Questions tagged [i-adjectives]

形容詞. A class of words that behaves mostly like verbs (but uses different grammatical endings) and is used to describe properties of nouns.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
58
votes
2answers
10k views

Why does Japanese have two kinds of adjectives? (-i adjectives and -na adjectives)

Japanese has two kinds of adjectives known by several terms but the ones I know are i-adjectives and na-adjectives - why? I recall that Japanese adjectives are much more like verbs than in English ...
28
votes
1answer
3k views

~うございます - keigo い-adjectives

I'm not sure if this is actual keigo, or just a polite form of adjectives. Anyway, there are several that we're all familiar with that are still used today. はやい → おはようございます ありがたい → ありがとうございます ...
26
votes
3answers
11k views

When to use 欲しがる instead of 欲しい

When does one use 欲しがる instead of 欲しい? For example, in phrases like: 先生は野菜を食べて欲し​{いです・がっています}。 My incomplete understanding is that the がる form is more formal/polite, but it can only be ...
33
votes
3answers
10k views

Contrasting っぽい、らしい、みたい

For example, the following 3: 女っぽい (おんなっぽい) 女らしい (おんならしい) 女みたい (おんなみたい) In what situations would you use っぽい over らしい? Does っぽい have negative connotations? Are 女らしい and 女みたい interchangeable as in ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Using i-adjective color words

Why is the sentence 「車はあかです。」 not 「車はあかいです。」? Since 「あかい」 is an i-adjective.
14
votes
4answers
2k views

In what way is the negative form of a verb an adjective?

I was reading the wikipedia page on "predicate," where it mentioned that in Japanese, the negative form of a verb is an adjective. I thought that this was too expansive a statement to be true, but ...
18
votes
4answers
3k views

correctness of い adjective + です

Generally, in all Japanese language classes, the rule you're taught is that です does not follow い adjectives. Instead, い adjectives can act like stative verbs, and as such terminate a sentence by ...
15
votes
2answers
3k views

Why can't だ be used after an I-adjective?

I have been constantly told that だ can not be placed after an I-adjective. Why is that?
15
votes
1answer
5k views

How does -ki form of i-adjectives work? (e.g. 愛しき)

In one of the Bleach anime ending songs, "Hanabi" has the following line: 繋ぎゆく この想い 愛しき 君 "itoshiki" seems to come from "itoshii", but how does this -ki form of i-adjective work? I found a few ...
26
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is it なさそう and not なそう

"It seems there is none" is なさそう, which escapes the usual rule for 形容詞 (イ-adjectives), which says "drop the い and add そう". Is there a historical explanation for this exception? And does it have ...
6
votes
1answer
439 views

An i-adjective immediately before 「ください」?

Does it make sense to have an i-adjective (in て-form) immediately before 「ください」? For example, when asked to choose between hot and cold coffee, can I use 「温かくてください」, or must I turn it into nominal ...
7
votes
1answer
146 views

Is anything implied, but not written, in this nominalization “遠くを見つめる”?

(1) 遠い所を見つめた。 I think means: "He was looking at some distinct location in the distance." (2) 遠くまで見つめた。 (3) 遠くを見つめた。 I think both mean: "He was looking off into the distance and looking for ...
4
votes
2answers
618 views

i-adjective + na-adjective + noun

How do I use an i-adjective and na-adjective together to describe a noun? For example, how do I say "beautiful, red torii"? 綺麗な鳥居 (na-adjective): beautiful torii 赤い鳥居 (i-adjective): red torii
23
votes
2answers
3k views

When would you use 新{あら}たな and 新{あたら}しい

To say new, the first way that I learned is to use the i-adjective 新しい. But I noticed that the na-adjective 新たな is used a lot in written texts. Is there any difference in when either is used?
16
votes
3answers
2k views

Different meanings of こわい

I was watching this video (it's actually a really good series, despite the odd presentation). In it, there is the example: おばけがこわい。 Ghosts are scary. No problem there, but the series has been ...
17
votes
1answer
545 views

i-adjectives that end in a 〜ない which doesn't seem to be 〜無{な}い

I noticed there are many 形容詞{けいようし} (i-adjectives) that end in 〜ない, where the な is not part of the kanji, and doesn't seem to have the meaning 無い. Examples: 危{あぶ}ない means "dangerous", while 危 means "...
10
votes
2answers
735 views

What function did あり perform in classical Japanese 形容詞?

In classical Japanese, many uses of 形容詞{けいようし} had あり "embedded" in them, e.g.: 熱からず = 「熱し」の連用形+「あり」の未然形{みぜんけい}+「ず」 熱かりたり = 「熱し」の連用形+「あり」の連用形{れんようけい}+「たり」 熱かれ = 「熱し」の連用形+「あり」の命令形{めいれいけい} 熱かる人 = 「熱し」...
5
votes
2answers
387 views

Adverb followed by って

おいらなんて、怒られっぱなしの人生だもんねーー。アハハ。でもおもしろくって仕方ないもんねー。 For me, it's the life of being got angry at. Ha Ha. But, interesting(ly)...it can't be helped ?? I'm guessing this is おもしろく (interestingly) with ...
3
votes
3answers
685 views

Do 形容詞 have a 未然形 in Classical Japanese?

