Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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231 views

Why is `お一人様の際は、こちらのテーブルをお使いいただけます` wrong?

In 新完全{しんかんぜん}マスター文法{ぶんぽう}N2 there is an exercise to choose the correct phrase to make the full sentence correct. (...)際{さい}は、こちらのテーブルをお使{つか}いいただけます。 a) お食事{しょくじ}の b) ご飯{はん}を食{た}べる c) お一人様{...
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385 views

nanimo vs nandemo (also daredemo/daremo) 誰でも 誰も 何でも 何も

何でも食べる 何も食べない "it is as much as something, eat." = if it's anything, i'll eat it/i eat it. "as much as something, not eat." = if it's anything, i will not/don't eat it. 何でもない = "it is as much as ...
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86 views

NO adjectives list or complete explanation

how can i distinguish between no adjectives and noun? particularly, No adjectives are joined with a ni particles, Is there any full list or something to remember about them ?
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84 views

What does it mean についちゃ in this text? [duplicate]

こういうのも なんだが魚たちの ゴキゲンについちゃおれら 漁師が 専門家だ。 What does it mean についちゃ ? What grammar does it refer To ?
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42 views

What does のか mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

In this sentence: ドアの音に驚いたのか、軽く上体がかしいだ a door opens, and there is a character, whose upper body is slightly bent forward, startled by the door's sound. I think の just nominalize ドアの音に驚いた, but I'm ...
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119 views

Passive ambiguity in this passage (「あなたに向けられる視線」・「殿下が判断された」)

A is a commoner right now. B is a high ranking commander. A ceremony just finished, involving A getting bestowed a role by the queen/殿下 as a reward for some good deeds. B was in the audience and was a ...
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133 views

勉強に行きます or 勉強しに行きます? [duplicate]

I am on みんなの日本語1chapter 13 and there is a sentence: 日本へ美術の勉強に行きました。According to their explanation, the phrase after へ can be either be a noun or a verbます-form so using 勉強します instead, is ...
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125 views

ところ+particle(助詞) precision

Hy, I am currently working on with 新完成マスター N3 for my grammar part and I get stuck on a small section of the lesson related to ところ(~p.17)。 So far, I understand that, according to this lesson, ところ can ...
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139 views

食べていました meaning “Have eaten” or “Just ate” [duplicate]

I know that the te imashita is the past progressive, yet when asking if my japanese friend had eaten, she often replies with tabetenakatta, and my teacher says the te iru form can also mean " Have ...
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49 views

time expression + 置く [duplicate]

I've found this example sentence for 置く in my textbook: 三日置いて治った。(She recovered after three days). I've looked this usage up but really couldn't find anything relevant. Could you clarify how and ...
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33 views

Is there a grammar pattern like 〜うち + Noun? [duplicate]

Context: https://komachi.yomiuri.co.jp/t/2019/0805/908840.htm?g=02 1か月のうち仕事?とよばれるものはトータルで3時間もないと思います。ボタン押すだけです。夕方、鬱屈として叫びだしたくなります。 I think the phrase in bold means "one month's work". What kind of ...
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66 views

Explanation of でもあります? [duplicate]

I saw this in my Genki I book and I don’t quite understand how to use でもあります. Also, how would I say this informally? パットはアメリカ人でもある?
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98 views

Don't understand meaning of verb stem + ちぎれない

I'm playing a game and looking at an item description. But for the life of me I cannot find out what grammar concept is behind the bold portion of the description. I know the verb being used is 噛む (...
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2k views

Differences between Wa Nai and Ga Nai?

I first learnt Ga as always attached to Arimasen so still trying to grasp the nuances when changed to a Wa. From my understanding of Wa vs Ga differences, it's just simply a matter of topic vs ...
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223 views

Difference between なきゃand なくちゃ [duplicate]

i understand that they’re short forms of なければ and なくて but i don’t understand the different nuances between them. thanks! ex. 勉強しなきゃ。 vs 勉強しなくちゃ。
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131 views

Describing personalities, saying colourful

How would I describe characters as being colourful ? Would this be fine?: とうじょうじんびつはいろがおおいです。  Also when describing a characters growth, would this sentence be fine?: もじのせいかくはせいちょうするがいいです。 If ...
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147 views

whats does あなたわ友達ですか? means [closed]

So I have recently have gotten into japanese and my close friend who is from japan is teaching me japenese, one of the sentence she wrote is this あなたわ友達ですか? which I sort of understand and I know is ...
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287 views

Understanding ように

How does ように in this sentence work? 忘れた物を取りに帰るように As far as I understand, ように goes after 帰る make the sentence means " I take what is lost in order to go back " but It would make more sense if it ...
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156 views

Various meanings of どうですか?

