Questions tagged [na-adjectives]

形容動詞. A specialized class of nouns of that can be attached to other nouns (using the special copula form な for present-positive), to describe their properties.

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55
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2answers
10k views

Why does Japanese have two kinds of adjectives? (-i adjectives and -na adjectives)

Japanese has two kinds of adjectives known by several terms but the ones I know are i-adjectives and na-adjectives - why? I recall that Japanese adjectives are much more like verbs than in English ...
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3answers
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全然 {ぜんぜん} with positive adjective / na-adjective

In Japanese classes, I was taught that 全然 can only be used with negative-meaning words/phrases/clauses, for example: 全然出来ません 全然だめです However, I've observed that, especially in spoken Japanese, ...
22
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2answers
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When would you use 新{あら}たな and 新{あたら}しい

To say new, the first way that I learned is to use the i-adjective 新しい. But I noticed that the na-adjective 新たな is used a lot in written texts. Is there any difference in when either is used?
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2answers
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Is there an order of adjectives in Japanese?

In English, if we have multiple adjectives modifying a noun, there is a preferred order for those adjectives, for example: nice long red car *nice red long car *long red nice car I was ...
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1answer
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why is it that some 形容動詞 accepts の after it while some only accepts な after it?

why is it that some 形容動詞 accepts の after it while some only accepts な after it? Examples: の only: 普通、大勢 な or の: 初心、特別、特殊 Is there a way for us to tell if a 形容動詞 needs a の or な particle after it....
12
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2answers
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What's the difference between 静けさ and 静かさ?

Much to my disbelief (no, I'm kidding, it happens all the time), I found out that my handbook was wrong to tell me we must use 静けさ, because 静かさ doesn't exist. Wiki(tionary) says "For degree, ...
12
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1answer
585 views

Unifying concept for noun-adjectives of the pattern Xかな

Consider these: ~か: 静か 愚か 厳か ~やか: 穏やか 鮮やか 賑やか ~らか: 柔らか 滑らか 明らか There are many more that I've not listed. The か/やか/らか at the end of these words seem to ...
11
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3answers
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How do you say “You have gotten better at X”?

I was just reminded on another site that "being good at something" is expressed as [上手]{じょうず}/[上手]{うま}い, not いい. How do you tell someone they "have gotten better at something"? Xさん, 料理することがもっと上手いですね。 ...
11
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2answers
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-的 adjectives modifying nouns without な

Am I correct in thinking that these are ok without a na: 1) 印象的な事実 2) 印象的事実 3) 客観的な事実 4) 客観的事実 But these need a na?: 5) 明らかな事実 6) *?明らか事実 7) 簡単な事実 8) *?簡単事実 (From a quick look, ...
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2answers
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Why are we allowed to use を particle with na-adjectives?

Can someone explain the usage of a na-adjective with the を particle? I cannot understand why we can say ほうれん草を嫌いな人もいる。 because I'd thought that it had to be a が or の particle instead of an を. ...
10
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1answer
468 views

Is there a pattern to the usage of 〜的 on the end of words?

Sometimes I think it's more obvious when to use 〜的 as a suffix for example 国家 "nation/state" vs 国家的 "national", but in a lot of other cases I think the distinction might be more blurred, and they ...
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4answers
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Is there a difference between 最高の and 最高な?

A dictionary lists 最高 as being both a no-adjective and na-adjective. I've also seen other examples of this. However, is there a difference between using it either form since they're both attached to ...
7
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1answer
129 views

What quality would 勝手 describe in these contexts?

I looked it up in online dictionaries and they didn't really prove useful. "Selfish" or "convenience" doesn't seem to fit. So this is a quote from Niji-iro Tohgarashi 勝手な奴だ。 This is the sentence ...
7
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1answer
830 views

If a compound noun is made from a na-adjective suffix, is it followed by a な particle?

There are a few compound nouns that are made by compounding something with na-adjectives like 好き and 嫌い, for examples: 花見好き 子供好き 水嫌い 人嫌い 負け嫌い Are these compounds followed by a な particle? Or do they ...
7
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1answer
243 views

Is 遥か a special kind of adjective?

According to the dictionary, it's supposed to be a na-adjective, but it seems to be used somewhat commonly without the な particle, e.g. 遥か彼方 遥か氷原の彼方 遥か群衆を離れて I think I've seen a few more variations ...
6
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2answers
858 views

便利な工具 what does な means

What does the な in the center means.Is it a particle.
6
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2answers
492 views

Is there even 1 na-type adjective that can't be used as a real noun?

