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Questions tagged [i-adjectives]

形容詞. A class of words that behaves mostly like verbs (but uses different grammatical endings) and is used to describe properties of nouns.

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What's the difference in nuance between multiple 形容詞 (い-adjectives) with and without て-form?

When multiple adjectives refer to the same noun, the adjective(s) other than the last one are usually written in the て-form: ① 大きくて重い本 However writing all adjectives in their い-form is not (...
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が following an i-adj

Seeing 「欲しいが仮眠する」* by a non-native for "I want to take a nap" I thought it is plainly grammatically wrong, but then after encountering 可愛いが in a video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MVmv_wyU-Ug&...
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い adjective + くて + verb

I encountered this sentence: おなかがいたくてたべられません and got confused with くて. Isn't it used for adding いadjectives? Why is it followed by a verb in the example given? Can I use いたく instead? How will it ...
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Logic behind ~く form in the negative form of i-adjectives

I'm trying to logically grasp why い-adjectives switch to the ~く form in order to form a negative. For example: 痛い   (is painful) 痛くない (is not painful) I understand ない to be an adjective. い ...
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Aozora versus Aoi sora

Can we use 青空 and 青い空 interchangeably? Is there any difference between the two? Which is the most natural? Thank you!
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Desconstructing らしくなってきたの

Let me disassemble this construction bit by bit to see if I get it right, ok? So, の is the explanatory particle. The らしくな part comes from らしい. So らしくない is its negation. Now, I imagine that てきた is ...
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Why is there sometimes a は used in conjugated, negative, formal i-adjectives? [duplicate]

A few times now, I have seen a negative i-adjective with a は in between the く and the ありません. I have seen it usually present when it is a response to a question. Like the example below. いいえ、車は赤くはありません。...
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Using い and な adjectives

According to the book I am reading, "Sakura is beautiful" is written as さくらはきれいです and "Sakura is a beautiful flower" is さくらはきれいなはなです ,but when using たかい the na form isn't used. For example: ...
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Adjective-No in a Question format?

I'm having a difficult time understanding the use of の-Adj in the JLPT N5 grammar examples and practice I've been studying and haven't found a good resource for finding the answer. The sentence is ...
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Why is 温かい used instead of 熱い when ordering a hot drink?

In English, "warm" and "hot" are usually interchangeable when ordering a hot drink. In my experience, "hot" is more frequently used. I was corrected with 温かいコーヒー when asking for an 熱いコーヒー so I ...
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I-Adjectives in the Kagoshima dialect

In this Wikipedia article, in the table of i-adjectives, I noticed that some of these adjectives were completely different in the Kagoshima dialect compared to Standard Japanese in a way that these ...
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Why is くなかった wrong and ではありません preferred in this sentence?

I was taking a n5 grammar test and I came across the question: あの人{ひと} は有名{ゆうめい} ____ The answer I chose was くなかった. However, the quiz said the correct answer was ではありません. Why is that?
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Grammatical correctness of 〜好きくない

I saw 未来のミライ the other day. The boy said 〜好きくない regarding many people. Was he making a grammar mistake?
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Not using くて in i-adjective Conjunctions

I've been reading 猿蟹 from this website. I've come across a sentence that puzzles me grammatically: まだ青い固い柿の実を、蟹に投げつけました。 Here, there is a conjunction of two i-adjectives, but the writer doesn't ...
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Why do you use に with 欲しい?

I recently encountered the sentence 「あなたに嬉しくなって欲しい」, which means “I want you to be happy.” Why is に used to mark “you”? If you rephrase the sentence as 「あなたが嬉しくなることが欲しい」, the meaning still comes ...
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What is the meaning of adjectives ending in 〜く?

I understand that the following words are adjectives: 早{はや}い early/fast 近{ちか}い close/near すごい awesome/great However I’m unsure how to use the forms ending in 〜く such as: 早{はや}く ...
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111 views

What does 形ク mean in japanese?

I was searching for the meaning of "時すでに遅し。" but I couldn't find 遅し in the dictionary goo.ne.jp and weblio tells me that it's おそい with 形ク in parenthesis.
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Conditionals: と良いだ/です should be wrong?

