Questions tagged [kana]

かな. Covers both Japanese syllabaries, hiragana (ひらがな) and katakana (カタカナ).

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5
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1answer
199 views

Why is there dakuten on the “ん” in this image? (ん゙)

Context: http://mangalifewin.takeshobo.co.jp/rensai/yo-jolife/yo-jo-008/21231/ Does "ん" really have a dakuten version?
0
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0answers
50 views

Friendly users for new Kana learning iOS application [migrated]

I am looking for friendly users to give feedback for a new application to learn Hiragana and Katakana. Where can I find this kind of users best? I'm not sure I'm supposed to be placing such questions ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Why do Japanese people read Classical Japanese with a set of weird sound shifts?

I'm learning a bit of Classical Japanese recently, and of course the spelling of words is pretty different, due to sound changes over the centuries. For example, きょう was spelled けふ. That I can ...
1
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1answer
159 views

What does 私はお願いしたいんですけど mean in this context?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4WlniHylrU&t=143s This is a part of a legendary speech made by the former president of Nintendo at SpaceWorld. From my understanding, he is talking about the ...
1
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0answers
84 views

What are the most and least common kana in Japanese people's last name?

There are 104 kana in Japanese. Literally all of them can be used to spell people's last names. However, some are used more often than others. For example, "た", "だ", "とう", because 田 and 藤 are common ...
1
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1answer
248 views

In kanji 外, why is タ used instead of ソ? [closed]

Why is タ used instead of ソ in 外 despite it's read as ソト?
10
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1answer
2k views

What are the Japanese names of the columns in a Kana chart? (Vowels, K, S, T…)

Here is a typical Kana chart presented in gojūon order: In English, I refer to the first column in the chart as the 'vowels' and I refer to every other column in the chart with the first letter of ...
2
votes
2answers
525 views

Mixture of romaji and hiragana in NHK “Meet and Speak”

In the NHK program "Meet and Speak", the phrases they use have a mixture of hiragana and romaji. Not as in hiragana on one line, and romaji underneath, but individual words being composed of the two, ...
3
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1answer
97 views

Kanjied 出した vs kananed だした in -dasu/dashta pattern

雪が降り出した。 It started to snow (unexpectedly). In Maggie's article on this pattern "How to use V + 始める ( = hajimeru) / だす ( = dasu) / かける ( = kakeru)" she uses hiragana for this verb. In jisho.org ...
1
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1answer
90 views

Need help with the famous 11 second intercom audio from Mega Man Legends 2

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dJxBnRth-A&t=1m40s Need 日本語字幕 subtitles for this short 11 second announcement heard in the background. I've listened to this for over a decade, and could never ...
2
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1answer
233 views

How to create adjectives in Japanese?

Look at the following words: 意 Idea 圧 Pressure おとこ Man 女性 Woman 子 Child ヘア Hair 想い Thought Some of the above words are single kanjis, some kana, and some combination of kanji-kana. Is there a ...
30
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6answers
261k views

Do Japanese people see ツ as a smiling face?

Tsu (ツ) kana is sometimes used on the internet as a smiling face, such as in the emoticon ¯\_(ツ)_/¯. I'm wondering if Japanese people notice it or is just another character for them? The reason I'm ...
5
votes
2answers
564 views

What is the order of the full list of kana?

My question would be, if I were to pick up a Japanese dictionary, or had a project in which I needed to put several Japanese words (including hiragana, katakana, and kanji, with gojūon, dakuon, yōon, ...
3
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1answer
208 views

Please help me accurately figure out the kana or kanji for a colloquial phrase said in an anime?

(I can change the question if it's too vague. 😅) I'm trying to practice my listening comprehension by listening to anime and not fully paying attention to subtitles. For the most part I can ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Understanding hiragana-only texts in videogames

I've been reading since a long time ago that reading hiragana only texts is quite difficult or frustrating because you don't know where a word begins or ends, I understand that and the importance of ...
1
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1answer
79 views

Can someone help me figure out what 考えを示しましたが is supposed to mean?

