Questions tagged [i-adjectives]

形容詞. A class of words that behaves mostly like verbs (but uses different grammatical endings) and is used to describe properties of nouns.

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48 views

What does き do in this sentence: あんな目に遭ってもなお 気高き兵士のままだ! [duplicate]

I saw this sentence in an episode of Attack on Titan, a soldier is having a panic attack and the speaker says あんな目に遭ってもなお 気高き兵士のままだ! What does き do here? What's the difference from い? あんな目に遭ってもなお ...
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I adjective ku/katta

I am wondering if the ku/katta conjugation for i adjectives has (had) a meaning by itself. For example tanoshii becomes tanoshiku. In the past tense then tanoshikatta. Clearly the tta is the indicator ...
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usage of 懐かしい for self

I have a question about 懐かしい. I see it translated as "nostalgic", but i seem to understand it would be closer to "(something) that makes you feel nostalgic". My question is : can ...
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What does だなんて mean? [duplicate]

I came across with the next sentence: 「そんな呼び方をして、馴れ馴れしくはありませんか?」 「そんな、馴れ馴れしいだなんて」 Why is there a だ with a いadj? And what is the meaning or nuance of that だなんて?
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What's the difference between 【Noun + が + いadj】 and 【Noun + の + Verb】

I was reading and I found the next sentence: そこから動きの鈍った魔物がもぞもぞと入り込んでくる And I had that question, What's the difference between that and saying そこから動きが鈍い魔物がもぞもぞと入り込んでくる
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How to properly translate the last three colours of the rainbow in Japanese?

When I use Google Translate to translate from Russian to Japanese, I get the same Japanese word for two different colours of the rainbow. 💙 ➡️ голубой ➡️ 青い ➡️ blue 🔵 ➡️ синий ➡️ 青い ➡️ blue These ...
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84 views

Potential form verbs followed by adjectives to end a sentence have to be in te form?

Do potential verbs followed by adjectives ending a sentence have to be in te form? For example 見られて嬉しい instead of 見られる嬉しい.
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88 views

い-adj in く form + する what is the meaning?

I was reading an article at nhk news web site and I found a sentence which I'm not pretty sure what the meaning really is. Here's a fragment: 試験ではまず、日本の県や町などで、将来どんな問題が起こるかが書いてある文章を読みます。そして、...
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む verbs and corresponding ましい adjectives

In studying words like 羨ましい and 勇ましい, I've noticed that there are almost always corresponding (mostly transitive) む verbs: 羨む -> 羨ましい 勇む -> 勇ましい (transitive version seems to be archaic) 好む -> ...
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Why are 近く and 多く nouns?

The く-form of 近い and 多い can be used as nouns and adverbs. For most adjectives, however, the く-form is only used as an adverb. So why do these exceptions exist?
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僕が強くならなきゃ from 月の大きさ song [duplicate]

I believe that it means I have to become strong but I don't really know how the grammar works in the sentence. I know it's using 強い and I guess なる in potencial form Pleas explain to me how this works
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What does “stem” mean in “Adj (na) stem”

In A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, I have (at least tried to) read the grammatical terms and list of abbreviations very carefully, but maybe something is missing. Or maybe I missed something. ...
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i-adjective + noun: is there a difference which part negate?

Is the following two sentence correct? And is the translate correct too?: それ は おそくない くるま です。- That car is not slow. それ は おそい くるま じゃ ありません。- That car is not slow. Or has it somthing difference in the ...
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Help with the breakdown of this sentence?

I was chatting in Hellotalk. From what I looked up and understood It means writing in a clear and concise manner is difficylt isn't it. 分かりやすく簡潔に書くのは難しいですよね But, I thought connecting i-adjetives was ...
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Turning い-Adjectives into Adverbs

I recently listened to a song named アザトカワイイ and I started asking myself about the grammar behind this one simple phrase. According to this site, the title means "Cunningly Cute" which makes ...
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Meaning of the ~く adverb in this sentence and the validity of interpreting it as ~くて

The following lines come from a song: 喜劇の涙より誰よりも儚く 奪われるまま汚れるまま ココに… I first interpreted the usage of 儚く as an adjective here as a short form of 儚くて (and hence, "More fleeting (and ...) than ...
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337 views

How many true verbs and i-adjectives are there in Japanese?

