Questions tagged [kana]

かな. Covers both Japanese syllabaries, hiragana (ひらがな) and katakana (カタカナ).

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Kanjied 出した vs kananed だした in -dasu/dashta pattern

雪が降り出した。 It started to snow (unexpectedly). In Maggie's article on this pattern "How to use V + 始める ( = hajimeru) / だす ( = dasu) / かける ( = kakeru)" she uses hiragana for this verb. In jisho.org ...
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1 vote
1 answer
107 views

Need help with the famous 11 second intercom audio from Mega Man Legends 2

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dJxBnRth-A&t=1m40s Need 日本語字幕 subtitles for this short 11 second announcement heard in the background. I've listened to this for over a decade, and could never ...
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2 votes
1 answer
314 views

How to create adjectives in Japanese?

Look at the following words: 意 Idea 圧 Pressure おとこ Man 女性 Woman 子 Child ヘア Hair 想い Thought Some of the above words are single kanjis, some kana, and some combination of kanji-kana. Is there a ...
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3 votes
1 answer
283 views

Please help me accurately figure out the kana or kanji for a colloquial phrase said in an anime?

(I can change the question if it's too vague. 😅) I'm trying to practice my listening comprehension by listening to anime and not fully paying attention to subtitles. For the most part I can ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Can someone help me figure out what 考えを示しましたが is supposed to mean?

This entry is hard to find on the web. I've only found 2 entries: 1)【that以下】という考えを示す reveal one's idea that 2) 考えを示す to state one's opinion 立花氏は来週にもNHKに出向いて受信契約をする考えを示しましたが、「契約する義務はあるが、支払いは義務ではない」...
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3 votes
1 answer
203 views

Old Japanese vowels in kana

The modern Japanese vowels /e,o/ each represent two Old Japanese vowels, arbitrarily written e ë o ö in romaji. I assume that Japanese philologists don't all use romaji, so is there a convention for ...
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2 votes
2 answers
257 views

On-/Kun-yomi & Hiragana/Katakana

fellow Japanese lovers! I've been studying Japanese on my own for a few months, and have reached the point where I have a question that I can't find decisively asked or answered anywhere. I'm hoping ...
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2 votes
0 answers
204 views

Changing from "S" to "Z" sound in Katakana [duplicate]

The katakana form's ジ sound comes from two bases: from "sh," as in "sheep" AND from the "ch" sound in "cheese." When I am asked to identify the character, during study, that is producing the ジ sound,...
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1 vote
1 answer
132 views

ほうをかす lend a hou [closed]

I was watching another 45 second video, same theme as the last one about 'Illegal uploads', but ran into some trouble with the above. I will post the entire subtitles for context purposes. 違法だよ!あげるくん ...
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13 votes
2 answers
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What constitutes a syllable?

For the sake of Haiku or in general, how are syllables counted in Japanese? Specifically, in the following cases, how are syllables counted? かあ, long vowels - two syllables? きゅ, addition of yō-on - ...
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2 votes
2 answers
518 views

Why is katakana considered its own character set while the Latin capital letters aren't?

Everyone has agreed upon that Japanese has three sets of characters - hiragana, katakana, and kanji. Yet the Latin alphabet is considered to be one character set, even though the capitals and ...
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4 votes
1 answer
149 views

Are those kanas "しい" ? (text found on a banner)

Today I learnt that "bald tug of war championship" was a thing in Japan, and came across some weird kana that I can't figure out (in the top left corner, underlined in red) : Is it simply しい ? That's ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Why are some words (e.g., 処方箋) sometimes partially written with hiragana? [duplicate]

Some words with complex Kanji are sometimes written in a mixture of Hiragana and Kanji. For example 処方箋 (prescription) is often written as 処方せん in pharmacies. This is used by native speakers that have ...
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1 vote
1 answer
207 views

Why use the kanji 伸 for "no" instead of the hiragana の, and the kanji 手 for "te" instead of the hiragana て?

