Questions tagged [kyūjitai-and-shinjitai]

旧字体・新字体. Kyūjitai refers to the form of kanji that were in use prior to 1946, especially of those kanji that were later simplified. Shinjitai refers specifically to the simplified forms of certain characters as part of language reforms following World War II.

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Resources (dictionaries, books, etc.) for early 1900s Japanese [closed]

Recently I've been trying to read the text [鞦韆考]{しゅうせんこう}¹, by [原]{はら}[勝郎]{かつろう}, though I've been having a lot of difficulty in doing so, considering all the 旧字体 and unusual Kanji/spellings (e.g. [希臘]...
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Why is the name of the whisky "TOKI" written as 季?

Suntory has a whisky named TOKI in their portfolio. It took me a bit to find that the kanji used for this is actually 季 and has the On-Yomi き, but can be pronounced in names as すえ or とし. Another fact ...
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Are there other examples of simplification like 稽→𥡴?

The adoption of almost 200 additional characters to the list of joyo kanji in 2010 introduced some discrepancies of simplifying certain radicals. According to an official supplement to the list(p.36-...
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How many Shinjitai and Kyūjitai characters are there?

Kanji Jōyō Jinmeiyō Hyōgai Shinjitai 2127 ? 0 Kyūjitai 0 ? ? Kokuji 9 16 0 Total 2136 863 ? I wonder if the above table is the exact concept of the use of Kanji in Japanese language. Can you help ...
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need help with a locality

I know Musashi (武蔵) refers to the old province, but I cannot understand the rest of this sentence. Can anyone help with translation of 國小俳山? Thank you.
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Stroke order of 繡

What is the correct stroke order of 繡? Its 新字体 version 粛 is farily straightforward, but this one? Dictionaries tend to not have stroke information for the 舊字體 form. My guess would be: All the way ...
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南無妙法蓮華經 ... or is the last kanji 経

南無妙法蓮華經 ... or is the last kanji 経? This is one example. In general, how do you select from kanji with the same reading and meaning when you write? Like these two kanji, I think both mean sutra and ...
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Are 变 and 変 the same?

Is there a difference between 变 and 変 or are they different versions of the same thing i.e. traditional/simplified?
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Can someone identify this stamp in a Bible that allowed my roommate's Grandpa to keep it in a POW camp in WW2?

Can someone identify this stamp in a Bible that allowed my roommate's Grandpa to keep it in a POW camp in WW2? Normally Bibles would have been forbidden but apparently this stamp that was inspected ...
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Should I use 竜 or 龍?

When writing the kanji for dragon, should I use the simplified or traditional or can I use either. My Japanese dictionary tells me that Japanese people learn both character forms in school. I know ...
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Can 亞 be a simplification of 亜?

I'm trying to translate this sport team name: 東亞学園バレㅡ部 but Google keeps correcting this to: 東亜学園バレーᅳ部 It's obviously difficult to guess which type of horizontal line is meant, but the ...
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What's the difference between the kanji 聲 and 声?

I just started learning and I was wondering what is the difference between the kanji 聲 and 声. They both mean voice when I looked it up in the dictionary and are said the same way too. When would you ...
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Variations in the "same" kanji, how do you know which one to use?

I've been trying to memorize some Kanji, and I've noticed that some of them seem to have different forms. So depending on what app I use, or what website I visit, the Kanji seems lightly different. As ...
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噌 variants in different fonts

Due to Han unification, the same code point represents the Chinese (T/S), Japanese and Korean variants of a given character. The rendered glyph is determined by locale, lang tag (web) or similar. If a ...
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What is the difference between 元気 and 元氣?

Also can you explain what each kanji character means?
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Use of 旧字体 in Japanese names

Currently, the kanji used in registering names in Japan are restricted to those from the 常用漢字 and the 人名用漢字 lists. Since this is the case, why do some names include kanji not on the list like 澤 (for ...
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What's the story behind 黒 and 黑? Why are they different?

In Chinese 'black' is 黑 and in Japanese it's 黒, but the kanji are not the same. In traditional Chinese it's exactly the same as in simplified so both are 黑 but Japanese is different. Was 黒 simplified?
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「深酷」とは どういう意味ですか

現在、私は戦前の日本語を読んでいるところで、辞書にも存在していないことばを見つけました。次の文です: ...極めて深酷に徹底的と云はざるを得ない。 推測ですが、私にはこのように思われます: ...極めて深刻に徹底的と言えざるを得ない。 かと思っていますが、辞書などの根拠がないので、ちょっと自信がないです。 旧字体・新字体の便利帳を見ても、これは書いてありません。 質問として、 ...
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Difference between 類 and 類

What is the difference between 類 (unicode: 985e) and 類 (unicode: f9d0)? They look virtually identical (at least as rendered by my computer). Rikaichan says that the former has 18 strokes and the ...
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Why wasn't 欒 simplified to 栾, when 戀 was simplified to 恋?

A few pre-simplification kanji (旧字体) that had the 䜌 "radical" in them were simplified such that they instead used the simpler 亦 "radical" in its place, as with 戀 to 恋, and 變 to 変. However, 欒 (as in ...
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Shinjitai kanji that existed prior to simplification?

I've been doing some researching on kanji characters, and was wondering if there were cases where already-existing characters were used as the final 新字体 form of a character. To clarify, I'm not ...
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Is "琉語解釋" Japanese?

Today I bought a hundred year old book in a secondhand bookshop in Naha, Okinawa. It's a handbook of the Ryukyuan language in Japanese, though it has both Japanese and English titles there is no ...
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Usage of Traditional style characters vs Simplified Chinese characters adopted in Kanji

As I started peeking into Japanese, I see lots of characters in hiragana and kanji where the latter uses Chinese characters that are similar to traditional Chinese ones (I'm familiar with hanzi). For ...
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Using appropriate old characters with people's names

What is the general etiquette about about using the newer characters (新字体) or even a more modern version of the old character (旧字体) when used in names? Is it generally considered rude? For example, ...
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What’s an authoritative source for a complete list of official shinjitai kanji?

I found quite a few website tables and software conversors, but none that was both complete and authoritative. Is there any place I can find such a list in digital format? 拡張新字体 would be a nice ...
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What's the difference between 悪 and 惡 ?

I'd like to know what the difference between 悪 and 惡 is. And also what usage you should do between both. I heard that they both mean "bad"
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On the replacing of kanji made obsolete in the 1946 reforms with similar-looking kanji.

This is my understanding but please correct me if some of my details are wrong: In 1946 the Japanese language underwent a reform and standardization process A set of 1850 kanji were made official and ...