Questions tagged [negation]

否定. Questions regarding the various words, particles, inflections, and constructions employed to negate a word or sentence from its positive form.

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Use cases of していない/してない

I've seen this form show up a few times. In a past Japanese class, I was told that it could be used in the sense of "I haven't done X yet", as in まだ宿題をしてない. Also, I was told that 知っている in ...
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Usage of 「書かない」referring to famous authors

In Yorushika's song "Hitchcock"'s lyrics appears the sentence: ニーチェもフロイトもこの穴の埋め方は書かないんだ Which is translated as "Neither Nietche nor Freud wrote about how to fill this hole" by ...
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Beku and bekarazu, I don't get how the zu form even become like that or am I thinking of two different verbs?

I was looking at a website for beku and bekarazu, however, I think bekarazu is the zu form of beku and it just doesn't make sense. I would make it べかず instead of べからず because it appeared on a website ...
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When conjugating adjectives, can we use the normal form of the adjective and use the copula です to indicate its form?

This is specifically for い-adjectives, as な-adjectives work this way. For example, when I want to say something is not delicious I'd usually say おいしくない. Would it be possible to use おいしい じゃありません and ...
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What is the name of the grammar structure where people say "V1して + V2しない" meaning "V1しないで + V2する" [closed]

What I mean is what is happening in this sentence: 宿題をして行かない生徒が多いです meaning "There are many students who go (to school) without having done their homework". I would like to know the name of ...
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Is there a difference between ます and ません for sentences carrying an exclusive connotation(しか)?

私は野菜しか食べません。 apparently means "I only eat vegetables"? Shouldn't there be a negative connotation with the ません-ending? If that's the case what does 私は野菜しか食べます mean? Is there a special ...
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Do ~ではなかったです / ~じゃなかったです sound natural?

I'm compiling a chart for conjugating nouns, i-adjectives, and na-adjectives for a Japanese beginner, but I'm running into some difficulties in the negative tenses. I'd like this chart to be accurate ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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How does 一回だって in this sentence mean "not even once" when there's no negative?

I came across this sentence watching March Comes In Like a Lion. I'll transcribe it to the best of my ability: (here's the episode though, and the quote happens at 5:46) 僕【ぼく】は遠慮【えんりょ】することにばかり気【き】...
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Why use the negative ない in 自分のことしか考えてない男のはずだ [duplicate]

I saw this sentence in an episode of Attack on Titan A character that is believed to be selfish does something perceived to be selfless by the the speaker, and the speaker says 自分のことしか考えてない男のはずだ ...
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Why is 暗い conjugated as 暗くsometimes?

I know in past tense, you use く like 暗くない but even in present tense, I see example phrases where 暗く is used. For instance: もう暗くなったから、帰りましょう。 I'm a beginner so bear with me please and thanks!
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What is the form of this verb? 見つからない (見つける)

The full sentence is: この気持ちを表現する適当な言葉が見つからない I could not find appropriate words to express these feelings. How do we end up with this form in "-karanai"?
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Negative in Japanese, but positive in English translation. Why? 俺は自分が生き残ることしか考えていなかった‌

俺は自分が生き残ることしか考えていなかった‌. the only thing I thought ‌about was surviving.‌ ore ha jibun ga ikinokoru koto shika kangaeteinakatta‌. I don't really understand why in Japanese it uses 考えて in the negative, ...
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Nai form of verbs

Not sure if this is a dumb question but how is the nai form of a verb related to the verb masu stem + nai/nakatta (from aru)? For example : taberu becomes tabe (masu stem) + nai and same for many ...
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Why the negative form in すぐ行かないと? [duplicate]

I know that you can use the negative form to ask questions but why is it used in this sentence? I believe this sentence translates to "I have to go right away", but it's literally "I ...
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て form of past negative sentence with ちゃう

So I know that to use ちゃう we use the て form a verb and delete the て and add ちゃう, however; how would this work for example with 話す as in 話す->話さない->話さなかった If to say "I'm not speaking" is ...
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Negative polite ending in compounding sentence

I am a beginner. In the TaeKim Guide textbook, there is a rule for the compounding sentence: Positive: Conjugate the verb to its past tense and replace 「た」 with 「て」 or 「だ」 with 「で」. This is often ...
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Why does this sentence has a negative connotation and what does 外れ mean in this context?