This entry is hard to find on the web. I've only found 2 entries: 1)【that以下】という考えを示す reveal one's idea that 2) 考えを示す to state one's opinion 立花氏は来週にもNHKに出向いて受信契約をする考えを示しましたが、「契約する義務はあるが、支払いは義務ではない」...
3
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2answers
104 views

On-/Kun-yomi & Hiragana/Katakana

fellow Japanese lovers! I've been studying Japanese on my own for a few months, and have reached the point where I have a question that I can't find decisively asked or answered anywhere. I'm hoping ...
4
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1answer
144 views

Old Japanese vowels in kana

The modern Japanese vowels /e,o/ each represent two Old Japanese vowels, arbitrarily written e ë o ö in romaji. I assume that Japanese philologists don't all use romaji, so is there a convention for ...
3
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0answers
127 views

Changing from “S” to “Z” sound in Katakana [duplicate]

The katakana form's ジ sound comes from two bases: from "sh," as in "sheep" AND from the "ch" sound in "cheese." When I am asked to identify the character, during study, that is producing the ジ sound,...
0
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1answer
98 views

ほうをかす lend a hou [closed]

I was watching another 45 second video, same theme as the last one about 'Illegal uploads', but ran into some trouble with the above. I will post the entire subtitles for context purposes. 違法だよ!あげるくん ...
13
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2answers
972 views

What constitutes a syllable?

For the sake of Haiku or in general, how are syllables counted in Japanese? Specifically, in the following cases, how are syllables counted? かあ, long vowels - two syllables? きゅ, addition of yō-on - ...
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0answers
87 views

さえなっている even becoming [closed]

I am having difficulty figuring out the meaning of this sentence. This is from a Pokémon commercial which is 30 seconds long. I am posting the full transcript and a translation I received just for ...
2
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2answers
286 views

Why is katakana considered its own character set while the Latin capital letters aren't?

Everyone has agreed upon that Japanese has three sets of characters - hiragana, katakana, and kanji. Yet the Latin alphabet is considered to be one character set, even though the capitals and ...
9
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2answers
6k views

When writing vertically, where do small kana go?

When writing horizontally, small kana go right next to the syllable they modify as in ちょっと. Also, when using katakana, long vowels are indicated by an horizontal dash, as in メール. When writing ...
4
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1answer
507 views

What does ゆーか mean?

In sentence: 見ず知らず子供を助けるほど、お節介とゆーか、親切ってほどでもない。 I searched jsho, weblio and googled it and nothing. What does it mean? Is this some kind of abbreviation, or onomatopoeia?
14
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1answer
3k views

Why has を been spared but ゐ and ゑ been deemed obsolete?

According to When is the katakana form of wo (ヲ) used?, を is almost always used only for the particle, and is usually pronounced o (お). There are some dialects where を is pronounced with a "w", but ...
38
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4answers
31k views

What is the equivalent of “alphabetical order” in Japanese?

I know there's あいうえお, but what about at the consonant level? Also, are there any common mnemonics used by Japanese children to remember these?
17
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2answers
1k views

In which dialects have the sounds “ゐ” (wi) and “ゑ” (we) been preserved, and are their kana still occasionally seen?

In Nate Glenn's answer to bdonlan's qestion "Why were ゐ and ゑ eliminated?" he states: "Wi" and "we" are still in some dialects, but standard Japanese does not have those sounds. My question is ...
2
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1answer
289 views

What is the 'z' in kana character?

What is the 'z' in kana character? The context cartoon image:https://www.pixiv.net/member_illust.php?mode=manga&illust_id=66989588
29
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3answers
63k views

What does the use of a dash (instead of a character) to extend a sound mean?

I came across the sentence 混乱する気持ちもよーくわかる in my manga. I have translated it, but the use of the dash (which was vertical in the actual vertical text) stumped me for a bit (I thought it was よう at first,...
4
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1answer
258 views

「チェ」 「ちぇ」 外来語のみ ? — How old is the interjection 「ちぇっ!」 ? ??

Why does ちょうし translate to "choushi"? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y%C5%8Don > Yōon or Youon (拗音?, contracted word or diphthong) is a feature of the Japanese language in which a mora ...
16
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1answer
1k views

Can I insert hiragana in words I only know partially how to write?

