarding my prior questions. This will particularly focus on adjective + 物/こと. I was finally able to minimize the mess in my head, narrowing it down into ...
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2answers
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I am confused about nominalisation and the usage of の、こと、物 after verbs and adjectives. Can someone help me?

So I've changed my question in regarding these so called nominalisation and the usage of の, こと, 物。My confusion stems from what I learned or lacked from this specific website that explains about の ...
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How to say 'Can I continue studying Japanese?'

How would I say the following: Can I continue studying Japanese? I was thinking something along the lines of Watashi wa nihongo o narau no tsudukimasuka? It's probably wrong, and I could use ...
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1answer
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Is the の in this question seeking an explanation or changing the verb into a noun-like?

So in the question sentences: 誰が盗んだのか キミが選んだことだろう? In (1.), I thought that the の there is seeking an explanation. But I found another sentence (2.) and I know that こと can follow a verb and 物 ...
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160 views

Use of consecutive particle の

I want to say: The rules on throwing away rubbish/garbage I thought of three possibilities: 1) ごみを捨てることの規則 2) ごみを捨てるのの規則 3) ごみを捨てるの規則 I'm favouring option 1. I think option 3 is just ...
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1answer
95 views

“経験になる” difference with “経験ということになる”?

What is the difference in nuance between: (1) 今は、私にとっては大学卒業式に最も近い経験ということになっている。 and (2) 今は、私にとっては大学卒業式に最も近い経験になっている。 Personally, I'd always say #2. Is there a context when #2 is absolutely ...
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3answers
567 views

ぶん after a standard form verb vs ほど or くらい

I came across an example like this: 頼り無さげに 見られるぶん;生徒達に慕って もらえるのは 素直に嬉しい tayorinasage ni mirareru bun; seitotachi ni shitatte moraeru no wa sunao ni ureshii After searching several grammar ...
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3answers
219 views

Is nominalization necessary in 「彼が戻るのか知らないんです。」?

Do we need to nominalize 彼が戻る with の to create an interrogative clause? Is B not enough? A: 彼が戻るのか知らないんです。 B: 彼が戻るか知らないんです。