I have read that verbs in Japanese are a closed class. That is to say: not counting inflections, there is some relatively fixed number of "true verbs" in the language. By "true verbs&...
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What is the proper form of a short question with an i-adjective vs. a na-adjective?

I have read that great answer about i-adjectives being predicates. How does it reflect in questions? Say, I have a dialogue: — Is your city a beautiful one? — Yes, it is. — Is it big? ...
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Why does やすい conjugate to やすく in 分かりやすくいえば?

I was wondering how やすい becomes やすく in 分かりやすくいえば? Here is the full sentence: 分かりやすくいえば あいつらにとって葉山は友達で
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Why can we not use に to mark absolute time with i-adjectives?

EDIT: Still looking for a complete answer. Please read the edit below. This is something I've been wondering for some time now. And this is also not related to relative temporal nouns, I understand ...
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な adjectives vs い adjectives when it comes to conjugation

When conjugating い adjectives it is all fine and dandy, you get rid of the い and replace depending on past, present, affirmative and negative (unless present and affirmative). *1 But then I am ...
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adverbial form of an adjective to modify a noun? [duplicate]

I am learning from Japanese From Zero! online website, and came across this sentence: きょう、近くの こうえんに 行きませんか I would expected 近く to read 近い I have never seen the adverbial form of an adjective used ...
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143 views

Relative Clauses and Adjective Placement

How would you add adjectives inside a relative clause to the thing being modified? Is the placement set? For example, in this sentence, can "new" come directly before computer (1) or should it be ...
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How did 優しさ derived from 優しい? The rule is? [duplicate]

How did 優しさ derived from 優しい? The rule is?
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Other types of adjectives (besides い and な)

I recently started learning Japanese in my home country. Last lesson we learned about the 2 types of adjectives, い and な. Are there other types , like rare ones ?
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Interpreting the past tense of 形容動詞 / 形容詞 / adjectives

In Japanese 形容動詞 can be used as part of a noun phrase in the past tense (contrary to adjectives in English), e.g: 「綺麗だった花」 → "the beautifulpast flower" → "the flower that was beautiful" We can ...
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Double negation of an i-adjective

Does it exist as such, the double negation of an i-adjective, e.g.: おいしくなくない? I was told that I should use おいしくなく は ない instead. Is that right? Is it a rule? Would it depend on context which was a ...
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108 views

Do all the い-adjectives become adverbs when you add く to them?

Do all い-adjectives become adverbs when you add く to them? For example: 新しい = 新しく 早い  = 早く But does this work with all the い-adjectives?
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Connection between 〜い adjectives and 〜く verbs?

The following pairs of inflections got me thinking a little bit. 〜く verb plain/te, for example: 働く・働いて 〜い adjective plain/nai, for example: 甘い・甘くない Both of these suggest that there is perhaps some ...
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I-adjective in く form modifies a noun/adverb

In the song 宝物 by WANIMA, the chorus goes: 思いにまかせて 感じるまま描いて まだ見えない明日へ 誰にも止められない 今この瞬間が紛れもなく全て。 紛れもない is in く form, which means it's modifiying a verb. However, 全て is nowhere near a verb, but might ...
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240 views

Obscure verb forms?

Question 1. It my understanding that you can form a negative polite volitional by attaching まい to the ます of the verb. For example, 食{た}べます becomes 食べますまい. Is it therefore also possible to turn the ...
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What would 箆深い (のぶかい) mean?

While 深い (ふかい) means "profound; deep; dense", 箆 (へら, の), as a noun, means "spatula; arrow shaft" in japanese and, originally, "fine-toothed comb" in chinese. This word is used adverbially in this ...
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珍 vs 珍しい (na-adjective and i-adjective)

珍 is a noun but also a na-adjective while 珍しい is an i-adjective. In terms of usage, is there some rule of when we should use one and not the other? For words that have a i-adjective and a na-adjective ...
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143 views

〜く+あります inflections?

