Questions tagged [multiple-readings]

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19
votes
3answers
4k views

How do attendance checklists in Japan deal with multiple possible name readings?

Even though there are several recurring, easily guessable family name readings ([田中]{たなか}、佐藤{さとう}、田村{たむら}) in Japanese, there are usually many possible readings to people's names Kanji, especially ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

How does the particle を relate to the verb 行く in the structure「A を + B に行く」?

I came across this sentence in my japanese practicing material (the point is I didn't make up the sentence so I assume it's correct or at least commonly used) 日本についてのアンケートを中国人100人に行った。 and It doesn'...
13
votes
1answer
742 views

What is the origin of 場所?

The kanji compound 場所 is bugging me. For the longest time, I did not know how to pronounce it, oscillating between ばどころ and じょうしょ. The correct pronunciation, however, is ばしょ. This is weird to me, ...
12
votes
2answers
745 views

Apparently unrelated 音読み?

For most 漢字 with multiple 音読み, there appears to be a fairly reasonable link between the sounds, and fairly minor drift, such as with 聞 being モン or ブン. Some 漢字, however, appear to have completely ...
9
votes
2answers
854 views

Can 々 stand for a duplicated kanji with a different reading?

The title may not be so clear, here is what I mean: 々 is used to avoid repeating a kanji. In some cases, the two may not be pronounced the same because the first consonant of the second kanji is ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

How to read 死神界?

In this manga I'm reading, the word 死神界 appears. I would have read it has しにがみかい but there was furigana indicating the reading to be ここ. If there was no furigana, how could I know the correct way to ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Kanji that don't use their specified readings

Hello I'm trying to understand something about kanji readings. As far as I understand each Kanji character has multiple readings and each of these readings can be used alone or in conjunction with ...
8
votes
5answers
20k views

Do we really need to remember the kunyomi and onyomi reading of each kanji?

I am learning how to write kanji using the obenkyo app. I am trying to remember the strokes of each kanji and how to read them (onyomi & kunyomi). But do I really need to remember the onyomi &...
8
votes
2answers
382 views

Is 年月 (months and years) read 【としつき】or【ねんげつ】and is there a difference?

Is 年月 (months and years) read 【としつき】or【ねんげつ】? Is there a difference? I found it in the following sentence in WWWJDIC: 年月が過ぎるのは早い。
7
votes
2answers
7k views

Why are there multiple katakana readings for a single kanji?

When I look at a kanji word I see one, or multiple Hiragana pronunciations (or should I call it translation?) - sometimes the pronunciations are for different kanjis, but that's not the question. I'...
7
votes
2answers
550 views

人 - on'yomi ニン or ジン rule of thumb

I sometimes have trouble figuring out what on'yomi 人 has in unfamiliar jukugo, and was wondering whether there was any kind of rule-of-thumb for figuring it out, assuming it is the only character ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

Mainen or Maitoshi used for every year?

I see Mainen and Maitoshi used for every year? Is there any difference and why would one be used over another?
6
votes
2answers
703 views

How should I read 早々? As そうそう or はやばや?

How do you read 早々 in these sentences? I learned there are two readings: そうそう、and はやばや。 How do they differ, if at all? 早々にごへんじいただきありがとうございます。 Thank you for your prompt reply. 新年早々、...
6
votes
1answer
145 views

What was the process by which 有職読み applied to personal names?

In premodern Japanese, it was traditional for a prestigious or extremely honorable man whose name was read with kun'yomi to have the reading of his personal name changed to on'yomi in certain ...
6
votes
1answer
435 views

Exceptions to kanji readings

あなた can be written in kanji as 貴方. However, I noticed that no combination of the readings of those two characters is at all similar to the pronunciation they produce together - this is the first time ...
5
votes
1answer
541 views

頭【かぶり】を振る and 頭【かしら】を横に振る, why the change in pronunciation?

As the title suggests, why is there a change in pronunciation between 頭【かぶり】を振る and 頭【かしら】を横に振る? As far as I can see, there is no difference between the meanings of the two—デジタル大辞泉 even lists the ...
5
votes
1answer
406 views

Why are there two readings of 留める?