It is said that the と conditional must not be used where the main clause expresses any of the following: an intention, a suggestion, a command, an obligation, a request, etc. However, I've encountered ...
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108 views

Negating adjective ending with ない

According to this answer there are two types of 〜ない adjectives, those that contain 無い (like 情けない, つまらない also falls here) and those that derive from archaic なう verb (like 危ない). For the first 無い type, ...
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concrete nouns and abstract nouns. いadj なadj

gday guys. Im looking at the nouns used in the いadj and なadj. I won't say this with 100% confidence - not by a long shot (n5𝘪𝘴𝘩 here). I'm noticing the nouns in the: *なadj are all like '...
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はずかぴー という意味は?教えてください

はずかぴーという言葉聞いたんですけど 意味はあまりわかりません はずかぴーと恥ずかしいは何の違いがありますか?
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Are 汚い and いやらしい the same?

Is one exclusively for actual dirty while one is for just the feeling of dirtiness, e.g. talking to a lewd pervert?
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How to say something is [a colour] AND [another adjective] using て form 'and'?

Do all colours work as な adjectives or い adjectives when using て form 'and'? In a sentence such as "my phone is white and small", would it be 私のけいたいは白いで小さいです。OR ~けいたいはしろくて~? Also, if the colour were ...
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Reduplicated words

Why I-keiyoushi is used more in reduplicated words than na-keiyoushi?
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I know that the word 広し means 広い, but which rule or grammar is included?

The sentence is from my textbook みんなの日本語 世界広しといえども ... that means 世界が広いと言っても ... right? But what function has it when you use 広し instead of 広い? During some research I found this Website/ ...
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ではなく(て) with Adjectives/Adverbs

From this question I found the following sentence: 彼は壁を赤くではなく青く塗った I was wondering specifically about 赤く+ではなく. Does ではなく just attach regardless? The question described ではなくas だ+は+ない using their ...
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Is the construction 'Verb + adjective + noun' possible?

I saw a scan of an official manga that's to be released, however the first speech bubble's grammar confused me. I am unsure if it is to be read as: 1) 水も滴るイイ男!! or as 2) 水も滴る。イイ男!! (1) makes ...
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Is かじりましい right?

Once a friend of mine was eating a 美味しそうハンバーガー。 Then I said 味は良さそうなぁ。かじりたいんだ He replied こいつかじりましい? I wonder what he meant by that. I might have heard wrongly,though. I think it means "does it look ...
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Are both 遠く and 遠くに adverbs? If yes, are them interchangeable?

The i-adjective 遠{とお}い means far, distant. From what I know, I can make an adverb out of an i-adjective by replacing い with く, which should give me 遠く. Now, the word 遠く is also a noun itself, which ...
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Why does 嫌い looks so much like an i adjective, when it is a na adjective?

I tried to look for this answer but could not find it so... Why is that 嫌い looks so much like an i-adjective? I might be wrong, but most i-adjectives seem follow this path: Kanji + い or Kanji + ...
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Omission of く in negative form of い-adjective

I learnt that the negative form of い-adjective is: remove the trailing い, then add くない. Example: 赤い→赤くない However, I've been watching Japanese livestream and following her twitter. Sometimes, she omit ...
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かたくな etymology and relation to 固い

The words 頑な{かたくな} (na-adjective, "stubborn") and 固い{かたい} (i-adjective, "hard" or "stubborn") sound similar and have a similar meaning. I was thinking if these words are related to each other through ...
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Is the volitional form of i-adjectives often used?

According to this question the volitional form of i-adjectives is used quite often -- on a daily basis. But I almost never hear it. I almost see it exclusively in books (or written documents). And if ...
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Does this sentence 「彼女が美しくなりましたね。」 need 「に」?

Does this sentence: 「彼女が美しく [...] なりましたね。」 need 「に」 in the marked spot? And why? Can it be used both ways? I tried searching for the 「に」 usage but it seems to be the most elusive particle as it'...
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Is 「(i-adjective) + そうだったと思う」 grammatical/natural?

