Questions tagged [ichidan-verbs]

一段活用. Verbs like 食べる and 起きる, which conjugate after dropping the terminal る, e.g. 食べない, 食べます, 食べる, 食べれば, 食べよう.

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1answer
174 views

Why does 「借りる」 become 「借りします」 in the title 「彼女、お借りします」?

I recently noticed the title for the anime 「[彼女]{かのじょ}、お[借]{か}りします」 uses the verb 「借りる」. It is well known that it is a ichidan verb and the expect inflection is 「借ります」, but in the anime title it is ...
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1answer
92 views

Potential form of 言う - 言える - an ichidan verb?

The potential form of the godan verb [言]{い}う is [言]{い}える. I searched [言]{い}える in an online dictionary today, but it listed [言]{い}える, the potential form, as an ichidan verb. It even gave a conjugation ...
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1answer
279 views

Why is the potential form of 滑る 滑れる and not 滑られる?

For る-verbs we usually drop る and replace it with られる but I noticed this exception?
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0answers
39 views

Why 電話をかける is Ichidan verb, but when using kanji (掛) 電話が掛かる it becomes Godan verb? [duplicate]

I'm learning vocabulary and kanji for those words as well, and I notice in jisho that verb type changes when using kanji or hiragana. And does the same thing happen with 出かける - 出掛ける ?
3
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1answer
137 views

だ and です godan or ichidan

Can we say, that だ and です are godan verbs with ru-ending, because they are just simplyfied versions of である and であります?
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2answers
230 views

Why is まじる a 五段 verb?

As far as I know all じる verbs are supposed to be 一段. I found an interesting set of rules online: Does the verb end in る? No → 五段 Yes → Does it have an e or i sound before the る? No → 五段 ...
3
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1answer
77 views

「あまもり」と一段動詞「もれる」

天井などに欠陥があって,あめがふったときなどに,みずがもれだしてくることは「あまもり」といいます.しかし,この語の後半「もり」と関係があるとおもわれる動詞「もれる」は一段活用です.その連用形を名詞としてもちいているのだとすれば「もれ」でなくてはなりません.このことから,かつては,「もれる」とおなじ意味の「もる」という五段動詞があったのではないかとおもいたくなります....
4
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1answer
124 views

湿気る is both godan and ichidan. Are there other verbs like this?

I recently noticed in passing that 湿気る is classified as both a godan and an ichidan verb. For example, the past tense could be either: しけった (godan) or しけた  (ichidan). This strikes me as ...
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1answer
98 views

Is it true that a polysyllabic verb ending in iru or eru whose e/i syllab is written in hiragana ichidan?

I read long ago that verbs containing more than two syllabs and whose syllab before る containing the sound e or i is written in hiragana are all ichidan. Is it an actual rule or just a useful trick ...
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1answer
1k views

いる/える Godan Verb Rules?

For words like 帰ります is there a specific reason they're Godan instead of Ichidan in any case? Things like a change from an historical pronunciation of the word, grammar relating to the radicals of the ...
2
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1answer
305 views

I don't understand what this verb conjugation is: 見えなくなった

This is a quote from Tae Kim's Guide 下に入って、富士山が見えなくなった Can someone explain what this form of 見える is? It almost seems like they are trying to make a negative verb into an adverb but is that ...
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1answer
147 views

一段動詞が五段動詞に進化できますか?

日本語の文法では五段動詞の方が一段動詞より多いです。文法が変化すると、一段動詞が五段動詞に変化する可能性がありますか? 私は日本語を練習したいです。上手くなければすみません。
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1answer
936 views

Is this the correct way to identify Group 1 verbs?

From what I have been able to find I came up with this: Verbs ending in: える ける せる てる ねる へる める れる げる ぜる でる べる ぺる いる きる しる ちる にる ひる みる りる ぎる じる ぢる びる ぴる but not these verbs: かえる はしる きる いる はいる ...
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4answers
827 views

How do Japanese people infer if a verb is a ichidan verb or a godan ending in ru?

In Japan, if a Japanese person sees a new verb ending in ru, what would they do to try and infer if it's a ichidan or godan verb before just looking it up or asking someone?
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1answer
442 views

What does かけ mean in こわれかけのオルゴール?

If こわれかけのオルゴール was 壊れかけのオルゴール, 壊れ would be the stem of 壊れる, and かけ would probably be a noun. Since I'm just learning Japanese, I don't understand where かけ comes from. What meaning does かけ have in ...
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3answers
39k views

What's the difference between Ichidan/Godan and Ru/U verbs classification?

I've come across two different ways (at least, apparently for me) to classify verbs. Please note that this question is fundamentally different from Verb classifications by japanese learners. The first ...