Questions tagged [irregularities-exceptions]

Questions about any aspect of Japanese where there is a common rule which has a few exceptions, such as the irregular verbs.

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9
votes
2answers
789 views

Can 々 stand for a duplicated kanji with a different reading?

The title may not be so clear, here is what I mean: 々 is used to avoid repeating a kanji. In some cases, the two may not be pronounced the same because the first consonant of the second kanji is ...
-1
votes
1answer
147 views

Is there a difference between 行くった and 行った or is the first one grammatically wrong?

When I want to write ‘Today I went to Nagoya.’ Which one is correct? 今日は名古屋に行くった。 Or 今日は名古屋に行った。
0
votes
1answer
181 views

I-Adjectives in the Kagoshima dialect

In this Wikipedia article, in the table of i-adjectives, I noticed that some of these adjectives were completely different in the Kagoshima dialect compared to Standard Japanese in a way that these ...
9
votes
1answer
555 views

Etymology of the irregularities in day-of-the-month numerals

It is of course well known that the numbers used to count days are based on the Japonic numerals, but with a bunch of irregularities when compared to the つ-numbers. Compare 1 ひとつ  ついたち 2 ふたつ  ふつか 3 ...
6
votes
1answer
304 views

Exceptions to kanji readings

あなた can be written in kanji as 貴方. However, I noticed that no combination of the readings of those two characters is at all similar to the pronunciation they produce together - this is the first time ...
5
votes
1answer
195 views

On なる and Adverbs

I'm a beginner learner, just learnt about なる and I'm curious about なる vs other verbs when it comes to adverbs. When using an adverb like 早く on a verb, it modifies the action or manner of the verb. ...
7
votes
3answers
518 views

Why is 来る spelled with kanji and する is not?

来る and する are two irregular and most commonly used verbs. From my observations, 来る is spelled with kanji. Even though there is a kanji version of する 為る it is usually not used and I wonder why. Are ...
3
votes
2answers
410 views

Understanding the subtleties behind [noun]する vs [noun]だ

I still notice this when I see [verbal noun]する instead of [verbal noun]だ. While I understand the meaning of both, I'm missing the qualities that often make する or がある seem to be a more natural choice ...
7
votes
1answer
484 views

Why are 来る and する irregular?

I know that there are more irregular verbs than just this, but their changes are mostly euphonic and not really of any interest to me. What I would like to know is why 来る and する have developed the way ...
2
votes
2answers
277 views

Why is する considered irregular?

Yes, this sounds like a really confusing question. But I suddenly realized that する seemed to be a perfectly regular 上二段活用 (kami nidan; upper bigrade) verb with a stem of s-: 未然形: し (as in しない) 連用形: し ...
16
votes
2answers
3k views

Why isn't ある's negative form あらない?

ある is listed in dictionaries as having ラ行五段活用, which would suggest a negative form of あらない. However, that form does not exist. Why not?
10
votes
3answers
5k views

Are there more irregular verbs like 行く?

I thought when you have a consonant-stem verb ending with -ku you replace it with -ita. For example kaku ("to write") becomes kaita. But this doesn't happen with iku, which becomes itta, so I guess ...
26
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is it なさそう and not なそう

"It seems there is none" is なさそう, which escapes the usual rule for 形容詞 (イ-adjectives), which says "drop the い and add そう". Is there a historical explanation for this exception? And does it have ...
16
votes
2answers
605 views

Irregularity of あ-series in demonstratives

Why is the あ-series in demonstratives irregular like the following: ここ  そこ  あ そこ      どこ        (expected あこ) こう  そう  あ あ       どう        (expected あう) Is it related to the fact that こ, そ, ど ...
14
votes
2answers
982 views

Why is the stroke order of も peculiar?

In most hiragana the horizonal stokes are drawn first, but も is an exception. Is there any reason for this?
7
votes
2answers
974 views

For verbs with irregular humble/honorific forms, are the regular forms still used?

There are verbs with irregular humble forms, e.g. the humble form of 借りる is 拝借する. For these verbs, are the "normal humble conjugations" still used, or considered grammatical? Would お借りする be ...
16
votes
2answers
579 views

Exceptional compounding forms

There are a number of Japanese words which have distinct compounding forms: -a/-e alternation: 天・雨、酒、上、風、目 — many examples. -u/-i alternation: 神([神]{かむ}[集]{つど}ふ)、月([月]{つく}[読]{よみ}) -o/-i alternation: ...
16
votes
2answers
606 views

What are some well known exceptions for 居る (いる) and 有る (ある)?

Today I heard 人形がいる, so I googled around because I thought 居る was only for living things, but I found many examples of this usage. Many for 人形がある as well. Are there other exceptions for いる/ある?
61
votes
1answer
30k views

Why are the particles “は” (ha⇒wa), “へ” (he⇒e), and “を” (wo⇒o) not spelled phonetically?

As far as I know only three words (or particles) have irregular, non-phonetic spelling in Japanese: "は" - The topic particle is pronounced "wa" but the kana is otherwise pronounced "ha" "へ" - The ...