Questions tagged [na-adjectives]

形容動詞. A specialized class of nouns of that can be attached to other nouns (using the special copula form な for present-positive), to describe their properties.

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57
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2answers
10k views

Why does Japanese have two kinds of adjectives? (-i adjectives and -na adjectives)

Japanese has two kinds of adjectives known by several terms but the ones I know are i-adjectives and na-adjectives - why? I recall that Japanese adjectives are much more like verbs than in English ...
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Do na-adjectives have an attributive negative form?

Assuming present tense, we can use i-adjectives in an attributive context both in the affirmative form: 高い 椅子 が あります - there's an expensive chair And in the negative form: 高くない 椅子 が あります - ...
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0answers
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な vs の classes of nouns

Based on my understanding, it seems that "な-adjectives" and "nouns" both function as nouns in the grammatical sense with the exception that "な-adjectives" are linked to other nouns with な and "nouns" ...
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1answer
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Can「病気【びょうき】」be used as a 形容動詞【けいようどうし】 (na-adjective)?

I came across this multiple choice question as part of my homework. There is only one correct choice. Question 心配【しんぱい】しないで。悪【わる】い病気【びょうき】 { ______ } と思【おも】います Don't worry. I think { ______ } ...
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1answer
137 views

What is the difference between 「いろいろ」and 「さまざま」?

According to the dictionary, they both mean "various". What is the difference between both words?
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849 views

Usage of particles で and に with ~的

A sentence from JapanesePod 101: 北米とヨーロッパでは通常スカートは女性がはくものと思われているが、世界的には多くの男性がスカートをはく。 In North America and Europe a skirt is thought of as something a woman wears, but in many countries men ...
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1answer
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What's the difference between [noun] + の and [noun]+ な?

For example, suppose I want to say "It's a weird thing". Can I say "hen na koto desu.", and "hen no koto desu"? What is the difference? 「変なことです」 vs. 「変のことです」
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858 views

便利な工具 what does な means

What does the な in the center means.Is it a particle.
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1answer
188 views

Origin of こんな, そんな, あんな and どんな

I wondered why こんな, そんな, あんな and どんな can be used prenominally without any particles. Due to the lack of a proper etymology dictionary in my possession (a recommendation would be appreciated), I came ...
6
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1answer
126 views

好きだ or 好きな: which one to be used in the below mentioned sentence

Which one is correct? 私が好きだ日本の食べ物はてんぷらです。 Or 私が好きな日本の食べ物はてんぷらです。 I am not sure whether to use sukina or sukida Please post your answer with explaination. Thank you.
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1answer
105 views

こんな、そんな、あんな、どんな + na-adjectives

How do they interact with each other? I know that depending on the part of speech these words may have/have no particle after them, but what about na-adjectives? Do these pronouns have any particle in ...
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2answers
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How to translate nominalised adjectives from Japanese to English (e.g. スイスがきれいなこと)

I am currently struggling with wrapping my head around こと and how it nominalises adjectives/sentences with adjectives to turn them into noun phrases. With verbs, it's easy: べんとうを食べる (I eat bento/...
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1answer
254 views

What is the difference between 適切、適当 and 適宜?

As the title says, I've been having some trouble with recognizing the difference between 適切、適当 and 適宜 as in dictionaries they are all translated to "appropriate, suitable". According to this site 適当{...
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Can I use 素敵 to describe a wonderful person?

I want to say that a person is wonderful: 「素敵な人。」 Is there a more appropriate way to tell a person they are wonderful? This is my entire sentence: 「あなたは素敵な人です。」 I want to use the term to say ...
4
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1answer
185 views

Verb after な-adjective, is it necessary to complete the sentence?

