Questions tagged [keigo]

敬語. Honorific speech in Japanese.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1 vote
0 answers
53 views

The origin of the ご reading of 御

The prefix 御 can be read three different ways in modern Japanese: お, ご and み. I believe み is the original reading, and お maybe comes from 大御, but where does ご come from? I understand it is not ...
Saegusa's user avatar
  • 173
3 votes
1 answer
279 views

Is おありになる correct respect keigo for ある?

In the Genki II 3rd-edition textbook, pg. 192, there are drills to practice both respect and humble keigo. In problem #9, a speaker asks: 日本文学に興味がありますか。 Are you interested in Japanese literature? ...
Hikonyan's user avatar
  • 2,192
4 votes
1 answer
647 views

Respect keigo: Why is ご利用になる OK but お料理になる isn't?

I often come across the respect keigo conjugation "ご/お + [base word] + になる" when used with する verbs. For example, a cashier might say: 「レジ袋は有料ですが、ご利用になりますか?」 However according to this ...
Hikonyan's user avatar
  • 2,192
0 votes
1 answer
119 views

asking three questions to my japanese teacher in sonkeigo

I need to ask three questions to my Japanese teacher as part of my oral examination. Since we studied it, I need to use sonkeigo but I'm unsure whether some of these questions may be inappropriate and ...
sunflower177's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
125 views

sonkeigo question: talking about 社長's daily life

the exercise is to turn the bold part into sonkeigo (i'm talking about my 社長!! ) I'm confused cause I'm not sure how to change these phrases (and which verb to conjugate over another) 社長が日本に来るそうです。 「...
sunflower177's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
65 views

Is it natural to use 謙譲語 after being addressed with 尊敬語? [duplicate]

Can someone please explain why the answer to the following question is a and not b? 今朝の新聞、お読みになりましたか? a. いいえ、 読んでいませんが b. いえ、お読みしませんでした Is weird to use 謙譲語 after someone has addressed you using 尊敬語?...
Bronwyn Young's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
213 views

How is できれば used in this sentence?

申し訳ありません。 あなたのシャツが破れているのを それとなく お伝えできれば I understand the sentence itself is "I thought I had to inform you about the fact your shirt is torn." But why is きれば here used instead of just 伝えれば?
Bluegate's user avatar
  • 1,201
0 votes
2 answers
134 views

お〜する to refer to others?

Common wisdom holds that verbs such as “お話しする” are humble and are generally only used with the speaker as subject and certainly not used with a superior as subject, but I encounter this all the time, ...
Zorf's user avatar
  • 1,157
1 vote
2 answers
107 views

How would you express the phrasing “Courtesy of [x]” in Japanese?

I’m having a bit of trouble figuring out how to phrase this sort of thing. I’m thinking of this in the context of “acknowledging that someone has formally done a service for another”. Examples might ...
nemesis's user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
89 views

Why is なさい condescending but お/ご~なさい respectful?

I have learnt that ~なさい is used to tell someone to do something, from someone of a higher social standing to someone of a lower social standing (eg from a parent to a child), and hence should not be ...
PolarWolf1234's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
97 views

Keigo ます after a noun

I found this sentence in an anime. 娘さんたちも悲しみます The context is that this lady is dying and a guy says to her that her daughters will be sad. I understand that he transformed the adjective 悲しい into a ...
Unaware17's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
193 views

Humble form (謙譲語) of i/na-adjectives and nouns?

With u/ru-verbs, one can easily make the humble form as such: “読む” -> “お読みいたします” or “ご到着いたします", but I'm at a loss as to how to make these forms for sentences that end on an adjective or noun. ...
Zorf's user avatar
  • 1,157
2 votes
1 answer
284 views

When to use させていただきます vs いたします?

I have read this answer, and while it helped me understand how the term came about, I am still confused about when it is ok or not to use it. I understand is mostly ok to use it in situations where ...
Felipe Chaves de Oliveira's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
160 views

Meaning of 信用していなさる

「ダンブルドア先生は大切な用事をいつも俺に任せてくださる。おまえさんを迎えに来たり、グリンゴッツから何か持ってきたり....俺を信用していなさる。な?」 (Harry Potter, Japanese TL) Professor Dumbledore always entrusts important errands to me. Things like picking you up, ...
user3856370's user avatar
  • 30.2k
2 votes
1 answer
144 views

Struggle with understanding this use of ていらっしゃる

Sorry for the beginner question. I'm on Genki chapter 20 and one question asks to translate "he did not bring" with honorific language. The answer the book gives is "持ってきていらっしゃらなかった&...
juan jose's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
1k views

When speaking openly with a group of people, is it okay to speak casually with some and formally with others?

Say that I'm having lunch with my buddy outside, and my boss comes over and starts talking to me. Obviously, with my boss, I'll talk with proper keigo and stuff. But in front of my boss, am I allowed ...
chausies's user avatar
  • 1,955
0 votes
1 answer
314 views

How to say [Can you buy this for me?] in polite Japanese

Usually I always said [注文してくれてできませんか」 When I ask someone to buy some item for me. But I always wonder if that sentence is right. Especially if the one I ask is my 社長. So I wonder how to ask for ...
Mario Ariyanto's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
316 views

でた, いてる, でない: Are they incorporating (or equivalent to) ~いる or not?

