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Questions tagged [meaning]

意味. The meaning of words or phrases within certain contexts, especially when it does not seem to match the standard definition.

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2answers
2k views

Making sense of transitive usage of 行く and 来る - 「を行く」 and 「を来る」

I think it's known that some intransitive verbs can take を particle and be used as transitive verbs such as for example 「私のことを分かってくれない」. While using 分かる transitively would require specific scenarios ...
16
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2answers
2k views

が and に interchangeability and difference in meaning

Consider these sentences: だれ{が・に}これが出来るか だれ{が・に}日本語が分からないか When both が and に are acceptable, what is their difference in meaning and practical usage?
12
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1answer
654 views

Meaning of ところ in アメリカのいいところ

I feel as though I understand what the below sentence means, but what I think it means makes no sense. 日本に行ったら、アメリカのいいところも発見できるかもしれないですね。 My translation: If you go to Japan, you might be able to ...
21
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2answers
34k views

What does さあ (saa) mean?

I have seen this term used a lot in many different ways. 「さあ、忘れましょうその未来が」 saa, wasuremashou sono mirai ga — in this sense, I assume it means "come". But I have also seen it used as 「でもさあ」 demo saa — ...
11
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5answers
3k views

Who scolded whom in Aに怒られる?

I can see that someone got mad or someone made someone else mad. The things that make it difficult are に and the られる form of 怒る. What does this mean? How do you figure out who did what in these types ...
19
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1answer
1k views

Passive form - The exact difference between を and が

I've seen this question asked before, but i feel the answer didn't quite answer all my questions, so here goes. Now, I am rather sure that this: ケーキが食べられた Means: The cake was eaten. (by ...
17
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1answer
890 views

What does verb+とする mean?

Take the below as an example では私達は先に行くとするわ。ごきげんよう、皆さん. What is the difference between saying 行くとする and 行く and 行こうとする I've seen a lot of explanations for とする that use the meaning of "assume" ...
19
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2answers
2k views

Adjectives functioning both as イ- and ナ-adjective

This question has made me think about the class of adjectives, which can function both as イ- and as ナ-adjective, e.g. 大きい 大きな 小さい 小さな 真っ白い 真っ白な (etc.) 細かい 細かな 暖かい 暖かな 四角い 四角な (etc.) 柔らかい ...
12
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3answers
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に and で revisited

Consider the statement A: ホテル(に/で)泊まる. For both cases would translate to "I stay at a hotel" in English. However they are answers to different questions. Consider the questions 1.どこに泊まる and 2.(ホテルで)...
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2answers
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Meaning of ぬ added to 連用形 / masu-stem, as in 風立ちぬ

What does the ぬ at the end of 立ち specify? I can't find a verb that is just 立ちぬ, is this some kind of special form? Can this be done with other verbs as well? 風立ちぬ, for reference, is Miyazaki's new ...
32
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2answers
17k views

Why does 今度【こんど】 mean “next time”?

The word 今度【こんど】, though its literal meaning is "this time" is in my experience used pretty heavily to refer to tbe next time or some unspecified point in the future. For example: 今度【こんど】こそ一緒【いっしょ】...
18
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5answers
15k views

What is the meaning of のか and how does it differ from か?

What is the meaning of のか in the following sentences? Does it have the same meaning as のですか? 漢字はどう正しく書くのか、どう正しく読むのか、彼らは時々迷います。 参加するのか、参加しないのか、ここではっきり返事しなさい。 Also, I have found sentences of ...
18
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2answers
796 views

Ups and downs: かみ・しも vs うえ・した

So, we have the kanji 上・下 which can be read as either かみ・しも or うえ・した, and as I understand it, those two are antonym pairs. But what are the differences between the two? The thesaurus isn't very ...
15
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3answers
26k views

What does チャラ mean?

What does チャラ mean? It was explained here that チャラ男 means light image. Does that mean cool image of a person? A cool person? チャラ男とは言動が軽いさまを表す「チャラチャラ」またはこれが形容詞化された「チャラい」を男性名っぽくしたものである(単に「チャラチャラした男」「...
10
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2answers
601 views

Looking for an explanation of the usage "あったものじゃない”

I'm looking for an explanation of the usage "あったものじゃない”. 例文 1)ムードも何もあったものじゃありませんね (context:Girlfriend and boyfriend were out on a date and the boyfriend's stomach made a large noise because he ...
13
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1answer
744 views

How do 自他 triplets of related verbs work?