It seems like 留める can be read as either とめる or とどめる. JED, my Android dictionary app, cites とどめる, and so does wiktionary. But wiktionary's kanji entry for 留, it lists とめる, とどまる, and とまる as kun readings,...
5
votes
2answers
150 views

In what context do you pronounce 行く as ゆく? [duplicate]

I am not entirely sure in what context you pronounce 行く as ゆく. I've read that it is pronounced as ゆく in more formal situations and in songs. For example, in the song lyric 闇へと進み行く it is pronounced as ...
5
votes
1answer
104 views

What is more common pronunciation for 本文?

What is more common pronunciation for 本文: ほんぶん or ほんもん? Is it geographically specific?
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Transitive-intransitive pairs with different readings

Transitive-intransitive pairs are common in Japanese. But in general the reading of the kanji is the same. I know of two exceptions: 出す{だす}-出る{でる} and 入れる{いれる}-入る{はいる}. Are there more?
4
votes
2answers
147 views

When is 事業 read as じぎょう and when as ことわざ

I came across the following sentence from the Dictionary of Japanese Grammar series: X氏は、一方で慈善事業をやりながら、他方でかなりあくどい商売をしているという噂だ。 I think 慈善事業 should be read as じぜんじぎょう. But as I look up the dictionary ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

What is the reading of 弓形?

The word 弓形 has three different readings which are きゅうけい, ゆみがた, and ゆみなり. Unfortunately, there does not seem to be much distinction between these three readings. Is this simply a case wherein all ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

pronunciation of 一昨年

My dictionary lists both いっさくねん and おととし as readings of 一昨年. Which of these are commonly used? Is there any difference between these two readings?
4
votes
1answer
208 views

Do you read the 一片 in「一片の雲」as ひとひら or いっぺん?

I found the sentence "A cloud was sailing in the sky" here : 空に一片の雲が浮かんでいた。 How is it pronounced? そら に ひとひら の くも が うかんで いた。 そら に いっぺん の くも が うかんで いた。 I do not know whether in Japanese a cloud is ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Both on'yomi and kun'yomi in a first name?

I know that some Japanese words made of two kanjis can contain both on'yomi and kun'yomi, however, is that was also true for someone's first name? For example, I have seen the name 雪花 or 雪華 read as 「...
3
votes
2answers
234 views

How should I read 花弁?

How should I read 花弁? I came across it in this sentence from ねじまき鳥と火曜日の女たち by 村上春樹. テーブルの上には紫色の木蓮の花弁が雨に打たれてはりついていた 大辞泉 has these two entries, which leads me to believe 花弁 is more officially ...
3
votes
1answer
201 views

Is it common for Kanjis to have several pronunciations like for 乾?

While doing introductionary courses of Japanese, I stumble on a fact that affrights me about the difficulty of the language. When congratulating each other around a drink: 乾杯 the Kanji 乾 is ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

How are made up words for anime/manga formed (reading and kanji)?

EDIT: Eiríkr Útlendi has answered my question mostly in regards to readings. What remains is how kanji are chosen for their meanings and why certain words are selected over others e.g. 実 versus 果実. ...
2
votes
2answers
254 views

o'clock kanji pronunciation 時

Is 時 read as "toki" or "ji"? Duolingo and Google Translate don't seem to be in agreement.
2
votes
2answers
346 views

Pronunciation of 年

The general rule to choose between kun (とし) and on (ネン) readings does not seem to work here. Are 今年, 去年, 来年, 毎年, 半年, etc. different kinds of compounds justifying using different readings? Is this the ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

1日 reading, yet again

I was puzzled by this use of "1日," which I had not encountered yet (from tangorin.com): 私たちはたいてい1日の主な食事を晩にとります。 We usually have our main meal of the day in the evening. ...
2
votes
3answers
283 views

When is the “しりつ” reading of “市立” used?

In various dictionaries, the word "市立" has "しりつ" listed as the main reading. However, they then go on to list the reading "いちりつ", with a note saying "when spoken to avoid confusion with 私立【しりつ】". This ...
2
votes
2answers
333 views

Most common/appropriate reading of 執行

Recently I stumbled upon this passage: [...] 最高執行責任者は変化の兆しを語る. The dictionary reports four readings for 執行: しぎょう、しっこう、しゅうぎょう、 and しゅぎょう。 Moving on with the reading I also found the word 執行役員 that ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

平日 - What's the difference between the two readings へいじつ and ひらび?

