Questions tagged [i-adjectives]

形容詞. A class of words that behaves mostly like verbs (but uses different grammatical endings) and is used to describe properties of nouns.

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29 views

Validity of て-form of i-adjectives + も [duplicate]

I already know of the construction that takes the て-form of a verb + も and means "even if". But can this construction also be used with i-adjectives? For example, would saying the following be correct?...
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207 views

Te-form and かつ and も?

I'm reading a light novel and am stuck on a sentence. One big problem is this phrase: 優{やさ}しくて、かつ人間{にんげん}も I know that ーくて is used to connect things, and my understanding of かつ is that it's a ...
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422 views

Saying い adjectives without pronouncing the い

As the title above, why do japanese locals remove theいfrom the いadjective when speaking. For example, I have heard words like 早、やば、高 being used when speaking. Is this only used amongst friends (very ...
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i-Adjective before a Noun, here with a “な”

Source: Lecture notes: Japanese grammar, basic course, University of Duisburg, Germany, Ch. 13, page 5 https://www.japanisch-grund-und-intensivkurs.de/grammar/sem1/lesson13/...
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49 views

What does a て form i-adjective for sentence ending mean?

Why is this i-adjective conjugated to the て form at the end of the sentence? Why not just leave it as 珍しい? The only use I know for て form adjectives is so you can chain them together, but there is no ...
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103 views

Clarification on colours and い [duplicate]

Is it red ? あかですか?あかいですか? It is red. あかです。あかいです。 Which of each is correct or would both options be correct ?
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120 views

What's difference between うるさくないでください and うるさくしないでください

Don't both of them mean "Please do not be loud"? What's the うるさく? Is it うるさい and change い into く to make it a noun? Could you guys suggest the topic that I can look into and study more about them? ...
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Understanding the connection between adverbs and adjective negation

い-adjectives negate in the following way. 「大{おお}きい」→「大きくない」 How I've always interpreted process is that we're basically changing the adjective 「大きい」 into the adverb form 「大きく」 and then tacking on 「...
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61 views

The connection of clauses

大豆は他の作物が育ちにくい、やせた土地で栽培できるので、昔から日本各地で栽培されてきた。 Please help me understand the meaning of the sentence. To me it looks like 大豆は他の作物が育ちにくい is a separate sentence, not connected with the rest. But it ...
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125 views

うれしい(ureshii) Vs たのしい(tanoshii)

When exactly do we use うれしい(ureshii) and たのしい(tanoshii) Ureshii - glad , pleasant Tanoshii - happy Ureshii is when you see someone being happy Is ureshii also with event already happened
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104 views

Does the 未然形 of i-adjectives show up in today's Japanese?

It appears the [未然形]{mizenkei} of verbs comes up a lot in modern Japanese conjugations: Negation is formed as 未然形 + ない. The presumptive is a contraction of 未然形 + (よ)う. The causative/passive forms, ...
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108 views

Sentence structure + 人がわるい

Related to this. At this point, the speaker has won the preliminaries. The elderly chairman of the event, a friend since the previous tournament, comments that the speaker has won a second time (...
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108 views

Where does っぱい derive from?

As it says in the title, I'm hoping to find out where the adjective ending -っぱい comes from (like in 酸っぱい 'sour'). Is it related to -っぽい (X-like, X-ish) at all? I can't seem to find an etymology for it ...
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Pitch Accent for ~ない and ~たい

It seems to be a pattern for i-adjectives (in their "dictionary-form") to have low intonation on the first and last morae and high intonation in between, at least if they are three morae or more in ...
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79 views

Relative clauses: 多い人 vs 多くの人

I was practising a grammar pattern, so in my personal example I wrote: 多いオーストラリア人 However, a native speaker corrected me with: 多くのオーストラリア人 I understand that in relative clauses that adjectives ...
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Structure of -しい adjectives

Are they all of the form [kanji]しい or can they also be of the form [kanji][kana]しい? ([kana]しい can also probably be found in the case of uncommon kanji.)
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Different meanings of こわい