I thought this had been asked before (possibly by me), but I couldn't find it. I'm wondering why for certain verbs/words, instead of just a 自他 pair, there is a triplet (or possibly more) where two of ...
11
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1answer
3k views

What does 氏 mean after a name, how is it different from さん or 様?

If you look in the dictionary for the definition of 氏 you'll find it defined as: family name; lineage; birth. However I have seen it used in such a way that it is doubtful that it means any of those ...
2
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1answer
234 views

Postpositional or prepositional くらい

I heard the following phrase from an ad for Jetstar Japan: びっくりするくらい最低よね! I know the individual meaning of the words. びっくりする - to be surprised, くらい - around(?) 最低 - lowest/cheapest This ad is ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Does さえ mean “even” in the following sentence?

I encountered the following on our daily reading. どのような企業{きぎょう}も、創業期{そうぎょうき}には全社員が昼食をとること さえ 忘れてしまうほど、忙しくフル回転していたものです。 In a business, a person was so busy that he forgot to eat lunch even ...
11
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2answers
2k views

What does 「なし」in 「問題なし」 mean?

I just started playing the video game Mother 3, and if you try to examine the trash can in front of his house, Lucas says, 問題なし. I expect this means something like, "no problem here", but I haven't ...
9
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1answer
891 views

Dictionary form of verb followed by に

I've recently begun noticing that occasionally I'll see a dictionary form of the verb followed by the particle に, for example: 1.)まだ学校へ行くには早い時間です。 It's still too early to go to school. I've been ...
6
votes
2answers
613 views

What is the function of と when it's not quoting, or doing exhaustive listing?

Consider these two sentences:  (1) 母はついてくるようにアリスに合図した (Mother signaled to Alice to follow her)  (2) 父は手で私に部屋を出ていくようにと合図した。 (Father gestured to me to go out of the room) And another sentence ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Meaning and usage of やっぱり (矢っ張り)

I got "As expected" is the meaning of this word from Google Translate (is it correct?) and I guess this word is used in casual conversation (what is the polite version?). I would like to know it's ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

でありません(でない) vs ではありません(ではない) vs でもありません(でもない)

でありません (でない) ではありません (ではない) でもありません (でもない) Can anyone tell me the differences between these three? And in what kinds of context would people use these three?
6
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3answers
372 views

What does ここじゃ何だ means in this sentence?

「そ、そうか。何か大変そうだな……ここじゃ何だ、取りあえず私の店まで来いよ」 I couldn't find the meaning...
2
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1answer
312 views

What does かけ mean in こわれかけのオルゴール?

If こわれかけのオルゴール was 壊れかけのオルゴール, 壊れ would be the stem of 壊れる, and かけ would probably be a noun. Since I'm just learning Japanese, I don't understand where かけ comes from. What meaning does かけ have in ...
22
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1answer
3k views

what is the difference between ごとに and おきに?

Both ごとに and おきに appear to mean "repeatedly at intervals". What is the difference between these two expressions?
17
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1answer
1k views

Difference between 書かないようになった and 書かなくなった?

Example sentences: ぜんぜん長い手紙を書かないようになった。 ぜんぜん長い手紙を書かなくなった。 My Translation: I never write long letters anymore. I believe they both mean the same thing but there's obviously some difference I don'...
11
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1answer
1k views

Is 「うそおっしゃい」 to be taken literally here?

In the video game Ripening Tingle's Balloon Trip of Love, the protagonist Tingle meets a fortune teller who demonstrates her powers to him. She asks him, "You come from a far away town, right?" If ...
8
votes
2answers
332 views

Why does the waiter use past tense here

When I was trying to order a set meal in the restaurant, the waiter said Aランチのほうでよろしかったでしょうか I am not sure why the past tense よろしかった is used here, I personally would say Aランチのほうでよろしいでしょうか I ...
11
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2answers
522 views

What is this form : Verb + はせん?

I am currently trying to read Bleach in Japanese. So far I haven't ran into any difficulty that a good dictionary cannot overcome. However in this particular scene I am puzzled by a particular scene, ...
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5answers
1k views

Using すみません instead of ありがとう

Can すみません always be used in place of ありがとう? What's the difference? When using すみません to express thanks, what other words are used with it? Could you show me some examples?
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3answers
540 views

Vて+しまう? 他の使い方がある?

「Vて+しまう」 to express an action that has taken place unintentionally often with unsatisfactory results (guidetojapanese.org). I have a sentence below and I don't know what the 「しまう」 for. 試験が終わった!...
6
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1answer
403 views

The meaning of しないでもなかった

彼の性格が読めてきたような気がしないでもなかった しない is a negative conjugation of する And from what I understand でもなかった is the equivalent of "was not" So it's a double denial? How does this work?
8
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between それでいい and それがいい here?