I came across this sentence "予報外れの雨が降った" in a manga, and it's translated as: " It rained despite the forecast for today". Few things I want to ask: First, a look up in the dict ...
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Grammar of 見えぬ in 星とたんぽぽ by Misuzu [duplicate]

I'm reading a poem by Misuzu, 星とたんぽぽ。 I don't understand the grammar of this line: 昼のお星は眼にみえぬ。 This is my understanding: 昼のお星は the subject: stars during the daytime 眼に to the eye (why not 目?) みえぬ I ...
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良かった vs 良かったじゃない [duplicate]

When I watch an anime, the character to use 良かったじゃない to say something is good, but isn't the word じゃない be a negative expression? Why would it still have the same meaning as 良かった which is the positive ...
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2 votes
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How to negate connected verbs which in て-form?

As I know if I connect verbs with て-form then the last verb determine the tense, politeness. But how can I negate the sentence? Should I just negate the last verb or should I negate the verb which in ...
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What does the 何も mean in the bolded positive sentence?

While translating the bolded sentence in the following paragraph, I find myself unable to translate the 何も, as my genki textbook, the online dictionary I am using, and the online textbook I am using ...
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Questions about dialogue in this picture (omitted を、一歩も歩けん) [duplicate]

The dialogue in this picture is simple enough for me up until 一歩も歩けん. The first half makes me expect the whole sentence to be 一歩も引かない but the sentence as a whole confuses me. What is this 歩けん ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Meaning of してならぬ

I found this instance of してならぬ in the following passage: 養父を殺した騎士! 報仇の念が胸に猛った。 血の脈動と共に衝動が全身を駆け、目的を唯一事に定めて走り出そうとする。 そうしてならぬ理由が、何処にあろう。 そんなものは何処にも―― I'm well aware of the usage of してならない to mean "...
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Negative form and て行く (maybe て-form in general)

Sentence: 「おや、Xさん。テストの結果が貼りだされているというのに見て行かなくていいんですか?」 How 見ていく is used here is confounding me. 見て行く would be something like "see the test result and then go his way". I understand that what ...
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Correct negative form of punctual verbs

Take the verb 座る. As a punctual verb, it appears as 座っている when describing a person who "has sat down and remains sitting." When using the negative, there are two options: 座らない and 座っていない. ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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na-adjective + noun: can I negate na-adjective in this case?

I read articles and watch videos but no one mention it is possible to negate na-adjective if it before the noun. Everywhere just mention that case when no noun after the na-adjective: これ は かんたん です。 --&...
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1 vote
1 answer
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i-adjective + noun: is there a difference which part negate?

Is the following two sentence correct? And is the translate correct too?: それ は おそくない くるま です。- That car is not slow. それ は おそい くるま じゃ ありません。- That car is not slow. Or has it somthing difference in the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
122 views

What does '練習しなければ' mean on its own?

I found the following sentence in a Japanese textbook: "明日の試合に勝ちたいなら、きっと練習しなければ。 If you want to win tomorrow's game, you must practice." This was in a section to do with なら, there was no ...
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5 votes
1 answer
274 views

What is the difference between ないんですか and んじゃないですか?

Do they both mean "is it not/isn't it"? e.g. Do この車は新しくないんですか and この車は新しいんじゃないですか both mean ”Isn’t this car new?”?
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The uses of verb + ん apart from simple negation

醜い浮世を 意地で生きるぞ 汗水たらし 身を削り ありつかん 尊くも儚き飯 Full lyrics here. This ugly world you need willpower to survive in; drenched in sweat and with lots of effort, that precious and fleeting meal is in sight ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Negative and past forms of ようだ and らしい

When using the structures ようだ and らしい, when do you conjugate the verb or adjective before ようだ and らしい in negative or in past or both, and when do you conjugate NOT that verb or adjective, but instead ...
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2 answers
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The grammar of 何でもない [duplicate]

How does 何でもない work in terms of grammar to mean nothing? I am confused because I'm not sure which of these is happening (or even if it is one of these): 1: Is it getting 何で (why) and then adding も to ...
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Problem understanding 泣きたい日もあるじゃない

So I encountered this sentence in a manga 泣きたい日もあるじゃない and I thought it was weird but meant something along the lines of "I never feel like crying", because of the negation of 泣きたい日もある, which I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
160 views

Is きれい related to きたない? Is there a dictionary of such inflections?

