Questions tagged [honorifics]

Affixes, particles and conjugations applied to words to mark respect.

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2
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2answers
708 views

Should I use -Sensei (先生) to refer to a teacher if they aren't my teacher?

Does it make a difference whether they teach at my school, even if they don't teach my class?
2
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1answer
103 views

Using honorifics when talking about others with friends (indirect speech)

I couldn't find the question already being asked, so please redirect me if it was already answered. The honorific suffix -さん is always used when directly speaking to another person. It is also used ...
2
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1answer
431 views

Pitch Accent for Honorifics

I have been studying pitch accent for a few months now, primarily from the NHK Accent Dictionary. My Japanese is not terribly strong, so it took me a while to muddle through the explanations and ...
2
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1answer
866 views

られる honorific/polite versus passive origin

Is the られる used as a honorific (some sources use "polite", but I assume it's a honorific?) related to the passive form (perhaps it's alternative usage) or is it something that emerged separately? (...
2
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2answers
280 views

Can the honorific お be used with a person's name?

I have seen the honorific used in front of nouns and was wondering if it can be used in front of a person's name. Thank you.
2
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2answers
2k views

Honorific and humble forms of suru verbs

This question is about suru-verbs, verbs made from a noun and the verb suru (for ex: 鼓 + する). I am familiar with the potential form of suru being 出来る, then suru-verbs potential become Xしえる or Xしうる or ...
2
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1answer
253 views

Is an honorific necessary when using someone’s name to say “you”?

Since people often just use someone’s name to say “you” do you always need an honorific? Like could I just say 「ボブの犬が大好きな!」to say “I love your dog!” to Bob? Or would it need be ボブさん?
2
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1answer
1k views

Use of でいらっしゃる and でござる

I found a chart listing the plain, polite, honorific, and humble forms of verbs. The chart listed だ →です→でいらっしゃる→でござる with the note “animate only.” I know that だ and です can be used for inanimate ...
2
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2answers
244 views

is this sentence correct 会議は三時からでいらっしゃいます.?

会議は三時からでいらっしゃいます. (I'm studying the honorific and humble forms) Thank you
2
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1answer
193 views

Should I use honorifics to say (言う 'iu') for subordinate clauses?

When I use という to-iu, for example: これと同{おな}じ「草{くさ}」というものがここに生{は}えますか? Kore to onaji “kusa” to-iu mono ga kokoni haemasu ka? Does something like this so-called “grass” grow around here? Should ...
2
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2answers
509 views

The correct usage of 召し上がる and お召し上がる

A Japanese friend of mine explained to me that many people often incorrectly use the honorific お in the example sentence. The correct sentence is without the お. I have two questions regarding this ...
2
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1answer
555 views

Do demons get any special honorifics?

Do demons get any special honorifics put after their names? I'm wanting to say to a Finnish person studying English and Japanese If Lordi-(honorific for demon) can manage English, I think you can ...
2
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2answers
198 views

Are these 2 the same level of humble honorifics (謙譲語)? Which would a native choose?

I think that there are 2 difference ways to say I first lived in Hiroshima. using humble honorifics (謙譲語): (1) 最初に、広島にお住み致しました。 (2) 最初に、広島に住まわせて頂きました。 Both are correct 謙譲語? Is #2 more "powerful" ...
2
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1answer
249 views

Historically, how would a military lord and his direct subordinate address each other? [closed]

I am currently writing a short story, for a text prompt demanding I set my plot among medieval Japan's nobility, but I am unfamiliar with older honorifics. The main dialogue takes place between a ...
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1answer
214 views

What is the function of "o"?

Why do people have to add "o" to "namae" like "Onamae wa?"
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0answers
54 views

Interaction between pitch accent and mi-prefixation

I'm interested in the ways in which words that can be prefixed with mi- might vary in accent. For instance, both mi-kokoro and mi-gokoro are attested (albeit rare and highly archaic), but mi-kokoro is ...
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1answer
295 views

Who are Mrs. Fuji and Mrs. Gas?