As I understand it, それでいい means 'it is fine like this' and それがいい means 'this is fine', but what is the protagonist trying to convey here by first using それでいい and then correcting himself to それがいい? ...
6
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1answer
1k views

方 - also read ほう when referring to a person?

The following sentence is from "A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar": 留守番電話は、一方ではかかる方にもかける方にも便利な面もあるが、他方ではお互いに直接話が出来ないから、不自然な面もある "The answering machine is, on the one hand, very ...
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1answer
426 views

Meaning of どんだけお人好しなんですかって話ですよね

context(all same guy talking to himself while someone else is listening): 「銀行が住宅ローンの営業に熱心な理由ってわかります?」 「憧れの持ち家を手に入れた大切なお客さんの喜ぶ笑顔が見たいから…?」 「そんなわけねーです!」 「どんだけお人好しなんですかって話ですよね。...
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2answers
515 views

About っていうか&っていうの&っていうんだ

Please help me with the following three sentences: ①俺が何をしたっていうんだ。 ②一人だから、何だというんだ。 ③彼女の何がダメだっていうの。 All of them are copied from lines of some Japanese drama. I can't figure out how such ...
4
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3answers
172 views

How do I read 上 in ご注文の際は予めそちらをご了承の上お願い致します? What does it mean?

ご注文の際は予めそちらをご了承の上お願い致します。 How do I read the 上? うえ? or じょう? What is the meaning of 上 in that sentence?
4
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2answers
247 views

Meaning of 何とやら in this sentence

私は勝負日の前日は大抵眠れません。遠足前の何とやらです。気が弱いです。 According to Kenkyusha dictionary, 何とやら means etc. or and so on. Could it mean same here? My attempt: I can hardly sleep the day before a competition. The same ...
4
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2answers
199 views

~と多い here meaning?

姉とほぼ入れ替わりでこの家に住み始めた祖父の持ち物は薬と洋服くらいだが、服の量だけはキャスター付き衣類ケース三つぶんと多かった。 How are と + 多い (+ た) used here? What does it mean (what would be the literal translation of the part starting with 服の量...)?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Meaning of 話になんない

I have a quote from this anime, FLCL: 「とにかくさ、バット振んなきゃ話になんないよ」. In the official translation it's translated as "nothing can happen until you swing the bat". Now my japanese is pretty rusty, as I ...
4
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2answers
760 views

準備が出来ている-Meaning and Explanation

Can anyone explain to me why 準備が出来ている means "It's ready?" I don't think I know exactly what 出来ます means, as we initially learned it as "able to"- but I've seen other uses like in saying "I have/got a ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

こっち、そっち、あっち、どっち

Could you tell me when to use こっち、そっち、あっち、どっち? I don't understand when to use them. Thank you in advance!
3
votes
1answer
169 views

The meaning and nuance behind the phrase “話は通してある”

話は通してある This is a phrase I've come across a few times recently in manga. For example: 「ユキにも話は通してある」 I'm not familiar with it so I'm not quite sure of it's correct meaning and usage, looking ...
1
vote
4answers
7k views

What is the exact meaning of “kaizen”?

So I learned about kaizen at school, and we defined the word as meaning "continuous change and improvement for the better". The word kaizen seems to have a bigger and deeper meaning than this simple ...
38
votes
4answers
9k views

What does -komu (~込む) at the end of a word mean?

There are loads of words in Japanese which end in 込{こ}む, like 吸{す}い込む, 読{よ}み込む, 入{はい}り込む, 打{う}ち込む, 売{う}り込む, 送{おく}り込む, 押{お}し込む. How does adding ~込む change the meaning? What is the meaning that links ...
17
votes
2answers
5k views

What is the difference between [友達]{とも・だち} and [友人]{ゆう・じん}?

From a quick google search, they both refer to friend. Are they completely identical or is there any difference between [友達]{とも・だち} and [友人]{ゆう・じん}?
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votes
3answers
6k views

Other meanings of でしょう besides “probably”

でしょう can usually be understood to mean "probably." But does it sometimes mean the same thing as ですね? What other meanings can it have? Can it mean "you know?"
17
votes
1answer
526 views

i-adjectives that end in a 〜ない which doesn't seem to be 〜無{な}い

I noticed there are many 形容詞{けいようし} (i-adjectives) that end in 〜ない, where the な is not part of the kanji, and doesn't seem to have the meaning 無い. Examples: 危{あぶ}ない means "dangerous", while 危 means "...