The lack of Google results for this kind of construction (relative to the number for the equivalent [i-adjective] + そうだと思う and [i-adjective] + そうだと思った for many i-adjectives) made me antsy about using ...
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Turning ~たい into an adverb (~たく)

It's possible to turn a verb into an adjective meaning 'want to...' したい, 食べたい or 飲みたい, but is there any situation where it makes sense to conjugate it as an adverb for words other than ~たくない? For ...
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Why can't だ be used after an I-adjective?

I have been constantly told that だ can not be placed after an I-adjective. Why is that?
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How are the suffixes ーまる and ーめる used?

Recently I came across the word 狭める, "to narrow" or "to make narrow." I wondered about its relation to 狭い and then I found some other similar adjective-verb pairs: 固い ー 固める 高い ー 高める 深い ー 深まる I'm ...
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how to parse すごい綺麗 (連続の形容詞と形容動詞の活用について)

Japanese 標準語か方言か独自の喋り方かわからないのですが、僕の友達はこのようによく話します: すごい綺麗な景色 この文に対して気になるのは、なぜ「すごい」は形容詞の活用になっているのでしょうか。 形容詞を連続する場合、「すごく、綺麗な」のようにするのが標準語だと思っていました。また、副詞の場合「すごく綺麗な」のようにするのが普通だと思っていました。 ...
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Grammar of nounの多さに

品揃えの多さについつい買いこんでしまい、... I ended up unintentionally buying ??? complete set... I'm struggling to understand the part in bold. I know that 多い is 'many', and that you can convert adjectives to nouns ...
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Can the last い in かわいい be dropped?

In the Genki I textbook, it says that the i and the u vowels are sometimes dropped when placed between voiceless consonants or at the end of an utterance preceded by voiceless consonants. The example ...
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Question about i-adjective without 「い」followed by 「の」

Here is the phrase. 妖しの怪談編 I found that 「妖しい」is an i-adjective but in this case the alphabet 「い」is missing. For my understanding, the way to change i-adjective is to replace the last 「い」with「さ」. Or ...
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形容詞 that end in ~しい but were not シク活用 in 古文

I know that in general, if a 形容詞 in modern Japanese ends in ~しい, then it was originally a シク活用形容詞, with 終止形 ~し and 連體形 ~しき. I also know that in the Late Middle Japanese period, シク adjectives ...
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Question about 「の多く」

Here is the sentence relating to my question. 「あしたのジョー」以外の作品の多くは "梶原一騎" のペンネームで書かれました。 I have searched and found that 「多く」is adverb or adjective and it should be placed before the particle 「の」. Is ...
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Using i-adjective color words

Why is the sentence 「車はあかです。」 not 「車はあかいです。」? Since 「あかい」 is an i-adjective.
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What is 寒ぶ寒ぶ? (in following sentence)

まず癪に障るのは、同じ人間とは思えぬその鋼のごとき肉体であった。目方はおよそ喜惣次の倍はあろうか。「おお、寒ぶ寒ぶ」と胴間声を張り上げながら湯舟に躍りこめば、湯の半分くらいが溢れ出る騒ぎであった。 Google/dictionary search gave me nothing... Is it same as e.g. here?
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Help parsing つまんないないんだよ

I have a question about the grammar (assuming it is grammatical and not figurative) in the following line from the song ときめきポポロン from the anime ご注文はうさぎですか?. つまんないないんだよ I think the meaning is ...
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Why is there a な in this sentence?

I am translating the following sentence I found in my workbook. 美味しそうな写真を見て、思わず[涎]{よだれ}が出た。 美味しい is an i-adjective, so why is there a な?
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Casual usage of i-adjectives and ending particles

In Real casual japanese one may hear 明日のテストってこわ。。。 I am wondering, how often this level of 'casualness' happens. Can I add sentence ending particles, even though there is an い omitted (and です). ...
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What is the dictionary form of sukunai?

I've been learning adjective conjugations and I've understood that to conjugate an adjective into its negative form you drop the last syllable (~い syllable) and add くない. However, I've run into the ...