Questions tagged [nominalization]

名詞化. Turning a grammatical constituent such as a clause into a noun phrase, often using a nominalizing particle or formal noun such as の or こと.

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1answer
112 views

Nominalizing a sentence ending in サ変 verbs

Here are two examples of nominalized サ変 verbs. あす必ず任務を達成することを約束する。 彼らは私たちがこの薬を試用することを認めた。 Given that the stem of サ変 verbs are nouns, is it okay to just drop the する (and こと) in the above sentences? ...
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1answer
195 views

What does の in this sentence do/mean?

最近、忙しくて。昨日だって帰ったの12時すぎだったよ。 Please explain the use of の in the above sentence.
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2answers
562 views

Problem with choosing のは or は with と思います

So in my textbook there are examples like あまり便利じゃないと思います いいと思います But I was wondering, how would you say something like "I think it's ok to eat food". From my knowledge it should be ...
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Meaning of の in this sentence [duplicate]

The sentence is それがいかなる彼女の琴線に触れたのかはわからない I believe that かは is embedding the question (as seen here) but I'm a little confused at what role の is playing here. Is it simply nominalizing the previous ...
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1answer
87 views

Syntactic structure of “what is something which is done”

What is this sentence syntactic structure? お国では何語を話すのですか。 If what the sentence is all about is "which language", why does the action verb ("to talk") need to be nominalized? I ...
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86 views

Why does noun-connecting form (の、こと)work in this example?

So my tutor and I have been talking about this example and I still can't ascertain an answer I understand from him as to why it works (the piece in bold). ただ走るのではなくて サーかを しながら走るのがいいです What I ...
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2answers
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Nominalization and conjugated form

As far as I understood, the nominalization is made with the neutral form of the verb followed by の or こと, as in the example 私は読むことが好きです。I like to read. Though, I found this example where the verb is ...
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Is the ending nominaliser の because the sentence concerns the speaker?

The sentence is: 指を使うことは野蛮なのだろうか。 Is using fingers uncivilised? My understanding is that こと precedes です and its variants, unless the sentence is about the speaker. However, I don't feel this ...
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2answers
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What's the origin of ~み following a 形容詞?

I found a HiNative question where someone asked about the difference between [痛]{いた}さ and [痛]{いた}み. A native Japanese speaker gave this answer: 「痛さ」は形容詞「痛い」が名詞化した名詞です。 「痛み」は動詞「痛む」の連用形が名詞化した名詞です。 I ...
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How do I connect verbs with nominalisation?

For example: "I like dancing and singing" "My hobby is studying Japanese and playing guitar" How do I connect "studying and playing"? Do I have to use te form? I'm really ...
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Difference between embedded question and noun phrase [duplicate]

Inspired by this question, I thought of two ways to talk about checking the truth of something, though I think my question applies much more generally than with just the verb 'to check'. ...
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1answer
109 views

Is my understanding of こと correct?

While translating a book, I noticed early on that こと is often used as a nominalizer when its placed behind a dictionary-form verb and written in hiragana. Having jumped back on the translation ...
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1answer
205 views

What are the grammatical roles of the two のs in the following sentence?

What are the roles of the two の particles in the following sentence? 彼はこういうのがうまいのです。
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What does “でいる” mean? [duplicate]

I've heard the sentence "一人でいるのが好きです", meaning "I like to be alone". Is this a substitute of "です", could I for example say "学生でいるのが好きです"? If so, how is it different from "である"? Thanks in advance.
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I don't understand Genki1's explanation of using の after verbs [duplicate]

Can someone explain? I just don't quite understand it. Thanks.
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1answer
175 views

How did 優しさ derived from 優しい? The rule is? [duplicate]

How did 優しさ derived from 優しい? The rule is?
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1answer
116 views

How do I know when to use の with が in a “good/bad at” sentence? [duplicate]

In all sentences that describe someone being good or bad at something, as well as liking/disliking doing something, the particle が is used. I know for a fact that you use が for like/dislike. In some ...
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1answer
94 views

How to say “the one I sent the letter to”

I sent him the letter - 彼に手紙を送ってあげた  He was the one who sent me the letter - 手紙を送ってくれたのは、彼だった He was the one I sent the letter to - ???
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1answer
131 views

Is the の[か] in my sentence a 準体言助詞 の[か]?