Each of the following sentences seem to be nearly unrelated, however I'm not sure if these sentences are incorporating ~いる in someway or not. I have looked at quite a few resources for each individual ...
levikara's user avatar
  • 100
0 votes
2 answers
186 views

Kaguya-sama: Dropping keigo when narrating?

Related: Kaguya-sama: 女の子 (onnanoko) as an opposite for 男子 (danshi)? In Kaguya-sama Chapter 52 / S02E02, there's a character named Moeha Fujiwara (the imouto of a main character Chika Fujiwara) who ...
BCLC's user avatar
  • 605
1 vote
1 answer
141 views

Stem-form + する - How does this work?

I saw this recently and can’t find anything about it online with a simple Google search. I’m assuming it’s literally stem-form as a nominal being done (する), sans a particle. I find this this rather ...
Michael Allen's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
123 views

What (if anything) does it typically mean when a native speaker switches from casual to keigo with you?

Over the last month, I've been texting daily with someone I met during my recent trip to Japan. We've only used casual language but today, she called me (name) 氏 whereas she has used 君 before. We ...
colevoncole's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
178 views

Is Keigo really that hard? [closed]

I’ve heard people say that Keigo is complicated, but I’ve also heard someone say that all you have to do is add -desu or -masu at the end of the sentence. Is this true? What makes Keigo so difficult? ...
Vinnie's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
57 views

Why add お~ in おすすめ even when talking about YOUR own advice? [duplicate]

I am basically checking my own understanding: I remember from 敬語 basics in Minna that you say ご案内いたします, for example, with the honorific prefix, even though it's essentially you who are doing the ...
Vladimir's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
122 views

Using お早うございます right next to a -です form

If I have a sentence, for example お早うございます 名前はエリアスです Is having both ございます and です unnatural? because it feels weird. In which case should I use each of them in this example?
MiniFrezer's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
201 views

Is お引っ越しします a humble form used only in the title?

I searched the Internet and found that people use お引っ越しします in the title/headline, but when it comes to the body, they omit the お. Here is the posts I saw: the title of this post is お引越ししました~(^^)/. In ...
konsty's user avatar
  • 157
3 votes
1 answer
141 views

What level of politeness is お出でになる

I am prepping for my JLPT N5 exam in December and one of the prep tests I was reviewing threw お出でになる at me. Jisho.org says it is sonkeigo for いる くる and いく, but I always thought that the sonkeigo for ...
Shaftworth's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
871 views

How to politely say "I wonder..."

In Japanese, when speaking casually, if I want to say I wonder if that computer was expensive, I believe, I would say そのコンピューターは高かったかな But how do you say "I wonder if that computer was ...
SpikedHelmet's user avatar
  • 1,117
3 votes
1 answer
123 views

Is using 賜る correct when listening to or accepting a condition?

From ひぐらしのなく頃に。The 園崎 clan (sort of mafia, no spoilers please!) are negotiating the handover of a scrap book to the police, in return for the police cancelling a search/raid of a building. 刑事「(...)...
rjh's user avatar
  • 364
1 vote
2 answers
107 views

Doubt about the 謙譲語 form

I understand that 謙譲語 is used when the subject is the speaker (myself) but does it sound too much for example during a 自己紹介 in a sentence like: 「一年間東京に留学いたしました」? Also because it is an interview for a ...
Alex16's user avatar
  • 1,375
4 votes
1 answer
856 views

Use of で in 彼のことで何かご存知ですか

彼のことで何かご存知ですか Do you know anything about him? I'm not sure what で is doing in this sentence. It's mentioned in this thread but not broken down in detail. I'm familiar with Xのこと as "about X" ...
user3856370's user avatar
  • 30.2k
4 votes
1 answer
533 views

申し訳ないです not used as an apology?

I read the following sentence: あんなおまけイラストまで喜んで貰えて却って申し訳ないです。 As far as I know 申し訳ないです is usually used for formal apologies but translating it like "I'm sorry that you are pleased ..." ...
somedude's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
199 views

Humble verbs in plain form

I saw in Sekiro that some characters are using humble verbs like 参る but in their plain form. What's the point of this? Would anyone actually use a humble verb without the polite ending in real life?
Nick's user avatar
  • 25
1 vote
0 answers
223 views

How do I solve the Dirac equation in Japanese?

In a famous book of Richard Feynman there is a story about him struggling with the Japanese language when it comes to keigo. Take a look at the excerpt from “Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!“, part ...
firegurafiku's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
405 views

what is ございまする?