In an anime opening song, at 0:08, I read the following sentence: omokage no naka te wo nobasu no おもかげのなか 手を伸ばすの Please, can you tell me: for "no", why is the kanji 伸 used instead of the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Handwritten kana that looks like ヤダ, but I can't find ヤダ in a dictionary

studying Japanese for some months now I, began translating some Japanese sentences written on pictures or drawings. Unfortunately I came across a drawing with handwritten kana that I cannot clearly ...
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5 votes
2 answers
659 views

Unknown kana in a late C19th address cartouche

Given their visual form, I am uncertain about two kana (the 5th and 6th characters) in a late C19th cartouche. It names an artist's address: Asakusa-ku [... ...]suji chō gojūhachi banchi / gakō / ...
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2 votes
1 answer
167 views

This is a macron or a kana?

"来てXまった" What is the X in following image? Whole context :https://www.pixiv.net/member_illust.php?mode=manga&illust_id=69471473
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0 votes
0 answers
184 views

What’s written?

How do i read this ? I didn’t find the letters
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4 votes
2 answers
981 views

What is the order of the full list of kana?

My question would be, if I were to pick up a Japanese dictionary, or had a project in which I needed to put several Japanese words (including hiragana, katakana, and kanji, with gojūon, dakuon, yōon, ...
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3 votes
1 answer
1k views

what is the dakuten katakana character in the image?

what is the dakuten katakana character in the image ? Seem the image say Xサ?What is the X ?
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0 votes
2 answers
133 views

Is "まひろとアバ X 于ユール" in the image? What is ' X ' in the image?

What character is in X position on the image? まひろとアバXチュール Maybe that is アバコ?
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1 vote
1 answer
212 views

What is the regular kana text of the image?

What is the regular kana text of the image ? the context:https://www.pixiv.net/member_illust.php?mode=manga&illust_id=66035643
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0 votes
1 answer
385 views

What is the 'z' in kana character?

What is the 'z' in kana character? The context cartoon image:https://www.pixiv.net/member_illust.php?mode=manga&illust_id=66989588
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13 votes
2 answers
4k views

Is it acceptable to use kanji and hiragana in the same word if a kanji character is unknown?

I have come across this issue a number of times. I am studying Japanese at High School, so I only know about 200 kanji. When I write words that consist of more than two kanji characters, I am unsure ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
127 views

Translation help of gravestone [closed]

I'm still learning Japanese so many of these kanji I can't even make out. This is the back of my great uncles grave in Hawaii and I'd appreciate if I can get the kana and English translations.
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8 votes
1 answer
2k views

What are the Japanese names of the columns in a Kana chart? (Vowels, K, S, T...)

Here is a typical Kana chart presented in gojūon order: In English, I refer to the first column in the chart as the 'vowels' and I refer to every other column in the chart with the first letter of ...
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0 votes
0 answers
127 views

Kanji combinations [duplicate]

Originally, i had thought that you could only put an onyomi and an onyomi together to form a word and use kunyomi with hiragana..that was all i knew about using kanji until i asked someone and they ...
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1 vote
3 answers
1k views

Question about use of セリフ in Yotsuba vol 1

I was struggling with this part of Yotsuba vol1 and couldn't find any other questions on it so I thought I would post here to make sure I am understanding this right. The sentence reads お?...
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1 vote
1 answer
151 views

Youon digraphs as a single character?

Was there ever any practice of writing youon digraphs as a single character (taking up the same amount of space as a monograph), and if not would that be a good idea? e.g. ハロウィーン or ハロウイーン instead of ...
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3 votes
0 answers
181 views

Phonetic Mapping of the Hiragana System Used in the Okinawan Omoro Sōshi

The classical Okinawan poetry collection the Omoro Sōshi is written (mostly) in Hiragana, but the phonetic mapping of the characters to sounds seems to be different to their standard mapping. For ...
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6 votes
1 answer
1k views

What are these Okinawan kana-like characters?

I was taking a look at Wikipedia's page on the Ryukyuan languages when I came across the following picture: The billboard on the left features three kana-like characters that I have never seen before,...
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4 votes
2 answers
848 views

Why do not all かな get dakuten? And why only the は ひ ふ へ ほ へ kana get handakuten?

Can anyone answer the questions above? Because this really confuses me. Any help is appreciated. Thanks in advance, Bajiru
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0 votes
1 answer
2k views

た ち つ て と -> だ ぢ づ で ど (ta chi tsu te to -> da dji dzu de do) - Why is it different from all the other kana that can get dakuten?

