Questions tagged [negation]

否定. Questions regarding the various words, particles, inflections, and constructions employed to negate a word or sentence from its positive form.

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7
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2answers
750 views

How does 一回だって in this sentence mean "not even once" when there's no negative?

I came across this sentence watching March Comes In Like a Lion. I'll transcribe it to the best of my ability: (here's the episode though, and the quote happens at 5:46) 僕【ぼく】は遠慮【えんりょ】することにばかり気【き】...
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0answers
49 views

Why use the negative ない in 自分のことしか考えてない男のはずだ [duplicate]

I saw this sentence in an episode of Attack on Titan A character that is believed to be selfish does something perceived to be selfless by the the speaker, and the speaker says 自分のことしか考えてない男のはずだ ...
2
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1answer
282 views

Why is 暗い conjugated as 暗くsometimes?

I know in past tense, you use く like 暗くない but even in present tense, I see example phrases where 暗く is used. For instance: もう暗くなったから、帰りましょう。 I'm a beginner so bear with me please and thanks!
3
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2answers
614 views

What is the form of this verb? 見つからない (見つける)

The full sentence is: この気持ちを表現する適当な言葉が見つからない I could not find appropriate words to express these feelings. How do we end up with this form in "-karanai"?
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1answer
116 views

there's a sentence that's in negative in japanese, but translated to english is in positive, why

The sentence is 俺は自分が生き残ることしか考えていなかった‌. the only thing I thought ‌about was surviving.‌ ore ha jibun ga ikinokoru koto shika kangaeteinakatta‌. i don't really understand why in japanese it uses the ...
-1
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1answer
152 views

Nai form of verbs

Not sure if this is a dumb question but how is the nai form of a verb related to the verb masu stem + nai/nakatta (from aru)? For example : taberu becomes tabe (masu stem) + nai and same for many ...
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0answers
64 views

Why the negative form in すぐ行かないと? [duplicate]

I know that you can use the negative form to ask questions but why is it used in this sentence? I believe this sentence translates to "I have to go right away", but it's literally "I ...
1
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3answers
700 views

て form of past negative sentence with ちゃう

So I know that to use ちゃう we use the て form a verb and delete the て and add ちゃう, however; how would this work for example with 話す as in 話す->話さない->話さなかった If to say "I'm not speaking" is ...
0
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1answer
112 views

Negative polite ending in compounding sentence

I am a beginner. In the TaeKim Guide textbook, there is a rule for the compounding sentence: Positive: Conjugate the verb to its past tense and replace 「た」 with 「て」 or 「だ」 with 「で」. This is often ...
1
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1answer
105 views

Why does this sentence has a negative connotation and what does 外れ mean in this context?

I came across this sentence "予報外れの雨が降った" in a manga, and it's translated as: " It rained despite the forecast for today". Few things I want to ask: First, a look up in the dict ...
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0answers
51 views

Grammar of 見えぬ in 星とたんぽぽ by Misuzu [duplicate]

I'm reading a poem by Misuzu, 星とたんぽぽ。 I don't understand the grammar of this line: 昼のお星は眼にみえぬ。 This is my understanding: 昼のお星は the subject: stars during the daytime 眼に to the eye (why not 目?) みえぬ I ...
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0answers
57 views

良かった vs 良かったじゃない [duplicate]

When I watch an anime, the character to use 良かったじゃない to say something is good, but isn't the word じゃない be a negative expression? Why would it still have the same meaning as 良かった which is the positive ...
2
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1answer
157 views

How to negate connected verbs which in て-form?

As I know if I connect verbs with て-form then the last verb determine the tense, politeness. But how can I negate the sentence? Should I just negate the last verb or should I negate the verb which in ...
0
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1answer
87 views

What does the 何も mean in the bolded positive sentence?

While translating the bolded sentence in the following paragraph, I find myself unable to translate the 何も, as my genki textbook, the online dictionary I am using, and the online textbook I am using ...
1
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1answer
94 views

Questions about dialogue in this picture (omitted を、一歩も歩けん) [duplicate]

The dialogue in this picture is simple enough for me up until 一歩も歩けん. The first half makes me expect the whole sentence to be 一歩も引かない but the sentence as a whole confuses me. What is this 歩けん ...
5
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1answer
160 views

Meaning of してならぬ

I found this instance of してならぬ in the following passage: 養父を殺した騎士! 報仇の念が胸に猛った。 血の脈動と共に衝動が全身を駆け、目的を唯一事に定めて走り出そうとする。 そうしてならぬ理由が、何処にあろう。 そんなものは何処にも―― I'm well aware of the usage of してならない to mean "...
2
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1answer
82 views

Negative form and て行く (maybe て-form in general)

Sentence: 「おや、Xさん。テストの結果が貼りだされているというのに見て行かなくていいんですか?」 How 見ていく is used here is confounding me. 見て行く would be something like "see the test result and then go his way". I understand that what ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Correct negative form of punctual verbs

Take the verb 座る. As a punctual verb, it appears as 座っている when describing a person who "has sat down and remains sitting." When using the negative, there are two options: 座らない and 座っていない. ...
2
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1answer
109 views

na-adjective + noun: can I negate na-adjective in this case?