This was a while back so I forget what the situation was exactly. I was asking an employee for help at a Bic Camera. If I recall correctly, I was asking something like "Are there other keyboards ...
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118 views

What does “ 飲まずにはいられなかった” mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

私が部屋に入ったとき彼は水を飲んでいた。その顔の蒼さが、水を飲まずにはいられなかったことを示していた。
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151 views

How to make requests not to do something in reported speech? [duplicate]

Specifically in the sentence: “A guide asked us not to touch the exhibits during the excursion”. Do we use 〜て/でください as if we are saying “don’t touch this” or do we simply put a negative form and then ...
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51 views

Use of ため in the next sentence [duplicate]

I have my cellphone in japanese to immerse myself as much as I can in the language, and when my facebook failed, this message popped up: 「問題が発出したためFacebookを終了しました。」 By context I can understand that "A ...
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194 views

が particles and their usages

A follow-up to Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip? I'm currently aware of the following が particles / usages: 1) Subject marker (exhaustive listing). I think it can appear at the end if ...
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332 views

Should I replace commas with と in Japanese?

I have seen many times sentences that connect many objects with と which in English would require comma. So, is it better to generally just replace comma with と whenever connecting many things together?...
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84 views

The meaning/nuance of と言うの [duplicate]

So, i have met this phrase 私があの子を救ってあげなければ、誰が救うと言うのですか? Now, with a quick glance, my brain translated it as something like "if i haven't saved her, who would have done that?". However giving it ...
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617 views

“I wish I could say…”

Just wondering how you would say "I wish I could say "I miss you""? I was thinking it would be something along the lines of 「恋しい」語るできたらいいのに although I'm not sure. Thanks!
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132 views

Confused on use of ため in article about Honda's robot Ashimo [duplicate]

I'm reading this article about Ashimo the robot made by Honda and I don't understand the use of ため in this sentence. I have usually seen ため followed by the particle の or に, but in this case no ...
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173 views

What is this 英語だと implying?

日本語と違って、英語だと文字だけじゃ区別もつきにくいし。 Different from Japanese, you can easily tell the difference (gender) from just the letters/words (of names) in English. I'm trying to understand why this is translated as ...
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75 views

Why can we use にせよ in this situation?

If I'm not mistaken, にせよ is more or less にしろ and they can be used like にしても. The thing I don't understand is that normally in Xにする, X is a noun but in this sentence にせよ is used right after a verb in ...
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968 views

なんだけど Meaning and grammar patterns [duplicate]

I would like to know what (なんだけど / なんですが) means? I think these two forms are the same, but when I asked in class their meaning, I was told that they mean nothing, so I'm kinda confused. For example, ...
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217 views

Help using noun + までも without ない; and とってあく

I'm reading a manga about a person who becomes a bodyguard for the head of a Yakuza syndicate, due to various reasons including debt. There's a part where the body guard is being threatened after ...
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83 views

The meaning of よう in this sentence? [duplicate]

The meaning of よう in this sentence? 先生に相談したところ、ぜひ大学院に行くよう勧められた。 I assume that it introduces the advice, but it shouldn't be a particle or something like that?
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72 views

Please, would you like to explain the [なす] in this sentence? [duplicate]

every one. I am trying to translate japanese text. But there's something male me confuse and curious. The nasu in this sentence, woul you like to explain it. 海の岸辺に緑 [なす] 樫の木 It's really make me ...
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58 views

What does this と do? [duplicate]

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20180125/k10011302761000.html The sentence in question: 高さが133メートルある「那智の滝」は、那智勝浦町にある熊野那智大社のご神体とされています。 My attempt at translation: "Concerning the ...
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89 views

This might be a stupid question but… what symbol is this? [duplicate]

This might be a stupid question but... what symbol is this?
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129 views

What does 丸ごとアルミホイルで包み mean here?