Is there any etymological relationship between the -さん suffix in 富士山 or 月山 and the -さん suffix you put at the end of a person's name? Or are they unrelated?
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1answer
356 views

Which honorific is correct, oshumi or goshumi?

I want to ask a person about their hobbies. Go/O shumi ha nan desu ka? 趣味
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1answer
4k views

How to address a family?

I am sending a gift to a Japanese family (friends of ours). Rather than address the gift to one individual I want to address it to the entire family. How do I write The Tanaka Family in Japanese?...
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2answers
1k views

San, sama and other honorifics in translated literature

I have always been told that centuries of Japanese literature had been successfully translated without keeping "san" or "chan" suffixes. Is it an unbreakable rule or are there famous examples of such ...
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2answers
125 views

Meaning of ごきけんになるわけだ

The narrator explains his way of talking to adults, and then: するとそのおとなは、自分と同じように趣味のいい人間と知り合えたと感じて、ごきけんになるわけだ.... And that adult feels that he has been able to get to know a person with good ...
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1answer
153 views

いらっしゃいます and なさる difference [closed]

I know, that both are honorifics, but I thought that いらっしゃいます is more often used when expressing state-of-beeing, aka "Is Tanaka-sama here?" and なさる when expressing doing: "Can someone do it?".I can ...
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1answer
198 views

Family questions

When I speak with my mother I must say "haha", when I talk about other people's mother, I must say "okaasan", but what about when I talk about my mother to other people? There is nothing about that ...
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1answer
951 views

What is お in お元気ですか?

Sorry if this is a very basic question, but I'm trying to understand everything in my first lesson (online, Rocket Japanese). I don't understand what the purpose of お is in the phrase お元気ですか, which ...
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1answer
330 views

ございます - Humble or neutral?

I was under the impression that ございます was a humble form of ある. My belief was supported by websites such as this and this. However, in the comments to this question's answer, user4092 says it isn't a ...
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1answer
157 views

Do friends continue to use chan/kun to refer to each other as adults or do they switch to using san?

Do friends continue to use chan/kun to refer to each other as adults or do they switch to using san?
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1answer
179 views

Is くれてください tautological?

I was doing some reading on the different honorific forms in Japanese and came across ください being the humble form of くれる. Does this mean that -くれてください at the end of a request is tautological?
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1answer
102 views

Is こられた (from 来られた from 来られる) here working as a passive helping?

I came across two paragraphs in which こられた is mentioned. 1st paragraph: 萩生田文部科学大臣は、NHKの取材に対し、「報道が事実だとすれば、これまで体調が悪い中でも業務を続けてこられたのに、ここにきて辞任されるのは非常に残念だ。まだお若いので、今後は体調に気をつけていただきながら後輩への指導をしっかりしてもらいたい」...
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1answer
323 views

Question about mixed kana in おススメ

I read this line in a blog today: 料理に使えるおススメ品や、ご飯屋さんを紹介しています。 and I have two questions: 1) I know that the writer can use katakana for emphasis or for some other reason, but why is it mixed ...
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1answer
99 views

Is the お used at the start of the sentence a honorific お?

Is the お used at the start of the following dialogue a honorific お? [お得意の洗脳か]
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1answer
103 views

How to decide between ている and てます

ています is the polite form of ている. On the other hand, てます is the casual and colloquial form of ています. The plain form 「ている」is also used in casual situation. How to know if it is better to use ている or てます?
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1answer
271 views

Adding honorific prefix in a compound construction? (E.g. 買ってくれになる)

I'm currently learning how to use くれる/あげる correctly, and I want to practice using 敬語 in my sentence. However, I am not sure where I should put the pre-verb honorific prefix お used in おVERB+になります as I ...
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1answer
103 views

If I were named San, and somebody wanted to write out my name with the san honorific, what would it look like? [closed]

A fiend of mine wants to name a plant San-san, but written correctly.
1
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2answers
180 views

The humble (謙譲語) prefix 愚 when used to refer to own family members

I read about kenjougo (here and here) and understood that it is a type of honorific speech used to lower your rank below the person you are speaking to when you describe the actions of yourself or ...
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1answer
204 views

神 compared to 神様

When the Abrahamic God is referred to in Japanese, 神様 is very common, but on occasion I simply see 神 on its own. This even applies when they are clearly speaking reverentially, using words such as 御心{...
1
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1answer
815 views

Using the causative form (使役形) to create humble language (謙譲語)?