I read articles and watch videos but no one mention it is possible to negate na-adjective if it before the noun. Everywhere just mention that case when no noun after the na-adjective: これ は かんたん です。 --&...
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1answer
72 views

i-adjective + noun: is there a difference which part negate?

Is the following two sentence correct? And is the translate correct too?: それ は おそくない くるま です。- That car is not slow. それ は おそい くるま じゃ ありません。- That car is not slow. Or has it somthing difference in the ...
1
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1answer
113 views

What does '練習しなければ' mean on its own?

I found the following sentence in a Japanese textbook: "明日の試合に勝ちたいなら、きっと練習しなければ。 If you want to win tomorrow's game, you must practice." This was in a section to do with なら, there was no ...
5
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1answer
226 views

What is the difference between ないんですか and んじゃないですか?

Do they both mean "is it not/isn't it"? e.g. Do この車は新しくないんですか and この車は新しいんじゃないですか both mean ”Isn’t this car new?”?
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0answers
105 views

The uses of verb + ん apart from simple negation

醜い浮世を 意地で生きるぞ 汗水たらし 身を削り ありつかん 尊くも儚き飯 Full lyrics here. This ugly world you need willpower to survive in; drenched in sweat and with lots of effort, that precious and fleeting meal is in sight ...
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2answers
239 views

The grammar of 何でもない [duplicate]

How does 何でもない work in terms of grammar to mean nothing? I am confused because I'm not sure which of these is happening (or even if it is one of these): 1: Is it getting 何で (why) and then adding も to ...
0
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1answer
71 views

Problem understanding 泣きたい日もあるじゃない

So I encountered this sentence in a manga 泣きたい日もあるじゃない and I thought it was weird but meant something along the lines of "I never feel like crying", because of the negation of 泣きたい日もある, which I ...
1
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1answer
133 views

Is きれい related to きたない? Is there a dictionary of such inflections?

Right now I'm wondering if きれい (kirei, clean) is related to きたない (kitanai, dirty) because I just learned that "nai" can be a negation like "orenji wo tabenai" meaning I don't eat an orange. And in ...
15
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5answers
8k views

How would a fluent speaker understand ありがとうございません?

How could that forced negation of a common phrase be interpreted? This came up as just a part of some free exploration of linguistics, and my friends and I were pondering if it could perhaps be ...
6
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1answer
145 views

Help understanding せんで?

From this manga panel: I am trying to understand「せんで」. My guess is it's negated する. In Kansai-ben, I've read that しない=せん, but why is で added (instead of て like しなくて)? Is this how to て-form other ...
1
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2answers
296 views

Is using ありません common when apologizing?

申し訳ございません Oftentimes, I hear people say this when they apologize. Recently, I’ve learned that you can also say 申し訳有りません But I’ve never heard anyone actually say it in this form. Is this form ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

Negative connotation with "あんた"?

I have accidentally typed "あんた" instead of "あなた" and had some people tell me that there is a negative connotation with "あんた". I just want to understand what connotation "あんた" carries and why it is ...
4
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2answers
220 views

あまり when used to answer a negative question

When answering a negative question with あまり, it will normally be the positive (by japanese rules). For example: person A: 彼に来ないで欲しいですか? person B: あまり By literal translation, person A is asking ...
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0answers
73 views

てんで方向ちがいじゃない! DB Chapter2 Double negatives

Translated as: "It's completely in the wrong direction!" てんで = Completely / At all 方向【ほうこう】 = direction ちがい = wrong じゃない = is not I'm struggling with doble negatives in japanese. In ...
6
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1answer
652 views

What is the nuanced function of 何ひとつ in a negated sentence?