The following is an excerpt from a conversation between me and my language partner: ニンニクも植えていますので、丸ごとアルミホイルで包み、オーブンで焼いて食べることがあります。 My attempt at translation: "Because we also grow garlic, we also eat ...
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61 views

Is there a difference between よう and ように? [duplicate]

必ずや主の望まれる結果となるよう、最善を尽くします! It seems to work just like ように, but there must be a (subtle) difference between the two, right?
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149 views

how do I use と書くいてありました in different tempus

I'm struggling to learn how to use と書くいてありました in citing from things I have read and learn to quote it in the japanese way. the way I use 書くいて is apparently in the wrong tempus so is it okay to use ...
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50 views

Can と express a means as well? [duplicate]

For full context: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-episode-1-edition-m?sentenceID=SrOvSLFfSOyCJFzmEmFt The sentence in question: 朝のまぶしい日差しを受けて、道路わきの林がキラキラとかがやいていた。 My attempt at ...
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96 views

(Negative すぎる 'too much') when to use なすぎる and なさすぎる [duplicate]

I understand there are two forms meaning 'too little' or too few', I thought the regular way to conjugate the negative was ない-form verb, and the last い is replaced with さ, making なさすぎる. (e.g 食べなさすぎる) ...
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34 views

Usage of the phrase している [duplicate]

While I was working on 日本語総まとめ N3 文法, I came across the following. ここの砂は星みたいな形をしている. Now I know that this translates to "The sand here in this area are star-shaped." What I don't understand here is ...
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40 views

How to say a pet/human has a characteristic rather than 'it is something'- How to say something has (adjective) [duplicate]

I am trying to describe what my pet looks like. Let's say her name is 'inu'. I know how to say inu is big. You would say; inu wa ookii desu. You could say what she is by putting a different adjective ...
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21 views

What kind of construction is 覚まさんとしていた? [duplicate]

I have the following sentence I'm trying to translate: 暗く打ち寄せる波の下には、血に飢えた神々が目を覚まさんとしていた……。 I tried translating the sentence as follows: Surging from the dark waves, bloodthirsty gods were trying to ...
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202 views

use of もはや in this sentence

考えれば考えるほど、もはや「詰んでいる」としか思えない。 context: speaker is fucked The more i think about it, the more... hopeless it seems??? just stabbing at the last part based on the context, i did read もはや used with ...
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37 views

どうしてこの「が」は動詞に付いていますか。 [duplicate]

「手さぐり」という章を読んでいる最中、ややこしい助詞の用法にあいました。 (前略)  目の見えない人は手さぐりで歩む。一歩一歩が慎重である。謙虚である。そして一足歩むために全神経を集中する。これほど真剣な歩み方は、目の見える人にはちょっとあるまい。  人生で思わぬケガをしたくなければ、そして世の中でつまずきたくなければ、この歩み方を見習うがいい。 (後略) 「が」という助詞は、...
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59 views

I-adjective with -き, what does it mean? [duplicate]

Under which circumstances 楽しい can turn into 楽しき?
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1answer
172 views

What does the conjugations of んだ do?

I have recently reached the の particle in my grammar book and it really confused me. Question #1: When we attach の to a verb clause like this, 毎日勉強するの大変 does it mean I'm talking about the act of ...
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1answer
425 views

どの and どち when and how to use each?

Recently, I have been struggling with the correct usage of 「どの」and「どち」. Is it correct to think of them in the following way? 「どの」= what (I get this confused with「なん」and「なに」as well) 「どち」= which When ...
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1k views

What does 〜 verb + てんの mean in this sentence ? [duplicate]

Source: http://raw.senmanga.com/Yotsubato!/83/5 I am reading Yotsuba (ch.83, pg.5) and I came across this sentence: [恵]{え}[那]{な}は疲れてんのかまだねてるよ いっつも早いのに As far as I know, てんの here is casual form of ...
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285 views

What does 動詞た形 + んじゃ mean? [duplicate]

I came across this sentence when reading an essay: 「ぢちらしろ、そう何回も声をかけられたんじゃ不快な気分になるなというほうが無理ではないか。」 I'm not sure what the significance of the んじゃ is where it is in the sentence. My grasp of the ...