Watching Gintama, ep. 35. Teenage girl, talking to her date (and also previously, other characters), have used でございまする as a sentence ending "desu" phrase. Is this an archaic / made up ...
romnempire's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
208 views

Short form of extra modest expression

I recently came across an example of someone saying 'お返しする' rather than 'お返しします' about 18 seconds into this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vazHI4jN6lc&t=18s Under what circumstances should ...
SpikedHelmet's user avatar
  • 1,117
0 votes
2 answers
234 views

Confusion over whose actions can be used with もらう/いただく

I encountered this sentence in the first book of Minna Intermediate: わざわざお時間をとっていただいたのに It is used by a student discussing her meeting with a professor regarding her (the student's) thesis paper. So ...
Vladimir's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
135 views

What level of politeness/respect should a customer use towards a shop owner?

I made a purchase at a store and received an email from the shop owner. What level of respect/politeness should my reply be, in addition to using 丁寧形 throughout? For example, how should I choose ...
Cabbage's user avatar
  • 902
2 votes
1 answer
109 views

Understanding でございます in「ただ今ご紹介いただいた田中でございます」

I was looking up ございます in デジタル大辞泉. I found an odd sentence example (2)(補助動詞)補助動詞「ある」の意の丁寧語。「すでにお願いして―・す」「いかがお過ごしで―・しょうか」「ただ今ご紹介いただいた田中で―・す」「おめでとう―・す」「いっそ死にとう―・す」 I'm puzzled why でございます is used in「...
Jimmy Yang's user avatar
  • 2,132
0 votes
1 answer
112 views

Parsing a humble form expression (maybe)

その鞄は機内へのお持ち込みはできません You cannot bring that bag on board I'm struggling to understand the grammar of this sentence. I'm aware that you can make the humble form of a verb by adding an お onto the masu-...
user3856370's user avatar
  • 30.2k
6 votes
2 answers
542 views

Terminology: Does the term 美化語 include all ご・お・etc. prefixes, or only ones outside of a 敬語 context?

This seems like a basic question, but I can't find an answer to it: As far as I know, 美化語 refers to the ご・お・etc. prefix on words for mere beautification. However, I have seen some ambiguity in its ...
Sam's user avatar
  • 381
3 votes
1 answer
248 views

Confusion on the politeness vs. formality terminology

I was reading the "Dictionary of Japanese Grammar" series, and I found the way it uses the term formality vs. politeness contradictory and confusing, so I wanted some clarifications. Here ...
what the's user avatar
  • 297
3 votes
1 answer
176 views

Honorific on a number

I've been having a play with Duolingo and I came across this utterance: 果物をお一つどうぞ。 So far I've come across some pretty unnatural stuff and it's left me rather skeptical. I've never seen an honorific ...
user3856370's user avatar
  • 30.2k
4 votes
1 answer
251 views

The grammar behind お願いできる

Lesson 1 of みんなの日本語中級I teaches that 何とかお願いできないでしょうか can be used to insist on a request while acknowledging that it is unreasonable. Regarding the grammar behind お願いできる, is the following ...
Cabbage's user avatar
  • 902
3 votes
1 answer
421 views

contradictory evidence for 何に as (1) なんに and (2) なにに

is 何に pronounced (1) なんに or (2) なにに here: お飲み物は何になさいますか。? (1) www.youtube.com/watch?v=fU-hnuSM098 @0:20 provides evidence (NB: despite the possibly incorrect ローマ字 (roumaji) found there and in the &...
hanna.banana's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
639 views

Difference and usage between こちら and 私

I would like to know the difference between the two sentences こちらを見ていた and 私を見ていた The translation is the same I think She was looking at me is こちら and 私 interchangeable when using を after ? EDIT:...
Makoto's user avatar
  • 1,268
2 votes
1 answer
156 views

Who's the implicit subject in お世話になりました?

Which (if any at all) of the following two understandings of お世話になりました is correct? The implicit subject is あなた. The お〜になります pattern is a 敬語 construction. The full sentence in plain form is あなたが(私の)...
Cabbage's user avatar
  • 902
3 votes
1 answer
356 views

「させていただく」or「させてくださる」

その俳優が大好きなので、ぜひ私に彼へのインタビューを(  )。 A.させてくださいませんか B.させていただけませんか Here is my understanding of these two options (which can be wrong): A: "you" is the subject, will "you" not give "...
Mathis's user avatar
  • 519
0 votes
1 answer
843 views

ご存じ how to use properly and why

I found a couple of examples using this noun; neither makes a lot of sense. i think that ご存じ is an irregular polite form of 知る. However, if that is the case it is a bit odd as the polite form of a ...
Faust's user avatar
  • 370
1 vote
1 answer
145 views

How does 参{まい}る relate to love?

Google translate lists "be madly in love" and "be infatuated" as alternate translations for 参{まい}る. When I saw it I was like, huh? I searched 参{まい}る 意味{いみ} on Google too and the ...
OtheJared's user avatar
  • 913
2 votes
1 answer
382 views

謙譲語:お「verb stem」する

男:今朝の新聞、お読みになりましたか。 女:いえ、お読みしませんでした。 According to my textbook, this response is incorrect? Why? I thought this pattern is 謙譲語 and suitable. Are there additional rules around this pattern that I'm ...
octosquakk's user avatar