I'm translating the following sentence, and am stumped on how to translate 何ひとつ in a negated sentence. 名前も、家族も、友人も……何ひとつ思い出せません。 my name, my family, my friends...I cannot remember x. I know ...
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0answers
104 views

Is 情けねえ the negative form of 情け? [duplicate]

And if so, how is this negative (情けねえ) different from 情けない?
4
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1answer
415 views

には contrast in following sentence

ジャックは誕生日会に行きます。 彼はメグのために誕生日のプレゼントを買う必要があります。 ジャックはあまり多くのパーティにはいきません。 彼は緊張し、 何を買おうかと思います。 What is the role of には in ジャックはあまり多くのパーティにはいきません? The only usage of には I know of is for contrast but I can't ...
6
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3answers
234 views

Double negation of an i-adjective

Does it exist as such, the double negation of an i-adjective, e.g.: おいしくなくない? I was told that I should use おいしくなく は ない instead. Is that right? Is it a rule? Would it depend on context which was a ...
6
votes
3answers
968 views

"No, your taste is (not) good"

I am currently reading the "よつばと!" ("Yotsuba&!") manga, and in the first story (vol 1 page 13) there is an exchange about going to buy greeting gifts (for moving into the neighborhood): よつばの父: ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Does ません sometimes not negate?

I have a text in my learning materials as follows: 彼ら は 自分 の 事 しか 考えて いません。 Its translation is apparently "they only think of themselves". Now it all makes sense to me until the ません at the end. ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Does the negative ずに form have a connective function like the te form does?

I know ずに is a form of negation for verbs, but I'm uncertain as to how its being used in the following context other than as a negation for the verb わかる. 昨晩アインは夜明けまで時間をくれた。それまでに生きるか死ぬかを決めさせてくれるという。...
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0answers
495 views

nanimo vs nandemo (also daredemo/daremo) 誰でも 誰も 何でも 何も

何でも食べる 何も食べない "it is as much as something, eat." = if it's anything, i'll eat it/i eat it. "as much as something, not eat." = if it's anything, i will not/don't eat it. 何でもない = "it is as much as ...
4
votes
1answer
437 views

Choosing correct response to 何か質問はありませんか? (Nanika shitsumon wa arimasenka?)

What is the correct response to the question: 何か質問はありませんか? (Nanika shitsumon wa arimasenka?) Available options are: はい、そうです。 (Hai sou desu.) はい、ありません。 (Hai arimasen.) いいえ、あります。 (...
7
votes
1answer
574 views

Verb ending in -ん with positive meaning?

I was watching an anime, and this is the context: prior to the series, the main character went in hiding after betraying her peers, since she was the only against a peace she deemed fake; while ...
6
votes
2answers
280 views

Do na-adjectives have an attributive negative form?

Assuming present tense, we can use i-adjectives in an attributive context both in the affirmative form: 高い 椅子 が あります - there's an expensive chair And in the negative form: 高くない 椅子 が あります - ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

Explaining "向けてじゃないよ"

I watched a song "あの娘シークレット", and there are these lyrics: 僕に初めて 見せるような表情 でもそれは僕に向けてじゃないよ (Youtube link with timestamp: https://youtu.be/sgdPlDG1-8k?t=106) My question: I have never seen a じゃない ...
6
votes
2answers
393 views

Most natural way to use the negative with つもり

Which is more natural to say in Japanese? Do they have slightly different connotations? 食べないつもりです。 (I intend not to eat.) 食べるつもりはないです。 (I do not intend to eat.) Also, are those translations fairly ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Asking a question with a negative verb (見なかった?)

In Yotsubato Ch. 1, Fuuka asks Ena: 変な子みなかった? I understand this to mean "Have you seen a strange kid?" But I'm a bit hung up on the negative form of the verb here. Why not ask: 変な子みた? Is there ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Sentence impact: Articles, Negation without verb

In English, abbreviated sentence structure can convey contempt, disgust, anger, etc. — "I'm a doctor, not a mechanic" has a much stronger impact than "I am a doctor. I am not a mechanic." Articles ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Help explain と in this sentence [duplicate]

私も行かないと。 I understood it as "I also won't go." But according to Tae Kim's guide and Google Translate it is read as "I have to go too." Why is that? I assume と has something to do with it since ...
5
votes
1answer
414 views

Conjugate る-ending verbs into negative form

Sorry if this question has been asked before. I tried to look around for an answer but couldn't find it. I just want to state before that my question is not regarding the verb ある or verbs with kanji +...
4
votes
1answer
200 views

What's difference between うるさくないでください and うるさくしないでください

Don't both of them mean "Please do not be loud"? What's the うるさく? Is it うるさい and change い into く to make it a noun? Could you guys suggest the topic that I can look into and study more about them? ...

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