Questions tagged [i-adjectives]

形容詞. A class of words that behaves mostly like verbs (but uses different grammatical endings) and is used to describe properties of nouns.

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1answer
353 views

Why does 嫌い looks so much like an i adjective, when it is a na adjective?

I tried to look for this answer but could not find it so... Why is that 嫌い looks so much like an i-adjective? I might be wrong, but most i-adjectives seem follow this path: Kanji + い or Kanji + ...
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Omission of く in negative form of い-adjective

I learnt that the negative form of い-adjective is: remove the trailing い, then add くない. Example: 赤い→赤くない However, I've been watching Japanese livestream and following her twitter. Sometimes, she omit ...
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158 views

かたくな etymology and relation to 固い

The words 頑な{かたくな} (na-adjective, "stubborn") and 固い{かたい} (i-adjective, "hard" or "stubborn") sound similar and have a similar meaning. I was thinking if these words are related to each other through ...
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On なる and Adverbs

I'm a beginner learner, just learnt about なる and I'm curious about なる vs other verbs when it comes to adverbs. When using an adverb like 早く on a verb, it modifies the action or manner of the verb. ...
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Is the volitional form of i-adjectives often used?

According to this question the volitional form of i-adjectives is used quite often -- on a daily basis. But I almost never hear it. I almost see it exclusively in books (or written documents). And if ...
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1answer
74 views

Does this sentence 「彼女が美しくなりましたね。」 need 「に」?

Does this sentence: 「彼女が美しく [...] なりましたね。」 need 「に」 in the marked spot? And why? Can it be used both ways? I tried searching for the 「に」 usage but it seems to be the most elusive particle as it'...
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224 views

Is 「(i-adjective) + そうだったと思う」 grammatical/natural?

The lack of Google results for this kind of construction (relative to the number for the equivalent [i-adjective] + そうだと思う and [i-adjective] + そうだと思った for many i-adjectives) made me antsy about using ...
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369 views

Turning ~たい into an adverb (~たく)

It's possible to turn a verb into an adjective meaning 'want to...' したい, 食べたい or 飲みたい, but is there any situation where it makes sense to conjugate it as an adverb for words other than ~たくない? For ...
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Why can't だ be used after an I-adjective?

I have been constantly told that だ can not be placed after an I-adjective. Why is that?
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873 views

How are the suffixes ーまる and ーめる used?

Recently I came across the word 狭める, "to narrow" or "to make narrow." I wondered about its relation to 狭い and then I found some other similar adjective-verb pairs: 固い ー 固める 高い ー 高める 深い ー 深まる I'm ...
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287 views

how to parse すごい綺麗 (連続の形容詞と形容動詞の活用について)

Japanese 標準語か方言か独自の喋り方かわからないのですが、僕の友達はこのようによく話します: すごい綺麗な景色 この文に対して気になるのは、なぜ「すごい」は形容詞の活用になっているのでしょうか。 形容詞を連続する場合、「すごく、綺麗な」のようにするのが標準語だと思っていました。また、副詞の場合「すごく綺麗な」のようにするのが普通だと思っていました。 ...
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Grammar of nounの多さに

品揃えの多さについつい買いこんでしまい、... I ended up unintentionally buying ??? complete set... I'm struggling to understand the part in bold. I know that 多い is 'many', and that you can convert adjectives to nouns ...
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Can the last い in かわいい be dropped?

In the Genki I textbook, it says that the i and the u vowels are sometimes dropped when placed between voiceless consonants or at the end of an utterance preceded by voiceless consonants. The example ...
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Question about i-adjective without 「い」followed by 「の」

Here is the phrase. 妖しの怪談編 I found that 「妖しい」is an i-adjective but in this case the alphabet 「い」is missing. For my understanding, the way to change i-adjective is to replace the last 「い」with「さ」. Or ...
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1answer
153 views

形容詞 that end in ~しい but were not シク活用 in 古文

I know that in general, if a 形容詞 in modern Japanese ends in ~しい, then it was originally a シク活用形容詞, with 終止形 ~し and 連體形 ~しき. I also know that in the Late Middle Japanese period, シク adjectives ...
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Question about 「の多く」