I was watching this video (it's actually a really good series, despite the odd presentation). In it, there is the example: おばけがこわい。 Ghosts are scary. No problem there, but the series has been ...
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126 views

“~たい”-form and associated particle usage

My question is about the "~たい"-form ("want to"). I know that in a sentence containing this form, you can use は to mark the person who desires something. For example, "私は、東京に行きたい". But then I came ...
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73 views

-くて, -なくて forms of adjectives

I got confused by these forms. The book says that -くて(pos) and -なくて(neg) have to be connected with stem of an adjective, e.g. 安い: 安 + くて = 安くて. The positive form is pretty easy to understand and ...
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129 views

Grammar explanation for '…ことができなくなります'

Is 'できなく' converted from 'できない'? I've learned adj. '..い' can convert to '..く' in this case. Does verb's 'ない' form also have such transformation?
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Difference between “じゃない” and “ない”

I would like to ask what is the difference between "じゃない" and "ない"? I know that "ない" is an i-adjective (info from dictionary). But we have a sentence for example: 近くも遠くもないです。 Can we say: ...
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What's the difference in nuance between multiple 形容詞 (い-adjectives) with and without て-form?

When multiple adjectives refer to the same noun, the adjective(s) other than the last one are usually written in the て-form: ① 大きくて重い本 However writing all adjectives in their い-form is not (...
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が following an i-adj

Seeing 「欲しいが仮眠する」* by a non-native for "I want to take a nap" I thought it is plainly grammatically wrong, but then after encountering 可愛いが in a video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MVmv_wyU-Ug&...
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い adjective + くて + verb

I encountered this sentence: おなかがいたくてたべられません and got confused with くて. Isn't it used for adding いadjectives? Why is it followed by a verb in the example given? Can I use いたく instead? How will it ...
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129 views

Logic behind ~く form in the negative form of i-adjectives

I'm trying to logically grasp why い-adjectives switch to the ~く form in order to form a negative. For example: 痛い   (is painful) 痛くない (is not painful) I understand ない to be an adjective. い ...
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246 views

Aozora versus Aoi sora

Can we use 青空 and 青い空 interchangeably? Is there any difference between the two? Which is the most natural? Thank you!
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Desconstructing らしくなってきたの

Let me disassemble this construction bit by bit to see if I get it right, ok? So, の is the explanatory particle. The らしくな part comes from らしい. So らしくない is its negation. Now, I imagine that てきた is ...
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Why is there sometimes a は used in conjugated, negative, formal i-adjectives? [duplicate]

A few times now, I have seen a negative i-adjective with a は in between the く and the ありません. I have seen it usually present when it is a response to a question. Like the example below. いいえ、車は赤くはありません。...
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Using い and な adjectives

According to the book I am reading, "Sakura is beautiful" is written as さくらはきれいです and "Sakura is a beautiful flower" is さくらはきれいなはなです ,but when using たかい the na form isn't used. For example: ...
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Adjective-No in a Question format?

I'm having a difficult time understanding the use of の-Adj in the JLPT N5 grammar examples and practice I've been studying and haven't found a good resource for finding the answer. The sentence is ...
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Why is 温かい used instead of 熱い when ordering a hot drink?

In English, "warm" and "hot" are usually interchangeable when ordering a hot drink. In my experience, "hot" is more frequently used. I was corrected with 温かいコーヒー when asking for an 熱いコーヒー so I ...
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181 views

I-Adjectives in the Kagoshima dialect

In this Wikipedia article, in the table of i-adjectives, I noticed that some of these adjectives were completely different in the Kagoshima dialect compared to Standard Japanese in a way that these ...
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249 views

Why is くなかった wrong and ではありません preferred in this sentence?

