Questions tagged [na-adjectives]

形容動詞. A specialized class of nouns of that can be attached to other nouns (using the special copula form な for present-positive), to describe their properties.

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3
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3answers
240 views

Usage of an adjective 細やか(な)

I have met the sentence: 各学生への細やかな配慮と個人的な学術的な指導があるため。 The word 細やかな is translated in the dictionary usually as friendly or tender. 1) Could you please tell me more exact translation of this word ...
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1answer
2k views

na-adjective + に particle?

Why is a に particle following a na-adjective in the following sentence? I know that the particle has several uses, e.g. direction and location of existence, but I don't know the reason why it is being ...
3
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1answer
174 views

かたくな etymology and relation to 固い

The words 頑な{かたくな} (na-adjective, "stubborn") and 固い{かたい} (i-adjective, "hard" or "stubborn") sound similar and have a similar meaning. I was thinking if these words are related to each other through ...
3
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1answer
320 views

Usage and relation of に to 他

Tae Kim translates the following as: 他にいいものがたくさんあるけど、やっぱりこれにする。 There are a lot of other good things, but as I thought, I'll go with this one. Here is 他 a noun, adjective or an adverb? I would think ...
3
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1answer
168 views

Why does そっくり(な?) take the な particle?

I was reading this page: http://helps.ameba.jp/faq/pigg/5301/post_362.html and I found そっくりな, however my dictionary says it's an adverbial noun... and I though those took の as their particle-Then ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Can な Adjectives be also used for combination with verbs

I am new to Japanese and found out that Adjectives can also be used along with verbs in て forms. I came to know that there are two adjectives い-adj and な-adj. い is an adjectival verb. Whereas, な is an ...
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1answer
156 views

Modifying 形容動詞 (ナ adjectives) with verb phrases

In my textbook, the following phrase: 子どもたちが話しているにぎやかな声 is derived from the following example sentence: にぎやかな声で子どもたちが話している。 It is the phrase that confuses me. It appears to me that the section ...
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1answer
137 views

A Question About the Suffix さ

While studying yesterday, I came across two words with the suffix さ: 無邪気さ(translated as innocence) and 寛大さ (translated as generosity). 1) What's the difference between these words and the words ...
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2answers
326 views

「たくさん」 is technically, but not practically, a na-nominal (形容動詞) , right?

Dictionaries have 「たくさん」 listed as being either a noun or 形容動詞。Googling "たくさんな" returns only 190,000 hits; none of the top 20 pages are professional websites. Rather, they are only blogs. My ...
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1answer
1k views

Joining adjectives with し before a noun

A recent question asked about joining two adjectives together. It used the following example: (example 1) きれいで静かな町 As I understand it, this is the combination of the 連用形 of きれいだ with the 連体形 of ...
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1answer
225 views

Why/when is である required for na-adjectives in grammar forms?

When shin kanzen master defines the connections for some grammar forms, it often notes that である must be used for na-adjectives. For example, in the grammar point for ~にもかかわらず in shin kanzen master ...
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1answer
112 views

Is there any difference for using 連用形 vs 連体形 when listing 形容動詞 to modify a 名詞?

E.g. 危険な投機的な事業 危険で投機的な事業 Are they both grammatical and mean the exact same thing?
2
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1answer
157 views

What is wrong with my translation?

Take the following sentence. 人は魚が好きだ. I thought this meant "Person is likable fish" (I'm new at this) I was told it meant "People like fish" Why?
2
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1answer
146 views

こんな、そんな、あんな、どんな + na-adjectives

How do they interact with each other? I know that depending on the part of speech these words may have/have no particle after them, but what about na-adjectives? Do these pronouns have any particle in ...
2
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1answer
187 views

Grammar of nounの多さに

品揃えの多さについつい買いこんでしまい、... I ended up unintentionally buying ??? complete set... I'm struggling to understand the part in bold. I know that 多い is 'many', and that you can convert adjectives to nouns ...
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1answer
241 views

Reduplicated words

Why I-keiyoushi is used more in reduplicated words than na-keiyoushi?
2
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1answer
377 views

