Questions tagged [i-adjectives]

形容詞. A class of words that behaves mostly like verbs (but uses different grammatical endings) and is used to describe properties of nouns.

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23 views

adverbial form of an adjective to modify a noun? [duplicate]

I am learning from Japanese From Zero! online website, and came across this sentence: きょう、近くの こうえんに 行きませんか I would expected 近く to read 近い I have never seen the adverbial form of an adjective used ...
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115 views

Relative Clauses and Adjective Placement

How would you add adjectives inside a relative clause to the thing being modified? Is the placement set? For example, in this sentence, can "new" come directly before computer (1) or should it be ...
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161 views

How did 優しさ derived from 優しい? The rule is? [duplicate]

How did 優しさ derived from 優しい? The rule is?
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Other types of adjectives (besides い and な)

I recently started learning Japanese in my home country. Last lesson we learned about the 2 types of adjectives, い and な. Are there other types , like rare ones ?
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Interpreting the past tense of 形容動詞 / 形容詞 / adjectives

In Japanese 形容動詞 can be used as part of a noun phrase in the past tense (contrary to adjectives in English), e.g: 「綺麗だった花」 → "the beautifulpast flower" → "the flower that was beautiful" We can ...
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127 views

Double negation of an i-adjective

Does it exist as such, the double negation of an i-adjective, e.g.: おいしくなくない? I was told that I should use おいしくなく は ない instead. Is that right? Is it a rule? Would it depend on context which was a ...
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Do all the い-adjectives become adverbs when you add く to them?

Do all い-adjectives become adverbs when you add く to them? For example: 新しい = 新しく 早い  = 早く But does this work with all the い-adjectives?
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Connection between 〜い adjectives and 〜く verbs?

The following pairs of inflections got me thinking a little bit. 〜く verb plain/te, for example: 働く・働いて 〜い adjective plain/nai, for example: 甘い・甘くない Both of these suggest that there is perhaps some ...
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119 views

I-adjective in く form modifies a noun/adverb

In the song 宝物 by WANIMA, the chorus goes: 思いにまかせて 感じるまま描いて まだ見えない明日へ 誰にも止められない 今この瞬間が紛れもなく全て。 紛れもない is in く form, which means it's modifiying a verb. However, 全て is nowhere near a verb, but might ...
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173 views

Obscure verb forms?

Question 1. It my understanding that you can form a negative polite volitional by attaching まい to the ます of the verb. For example, 食{た}べます becomes 食べますまい. Is it therefore also possible to turn the ...
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71 views

What would 箆深い (のぶかい) mean?

While 深い (ふかい) means "profound; deep; dense", 箆 (へら, の), as a noun, means "spatula; arrow shaft" in japanese and, originally, "fine-toothed comb" in chinese. This word is used adverbially in this ...
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132 views

珍 vs 珍しい (na-adjective and i-adjective)

珍 is a noun but also a na-adjective while 珍しい is an i-adjective. In terms of usage, is there some rule of when we should use one and not the other? For words that have a i-adjective and a na-adjective ...
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〜く+あります inflections?

In this post, it was verified that indeed the origin of the い-adjective ending 〜かった stems as a fusion of the ending 〜く and the inflection あった of ある (that is, 〜かった comes from 〜くあった). This makes me ...
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Origin of 〜かった?

Is it by any chance the case that, historically, the い-adjective ending 〜かった is a contraction originating from 〜くあった, where あった is the past inflection of ある? To me, it sure sounds plausible, and ...
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~くて on a verb? How do you indicate desire?

「右手【みぎて】で描【か】いた、今ここに避難所【ひなんじょ】はないんだ。息【いき】を吸【す】いこんだ。つまらない世界【せかい】壊【こわ】したくて。」 Translation: Drawn with my right hand, here, now, as for the shelter, there is none. I inhaled. The boring world wants to be ...
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122 views

i-AdjectiveのNoun possible in special cases?