Here is the sentence relating to my question. 「あしたのジョー」以外の作品の多くは "梶原一騎" のペンネームで書かれました。 I have searched and found that 「多く」is adverb or adjective and it should be placed before the particle 「の」. Is ...
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Using i-adjective color words

Why is the sentence 「車はあかです。」 not 「車はあかいです。」? Since 「あかい」 is an i-adjective.
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What is 寒ぶ寒ぶ? (in following sentence)

まず癪に障るのは、同じ人間とは思えぬその鋼のごとき肉体であった。目方はおよそ喜惣次の倍はあろうか。「おお、寒ぶ寒ぶ」と胴間声を張り上げながら湯舟に躍りこめば、湯の半分くらいが溢れ出る騒ぎであった。 Google/dictionary search gave me nothing... Is it same as e.g. here?
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Help parsing つまんないないんだよ

I have a question about the grammar (assuming it is grammatical and not figurative) in the following line from the song ときめきポポロン from the anime ご注文はうさぎですか?. つまんないないんだよ I think the meaning is ...
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Why is there a な in this sentence?

I am translating the following sentence I found in my workbook. 美味しそうな写真を見て、思わず[涎]{よだれ}が出た。 美味しい is an i-adjective, so why is there a な?
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Casual usage of i-adjectives and ending particles

In Real casual japanese one may hear 明日のテストってこわ。。。 I am wondering, how often this level of 'casualness' happens. Can I add sentence ending particles, even though there is an い omitted (and です). ...
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964 views

What is the dictionary form of sukunai?

I've been learning adjective conjugations and I've understood that to conjugate an adjective into its negative form you drop the last syllable (~い syllable) and add くない. However, I've run into the ...
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Conjugation of い adjectives - when do you conjugate them and difference between 新しい車 and 新車?

I'm studying Japanese at University (first year) and the only thing I can't get my head around so far is い adjectives. I understand how and what factors are needed to conjugate them, but do you only ...
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603 views

i-adjective + na-adjective + noun

How do I use an i-adjective and na-adjective together to describe a noun? For example, how do I say "beautiful, red torii"? 綺麗な鳥居 (na-adjective): beautiful torii 赤い鳥居 (i-adjective): red torii
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Past tense of i-adjective + past tense of verb

Can the past tense of an i-adjective and the past tense of a verb be in the same sentence? For example: "I bought a book that was heavy." 重かった本を買いました。 Does it sound unnatural?
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What's the meaning of the く in 赤くありません?

The way of turning 赤 into an adjective is adding い, but what does it mean when instead of a い you put a く? I found it in this phrase: 私のリンゴは赤くありません。 I get the meaning but not the meaning of く.
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ない vs 無い: Negative ある vs adjective?

How would I distinguish ない as in the negative of ある and 無い the adjective? For example, if we have the sentence 食べ物がない is the ない there just the negative form of ある or is it specifically the i-...
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inflecting an adjective as “〜く、…” or “〜くて、…”? [duplicate]

How to decide whether to inflect an adjective as 〜く、... or 〜くて、...? pairing #1 // A is used in my textbook. (A) 選手{せんしゅ}たちの今日{きょう}の試合{しあい}での活躍{かつやく}は素晴{すば}らしく、文句{もんく}のつけようがない。 (B) ...
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Past tense verb followed by って仕方ない [duplicate]

Girl A is complaining about her bleak future to girl B. Girl B replies: 泣いたって仕方ないじゃん。 I asked a similar question here about おもしろくって仕方ない where I was told that it was a more emphatic version of ...
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たり vs. て for multiple adjectives

I came across the following example: 大きかったり重かったりする本 a big, heavy book I am not sure this sentence is correct to begin with, (part of me feels like it should be した) but assuming that it is, ...
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えらかない - strange conjugation of えらい

I understand that えらい is an adjective which means distinguished/famous etc. Then I came across this conversation 「おいらよりマシかぁ、なぁんだ、じゃあえらいなぁ。」 「別にえらかァないよ...」 "Preferable to me!? What! Well, ...
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Confused in choosing 早い versus 速い

In my understanding, 速い is used for motion and 早い represents "early". Which one is the correct one in this example? A: 授業がそろそろ始まるので、早く来てください。 B: 授業がそろそろ始まるので、速く来てください。
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Adverb followed by って

おいらなんて、怒られっぱなしの人生だもんねーー。アハハ。でもおもしろくって仕方ないもんねー。 For me, it's the life of being got angry at. Ha Ha. But, interesting(ly)...it can't be helped ?? I'm guessing this is おもしろく (interestingly) with ...
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Is anything implied, but not written, in this nominalization “遠くを見つめる”?