こんな訓練が何の役に立つのか不思議だったが、アインが言うにはバランス感覚は射撃の要になるらしい。 I hypothesize that the のか in question is a nominalizing の followed by a questioning か, as its preceded by the verb/expression 役に立つ. This verb-...
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Questions about a correction, nominalizing, and particles

I was practicing writing sentences and tried to write the following in Japanese: I heard he escaped from the island. I originally came up with 彼が島から逃げるのを聞いたそうです。 But then I was corrected by 2 ...
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Nominalizing verb with い-ending vs ーの

In my Japanese class today, we were supposed to say a sport we liked. I said: 泳ぎが好きです。 We haven't learned this way of nominalizing verbs or the names of many sports, so my 先生 shook her head no and I ...
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1answer
95 views

Trouble understanding のも in this sentence

I am having trouble understanding the significance of のも in this sentence: そう考えるのも当然だ。
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68 views

豊かになることが sentence construction

能力のある人や努力した人が豊かになることが本当の平等というものだろう。 why did we use が two times in this sentence, and what does the mean of 豊かになること sentences
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2answers
132 views

怒られるのが sentence construction

怒られるのが怖くて嘘をつくのは、子供にありがちな行動です。 why did we use 怒られるのが as subject ?? what is the sentence constructon
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3answers
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Nominalization of です?

Basically I’m wondering if です can be nominalized. For example how would you say: ”I don’t like being mean.” or ”It’s good to be nice!” Can I say: 酷いであるのが好きじゃない? 優しいであるのがいい? These are my attempts ...
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1answer
190 views

すっごいレンジの音がしてるのが気になる。What does the second の mean in this sentence?

すっごいレンジの音がしてるのが気になる。 What does the second の mean in this sentence?
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How to say “that” as in “the cow that ate” in Japanese?

I'm sure there are plenty of resources on this topic, but I don't know what keywords to use to find them. I want to know how you might create a noun by saying that the noun does something. For ...
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1answer
151 views

Is the following のが a nominalizing のが?

I have the following Japanese sentence: 身につけているのが、病院で着せられる検査服のようなものだから仕方ないのかもしれないが、どう見てもここは病院なんかじゃない。 and I was wondering if the bolded のが nominalizes the 身につけている before it, as Darius says that ...
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1answer
127 views

などの followed by a Noun

Question about this sentence : tシャツなどの服を着たままプールに入らないでください。 Why do we need の? What is its use in the sentence given? Isn't など a particle so it is ok to be followed by a noun? I checked the ...
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1answer
404 views

Pitch accent of nominalizers

Do the nominalizers "no" and "koto" have recessive accent (i.e. no downstep) or downstep after the first syllable? Or are they enclitic (i.e. unaccented unless following a word with no downstep in ...
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Can you nominalize a verb and then use it again as verb by combining with です?

I have come across a sentence which I do not know if I understand correctly. すべて の コイン を もらえる の です か? I know that in this sentence the speaker asks if he wins/receives all of the coins, but I am ...
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1answer
266 views

Meaning of「残るは」in a sentence

Came across this sentence in a memoir and I have a grammar question about it. For context, a person is thinking about someone sleeping nearby: さっき声をかけてきたヤツは当分寝ないだろ。残るは寝ているか寝ていないかわからない隣の隣。 ...
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1answer
112 views

What word class is 恥ずべき?

恥ずべき is listed as an adjective in EDICT, as a 'compound word' (連語) in kotobank (here), and as a "noun or verb acting pre-nominally" on the Midori app. My question relates to a sample sentence I saw on ...
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1answer
179 views

Nominalized verb and connection to noun after が particle

I'm attempting to read a book and I don't understand the grammar 100% here. ジャックはもうすぐ九歳。本を読んだり、自然を観察したりするのが大好きな男の子だ。 Overall, I believe it means: Jack will soon be 9 years old. A lovable boy that ...
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1answer
222 views

の: nominalization vs. 'the one that…'

の can be used as a noun with a relative clause in what appears to be two separate situations. Referring to a thing or person, e.g. '来たのは田中です。' ('The one who came is Tanaka.') Nominalizing a verb (as ...
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1answer
120 views

What is the function of のは in this question?