I was taking a n5 grammar test and I came across the question: あの人{ひと} は有名{ゆうめい} ____ The answer I chose was くなかった. However, the quiz said the correct answer was ではありません. Why is that?
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Grammatical correctness of 〜好きくない

I saw 未来のミライ the other day. The boy said 〜好きくない regarding many people. Was he making a grammar mistake?
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Not using くて in i-adjective Conjunctions

I've been reading 猿蟹 from this website. I've come across a sentence that puzzles me grammatically: まだ青い固い柿の実を、蟹に投げつけました。 Here, there is a conjunction of two i-adjectives, but the writer doesn't ...
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Why do you use に with 欲しい?

I recently encountered the sentence 「あなたに嬉しくなって欲しい」, which means “I want you to be happy.” Why is に used to mark “you”? If you rephrase the sentence as 「あなたが嬉しくなることが欲しい」, the meaning still comes ...
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342 views

What is the meaning of adjectives ending in 〜く?

I understand that the following words are adjectives: 早{はや}い early/fast 近{ちか}い close/near すごい awesome/great However I’m unsure how to use the forms ending in 〜く such as: 早{はや}く ...
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121 views

What does 形ク mean in japanese?

I was searching for the meaning of "時すでに遅し。" but I couldn't find 遅し in the dictionary goo.ne.jp and weblio tells me that it's おそい with 形ク in parenthesis.
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100 views

Conditionals: と良いだ/です should be wrong?

It is said that the と conditional must not be used where the main clause expresses any of the following: an intention, a suggestion, a command, an obligation, a request, etc. However, I've encountered ...
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Negating adjective ending with ない

According to this answer there are two types of 〜ない adjectives, those that contain 無い (like 情けない, つまらない also falls here) and those that derive from archaic なう verb (like 危ない). For the first 無い type, ...
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concrete nouns and abstract nouns. いadj なadj

gday guys. Im looking at the nouns used in the いadj and なadj. I won't say this with 100% confidence - not by a long shot (n5𝘪𝘴𝘩 here). I'm noticing the nouns in the: *なadj are all like '...
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199 views

はずかぴー という意味は?教えてください

はずかぴーという言葉聞いたんですけど 意味はあまりわかりません はずかぴーと恥ずかしいは何の違いがありますか?
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412 views

Are 汚い and いやらしい the same?

Is one exclusively for actual dirty while one is for just the feeling of dirtiness, e.g. talking to a lewd pervert?
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How to say something is [a colour] AND [another adjective] using て form 'and'?

Do all colours work as な adjectives or い adjectives when using て form 'and'? In a sentence such as "my phone is white and small", would it be 私のけいたいは白いで小さいです。OR ~けいたいはしろくて~? Also, if the colour were ...
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190 views

Reduplicated words

Why I-keiyoushi is used more in reduplicated words than na-keiyoushi?
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240 views

I know that the word 広し means 広い, but which rule or grammar is included?

The sentence is from my textbook みんなの日本語 世界広しといえども ... that means 世界が広いと言っても ... right? But what function has it when you use 広し instead of 広い? During some research I found this Website/ ...
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254 views

ではなく(て) with Adjectives/Adverbs

From this question I found the following sentence: 彼は壁を赤くではなく青く塗った I was wondering specifically about 赤く+ではなく. Does ではなく just attach regardless? The question described ではなくas だ+は+ない using their ...
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Is the construction 'Verb + adjective + noun' possible?

I saw a scan of an official manga that's to be released, however the first speech bubble's grammar confused me. I am unsure if it is to be read as: 1) 水も滴るイイ男!! or as 2) 水も滴る。イイ男!! (1) makes ...
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155 views

Is かじりましい right?

Once a friend of mine was eating a 美味しそうハンバーガー。 Then I said 味は良さそうなぁ。かじりたいんだ He replied こいつかじりましい? I wonder what he meant by that. I might have heard wrongly,though. I think it means "does it look ...
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182 views

Are both 遠く and 遠くに adverbs? If yes, are them interchangeable?

The i-adjective 遠{とお}い means far, distant. From what I know, I can make an adverb out of an i-adjective by replacing い with く, which should give me 遠く. Now, the word 遠く is also a noun itself, which ...