I read somewhere that 形容動詞 are a special subclass of nouns. Contrarily 形容詞, the い adjectives, are actually a lot more similar to verbs. During the time that I have been learning Japanese language (...
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2answers
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past tense na adjective + noun

I have two sentences that im using to try to understand how na adjectives are conjugated in Japanese. 私の友達は綺麗な人 - My friend is a beautiful person 私の友達は綺麗だった人 - My friend was a beautiful person In ...
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な Adjectives - Only in present tense? [duplicate]

I've doubt about な. I've to use it only when I'm talking in present tense? Example: 1)きれいな人だ 2)きれいな人だった The second one is valid? Thanks in advance!
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Using い and な adjectives

According to the book I am reading, "Sakura is beautiful" is written as さくらはきれいです and "Sakura is a beautiful flower" is さくらはきれいなはなです ,but when using たかい the na form isn't used. For example: ...
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na-adjectives in different tenses. これは真面目だった人です。

I need some help with basic grammar. What is the difference between these sentences: これは真面目だった人です。 これは真面目な人でした。 これは真面目だった人でした。 Thank you in advance!
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1answer
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Why/when is である required for na-adjectives in grammar forms?

When shin kanzen master defines the connections for some grammar forms, it often notes that である must be used for na-adjectives. For example, in the grammar point for ~にもかかわらず in shin kanzen master ...
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2answers
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Can every noun be a na-adjective?

I know that na-adjectives are nouns which can also act like adjectives by affixing themselves to nouns, but can every noun do this simply by adding な or can only certain nouns have the property of ...
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1answer
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Why is くなかった wrong and ではありません preferred in this sentence?

I was taking a n5 grammar test and I came across the question: あの人{ひと} は有名{ゆうめい} ____ The answer I chose was くなかった. However, the quiz said the correct answer was ではありません. Why is that?
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Why is ホームシック a noun, not a な-adjective?

In class, I was told that ホームシック is a noun, not a な-adjective. ホームシックの時、何をしますか。 By contrast, the closest English word to "ホームシック", which is "homesick", is an adjective. Why is ホームシック a noun? Is it ...
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1answer
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Do we really have to change particles (usually が into は) in negative and interrogative sentences?

Which alternatives sounds more natural? 1.1 - その本は読めない。 1.2 - その本が読めない。 2.1 - ゴルフは上手じゃない。 2.2 - ゴルフが上手じゃない 3.1 - この映画は見たくない。 3.2 - この映画が見たくない。 3.3 - この映画を見たくない。 4.1 - 日本語は分からない。 4.2 - 日本語が分からない。 ...
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1answer
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Reduplicated words

Why I-keiyoushi is used more in reduplicated words than na-keiyoushi?
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How to say something is [a colour] AND [another adjective] using て form 'and'?

Do all colours work as な adjectives or い adjectives when using て form 'and'? In a sentence such as "my phone is white and small", would it be 私のけいたいは白いで小さいです。OR ~けいたいはしろくて~? Also, if the colour were ...
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Is there a difference between 最高の and 最高な?

A dictionary lists 最高 as being both a no-adjective and na-adjective. I've also seen other examples of this. However, is there a difference between using it either form since they're both attached to ...
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Can you omit the な between な-adjectives and nouns? [duplicate]

書く時には書くスタイルに合った書き言葉的表現、そして、話す時には話すスタイルに合った話し言葉的表現があることを覚えておいてください。 The above quote is from the second chapter of Tobira. My question concerns 書き言葉的表現 and 話し言葉的表現. The book states that (書き/話し)言葉的 is a ...
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Is there an order of adjectives in Japanese?

In English, if we have multiple adjectives modifying a noun, there is a preferred order for those adjectives, for example: nice long red car *nice red long car *long red nice car I was ...
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Modifying fixed expressions such as 「駄々をこねる」 adjectivally and adverbially

I came across the following sentence: 子供みたいな駄々をこねる It felt a bit weird (possibly because I'm not very familiar with either 「駄々」 or 「こねる」 and think of the expression as a big verb) and made me ...
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1answer
129 views

What quality would 勝手 describe in these contexts?

I looked it up in online dictionaries and they didn't really prove useful. "Selfish" or "convenience" doesn't seem to fit. So this is a quote from Niji-iro Tohgarashi 勝手な奴だ。 This is the sentence ...
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1answer
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Why does 嫌い looks so much like an i adjective, when it is a na adjective?

I tried to look for this answer but could not find it so... Why is that 嫌い looks so much like an i-adjective? I might be wrong, but most i-adjectives seem follow this path: Kanji + い or Kanji + ...
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1answer
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When should I use な in “na-adjectives”?