(1) 遠い所を見つめた。 I think means: "He was looking at some distinct location in the distance." (2) 遠くまで見つめた。 (3) 遠くを見つめた。 I think both mean: "He was looking off into the distance and looking for ...
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~く form of i-adjectives

I thought I've mastered this but I'm getting confused again. I thought the ~く form of i-adjectives was used when the adjective modifies the noun, e.g. 新しく家を買う 難しく試験した I think it's named "...
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Is there an order of adjectives in Japanese?

In English, if we have multiple adjectives modifying a noun, there is a preferred order for those adjectives, for example: nice long red car *nice red long car *long red nice car I was ...
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A different way to join i-adjectives

I originally learned that i-adjectives are joined with くて e.g. 長くて、赤い魚が欲しい。 I want a long, red fish. Recently I've come across a couple of examples where the two adjectives are joined together ...
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みぜんけい or れんようけい form for ない conjugation of i-adjectives

It appears that nai conjugates onto the renyoukei (.ku) form of i-adjectives instead of the mizenkei (.karo) form, as it does with verbs. Is this correct? Every source I've found shows the .kunai ...
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Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjectives, like if I want to say "Mr. Li is ...
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Adjective negation: difference between 〜くない and 〜くありません

What's the difference between 〜くない and 〜くありません? Both are added to an i-adjective (イ形容詞, verb type adjective) to make it negative. For example: 寒くない 寒くありません But what's the difference? Is one more ...
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Adjective conjugation of 小さい and 少ない in these sentences

I’ve come across some adjective conjugation that I don’t fully understand in two separate but related example sentences, and so my translations are definitely wonky. 飲んでいるでしょう。その証拠に、...
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〜くはない vs 〜くない in adjective negations

As I spend more time in Japan, I pick up habits that I'm not sure are good or bad. My question here is about nuance / occasion of usage. In formal contexts, how does the impression differ between ...
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What is the difference between 危ない and 危うい?

I came across this question, and found the same meaning in the dictionary for both options (a-危ない) or (b-危うい) ですから 下がってください however the answer booklet says it is (a-危ない), what is the difference?
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Alternate spelling for ありがたい, or typo?

I looked up ありがたい in my dictionaries within OSX (looking at this question), and one of the 国語 dictionaries (can't tell which) has the entry listed like this: ありがた・い 【有り難い・難有い】 You'll notice that ...
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Do 形容詞 have a 未然形 in Classical Japanese?

I was reading Eiríkr Útlendi's answer about -い vs. -き in 形容詞 and noticed that he identified -く as the 未然形 of 形容詞. When I studied classical Japanese, though, I was taught that 形容詞 lack a 未然形 (and also ...
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1answer
161 views

how does いと + 形容詞 work as a pattern?

The phrase "いと高き" occurs pretty frequently in the Japanese 新改訳 bible in the book of Daniel. Doing a little sleuthing I'm also seeing いと低き and 素晴らしき as somewhat similar constructions. I get that いと ...
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424 views

無い and 無く difference

What would be the differences if I were to say 間違いない and 間違いなく? I ask that because the 無い suffix is usually explained as equivalent to the English "there is no" or "does not exist". I've seen ...
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537 views

Why do things which attach to the 連用形 of 動詞 attach to the stem of 形容詞?

When you want to connect a 活用語 (inflectable word) to something else, generally you inflect it to the 連用形 (continuative form). However, with 形容詞 (i-adjectives), there are certain times where you affix ...
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Would 私は怖い mean “I'm scared” or “I'm scary”?

Or does it mean both? If so, is there any way to explicitly distinguish between "I'm scared" and "I'm scary"? If it only means one and not the other, how would you say the other?
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515 views

Difference between progressive verb forms and i-adjectives

I'm wondering, for adjectives such as 太い and 悲しい that also have a progressive "to be" verb counterpart (i.e., 太っている and 悲しんでいる), what is the difference between using the i-adjective form and the verb ...