In this post, it was verified that indeed the origin of the い-adjective ending 〜かった stems as a fusion of the ending 〜く and the inflection あった of ある (that is, 〜かった comes from 〜くあった). This makes me ...
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Origin of 〜かった?

Is it by any chance the case that, historically, the い-adjective ending 〜かった is a contraction originating from 〜くあった, where あった is the past inflection of ある? To me, it sure sounds plausible, and ...
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~くて on a verb? How do you indicate desire?

「右手【みぎて】で描【か】いた、今ここに避難所【ひなんじょ】はないんだ。息【いき】を吸【す】いこんだ。つまらない世界【せかい】壊【こわ】したくて。」 Translation: Drawn with my right hand, here, now, as for the shelter, there is none. I inhaled. The boring world wants to be ...
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156 views

i-AdjectiveのNoun possible in special cases?

This might be a simple "no its just wrong" question but it just bugs me the last few days: Is it possible to use an i-adj with の and a Noun if I use the の in a placeholder construct like Q:...
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Validity of て-form of i-adjectives + も [duplicate]

I already know of the construction that takes the て-form of a verb + も and means "even if". But can this construction also be used with i-adjectives? For example, would saying the following be correct?...
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256 views

Te-form and かつ and も?

I'm reading a light novel and am stuck on a sentence. One big problem is this phrase: 優{やさ}しくて、かつ人間{にんげん}も I know that ーくて is used to connect things, and my understanding of かつ is that it's a ...
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558 views

Saying い adjectives without pronouncing the い

As the title above, why do japanese locals remove theいfrom the いadjective when speaking. For example, I have heard words like 早、やば、高 being used when speaking. Is this only used amongst friends (very ...
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159 views

i-Adjective before a Noun, here with a “な”

Source: Lecture notes: Japanese grammar, basic course, University of Duisburg, Germany, Ch. 13, page 5 https://www.japanisch-grund-und-intensivkurs.de/grammar/sem1/lesson13/...
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What does a て form i-adjective for sentence ending mean?

Why is this i-adjective conjugated to the て form at the end of the sentence? Why not just leave it as 珍しい? The only use I know for て form adjectives is so you can chain them together, but there is no ...
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Clarification on colours and い [duplicate]

Is it red ? あかですか?あかいですか? It is red. あかです。あかいです。 Which of each is correct or would both options be correct ?
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187 views

What's difference between うるさくないでください and うるさくしないでください

Don't both of them mean "Please do not be loud"? What's the うるさく? Is it うるさい and change い into く to make it a noun? Could you guys suggest the topic that I can look into and study more about them? ...
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Understanding the connection between adverbs and adjective negation

い-adjectives negate in the following way. 「大{おお}きい」→「大きくない」 How I've always interpreted process is that we're basically changing the adjective 「大きい」 into the adverb form 「大きく」 and then tacking on 「...
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The connection of clauses

大豆は他の作物が育ちにくい、やせた土地で栽培できるので、昔から日本各地で栽培されてきた。 Please help me understand the meaning of the sentence. To me it looks like 大豆は他の作物が育ちにくい is a separate sentence, not connected with the rest. But it ...
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655 views

うれしい(ureshii) Vs たのしい(tanoshii)

When exactly do we use うれしい(ureshii) and たのしい(tanoshii) Ureshii - glad , pleasant Tanoshii - happy Ureshii is when you see someone being happy Is ureshii also with event already happened
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201 views

Does the 未然形 of i-adjectives show up in today's Japanese?

It appears the [未然形]{mizenkei} of verbs comes up a lot in modern Japanese conjugations: Negation is formed as 未然形 + ない. The presumptive is a contraction of 未然形 + (よ)う. The causative/passive forms, ...
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Sentence structure + 人がわるい

Related to this. At this point, the speaker has won the preliminaries. The elderly chairman of the event, a friend since the previous tournament, comments that the speaker has won a second time (...
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316 views

Where does っぱい derive from?

As it says in the title, I'm hoping to find out where the adjective ending -っぱい comes from (like in 酸っぱい 'sour'). Is it related to -っぽい (X-like, X-ish) at all? I can't seem to find an etymology for it ...