This might be a simple "no its just wrong" question but it just bugs me the last few days: Is it possible to use an i-adj with の and a Noun if I use the の in a placeholder construct like Q:...
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34 views

Validity of て-form of i-adjectives + も [duplicate]

I already know of the construction that takes the て-form of a verb + も and means "even if". But can this construction also be used with i-adjectives? For example, would saying the following be correct?...
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236 views

Te-form and かつ and も?

I'm reading a light novel and am stuck on a sentence. One big problem is this phrase: 優{やさ}しくて、かつ人間{にんげん}も I know that ーくて is used to connect things, and my understanding of かつ is that it's a ...
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Saying い adjectives without pronouncing the い

As the title above, why do japanese locals remove theいfrom the いadjective when speaking. For example, I have heard words like 早、やば、高 being used when speaking. Is this only used amongst friends (very ...
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i-Adjective before a Noun, here with a “な”

Source: Lecture notes: Japanese grammar, basic course, University of Duisburg, Germany, Ch. 13, page 5 https://www.japanisch-grund-und-intensivkurs.de/grammar/sem1/lesson13/...
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What does a て form i-adjective for sentence ending mean?

Why is this i-adjective conjugated to the て form at the end of the sentence? Why not just leave it as 珍しい? The only use I know for て form adjectives is so you can chain them together, but there is no ...
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109 views

Clarification on colours and い [duplicate]

Is it red ? あかですか?あかいですか? It is red. あかです。あかいです。 Which of each is correct or would both options be correct ?
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What's difference between うるさくないでください and うるさくしないでください

Don't both of them mean "Please do not be loud"? What's the うるさく? Is it うるさい and change い into く to make it a noun? Could you guys suggest the topic that I can look into and study more about them? ...
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Understanding the connection between adverbs and adjective negation

い-adjectives negate in the following way. 「大{おお}きい」→「大きくない」 How I've always interpreted process is that we're basically changing the adjective 「大きい」 into the adverb form 「大きく」 and then tacking on 「...
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The connection of clauses

大豆は他の作物が育ちにくい、やせた土地で栽培できるので、昔から日本各地で栽培されてきた。 Please help me understand the meaning of the sentence. To me it looks like 大豆は他の作物が育ちにくい is a separate sentence, not connected with the rest. But it ...
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301 views

うれしい(ureshii) Vs たのしい(tanoshii)

When exactly do we use うれしい(ureshii) and たのしい(tanoshii) Ureshii - glad , pleasant Tanoshii - happy Ureshii is when you see someone being happy Is ureshii also with event already happened
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Does the 未然形 of i-adjectives show up in today's Japanese?

It appears the [未然形]{mizenkei} of verbs comes up a lot in modern Japanese conjugations: Negation is formed as 未然形 + ない. The presumptive is a contraction of 未然形 + (よ)う. The causative/passive forms, ...
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Sentence structure + 人がわるい

Related to this. At this point, the speaker has won the preliminaries. The elderly chairman of the event, a friend since the previous tournament, comments that the speaker has won a second time (...
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Where does っぱい derive from?

As it says in the title, I'm hoping to find out where the adjective ending -っぱい comes from (like in 酸っぱい 'sour'). Is it related to -っぽい (X-like, X-ish) at all? I can't seem to find an etymology for it ...
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Pitch Accent for ~ない and ~たい

It seems to be a pattern for i-adjectives (in their "dictionary-form") to have low intonation on the first and last morae and high intonation in between, at least if they are three morae or more in ...
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Relative clauses: 多い人 vs 多くの人

I was practising a grammar pattern, so in my personal example I wrote: 多いオーストラリア人 However, a native speaker corrected me with: 多くのオーストラリア人 I understand that in relative clauses that adjectives ...
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Structure of -しい adjectives

Are they all of the form [kanji]しい or can they also be of the form [kanji][kana]しい? ([kana]しい can also probably be found in the case of uncommon kanji.)
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Different meanings of こわい