Let's take the は ひ ふ へ ほ (ha hi hu/fu he ho) kana for example. When they get dakuten, they become ば び ぶ べ ぼ (ba bi bu be bo). The た ち つ て と (ta chi tsu te to) kana become だ ぢ づ で ど (da dji dzu de do). ...
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4 votes
1 answer
211 views

Writing jukugo where only some kanji are known [duplicate]

Having studied Japanese for two years so far, there are many instances of vocabulary that I have learned but for which I know [the 書き方 of] only some of the kanji that make up the word. Is there any ...
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1 vote
1 answer
397 views

What are the kana between kanji called?

For example, in 売り切れ, do the り and れ have a particular name? I found "okurigana" on wikipedia, but does that apply to grammatical suffixes only or does apply in these cases where it's mixed in the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
180 views

Having trouble identifying a kanji character in a comic strip

I'm "reading" a cute comic about a cat that has por luck, at the top of each strip is the title of the comic, but I can't identify this character: The closest I can find is 生 (life), which might ...
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5 votes
1 answer
189 views

What exactly does くずし字 refer to?

I have been practicing and interested in calligraphy for a while. Recently I was looking in general for books on the subject and I often encountered this word: くずし字 (for example in books titles etc). ...
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3 votes
1 answer
491 views

How to refer to kana verbally

In the English alphabet, each letter has a pronunciation (or many) as well as a name (that is used when referring to the letter as an entity, when spelling, etc.). As far as I know, in Japanese, the ...
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6 votes
1 answer
493 views

Can't find this character in the dictionary [duplicate]

I have been looking for the meaning of this I can't seem to find its meaning. And I see it being used a lot. Is it even a kanji, or is it just an expression?
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1 vote
1 answer
532 views

What are the small kana words put above kanji called?

Very quick question. What do you call the small hiragana written above kanji to show their pronunciation?
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0 votes
1 answer
116 views

I'm unable to identify the last character in this picture

I'm unable to identify the last character in this picture, OCR software identify only the first 2.
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8 votes
2 answers
1k views

What does かぎのあるヱ mean?

In the Japanese radiotelephony alphabet, all kana are assigned a mnemonic code word in the form Nippon no ni (日本のニ)... except one. ヱ (we) alone stands out with kagi no aru we (かぎのあるヱ). Why is this ...
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3 votes
4 answers
3k views

Why ī is the only romaji that can be spelled as a double ii

I am learning Japanese, and need to enter romaji into my keyboard to enter Japanese into documents and tables on my smartphone. My textbook shows ī as the only romaji that can be spelled as a double ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
1k views

Hiragana long ō: spelling: おう versus おお? [duplicate]

I would like to know what the difference is between the two spellings of the long o (ō), in hiragana, namely おう (ou) and おお (oo). Are these pronounced the same? If so, then why does Japanese have ...
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1 vote
2 answers
146 views

Stroke order of cross in kana

Using the hiragana practice and katakana paractice Google Play apps as a reference, why is the stroke order of the cross in あ、お、か、き、け、さ、す、せ、た、な、は、ほ、ま、む、や、よ、ら、を is first horizontal, then vertical, (...
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3 votes
1 answer
7k views

Difference between the two "o" kana, and how to input them from romaji keyboard?

In Japanese, what is the difference between the two "o" kana (the お at the top of the list and the other "o" usually listed at the bottom rightmost entry of the hiragana our ...
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0 votes
3 answers
873 views

Stroke order of kana (not kanji) [closed]

I have learned hiragana and katakana, but the book I have learned these from alas does not show their stroke order. I have the Takoboto dictionary fire Android smartphones installed, which displays ...
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3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Desu pronounced dess: what about other words? [duplicate]

On a CD that came with my text book I hear that desu is pronounced dess. Are there many other words in Japanese, where done of the sound from the kana spelling actually falls off, like in this example,...
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8 votes
1 answer
379 views

Why was つ originally used to mark consonant gemination? When was that?

I can't find the answer anywhere. It seems that in manyougana consonant gemination was not marked in any way. And before the 1946 reform the normal size つ was used instead of the current smaller one....
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1 vote
1 answer
196 views

Kanji or kana for いってきます?

Should I use kanji or kana for the first and second verbs in いってきます? When each verb is used individually there's usually kanji if I recall correctly, but I'm wondering if it's changed for being used ...
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