This is a problem I encountered today. I had no idea how to decide what was the best course of action, and I only got the advice of a classmate (You're doing it WRONG) to confirm. As I am still ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Is it acceptable to use kanji and hiragana in the same word if a kanji character is unknown?

I have come across this issue a number of times. I am studying Japanese at High School, so I only know about 200 kanji. When I write words that consist of more than two kanji characters, I am unsure ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there a standard for where to put spaces in kana-only Japanese?

I've noticed that when Japanese is written mostly or entirely in kana, it's often written with spaces. For example, a lot of old video games had spaces. I've also seen this in children's books: Is ...
4
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1answer
130 views

Are those kanas “しい” ? (text found on a banner)

Today I learnt that "bald tug of war championship" was a thing in Japan, and came across some weird kana that I can't figure out (in the top left corner, underlined in red) : Is it simply しい ? That's ...
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0answers
103 views

Why are some words (e.g., 処方箋) sometimes partially written with hiragana? [duplicate]

Some words with complex Kanji are sometimes written in a mixture of Hiragana and Kanji. For example 処方箋 (prescription) is often written as 処方せん in pharmacies. This is used by native speakers that have ...
2
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1answer
169 views

Why use the kanji 伸 for “no” instead of the hiragana の, and the kanji 手 for “te” instead of the hiragana て?

In an anime opening song, at 0:08, I read the following sentence: omokage no naka te wo nobasu no おもかげのなか 手を伸ばすの Please, can you tell me: for "no", why is the kanji 伸 used instead of the ...
3
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4answers
2k views

Why ī is the only romaji that can be spelled as a double ii

I am learning Japanese, and need to enter romaji into my keyboard to enter Japanese into documents and tables on my smartphone. My textbook shows ī as the only romaji that can be spelled as a double ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Handwritten kana that looks like ヤダ, but I can't find ヤダ in a dictionary

studying Japanese for some months now I, began translating some Japanese sentences written on pictures or drawings. Unfortunately I came across a drawing with handwritten kana that I cannot clearly ...
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0answers
169 views

What’s written?

How do i read this ? I didn’t find the letters
7
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2answers
599 views

Unknown kana in a late C19th address cartouche

Given their visual form, I am uncertain about two kana (the 5th and 6th characters) in a late C19th cartouche. It names an artist's address: Asakusa-ku [... ...]suji chō gojūhachi banchi / gakō / ...
22
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2answers
10k views

When did the “wu” character drop out of use?

In the last century, the ゐ and ゑ characters were eliminated from common use. But it seems like there used to also be a "wu" character that has since been lost. Given that it's a lot harder to find ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Difference between the two “o” kana, and how to input them from romaji keyboard?

In Japanese, what is the difference between the two "o" kana (the お at the top of the list and the other "o" usually listed at the bottom rightmost entry of the hiragana our katakana chart. I can't ...
39
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5answers
32k views

Why was both katakana and hiragana created?

Nowadays, katakana tends to be used for gairaigo and onomatopoeia, while hiragana tends to be used for native Japanese words. This is a slight simplification - more information is available here. ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

This is a macron or a kana?

"来てXまった" What is the X in following image? Whole context :https://www.pixiv.net/member_illust.php?mode=manga&illust_id=69471473
4
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3answers
2k views

Difference between the usage of 君 and キミ

From what I read earlier, 君【きみ】 can be used for you. But in many instances over the internet, I have seen キミ being used instead of 君【きみ】. What is the usage difference between the two? If I take the ...
3
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1answer
965 views

what is the dakuten katakana character in the image?

what is the dakuten katakana character in the image ? Seem the image say Xサ?What is the X ?
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2answers
124 views

Is “まひろとアバ X 于ユール” in the image? What is ' X ' in the image?

What character is in X position on the image? まひろとアバXチュール Maybe that is アバコ?
2
votes
1answer
166 views

What is the regular kana text of the image?

What is the regular kana text of the image ? the context:https://www.pixiv.net/member_illust.php?mode=manga&illust_id=66035643
0
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1answer
102 views

Translation help of gravestone [closed]

I'm still learning Japanese so many of these kanji I can't even make out. This is the back of my great uncles grave in Hawaii and I'd appreciate if I can get the kana and English translations.