I'm trying to understand something here, I have the following question I need to answer: あなたの部屋はきれいですか? to which I should answer something like ええ、きれいなです。 Why is the question does not contain ...
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Difference between 必死で走る and 必死に走る

I understand that in these expressions the に isn't a particle (I think it indicates the adverbial form of a na-adjective) but I'm not sure what で is: 必死に走る run like crazy 必死で走る run like hell ...
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1answer
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かたくな etymology and relation to 固い

The words 頑な{かたくな} (na-adjective, "stubborn") and 固い{かたい} (i-adjective, "hard" or "stubborn") sound similar and have a similar meaning. I was thinking if these words are related to each other through ...
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When would you use 新{あら}たな and 新{あたら}しい

To say new, the first way that I learned is to use the i-adjective 新しい. But I noticed that the na-adjective 新たな is used a lot in written texts. Is there any difference in when either is used?
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いろいろな便利な - In some case, two na-adjectives linked not using で?

With my japanese teacher, we study some text about doraemon. One of sentences was: 「未来{みらい}のいろいろな便利{べんり}な「ひみつ道具{どうぐ}」をポケットの中に持っている」 I was thinking いろいろな便利{べんり}な had to be いろいろで便利{べんり}な. My teacher ...
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1answer
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Where does the な used in な-adjectives come from?

な-adjectives are derived from nouns. This is similar to how の can be used to 'Adjective-ize' a noun. But while it's clear how の-adjectives work, and why the の is appended, what is the story for な-...
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is suki an adjective and a verb?

I thought that "suki" was a verb which meant "to like". It is hard to me to make sense why it seems to be always used with "desu". Now in a webpage I read that suki is an adjective, which means ...
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1answer
270 views

Na-adjectives before は

Do na-adjectives need a な before a は? もっと きれいなは どうですか。 もっと きれいは どうですか。 Which is correct? Personally I think な is needed as the sentence is a shorter form of もっと きれいな ハンドバッグは どうですか。(replace ...
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1answer
148 views

When a word is both a な and の adjective?

I've recently encountered words like 「いろいろ」which apparently counts as both a な and a の adjective. Just curious if there's some difference in meaning when one is used instead of the other.
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1answer
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Modifying 形容動詞 (ナ adjectives) with verb phrases

In my textbook, the following phrase: 子どもたちが話しているにぎやかな声 is derived from the following example sentence: にぎやかな声で子どもたちが話している。 It is the phrase that confuses me. It appears to me that the section ...
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1answer
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Is 遥か a special kind of adjective?

According to the dictionary, it's supposed to be a na-adjective, but it seems to be used somewhat commonly without the な particle, e.g. 遥か彼方 遥か氷原の彼方 遥か群衆を離れて I think I've seen a few more variations ...
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1answer
180 views

Grammar of nounの多さに

品揃えの多さについつい買いこんでしまい、... I ended up unintentionally buying ??? complete set... I'm struggling to understand the part in bold. I know that 多い is 'many', and that you can convert adjectives to nouns ...
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4answers
293 views

Differences between 類似 and ような

Is there any difference to how and when 類似 and ような are used? For example: 英国で同じようなことです。 英国で類似のことです。 Thanks.
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1answer
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na-adjective + に particle?

Why is a に particle following a na-adjective in the following sentence? I know that the particle has several uses, e.g. direction and location of existence, but I don't know the reason why it is being ...
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1answer
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NA particle meaning?

What does the NA mean in this sentence? Sonna baka NA koto... そんなバカなことは、普通に言わないよ Normally, (you) don't say such a stupid thing
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1answer
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Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjectives, like if I want to say "Mr. Li is ...
4
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2answers
616 views

i-adjective + na-adjective + noun

How do I use an i-adjective and na-adjective together to describe a noun? For example, how do I say "beautiful, red torii"? 綺麗な鳥居 (na-adjective): beautiful torii 赤い鳥居 (i-adjective): red torii
4
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1answer
139 views

What does モンロス mean?

It seems to be used as a na-adjective, but I couldn't find the meaning anywhere.