Right now I'm wondering if きれい (kirei, clean) is related to きたない (kitanai, dirty) because I just learned that "nai" can be a negation like "orenji wo tabenai" meaning I don't eat an orange. And in ...
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15 votes
5 answers
8k views

How would a fluent speaker understand ありがとうございません?

How could that forced negation of a common phrase be interpreted? This came up as just a part of some free exploration of linguistics, and my friends and I were pondering if it could perhaps be ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Help understanding せんで?

From this manga panel: I am trying to understand「せんで」. My guess is it's negated する. In Kansai-ben, I've read that しない=せん, but why is で added (instead of て like しなくて)? Is this how to て-form other ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Is using ありません common when apologizing?

申し訳ございません Oftentimes, I hear people say this when they apologize. Recently, I’ve learned that you can also say 申し訳有りません But I’ve never heard anyone actually say it in this form. Is this form ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Negative connotation with "あんた"?

I have accidentally typed "あんた" instead of "あなた" and had some people tell me that there is a negative connotation with "あんた". I just want to understand what connotation "あんた" carries and why it is ...
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3 votes
2 answers
224 views

あまり when used to answer a negative question

When answering a negative question with あまり, it will normally be the positive (by japanese rules). For example: person A: 彼に来ないで欲しいですか? person B: あまり By literal translation, person A is asking ...
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てんで方向ちがいじゃない! DB Chapter2 Double negatives

Translated as: "It's completely in the wrong direction!" てんで = Completely / At all 方向【ほうこう】 = direction ちがい = wrong じゃない = is not I'm struggling with doble negatives in japanese. In ...
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1 answer
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What is the nuanced function of 何ひとつ in a negated sentence?

I'm translating the following sentence, and am stumped on how to translate 何ひとつ in a negated sentence. 名前も、家族も、友人も……何ひとつ思い出せません。 my name, my family, my friends...I cannot remember x. I know ...
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0 answers
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Is 情けねえ the negative form of 情け? [duplicate]

And if so, how is this negative (情けねえ) different from 情けない?
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3 votes
1 answer
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には contrast in following sentence

ジャックは誕生日会に行きます。 彼はメグのために誕生日のプレゼントを買う必要があります。 ジャックはあまり多くのパーティにはいきません。 彼は緊張し、 何を買おうかと思います。 What is the role of には in ジャックはあまり多くのパーティにはいきません? The only usage of には I know of is for contrast but I can't ...
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5 votes
3 answers
239 views

Double negation of an i-adjective

Does it exist as such, the double negation of an i-adjective, e.g.: おいしくなくない? I was told that I should use おいしくなく は ない instead. Is that right? Is it a rule? Would it depend on context which was a ...
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5 votes
3 answers
1k views

"No, your taste is (not) good"

I am currently reading the "よつばと!" ("Yotsuba&!") manga, and in the first story (vol 1 page 13) there is an exchange about going to buy greeting gifts (for moving into the neighborhood): よつばの父: ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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Does ません sometimes not negate?

彼ら は 自分 の 事 しか 考えて いません。 The translation of this sentence from my learning materials is apparently "They only think of themselves." Now it all makes sense to me until the ません at the end. To ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Does the negative ずに form have a connective function like the te form does?

I know ずに is a form of negation for verbs, but I'm uncertain as to how its being used in the following context other than as a negation for the verb わかる. 昨晩アインは夜明けまで時間をくれた。それまでに生きるか死ぬかを決めさせてくれるという。...
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4 votes
1 answer
487 views

Choosing correct response to 何か質問はありませんか? (Nanika shitsumon wa arimasenka?)

What is the correct response to the question: 何か質問はありませんか? (Nanika shitsumon wa arimasenka?) Available options are: はい、そうです。 (Hai sou desu.) はい、ありません。 (Hai arimasen.) いいえ、あります。 (...
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6 votes
1 answer
617 views

Verb ending in -ん with positive meaning?

I was watching an anime, and this is the context: prior to the series, the main character went in hiding after betraying her peers, since she was the only against a peace she deemed fake; while ...
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5 votes
2 answers
327 views

Do na-adjectives have an attributive negative form?

Assuming present tense, we can use i-adjectives in an attributive context both in the affirmative form: 高い 椅子 が あります - there's an expensive chair And in the negative form: 高くない 椅子 が あります - ...
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