The passage suggests that not all na-type adjectives can be used as real nouns as shown in (b). It doesn't seem to be a case of careless choice of words, since in the 2nd para, the passage uses "some" ...
6
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1answer
125 views

好きだ or 好きな: which one to be used in the below mentioned sentence

Which one is correct? 私が好きだ日本の食べ物はてんぷらです。 Or 私が好きな日本の食べ物はてんぷらです。 I am not sure whether to use sukina or sukida Please post your answer with explaination. Thank you.
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Modifying fixed expressions such as 「駄々をこねる」 adjectivally and adverbially

I came across the following sentence: 子供みたいな駄々をこねる It felt a bit weird (possibly because I'm not very familiar with either 「駄々」 or 「こねる」 and think of the expression as a big verb) and made me ...
6
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1answer
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Can「病気【びょうき】」be used as a 形容動詞【けいようどうし】 (na-adjective)?

I came across this multiple choice question as part of my homework. There is only one correct choice. Question 心配【しんぱい】しないで。悪【わる】い病気【びょうき】 { ______ } と思【おも】います Don't worry. I think { ______ } ...
6
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1answer
145 views

When a word is both a な and の adjective?

I've recently encountered words like 「いろいろ」which apparently counts as both a な and a の adjective. Just curious if there's some difference in meaning when one is used instead of the other.
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Can you omit the な between な-adjectives and nouns? [duplicate]

書く時には書くスタイルに合った書き言葉的表現、そして、話す時には話すスタイルに合った話し言葉的表現があることを覚えておいてください。 The above quote is from the second chapter of Tobira. My question concerns 書き言葉的表現 and 話し言葉的表現. The book states that (書き/話し)言葉的 is a ...
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Why is ホームシック a noun, not a な-adjective?

In class, I was told that ホームシック is a noun, not a な-adjective. ホームシックの時、何をしますか。 By contrast, the closest English word to "ホームシック", which is "homesick", is an adjective. Why is ホームシック a noun? Is it ...
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1answer
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Why is だ used for な adjectives?

I've always compared な adjectives to some abstract harder type of adjective, and I think I learned formally what the difference is, kind of, but I've forgotten. In any case, I know there are nouns ...
5
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1answer
169 views

Where does the な used in な-adjectives come from?

な-adjectives are derived from nouns. This is similar to how の can be used to 'Adjective-ize' a noun. But while it's clear how の-adjectives work, and why the の is appended, what is the story for な-...
5
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1answer
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Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjectives, like if I want to say "Mr. Li is ...
5
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3answers
365 views

Difference between 必死で走る and 必死に走る

I understand that in these expressions the に isn't a particle (I think it indicates the adverbial form of a na-adjective) but I'm not sure what で is: 必死に走る run like crazy 必死で走る run like hell ...
5
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2answers
421 views

いろいろな便利な - In some case, two na-adjectives linked not using で?

With my japanese teacher, we study some text about doraemon. One of sentences was: 「未来{みらい}のいろいろな便利{べんり}な「ひみつ道具{どうぐ}」をポケットの中に持っている」 I was thinking いろいろな便利{べんり}な had to be いろいろで便利{べんり}な. My teacher ...
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2answers
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na-adjectives in different tenses. これは真面目だった人です。

I need some help with basic grammar. What is the difference between these sentences: これは真面目だった人です。 これは真面目な人でした。 これは真面目だった人でした。 Thank you in advance!
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Usage of particles で and に with ~的

A sentence from JapanesePod 101: 北米とヨーロッパでは通常スカートは女性がはくものと思われているが、世界的には多くの男性がスカートをはく。 In North America and Europe a skirt is thought of as something a woman wears, but in many countries men ...
4
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2answers
241 views

past tense na adjective + noun

I have two sentences that im using to try to understand how na adjectives are conjugated in Japanese. 私の友達は綺麗な人 - My friend is a beautiful person 私の友達は綺麗だった人 - My friend was a beautiful person In ...
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1answer
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When should I use な in “na-adjectives”?

I'm trying to understand something here, I have the following question I need to answer: あなたの部屋はきれいですか? to which I should answer something like ええ、きれいなです。 Why is the question does not contain ...
4
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4answers
292 views

Differences between 類似 and ような

Is there any difference to how and when 類似 and ような are used? For example: 英国で同じようなことです。 英国で類似のことです。 Thanks.
4
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1answer
249 views

Why is くなかった wrong and ではありません preferred in this sentence?