平日 can be read へいじつ or ひらび. What's the difference between the two readings? Is one more formal than the other? The basic meaning seems to be "Weekday" (ie Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

How to know the suitable reading of その間 in a given sentence?

Sometimes the reading is そのかん as in 「その間【かん】に彼は居なくなっていました」 "He disappeared in the meantime." and sometimes the reading is そのあいだ as in 「母は忙しそうに料理をしていた。その間【あいだ】私はテレビを見ていた」 "Mother was ...
2
votes
3answers
120 views

Is 預けがね a possible reading of 預け金? 預けがね vs 預けきん meanings?

Here is the exact line from a translation that I am reading: 瓶を店に返して預け金の5セントを戻してもらいました。 I just read it as あずけがね and continued on. Then, I decided to double check the meaning in my dictionary. But ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Pronunciation of 緑町

I'm reading the Japanese Graded Readers from White Rabbit Press. One of them takes place in a town called 緑町, which is glossed (in furigana) as みどりまち. However, I looked this town up, and both the ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

Words with varied 音読み{おんよみ}

In watching this YouTube video, the last slide displays the following information, which provides examples of words that bear 呉音{ごおん}、漢音{かんおん}、and 唐宋音{とうそうおん} types of 音読み{おんよみ}. I was interested in ...
2
votes
1answer
401 views

Does the meaning of the Kanji change based on its reading

Most Kanji have multiple readings. For example 人 has got the readings: ひと ジン ニン Does the meaning change when the Kanji is read differently. I don't think that the meaning of this Kanji changes based ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

can the same compound have different readings when having the same meaning?

I know that kanjis can have many readings. But I thought compounds (combinations) had only one meaning. For what I've read in the board, a compound can have different readings for different meanings. ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Reading of 大: だい or たい?

The おお reading is out of the scope of this question - it might be involved in the answer though I'm learning some vocabulary, and noticed that 大 was sometimes read だい, sometimes たい. The instance that ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

Why is 田 read as だ instead of た/でん in 山田? [duplicate]

When looking up 田 on Jisho.org/田, it states it's readings as た and でん, but when the kanji is used in the family name Yamada (山田), the reading obviously changes to 'da'/だ. Is this something you just '...
1
vote
1answer
219 views

Which reading does Google Translate use for kanji words?

I used a web service to emulate the name "Siavosh" in Kanji. First, you select your name parts from a table of kana and then it gives you a combination of kanji with pronunciation of each kanji ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

How to pronounce 面?

For example in the phrase "物の面", how would you commonly pronounce 面? I see three possibilities: めん、つら、おも. Which one (or ones) are commonly used? Example sentence: "人の手の指先の内側にある、多くの細い線からできている模様。また、...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Why does Duolingo say that 中 is pronounced “naka” but spelled ちゅう?

I am currently doing the beta course for Japaneses on duolingo. In one of the lessons, I was confronted with this question which I kept getting wrong: When I play the sound, the voice clearly says "...
1
vote
1answer
338 views

中(なか) vs 中(ちゅう) [closed]

Some of you already gave good answers to the question in the title a while back, but I found some computer-generated pronunciations that confuse me. Are the following sentences' readings correct? ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Readings for 安 as しずか (Surname)

Is it possible to read 安 as しずか shizuka? Kanshudo.com has this pronunciation as an additional reading for a surname: https://www.kanshudo.com/name/%E5%AE%89 I wanted to do some research before asking ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

How do I remember a Kanji with more than two readings and when to use them [duplicate]

I'm currently studying Kanji using a flashcard app on my computer. I do know that there are two readings for each character, On and Kun. What I don't understand, is when a Kanji has more than two ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Reading of 摘み in this sentence

ぱっと出て、薬草を摘み、すぐに戻ってくればいい。 Is 摘み read here as つみ or つまみ?
1
vote
1answer
193 views

一 (one) kanji onyomi pronunciations

The 一 (one) kanji has two onyomi pronunciations: ICHI and ITSU. When do you use them?