"この町に住ませて頂きたいんです。" is a line from a movie. That grammar makes sense to me. In this context, 使役形 is used to create a humble mood. (頂く) makes it even more humble. Based on that, today I said: "3年ぐらい、...
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1answer
270 views

Why does "お侍ちゃん" sound funny?

I recently noticed a Japanese comedian named お侍ちゃん. It indeed sounds funny. Why is it?
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1answer
2k views

The usage of 様{さま} (-sama) honorific

I've always heard that 様 is a highly respectful honorific, being used to refer to lords, kings and deities. However, many times I hear people calling someone with 様, without sarcasm or irony, being ...
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1answer
136 views

"となっております" - "It is our rule that" - Honorific Speech?

According to Tofugu 〜となっております means "it is a rule that" I know that となる means to become with the nuance of finality and てある is for resulting actions "in preparation for something". ...
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0answers
243 views

i wanted to name myself a Japanese name,(first-last) but i wanted to know if it was okay to do so

Can someone please answer my question somehow? I would like to respect and honor the means of Japanese people/culture. I did not want to name myself a Japanese name without permission from the ...
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0answers
54 views

Form of address for a medical doctor in Edo and Sengoku eras

I know that nowdays 先生 is used as the honorific for medical doctors (among others), but I'm curious what honorific was used in older periods, Edo and Sengoku specifically. Also if this usage of 先生 is ...
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1answer
141 views

Adding さん to places [duplicate]

i have recently come across text which adds さん to places. For example, bookstore is ほんやさん. Is this normal, and in what context?
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4answers
704 views

Is 最愛の神さん the proper way to write "Dear God?"

Say, you're writing a love letter to God. Is this the right thing to write on the envelope? 最愛の神さん (I'm writing a short story featuring that theme.) EDIT: Maybe this 親愛なる神へ is better grammar?
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1answer
116 views

What instances would you use someone's full name?

I've run into this a couple times and was always curious. In what instances might you call someone by both their surname and given name? Ex. In a conversation, person B, refers to person A (named ...
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1answer
58 views

推薦書を書いて下さいました。vs (先生に)ピアノを教えていただきました。

1 - 推薦書を書いて下さいました。 2 - (先生に)ピアノを教えていただきました。 I wanted to confirm 2 things. First is number 1 尊敬語 and is number 2 謙譲語 Second is the reason why 2 is using 謙譲語 because the teacher is part of the speakers ...
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1answer
238 views

受付の人に質問したいことはあります - 尊敬語 (respectful) and 謙譲語 (humble)

受付の人に質問したいことはあります。 I want to ask a question to the person at the desk. How do you ask a question to the person at the desk in Japanese? Answer: うかがいたいんですが。 I like to ask you something (I am talking ...
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1answer
121 views

Why is there ご in 判断

I was wondering why there was ご in ご判断. I saw this in a sentence in anime called Oregairu ep. 10. それとお手伝いの件 城廻先輩の ご判断もありますし
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1answer
157 views

How to address a formal email response to a 学会本部事務局 when you don't know if the person is a 教授 or not?

I received the following email and I want to submit the 要旨, but should I address the body of my email to 加島 or to 本部事務局? I did a Google search for her full name but I didn't find it on a university ...
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1answer
78 views

いろいろお世話になりました。->いいえ、こちらこそ。 or またいらっしゃってください。

いろいろお世話になりました。 hello, in my book I found the 2 following replies to the above statement, which one is correct? Are they both correct? In what circumstances should each of these replies be replied to ...
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1answer
75 views

(先生に)お礼を申し上げます。

(先生に)お礼を申し上げます。 Hello can someone tell me how this phrase is to be used? Do I say it to the teacher or is this a phrase to use with a 3rd person talking about a teacher?