きさまがこの時代に来てタマゴからそうなるまで3年間かかったのは...?
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2answers
179 views

How to translate nominalised adjectives from Japanese to English (e.g. スイスがきれいなこと)

I am currently struggling with wrapping my head around こと and how it nominalises adjectives/sentences with adjectives to turn them into noun phrases. With verbs, it's easy: べんとうを食べる (I eat bento/...
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1answer
57 views

に or の in this sentence, also any recomendations on where to post practice sentences?

I am trying to say, I always forget to turn on the lights this is what I have translated でんきを点けるのいつも忘れた。 I used の because what I learned is that a verb needs to be with の to add to an ...
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1answer
127 views

What does the の particle do in relation to verbs?

More specifically, what is the difference between 「見るの」 and 「見たの」 in this context: 時々、子供のころの夢を(x)があります。 How does the の particle function? Is its meaning modified by the 「が」 particle as well?
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2answers
144 views

Nominalized verb without の or こと

I saw this: アンさんはべんきょうをおしえるひとです。 Is this a correct sentence? I got confused with おしえる人. I thought we cannot follow a verb with another noun without nominalizing it with either の or こと. Should ...
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1answer
110 views

Nominalizing particle combos

I'm curious about the use of certain particles in combination with nominalizing particles こと and の。I know ことが、のは、etc are acceptable, but can one use particles such as と or など etc? For instance, would ...
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1answer
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Another こと usage question

I'm trying to translate the sentence "Food is an easy topic for me to write about" to Japanese, but I'm struggling. Some thoughts / questions: (1) I know could say "Writing about food is easy":「...
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1answer
501 views

What is the exact meaning of “Xのは”? [duplicate]

I just came across this sentence: 日本語を上手に話すのは難しい。 While I do understand the meaning overall, I am confused as for why it's 話すのは instead of 話すは. If anybody could explain what のは means, that'd be ...
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1answer
347 views

Verb Stem vs. の Nominalizations

I've been wondering about the difference between verb stem (e.g. 話) vs. の (e.g. 話すの) nominalizations. From what i gather, both nominalizations refer to different things. It seems the verb stems refer ...
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0answers
80 views

Which grammar structure does this sentence fit into?

Which grammar structure does the following sentence fit into? あのナイフは、パンを切るのにつかいます。 I translated it as "That knife is used to cut bread". However, I can't understand the 切るのにつかいます part. The closest ...
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1answer
140 views

The role of か in [VERB+か+のNOUN]

The following is from one of the definitions of a word in goo辞書: どちらに傾くかの度合い I do not understand why か is used here instead of こと. Usually, I would expect to see の (or こと) nominalize a verb. ...
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1answer
358 views

How do I express “I'm better at doing X than Y”

How would I form the phrase, "I'm better at understanding (spoken) Japanese than speaking it," both casually and politely? Like this?: 私は日本語{にほんご}を聞いて{きいて}分かる{わかる}のほうが話す{はなす}のよりいいです。 ...
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1answer
802 views

When can you use の to replace a noun?

How come the sentence 白いのは、高い is ok, but the sentence 学生じゃないのは、学校に行かない is not? Wouldn't the second sentence just mean "the one who isn't a student does not go to school"? On Tae Kim's grammar guide, ...
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1answer
107 views

Function of particles の and は in this sentence

A girls tells this to her friend: このまま帰ってまた何日も会えなくなるのは嫌です What are these particles doing here? は is being used to emphasize, to be the topic marker or the contrastive marker? My guess is that is ...
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0answers
414 views

The て form, the と and もの constructions: gerund, participle, transgressive, or verbal noun?

As far as I understand, among the constructions (て-form verb), (て-form verb)いる, (finite verb)こと, (finite verb)の, (verb phrase)と, (finite verb)もの the form (2) unambiguously functions as a finite verb ...