I was reading Eiríkr Útlendi's answer about -い vs. -き in 形容詞 and noticed that he identified -く as the 未然形 of 形容詞. When I studied classical Japanese, though, I was taught that 形容詞 lack a 未然形 (and also ...
7
votes
1answer
248 views

I know that the word 広し means 広い, but which rule or grammar is included?

The sentence is from my textbook みんなの日本語 世界広しといえども ... that means 世界が広いと言っても ... right? But what function has it when you use 広し instead of 広い? During some research I found this Website/ ...
3
votes
1answer
316 views

What's the meaning of the く in 赤くありません?

The way of turning 赤 into an adjective is adding い, but what does it mean when instead of a い you put a く? I found it in this phrase: 私のリンゴは赤くありません。 I get the meaning but not the meaning of く.
2
votes
1answer
942 views

Adjective negation: difference between 〜くない and 〜くありません

What's the difference between 〜くない and 〜くありません? Both are added to an i-adjective (イ形容詞, verb type adjective) to make it negative. For example: 寒くない 寒くありません But what's the difference? Is one more ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Confused in choosing 早い versus 速い

In my understanding, 速い is used for motion and 早い represents "early". Which one is the correct one in this example? A: 授業がそろそろ始まるので、早く来てください。 B: 授業がそろそろ始まるので、速く来てください。
5
votes
1answer
5k views

Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjectives, like if I want to say "Mr. Li is ...
6
votes
1answer
516 views

Why are い-adjectives often used as nouns?

I can't really understand why sometimes い adjectives are transformed to nouns instead of just being used themselves. I.E. 白い鳥 has 300,000 google hits while 白の鳥 has 4 million. 近い家 has 113,000 ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

い-Adjective Conjugation: かったです vs でした

When we first studied adjective conjugation in my Japanese class, I kept making the same mistake habitually; I would conjugate the past tense of い-adjectives with でした at the end instead of dropping ...
7
votes
1answer
438 views

Is the volitional form of i-adjectives often used?

According to this question the volitional form of i-adjectives is used quite often -- on a daily basis. But I almost never hear it. I almost see it exclusively in books (or written documents). And if ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Using な after い-adjectives

What does it mean to put a な after an い-adjective? For example, many Youtube videos are called begin "いいなCM", and a Japanese text book I have uses this sentence as an example: この通りを行くと 大きな 交差点がある。 ...
6
votes
2answers
325 views

たり vs. て for multiple adjectives

I came across the following example: 大きかったり重かったりする本 a big, heavy book I am not sure this sentence is correct to begin with, (part of me feels like it should be した) but assuming that it is, ...
5
votes
3answers
308 views

Why is there a な in this sentence?

I am translating the following sentence I found in my workbook. 美味しそうな写真を見て、思わず[涎]{よだれ}が出た。 美味しい is an i-adjective, so why is there a な?
2
votes
1answer
278 views

言わない vs 言わなくない - A negative verb conjugated as an adjective?

While reading a text in Japanese, I came across the phrase "何も言わなくなったから". I don't understand what the ~くない stands for. As far as I know it is used as the negative of an adjective... but 言う is a ...
5
votes
1answer
207 views

えらかない - strange conjugation of えらい

I understand that えらい is an adjective which means distinguished/famous etc. Then I came across this conversation 「おいらよりマシかぁ、なぁんだ、じゃあえらいなぁ。」 「別にえらかァないよ...」 "Preferable to me!? What! Well, ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

Not using くて in i-adjective Conjunctions

I've been reading 猿蟹 from this website. I've come across a sentence that puzzles me grammatically: まだ青い固い柿の実を、蟹に投げつけました。 Here, there is a conjunction of two i-adjectives, but the writer doesn't ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Desconstructing らしくなってきたの

Let me disassemble this construction bit by bit to see if I get it right, ok? So, の is the explanatory particle. The らしくな part comes from らしい. So らしくない is its negation. Now, I imagine that てきた is ...
4
votes
1answer
419 views

A different way to join i-adjectives

I originally learned that i-adjectives are joined with くて e.g. 長くて、赤い魚が欲しい。 I want a long, red fish. Recently I've come across a couple of examples where the two adjectives are joined together ...
4
votes
2answers
165 views

What's the difference in nuance between multiple 形容詞 (い-adjectives) with and without て-form?

When multiple adjectives refer to the same noun, the adjective(s) other than the last one are usually written in the て-form: ① 大きくて重い本 However writing all adjectives in their い-form is not (...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Honorific form of i-adjectives (e.g. はやい → おはよう) [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: ~うございます - keigo い-adjectives I still remember the introductory lecture of the first Japanese course I took in college, my sensei told the class that おはようございます does not mean "...
4
votes
1answer
448 views

Combining two い-adjectives without using て

In the JLU chat, Flaw recently typed up some instructions printed on a Japanese product. Here's what they said: 直射日光の当たらない涼しい所に保管してください It appears that 所 is modified by two phrases: 直射日光の当たらない "...
3
votes
2answers
129 views

“~たい”-form and associated particle usage

My question is about the "~たい"-form ("want to"). I know that in a sentence containing this form, you can use は to mark the person who desires something. For example, "私は、東京に行きたい". But then I came ...