I was watching this video (it's actually a really good series, despite the odd presentation). In it, there is the example: おばけがこわい。 Ghosts are scary. No problem there, but the series has been ...
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“~たい”-form and associated particle usage

My question is about the "~たい"-form ("want to"). I know that in a sentence containing this form, you can use は to mark the person who desires something. For example, "私は、東京に行きたい". But then I came ...
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101 views

-くて, -なくて forms of adjectives

I got confused by these forms. The book says that -くて(pos) and -なくて(neg) have to be connected with stem of an adjective, e.g. 安い: 安 + くて = 安くて. The positive form is pretty easy to understand and ...
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Grammar explanation for '…ことができなくなります'

Is 'できなく' converted from 'できない'? I've learned adj. '..い' can convert to '..く' in this case. Does verb's 'ない' form also have such transformation?
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127 views

Difference between “じゃない” and “ない”

I would like to ask what is the difference between "じゃない" and "ない"? I know that "ない" is an i-adjective (info from dictionary). But we have a sentence for example: 近くも遠くもないです。 Can we say: ...
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What's the difference in nuance between multiple 形容詞 (い-adjectives) with and without て-form?

When multiple adjectives refer to the same noun, the adjective(s) other than the last one are usually written in the て-form: ① 大きくて重い本 However writing all adjectives in their い-form is not (...
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が following an i-adj

Seeing 「欲しいが仮眠する」* by a non-native for "I want to take a nap" I thought it is plainly grammatically wrong, but then after encountering 可愛いが in a video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MVmv_wyU-Ug&...
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い adjective + くて + verb

I encountered this sentence: おなかがいたくてたべられません and got confused with くて. Isn't it used for adding いadjectives? Why is it followed by a verb in the example given? Can I use いたく instead? How will it ...
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136 views

Logic behind ~く form in the negative form of i-adjectives

I'm trying to logically grasp why い-adjectives switch to the ~く form in order to form a negative. For example: 痛い   (is painful) 痛くない (is not painful) I understand ない to be an adjective. い ...
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Aozora versus Aoi sora

Can we use 青空 and 青い空 interchangeably? Is there any difference between the two? Which is the most natural? Thank you!
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Desconstructing らしくなってきたの

Let me disassemble this construction bit by bit to see if I get it right, ok? So, の is the explanatory particle. The らしくな part comes from らしい. So らしくない is its negation. Now, I imagine that てきた is ...
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Why is there sometimes a は used in conjugated, negative, formal i-adjectives? [duplicate]

A few times now, I have seen a negative i-adjective with a は in between the く and the ありません. I have seen it usually present when it is a response to a question. Like the example below. いいえ、車は赤くはありません。...
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Using い and な adjectives

According to the book I am reading, "Sakura is beautiful" is written as さくらはきれいです and "Sakura is a beautiful flower" is さくらはきれいなはなです ,but when using たかい the na form isn't used. For example: ...
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Adjective-No in a Question format?

I'm having a difficult time understanding the use of の-Adj in the JLPT N5 grammar examples and practice I've been studying and haven't found a good resource for finding the answer. The sentence is ...
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Why is 温かい used instead of 熱い when ordering a hot drink?

In English, "warm" and "hot" are usually interchangeable when ordering a hot drink. In my experience, "hot" is more frequently used. I was corrected with 温かいコーヒー when asking for an 熱いコーヒー so I ...
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299 views

I-Adjectives in the Kagoshima dialect

In this Wikipedia article, in the table of i-adjectives, I noticed that some of these adjectives were completely different in the Kagoshima dialect compared to Standard Japanese in a way that these ...
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348 views

Why is くなかった wrong and ではありません preferred in this sentence?

I was taking a n5 grammar test and I came across the question: あの人{ひと} は有名{ゆうめい} ____ The answer I chose was くなかった. However, the quiz said the correct answer was ではありません. Why is that?
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547 views

Grammatical correctness of 〜好きくない

I saw 未来のミライ the other day. The boy said 〜好きくない regarding many people. Was he making a grammar mistake?