Using さ with 形容動詞

In 上を向いて歩こう Kyu Sakamoto says しあわせは, why doesn't he says しあわせさは? How do you know which 形容動詞 can be written as nouns without さ?
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2answers
3k views

Turning a verb phrase into an adjective

I'm trying to translate a song and I came across the following part: 消えてしまいそうな僕は 消える means "to disappear" so 消えてしまい could mean "to disappear accidentally" or, more likely given the context, "to ...
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Interpreting the past tense of 形容動詞 / 形容詞 / adjectives

In Japanese 形容動詞 can be used as part of a noun phrase in the past tense (contrary to adjectives in English), e.g: 「綺麗だった花」 → "the beautifulpast flower" → "the flower that was beautiful" We can ...
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Is 〜であるものか construction allowable?

In 新完全{しんかんぜん}マスター文法{ぶんぽう}N2 page xi the formation rules for 〜ものか are 普通形{ふつうけい}(ナ形{けい}だ-な・名{めい}だ-な)+ものか These rules seem to preclude the form 〜であるものか. There is also this note at the bottom of ...
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な vs の classes of nouns

Based on my understanding, it seems that "な-adjectives" and "nouns" both function as nouns in the grammatical sense with the exception that "な-adjectives" are linked to other nouns with な and "nouns" ...
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2answers
142 views

Using い and な adjectives

According to the book I am reading, "Sakura is beautiful" is written as さくらはきれいです and "Sakura is a beautiful flower" is さくらはきれいなはなです ,but when using たかい the na form isn't used. For example: ...
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1answer
488 views

Why does 嫌い looks so much like an i adjective, when it is a na adjective?

I tried to look for this answer but could not find it so... Why is that 嫌い looks so much like an i-adjective? I might be wrong, but most i-adjectives seem follow this path: Kanji + い or Kanji + ...
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1answer
175 views

How to say something is [a colour] AND [another adjective] using て form 'and'?

Do all colours work as な adjectives or い adjectives when using て form 'and'? In a sentence such as "my phone is white and small", would it be 私のけいたいは白いで小さいです。OR ~けいたいはしろくて~? Also, if the colour were ...
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1answer
118 views

Do we really have to change particles (usually が into は) in negative and interrogative sentences?

Which alternatives sounds more natural? 1.1 - その本は読めない。 1.2 - その本が読めない。 2.1 - ゴルフは上手じゃない。 2.2 - ゴルフが上手じゃない 3.1 - この映画は見たくない。 3.2 - この映画が見たくない。 3.3 - この映画を見たくない。 4.1 - 日本語は分からない。 4.2 - 日本語が分からない。 ...
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1answer
5k views

NA particle meaning?

What does the NA mean in this sentence? Sonna baka NA koto... そんなバカなことは、普通に言わないよ Normally, (you) don't say such a stupid thing
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1answer
75 views

What's the difference between [noun] + の and [noun]+ な?

For example, suppose I want to say "It's a weird thing". Can I say "hen na koto desu.", and "hen no koto desu"? What is the difference? 「変なことです」 vs. 「変のことです」
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How do I use the Japanese word 素直(Sunao) for upfront?

I've been trying to find the Japanese word for upfront for a while now. And about two to three days ago, I got my answer. However, every time I try to translate it in a sentence, it says "docile" or "...
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1answer
196 views

Origin of こんな, そんな, あんな and どんな

I wondered why こんな, そんな, あんな and どんな can be used prenominally without any particles. Due to the lack of a proper etymology dictionary in my possession (a recommendation would be appreciated), I came ...
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0answers
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な Adjectives - Only in present tense? [duplicate]

I've doubt about な. I've to use it only when I'm talking in present tense? Example: 1)きれいな人だ 2)きれいな人だった The second one is valid? Thanks in advance!
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1answer
71 views

Other types of adjectives (besides い and な)

I recently started learning Japanese in my home country. Last lesson we learned about the 2 types of adjectives, い and な. Are there other types , like rare ones ?
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681 views

Can I use 素敵 to describe a wonderful person?

I want to say that a person is wonderful: 「素敵な人。」 Is there a more appropriate way to tell a person they are wonderful? This is my entire sentence: 「あなたは素敵な人です。」 I want to use the term to say ...

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