I was taking a n5 grammar test and I came across the question: あの人{ひと} は有名{ゆうめい} ____ The answer I chose was くなかった. However, the quiz said the correct answer was ではありません. Why is that?
4
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1answer
230 views

What is the difference between 適切、適当 and 適宜?

As the title says, I've been having some trouble with recognizing the difference between 適切、適当 and 適宜 as in dictionaries they are all translated to "appropriate, suitable". According to this site 適当{...
4
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2answers
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is suki an adjective and a verb?

I thought that "suki" was a verb which meant "to like". It is hard to me to make sense why it seems to be always used with "desu". Now in a webpage I read that suki is an adjective, which means ...
4
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1answer
273 views

What do ジャンルくじイラスト and デリケートなジャンル mean?

My circle (student club) at a Japanese university is preparing for the school festival. One option for participating is to draw and submit a 「ジャンルくじイラスト」. Does this translate to "genre lottery ...
4
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2answers
130 views

How to translate nominalised adjectives from Japanese to English (e.g. スイスがきれいなこと)

I am currently struggling with wrapping my head around こと and how it nominalises adjectives/sentences with adjectives to turn them into noun phrases. With verbs, it's easy: べんとうを食べる (I eat bento/...
4
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1answer
139 views

What does モンロス mean?

It seems to be used as a na-adjective, but I couldn't find the meaning anywhere.
4
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1answer
422 views

What is なのは used in this sentence?

What is the なのは used in "なかでも にんき なのは ポケモンどうしを たたかわせて". I know にんき is a na-adjective but i don't understand the use of なのは.
4
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1answer
377 views

"一生懸命な”のニュアンスを説明してもらえませんか。Nuances of 一生懸命な

一生懸命な彼に申し訳ない気がしました。そこで、私は一度彼と会って面と向かって断ろうと思ったのです。 'I felt I had to do something so I decided to meet him face to face and tell him I wasn't interested.' 一生懸命を副詞として使ったら 'eagerly, with utmost effort, ...
4
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1answer
268 views

Na-adjectives before は

Do na-adjectives need a な before a は? もっと きれいなは どうですか。 もっと きれいは どうですか。 Which is correct? Personally I think な is needed as the sentence is a shorter form of もっと きれいな ハンドバッグは どうですか。(replace ...
4
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1answer
180 views

Verb after な-adjective, is it necessary to complete the sentence?

I read somewhere that 形容動詞 are a special subclass of nouns. Contrarily 形容詞, the い adjectives, are actually a lot more similar to verbs. During the time that I have been learning Japanese language (...
3
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3answers
238 views

Usage of an adjective 細やか(な)

I have met the sentence: 各学生への細やかな配慮と個人的な学術的な指導があるため。 The word 細やかな is translated in the dictionary usually as friendly or tender. 1) Could you please tell me more exact translation of this word ...
3
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1answer
2k views

na-adjective + に particle?

Why is a に particle following a na-adjective in the following sentence? I know that the particle has several uses, e.g. direction and location of existence, but I don't know the reason why it is being ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Do na-adjectives have an attributive negative form?

Assuming present tense, we can use i-adjectives in an attributive context both in the affirmative form: 高い 椅子 が あります - there's an expensive chair And in the negative form: 高くない 椅子 が あります - ...
3
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1answer
158 views

かたくな etymology and relation to 固い

The words 頑な{かたくな} (na-adjective, "stubborn") and 固い{かたい} (i-adjective, "hard" or "stubborn") sound similar and have a similar meaning. I was thinking if these words are related to each other through ...
3
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2answers
603 views

i-adjective + na-adjective + noun

How do I use an i-adjective and na-adjective together to describe a noun? For example, how do I say "beautiful, red torii"? 綺麗な鳥居 (na-adjective): beautiful torii 赤い鳥居 (i-adjective): red torii
3
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1answer
164 views

Why does そっくり(な?) take the な particle?

I was reading this page: http://helps.ameba.jp/faq/pigg/5301/post_362.html and I found そっくりな, however my dictionary says it's an adverbial noun... and I though those took の as their particle-Then ...
3
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1answer
172 views

Na-adjective in attributive form before という?

I have trouble with the last part of the following sentence, starting from the last 私 (bolded): その読まれる作品は、たいてい私のものと、川添と云う少女のもので、私の作品が、たいていは家庭のことを書いているのに反して、川添と云う少女のは、森の梟{ふくろう}とか幻想の虹{にじ}...